Chesterfield originally had been a regarded as a berewick of Newbold in the doomsday book, though during the Medieval period this relationship changed with Chesterfield being the prime destination.
Along the river Hipper in particular Chesterfield gained a reputation for leather tanning in this period and its prominence was confirmed in 1204 with the granting of a market charter. It is reasonable to expect that there was a market before this date, located on the north side of the current St Mary’s church, though sometime after the granting of the charter, the market moved to its’ current position. In all likelihood, this would have occurred over a period of years. The success of the Market is largely due to the geographical position of Chesterfield. Livestock and woollen products farmed in the peak district would have been traded with arable products farmed in Lincolnshire. There was also a trade in salt from Cheshire, which is still reflected in street names such as Saltergate. In essence, most of the trade was East- West.
At the start of the industrial revolution, Chesterfield and its’ surrounding areas sat upon large coal reserves and the growth of areas that make up much of the Modern town, such as Brampton, Whittington and Hasland can be attributed to mining and the development of a manufacturing base. Pottery, Engineering and beauty products made at Robinsons as well as coalmining and coal product manufactures were the prevalent industries, effectively until the 1980’s.It is a little known fact in this period that Chesterfield was the first town in Britan to have electric street lighting
From the 1960’s Royal mail became the towns’ largest single employer, with many functions such as accountancy and IT being performed in the town. Today, Chesterfield retains much of its’ historic character in the town centre, despite recent shopping developments, particularly on Vicar Lane, and has latterly been the benefactor of substantial regeneration of some of its’ old industrial sites within the borough and beyond.
Stagecoach Express coaches run to and from Sheffield.
National Express coaches run all over England, some routes stopping at Chesterfield.
GorillaBus  operate services to Liverpool, Manchester, Yorkshire and Birmingham.
As usual, there is a much reduced service on Sundays.
Chesterfield is close to the M1 motorway and is reached via the A617. However, from Sheffield, it is probably quicker to use the A61. If approaching from the north via the M1, it is recommended that you exit the M1 at Junction 29, as this is considerably quicker. (Junction 30 will also be signposted towards Chesterfield, but that route is a slower journey.
Once you are in Chesterfield, there are some spacious car parks dotted around the town centre. Most of these have a moderate parking charge.
Frequent trains link Chesterfield with Sheffield, Derby, Manchester, Leicester and London.If you want to travel on a local train into the Peak District: Hathersage, Edale and Hope, these can be reached from Chesterfield by changing at Sheffield. Through tickets are available.
Premier Inn - Chesterfield West (Highwayman Pub A619)
Travel Lodge (A61 North of Town )