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Central Mongolia

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Earth : Asia : East Asia : Mongolia : Central Mongolia
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Central Mongolia is a region in Mongolia. It is where most visitors begin their adventures, arriving by plane or rail in Ulaanbaatar. The nation’s capital and largest city, Ulaanbaatar contains an intriguing combination of the traditional and modern, where nomads’ gers and wooden temples sit side by side with concrete apartment buildings and modern high-rises.

The steppes of Central Mongolia, beginning only a short distance from the avenues of Ulaanbaatar, are home to many of the nomadic families who travel the plains with their livestock, as well as small towns and ger settlements. However, like much of Mongolia, most of the region is characterized by seemingly endless expanses of uninhabited countryside.

In addition to its natural wonders, there are many historical sights to be explored in Mongolia’s heartland, particularly in the Orkhon River Valley, which contains archaeological remains dating back several centuries. Few traces remain of Kharakhorum, the 13th-century capital of the Mongol Empire, but the nearby temple of Erdene Zuu was reputedly built from its ruins. The wall surrounding this vast monastery complex, which houses spectacular Buddhist art and architecture, is made up of over one hundred white stupas.


  • Arvayheer - the capital of Övörhangai province
  • Tsetserleg - the capital of Arkhangai province.
  • Ulaanbaatar - the nation's capital and special municipality.
  • Zuunmod - the capital of Tuv province

Other destinations[edit]

Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape[edit]

The Orkhon Valley, west of Ulaanbaatar, along the Orkhon River in the Övörkhangai and Arkhangai Provinces, was the center of the Mongol Empire, the center of the Uighur Empire, and the birthplace of Mongolian Buddhism. Today, the cultural heritage of the valley constitutes a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

  • Karakorum — the ruins of Genghis Khan's capital city, the heart of the Mongol Empire

Karakorum was the capital of the Mongolian Empire between 1235 and 1260, and the Northern Yuan in the 14–15th centuries. Erdene Zuu monastery stands near Karakorum. Various construction materials were taken from the ruin to build this monastery.

Dening Hall built in 1270 during the Mongol Yuan Dynasty closely resembles the lost palace architecture of Mongol Dadu (Beijing) and Karakorum.

The actual location of Karakorum was long unclear. First hints that Karakorum was located at Erdene Zuu were already known in the 18th century, but until the 20th century there was a dispute whether or not the ruins of Karabalgasun, or Ordu-Baliq, were in fact those of Karakorum. In 1889, the site was conclusively identified as the former Mongol capital by Nikolai Yadrintsev, who discovered examples of the Orkhon script during the same expedition. Yadrintsev’s conclusions were confirmed by Wilhelm Radloff.

  • Ordu-Baliq — archaeological site on the remains of the capital city of the first Uighur Empire
  • Erdene Zuu Monastery — the first Buddhist monastery in Mongolia
  • Tuvkhun Monastery
  • Khustain Nuruu National Park

Other attractions[edit]

Tsenkher hot springs Arkhangai province is famous for its many old volcanoes.These volcanoes explains the presence of this hot water source that flows all year long at 1860 metres (1,16 mile) above the sea level in the sum of Tsehker



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  • Blue lake trekking route 8 days, 7 nights. Trek to the beautiful Khukh Nuur (Blue Lake) in Arkhangai Province, located at the top of the Arkhangai Mountains. This is a challenging route and you will be trekking up to 20 km a day yet amazingly picturesque, as Arkhangai is known to Mongolians as the “Horse Breeders Paradise” for its beauty.

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