Bus travel in the former Yugoslavia
This article is a travel topic
Because of the poor condition of railways and the relatively high price of short-haul flights, buses (autobusi, singular autobus) are the most common form of public transport in Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and the Republic of Macedonia. There are several major bus companies in the region, including:
Other companies are Autopoduzeće Z Imotski, AP Varaždin, Croatia Bus, Galeb Ohrid, Kavim-Jedinstvo Vranje, BS Tours Beograd, Fils Pula, Alpetour Kranj, etc.
A bus station is called avtobusna postaja in Slovenia, autobusni kolodvor in Croatia, autobusna stanica in Bosnia and Herzegovina, autobuska stanica in Serbia and Montenegro, and avtobuska stanica in Macedonia.
Fares and tickets
Tickets can be bought on the bus or from ticket booths at bus terminals. Payment is usually done in cash and in the local currency (Serbian dinar, Croatian kuna, Bosnian convertible mark, Macedonian denar or the euro). The euro is legal tender only in Slovenia and Montenegro, but it is sometimes accepted in the other countries as well.
Destinations within the former Yugoslavia are often treated as domestic for the purposes of ticket sales. For example, there is no need to show your passport when buying tickets from Niš to Zagreb or from Split to Mostar, but you must show it when buying tickets to Sofia, Bulgaria.
Return tickets (povratna karta) are available on most lines and give a discount of up to 20%. The return journey must be on the same company, and sometimes a reservation is required before boarding the return bus.
In Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, access to the platform area at bus stations is usually unrestricted, so it is possible to board any bus with free seats and buy a ticket from the driver. On the other hand, in most Serbian cities either a valid bus ticket or a so-called "platform ticket" (peronska karta), which costs 130 dinara in Belgrade, is required to reach the platform area.
Routes and timetables
Information about routes and timetables is available at all bus terminals, usually in the local language. In Serbia and Macedonia it is sometimes printed only in the Cyrillic alphabet. It is also possible to ask for information by phone or at ticket booths, but English isn't well spoken outside the largest cities and major tourist spots.
The websites of bus stations and bus companies also provide timetables, but these may be slightly out of date, inaccurate or incomplete. The most authoritative bus station websites are those of Ljubljana, Zagreb, Split and Belgrade. When searching for bus routes on the web, always input city names with the local diacritics: č ć š đ ž (copy and paste if necessary).
While some companies operate brand-new Turkish, Chinese and/or locally assembled buses, most prefer second-hand vehicles from Germany, the Netherlands, Austria or Switzerland. As a result, German-language labels (e.g. Notausstieg for emergency exit) are commonly seen. There is no legal requirement, but many buses have electronic speed limiters set at either 100 or 105 kilometres per hour.
On longer highway journeys, the bus driver will always make at least one 15 to 20-minute rest stop at a gas station with a cafe and/or restaurant, public toilet and mini-market. On very long routes like Split-Belgrade, there are at least two stops.
When crossing borders, either 1. a police officer will board the bus, collect all the passports and review them at their booth (most common); 2. the bus driver will collect the passports and hand them to the police (same as 1, but depends on the bus operator); 3. you will be asked to leave the bus and present your passport yourself (e.g. at Slovenian-Croatian crossings and the Serbian checkpoint of Presevo).
Smoking is officially banned on all buses, but it is still a relatively common practice among drivers to open their window and light up while driving.
There is an unregulated but very common practice of sending packages via intercity buses. It is customary to write the intended recipient's name, city and mobile phone number on the package and give a small tip (10 kuna/100 dinara for shorter routes, 20 kuna/200 dinara for longer routes) to the driver.