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Central Kerala

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Earth : Asia : South Asia : India : Southern India : Kerala : Central Kerala
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Central Kerala covers 3 districts located middle of Kerala state. Central Kerala was part of erstwhile Kingdom of Kochi. Today its one of the most leading economic powerhouse of Kerala with several industries and trading firms located. The 3 districts that form Central Kerala are Ernakulam, Thrissur and Palakkad. The most important city in this region is Kochi (commercial capital of Kerala) and Thrissur (cultural capital of Kerala).


  • Aluva - The second largest suburb of Kochi and prime industrial base
  • Angamaly - A suburb of Kochi famous for several convents and hospitals
  • Guruvayoor - The famous temple town of India, known as Bhoolokavaikuntha (Home of Lord Vishnu in Earth)
  • Kochi — The commercial capital of Kerala and major gateway to the state
  • Kodungallur - The ancient world's greatest trading centre in the East, this legendary seaport traded in everything from spices to precious stones with the Greeks, Romans and the rest of the world. The Muziris Heritage Project will revive that lost legacy to conserve and showcase a culture of 3000 years or more for posterity.
  • Kunnamkulam — major centre of Orthodox Christianity in Kerala, this town has lots of old churches as well as beaches
  • North Paravur - A suburb of Kochi considered as lost city of Muziris, now a heritage site and farm tourism
  • Palakkad - The rice granary of Kerala, famous for its agricultural fields and industries
  • Thrissur - The cultural capital of Kerala, famous for large festivals, museums, temples, churches and performing arts institutions.

Other destinations[edit]

  • Chalakudy- A town of both strategic and geographic importance,this town is the gateway to the majestic athirappilly falls and the sholayar forests
  • Chavakkad - A small beach-side town, known as Mini-Gulf for its large number of Middle East based NRIs
  • Irinjalakuda - Famous for its super-large temple dedicated to Bharata (brother of Sree Rama), the only temple in India so.
  • Nelliampathy - Forests, farms, cliffs, waterfalls, orange farms, its loved by adventurists , naturists and honeymooners.
  • Ottapalam - Famous for its large paddy fields and large river banks, its the heart of Malluwoods- Malayalam Film Industry.
  • Shoranur - A center of cultural heritage with headquarters of Kerala's classical dances university- Kalamandalam


Central Kerala was once cradle of Imperial Chera civilization established in 300 BC with the Great Cheras establishing their capital at Muziris (today's Kodungallur- 40 kms from Kochi). At height of Chera glory, they established an empire reaching till Ganges in North India. Chera's capital city- Muziris (as known in Greek literature) was one of the largest seaports in Ancient world with regular trading with Greeks, Roman, Mesopotamian and Chinese civilizations. With the decline of Chera powers by mid 11th century, choking of Muziris port due to Great floods of Periyar, the Central Kerala turned into boiling pot of various social and political turmoils. The Chera Dynasty was replaced by Kochi Kingdom with its capital at newly formed Kochi City which has covers the entire Central Kerala. The trading relations with West and Arabs helped Europeans to come into Kochi and formed a major political power in Kerala. By 18th century, British dominated the political power, as elsewhere in India.

British influence over Kochi Kingdom brought several strong British institutions to this area. When Kochi Kingdom merged with India in 1949, this area came under new state of Thiru-Kochi (Travancore-Kochi). The area was renamed as a zone when Kerala State was formed in 1957.

Today its a major economic center with several industries located here. Along with this, Central Kerala is famous for its varied cultural potpourri, several famed festivals, tourists places and agricultural areas.


As elsewhere, Malayalam is the native language. 3 dialects of Malayalam language is spoken here. While in Kochi one can feel the strong influence of Portuguese and Dutch language in local dialects, its more of Sanskritic Malayalam spoken in Thrissur area with lot of poetic expressions. Whereas being bordering with Tamil Nadu, the Malayalam spoken in Palakkad has lot of Tamil influence.

Tamil is widely understood and spoken in Palakkad, whereas English and Hindi is popular in Kochi and Thrissur. Arabic also understood in few pockets of Thrissur where Muslims are in majority like Chavakkad etc.

Get in[edit]

By Air[edit]

  • Trivandrum International Airport (TRV), located in Thiruvananthapuram international airport with regular connections from Middle East cities. The airport is located in the capital city of Kerala.
  • Cochin International Airport (COK), located in Nedumbasserry is a major Indian Airport with regular international connections by leading international airlines and well connected with various national destinations. The Airport is located 30 Km from Kochi City, 60 Km from Thrissur city.
  • Calicut International Airport (CCJ), located in Karipur is also an important international airport with regular connections from Middle East cities. The airport is located 100 Km from Thrissur city, 85 Km from Palakkad town and 200 Km from Kochi.
  • Coimbatore Airport (CJB), located in Coimbatore in neighboring Tamil Nadu State has regular connections from many major Indian cities and few international connections from Singapore and Middle East cities. The airport is located just 45 km from Palakkad city, 110 Km from Thrissur town and 170 Kms from Kochi.

By Train[edit]

Most of the trains bound to Kerala have various stops in many places in Central Kerala. Major stations are

  • Ernakulam South, located in Ernakulam (Kochi City) is a major Indian Railways station with regular connections to all over India
  • Thrissur Town- a major rail head in Kerala and a leading station for all Konkan and non-Konkan railway train services
  • Shornur Junction - The biggest railway station in Kerala
  • Palakkad Town- a major rail station

By Road[edit]

National Highway 47, 17 passes through this stretch

Get around[edit]

See[edit][add listing]

  • Chottanikkara Temple. It is the most important Temple among the 393 shrines spread over 3 Districts of Kerala and coming under the administration of Cochin Devaswom Board. The Divine Mother known as Rajarajeswari (Adiparasakthi) is worshipped here in three forms Saraswathy in the morning, Lakshmi at noon and Durga in the evening. There is an Idol of Mahavishnu on the same pedestal and so the Deity is called Ammenarayana, Devinarayana, Lakshminarayana and Bhadrenarayana also. Along with Lakshmi & Narayana there are idols of Brahma, Siva, Ganapathi (Ganesh), Subramanya and Sastha on the same pedestal.

Apart from the main deity, the temple complex consists of Kizhukkavu Bhagavathy temple, temples for Sastha, Siva, Ganapathi, Nagas and other Upa-Devas. The pleasant atmosphere in the temple give mental peace and harmony to devotees.

  • Western Ghats - a mountain range, that stretches parallel to the western coast with its flora and fauna.


Do[edit][add listing]

Makom Thozhal (worship on the Makom day) is the most important festival of the temple which is celebrated in the month of Kumbham. (Feb / March) It is believed that Bhagavathy in her full attire gave darsan to Vilwamangalam Swamiyar on the Makom day and appears on the same day every year for giving darsan to the devotees in her special appearance. The Bhadrakaali at Kizhukkavu is believed to exorcise evil spirit from devotees, after conducting bhajanam.

Buy[edit][add listing]

Eat[edit][add listing]

Due to its strong trade relations, central Kerala's cuisine is a blend of many influences, particularly English, Portuguese, Chinese, and Japanese. Seafood is very popular, as well as freshwater fish from Kerala's rivers and backwaters. Prawn and squid are considered essential for most celebrations and festive occasions. Vegetarian entrees are also widely available, though the emphasis remains on seafood.

Drink[edit][add listing]

Stay safe[edit]

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