During Roman times it was called Cirta and was renamed "Constantina" in honor of emperor Constantine the Great. It was the capital of the same-named French département until 1962. Slightly inland, it is about 80 kilometers (50 miles) from the Mediterranean coast, on the banks of the Rhumel river.
Regarded as the capital of eastern Algeria and the centre of its region, Constantine has a population of 448,374 (1,000,000 with the agglomeration), making it the third largest city in the country after Algiers and Oran. There are museums and important historical sites around the city (one of the most beautiful is the Palais du Bey, in the Casbah).
It is often referred to as the "City of Bridges" due to the numerous picturesque bridges connecting the mountains the city is built on.
Shared taxis are available through the region,taxi services and airport taxis are widely available 24hrs but expensive(equivalent of European taxi costs)
The best way to get to the city from the capital is public buses, comfortable and they pass by gorgeous view on the road and they are cheap.
The city is framed by a deep ravine and has a dramatic appearance. The city is very picturesque with a number of bridges and a viaduct crossing the ravine.
In the nearby are the Roman city of Tiddis and the megalithic monuments and burial grounds at Djebel Mazala Salluste.
Make a trip with a cable car; Lose your way in the Casbah; Walk along the bridges; Have a Shishah (narguila) at the central square; Visit the Cirta museum, Ahmed-bey ottoman palace; Buy a traditional dress from the shops of the Casbah; Try some local food in the "Rahba" and the "Swika"
Constantine is famous for its universities. It is the "student" city of Algeria. Go to Mentouri University to learn about Algeria as the university hosts more than 100,000 students from all over Algeria. They speak English as well as French.
To learn local traditions, ask to visit a local house in the Casbah, in summer try to assist a local wedding its gorgeous. Go see local shops in the Swika and Rassif to see local people with ancient handcrafts and local dresses and cuisine.
In Algeria in general products are cheap (food,clothes,oil .. ) There are plenty of markets and modern shops in the city
Fast foods, chawarma restaurants and Medina little restaurants
Modern restaurants in Sidi-Mabrok,Saint-jean and city center (dar-ediaf, Zim, Mega, chicken-land, metro-food ...)
Restaurant in the Hotel Cirta - expensive, tasty, beautiful building, big choice of Algerian food, 01, Avenue Rahmani Achour, Constantine (Directly on the Place de Martyrs) Hotels' restaurants such as 4* ibis, 4* Novotel, 5* Marriott
Non classified hotels in the old city, motels and some Hammams
The ibis and novotel (4 stars) Airport hotel
Marriott hotel (5 stars) Hotel-Boulefkhad (4 stars)
Try to get around with a local or a certified guide. Avoid small roads after midnight
There is no epidemic problems Public hospitals and clinics are free and they are the best The health infrastructures in the city are well developed as it has one of the biggest hospitals in the country, and one of the best medical schools No health insurance is needed when entering a hospital or a pharmacy(in pharmacies only Algerians are allowed to get discount on medicine)
By air, train, taxi, bus or near by port cities of Skikda and Annaba.