Clipperton Island, also known as Île de la Passion  is a small, ring-shaped atoll located 1,120 km southwest of Mexico in the Pacific Ocean. This isolated island was named after John Clipperton, a British pirate. It is claimed that he made it his hideout early in the 18th century to attack passing shipping. Annexed by France in 1855, it was seized by Mexico in 1897. Arbitration eventually awarded the island to France, which took possession in 1935. Its former name, Passion Island, was officially given in 1711 by French discoverers and is sometimes still used. Since World War II the island is uninhabited.
Also Clipperton have been known at least with two more names:;
- the first given name to the atoll was Médano (that means piece of sand) by navigator Álvaro de Saavedra in 1527 while he was searching for the way to the far east by orders of Hernán Cortés. Médano was the navigation reference for the New Spain´s "Nao of China" for three hundred years. This was stated by lawyer and investigator Prof. González Avelar in many publications and a life of investigation.
Island X during WW II while the North Americans set up a military anti japanese sub vigilance post
Clipperton Island is under direct authority of the French Government and is a full part of the European Union. However, it is exempt from the Schengen Area and therefore citizens from outside France need a permit to visit Clipperton Island. It can be obtained from the French High Commission in French Polynesia. Despite that, unless a French Navy patrol visits the island, there are obviously no officials on the island to check permits.
There is an airstrip in Clipperton Island with a 1.2km long runway landing area (precautions : side winds, many birds, some soft sand plates) (for Cessna, Dornier, ATR, C130)
There are no conventional tourist trips to Clipperton Island, you will have to go by your own boat or join an expedition. To make the journey there as short as possible, Acapulco is a good port from which to start.
There is no harbor on the island, the only option is to anchor offshore (the south west side has been cited as the best location) and go in using a smaller boat. This can be dangerous since the surf often is very rough as the waves break against the surrounding coral reefs. Leaving the island is even more difficult—it takes a skilled boatsman to time the passage past the reefs to the right moment, between the crashing waves.
The fresh water lagoon in the middle is enclosed and cannot be reached by boat.
There are no other means of transportation on Clipperton Island than your own feet, and walking on the island is quite difficult. You will encounter two types of surfaces. One is soft sand, which collapses under your feet due to the burrows dug by the island's many crabs. The other surface is made out of hard coral fragments cemented together, covered with loose coral pieces. Watch where you put your feet so you don't step on the wrong piece and get an ankle sprain. If you consider this information a challenge, you may want to try and break the record time for running around the island. The fastest time noted is 1 hour and 17 minutes, by a radio amateur visiting the island in 2000.
Climbing the Clipperton Rock is an exciting experience. As you approach it, the perspective changes and you will see that it isn't a solid rock, but has passages and halls that you can walk into. If you climb it from the inside, you will find windows, chambers and arches made of volcanic stone. Some compare it to a fortress, but I rather describe it as "a cathedral made from the tectonic forces of the underworld" because it seems sometimes like a gothic style and its black and white colors also make it look so. At the top you find the hundred year old remains of the light house with an ample view of the lagoon, the whole atoll and the wrecks.
Although 115 species of fish have been identified in the territorial waters of Clipperton Island, the only economic activity is tuna fishing. There is speculation, however, that the isolated island may be used as a meeting point for drug traders.
To get gifts for the kids, check out some booby nests. Scientist Lance Milbrand, who stayed on the island for 41 days in 1994, reports that kid's toys and lots of other plastic junk tend to appear on the shore, probably after having been carried across the ocean from other, more crowded beaches. The birds have started incorporating plastic toys in their nests.
Bring your own food or be prepared for a diet of fish and the occasional coconut. Avoid the crabs, since they are poisonous to eat.
You cannot bring too much water - estimate at least around 10 liters per day or even more. The water from the lagoon in the middle, while not tasting very good, has yet to be proven undrinkable.
There are no accommodations on Clipperton Island, you will have to set up your own camp. Bring earplugs since you'll have to cope with the noise from thousands of birds. The hordes of crabs are a real nuisance so prepare your camp accordingly with fencing to keep them out. The rats will be interested too, so move your trash away from your camp and keep your tent closed. You don't want to get bitten by a diseased rat when you're on a deserted island.
The heat, the sun and the lack of water will be your worst enemies, so bring enough to drink, plenty of sunscreen and some good sunglasses against the bright light. Also be aware that the island is subject to extremely heavy rain and vicious tropical storms.
France has an official postcode for Clipperton Island: 98799. It would be unwise to rely on mail though, so bringing your own radio equipment is highly recommended. Radio amateurs have previously made expeditions to the island.