Buriram literally means the pleasant city. It is a city with abundant sandstone sanctuaries of ancient Khmer culture. It is situated in the lower part of the Northeastern region, about 410 km from Bangkok. The province surrounding the town covers a total area of 10,322 square kilometres. The administrative system is divided into 23 districts. In Buriram, there are archaeological finds of pre-historic human habitation and ancient ruins from the Dvaravati period. The most important historical evidence found include more than 60 sandstone sanctuaries scattered around the area. The evidence shows that ancient civilizations once existed in Buriram. There are also discoveries of important Khmer pottery kiln sites which date back to the 10th — 13th century.
After the ancient Khmer period, the historical evidence of Buriram started again in the late Ayutthaya period as a protectorate of Nakhon Ratchasima. The city also appeared again during the Thonburi and Rattanakosin periods. Then, in 1933, there was restructuring of the regional administrative system which turned Buriram into a province until the present day.
From Bangkok, take Hwy 1 (Phahon Yothin Rd) to Saraburi, then turn right into Hwy 2 (Mittraphap Rd. Turn right into Hwy 24 (Chok Chai-Det Udom Rd) passing Amphoe Nong Ki, Amphoe Nang Rong, then turn left onto Hwy 218 to Buri Ram. Total distance is about 410 km. Or, from Nakhon Ratchasima, take Hwy 226 passing Amphoe Chakkarat-Huai Thalaeng-Lam Plai Mat for a total distance of 384 km.
The Transport Company Limited provides daily ordinary and air-conditioned buses from Bangkok to Buriram. Buses leave the Bangkok Bus Terminal (Chatuchak or Mo Chit 2). For more information, call Tel. +66 29 361 880 or +66 29 360 657. Buriram Bus Terminal, Tel. +66 44 612 534, +66 44 651 081.
The other alternative and the more convenient way to travel to Buriram is by taking an A/C bus from Nakornchai Air's bus company. Their terminal is just opposite Mo Chit 2 and the fare is 340 baht.
The city bus terminal is on the outskirts of this reasonably small city and will cost you 60 baht in a tuk-tuk from the train station, which is about 3Km distant.
There are rapid, express, and ordinary trains,from Bangkok-Ubon Ratchathani; Bangkok-Surin; and Nakhon Ratchasima-Ubon Ratchathani that run through Buriram. For more details, call Tel. 1690, +66 22 204 334, +66 22 204 444 or []
The train from Surin is 41 baht for a second-class seat and takes about an hour. The railway station is on the edge of this relatively small City.
You can get around Buriram city by motorbike or taxi/tuk-tuk. There are now meter taxis, but they do not use the meter, so bargain beforehand.
Car rental with very reasonable prices including full insurance. Phone number is : +66 81 070 4750, +66 44 621 962.
Lower Northeastern Cultural Centre (ศูนย์วัฒนธรรมอีสานใต้): The centre collects and exhibits artefacts and precious historical objects, folk art, and archaeological evidence. It is also the resource centre for conducting research.
The Monument of King Rama I (พระบรมราชานุสาวรีย์พระบาทสมเด็จพระพุทธยอดฟ้าจุฬาโลก): The monument was built in 1996 to honour King Rama I who founded Buriram while he was serving as Somdet Phraya Maha Kasatsuek.
Khao Kradong Forest Park (วนอุทยานเขากระโดง): This extinct volcano is now a relaxation spot. The top is 265 m above sea level and it houses "Phra Suphattharabophit", a large Buddha image that is the symbol of Buriram.
Kradong Reservoir (อ่างเก็บน้ำกระโดง): From the entrance to Khao Kradong, there is a junction on the left side to "Bunyanusat" boy scout camp and a zoo.
Huai Talat Reservoir and Buriram Bird Park (อ่างเก็บน้ำห้วยตลาดและสวนนกบุรีรัมย์): A survey found more than 100 species of birds living in this area during the dry season which lasts from November to April.
Wat Khao Angkhan (วัดเขาอังคาร): Inside the temple compound, there are ruins of ancient monuments and sandstone boundary markers of the Dvaravati period. At present, it is one of the most beautiful and significant temples in Buriram.
Thung Laem Reservoir (อ่างเก็บน้ำทุ่งแหลม): It is a small reservoir which has been renovated into a recreational area with shelters for rest and relaxation. During the dry season, many species of waterfowl can be found at this reservoir.
Ang Kep Nam Sanam Bin Non-hunting Area (เขตห้ามล่าสัตว์ป่าอ่างเก็บน้ำสนามบิน): The office of the non-hunting area is located on the left side of the road.
Stone Quarry (แหล่งหินตัด)': The quarry was used by the ancient Khmer people as a source of construction materials for building sanctuaries in the lower Northeastern region.
Ancient Kiln Sites (แหล่งเตาโบราณ): Archaeologists found ancient kilns and ceramics during their surveys. The kilns date from around the 9th-10th century and served as a production centre for Khmer ceramics supplying other cities.
Prasat Wat Khok Ngio (ปราสาทวัดโคกงิ้ว): It is a Khmer stone sanctuary located behind Wat Khok Ngio, and it once served as an "Arogayasala" or a hospital.
Rao Su Monument (อนุสาวรีย์เราสู้): It was built in 1979 to commemorate the brave undertakings of civilians, police officers, and soldiers who lost their lives during battles with communists who obstructed the construction of this strategic route.
Lam Nang Rong Dam (เขื่อนลำนางรอง): It is an area under a Royal Project for security development. The Lam Nang Rong Dam is an earthen dam with an asphalt road along the crest with an expansive view.
Prasat Nong Hong (ปราสาทหนองหงส์): It is a small archaeological site comprising three prangs made from brick on a single laterite base.
Big Buddha Image (พระพุทธรูปใหญ่) or Phra Phuttharup Patima Santayaphirom Satuek Udom Ratsadon Nimitmanin is a big standing Buddha image on the bank of the Mun River, opposite the Satuek District Office.
Phrachao Yai Wat Hong (พระเจ้าใหญ่วัดหงษ์): It is an old Lao-style Buddha image in the posture of subduing Mara, which was built during the late Ayutthaya period, or around the 18th century.
Silk Weaving Village of Amphoe Na Pho (หมู่บ้านทอผ้าไหมอำเภอนาโพธิ์): It is a silk weaving village, especially "Mudmi" silk, which has received support for their development of skills, the standard of production, and their patterns and colours from the Royal Folk Arts and Craft Centre under the royal patronage of HM Queen Sirikit.
Ku Suan Taeng (กู่สวนแตง): Ku Suan Taeng is also a Khmer architectural site, comprising three brick prangs lying from north to south, on the same laterite base.
The aim of local politician and former cabinet minister Newin Chidchobto is to build the rural city into a sporting destination in a bid to boost its profile and attract tourism to the north east of Thailand.
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