Coast and Karst
Towns and villages
Note: the following placenames are written both in Slovene (before the slash) and in Italian. Road signs are also written in both languages.
Ruled by Venice for five centuries then part of Italy between 1918 and 1947, the Italian influence is clearly visible in the coastal towns of this picturesque area. After the war, many autochthonous Italians were forced to leave but communities remain to this day.
Italian is an official language in many coastal towns; it's still spoken and widely understood by the locals.
Koper/Capodistria - there are frequent buses between Trieste and Koper (and on to Piran). Journey time is around 1 hour and the distance is about 20km. There are also frequent buses and trains from Ljubljana (journey time around 2 hours, 90km). Nova Gorica - there are frequent buses between Gorizia (Italy) and its Slovenian counterpart (€1.03, 10 minutes). Buses and trains head north towards Bled and Jesenice (€5, 2 hours). Buses and some trains are also quite frequent between the city and Ljubljana (€8, 2.5 hours). Sezana/Sesana - on weekdays there are 7 buses a day to/from Trieste (Italy) taking 25 minutes and costing €1. Regular train and bus services run between Sezana and Ljubljana (€7, 2 hours)
With the exception of Koper, Sezana and Nova Gorica all of the settlements are very small and crime is virtually non-existant. In all parts crime is low when compared to all neighbouring countries. Most young people will speak very good English and coastal areas are usually bilingual (Slovene and Italian).