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Bokhara (also spelled Bukhara Bukhoro or Buxoro) in Uzbekistan was historically one of the great trading cities along the Silk Road. The city center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


On Sanskrit the Bukhara means "abbey", which was a big commercial center on the Great Silk Road. Bukhara -"The city of museums", contains more than 140 architectural monuments of the Middle Ages. Such ensembles as Poi - Kalan, Kosh Madras, mausoleum of Ismail Samoni, minaret of Kalyan and others were built 2300 years ago, and today they attract the great attention of tourists. The famous poets like Narshahi, Rudaki Dakiki and others have played the important role in development of Bukhara.


Legend of Siavash[edit]

According to the legend Bukhara was founded by King Siavash, a legendary Persian prince from the beginnings of the Persian Empire. After the treason of his stepmother Sudabeh, who accused him that he wanted to seduce her and betray his father, Siavash went into exile to Turan. Afrasiab, the King of Samarkand, married his daughter Ferganiza(Farangis) to him and granted him a vassal kingdom in the oasis of Bukhara. Later, Siavash was accused that he wanted to overthrow King Afrasiab and was executed in front of his wife. Siavash's father sent Rostam, the legendary Persian hero to Turan and Rostam brought Ferganiza (Farangis) and their son Kai Khosrow back to Persia.

Pre-Islamic times[edit]

The history of Bukhara can be traced back to the 4th or 5th century AD, the date of the first coins with Sogdian writing in an alphabet derived from Aramaic. There are no reports of a city in the area of Bukhara at the time of Alexander the Great.

From the Arab invasions to the Mongols[edit]

At the time of the Arab conquests, Bukhara was ruled by the Sogdian dynasty of the Bokar-kodats. Arab armies first appeared before Bukhara in the caliphate of Moawia, after Obayd-Allāh b. Zīād b. Abīhe crossed the Oxus (53-54/673-74). Bukhara was ruled by a woman, Katun, as regent for her infant son. She had to submit and to pay a tribute of a million dirhams and 4,000 slaves. Permanent Arab control in the city was established by Qotayba b. Moslem Baheli, who after arduous campaigns in Sogdia (87-90/706-09) overcame the resistance of the Bukharans and their Turkish allies and placed an Arab garrison in the city, forcing every home owner to share his residence with Arabs. In 94/712-13 he erected the first mosque in Bukhara within the citadel, on the site of a former Buddhist or Zoroastrian temple. In 166/782, the governor of Khorasan Fażl b. Solayman Ṭusi built walls to protect Bukhara against Turkish attacks.

In the 3rd/9th cent. the notables of Bukhara asked the Samanid ruler of Samarqand and Farḡāna Nasr b.Ahmad for help, who in 260/874 sent his younger brother Ismail to the city. Bukhara enjoyed a period of prosperity lasting for 150 years and under the patronage of the Samanid amirs served as a cultural center for Arabic learning and Persian literature. A passage by Taalebi, the famous scholar of Nisapur, praises Bukhara in the era of the Samanids as “the focus of splendour, the Kaba of the empire, the meeting-place of the unique figures of the age, the rising-place of the stars of the literary men of the world, and the forum for the outstanding per­sonages of the time”. Geographers from the Samanid period mention the division of the city in a citadel (ko­handez), the town proper (sahrestan) and a suburb (rabat). The citadel contained the palace and the original mosque of Qotayba b. Moslem. To its east, dividing it from the sahrestan, was the Rigestan, an open, sandy space, where Amir Naṣr b. Aḥmad (301-33/914-43) built a palace and where the dīvāns of the administration were situated. In this century, an outer wall with eleven gates was built. The city had clearly expanded, though geographers still critize it as an unsanitary and crowded place.

In 389/999 Bukhara was occupied by the Ilak (Ilig) Nasr b. Ali. For the next 150 years it was part of the western Qarakhanid khanate, ruled by descendants of the Ilak Nasr. Under the loose, decentralized rule of the Turkish tribesmen, Bukhara lost its political importance. The reign of Arslan Khan Moḥammad b. Solayman (495-524/1102-30) brought peace to the city. He also rebuilt the citadel and city walls, and erected a new Friday mosque and two new palaces.

After the Mongol invasion[edit]

Bukhara was con­quered by Gengiz Khan in 616/1220. All inhabitants were driven out and the city was burned., but in the time of Ögedey Qaan (626-39/1229-41) the city was prosperous again. Ögedey placed the administration of all the settled regions of Central Asia in the hands of a Muslim merchant trusted by the Mongols, who resided in Ḵojand and reported directly to the supreme khan. The revival of prosperity of Bukhara may have been due to his efforts. He was succeeded at Bukhara by his son Masud Beg, who remained in authority until his death in 688/1289, despite feuds among the Mongol successor states and repeated shifts in their borders within Central Asia. Masud Beg was buried in the madrasa that he had built at Bukhara. The skilled craftsmen inhabiting Bukhara were apportioned among the four divi­sions of the Mongol empire), each belonging to one of Gengiz Khan’s sons and his descendants; each division was entitled to revenues from the portion of the population assigned to it.

The Khanate of Bukhara[edit]

The Khanate of Bukhara came into existence after the conquest of Samarkand and Bukhara by Muhammad Shaybani. The Shaybanid Dynasty ruled the khanate from 1506 until 1598. Under their rule Bukhara became a center of arts and literature. Bukhara attracted skilled craftsmen of calligraphy and miniature painting , poets and theologians. Abd al-Aziz Jhan (1533-1550) established a library "having no equal". The khanate of Bukhara reached its greatest influence under Abdullah Khan II, who reigned from 1577 to 1598.

The Khanate of Bukhara was governed by the Janid Dynasty (Astrakhanids) in the 17th and 18th cent. It was conquered by Nadir Shah of Iran in 1740. After his death the khanat was controlled by descendants of the Uzbek emir Khudayar Bi through the position of "ataliq" (prime minister). The khanate became the Emirate of Bukhara in 1785.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

Uzbekistan Airways [8] operates flights from

  • Moscow a few times a week on Uzbekistan Airways, Aeroflot and UT Air.
  • St. Petersburg on Uzbekistan Airways
  • Tashkent on Uzbekistan Airways, one or two flights per day.
  • Urgench (Khiva) on Uzbekistan Airways a few times a week.

By train[edit]

Trains run from both Samarkand and Tashkent regularly. The trains themselves are a mix of ex-Soviet type slow things and modern Spanish-built express trains.

Daily trains from Tashkent to Bukhara (as of June 2017):

  • Afrosiyob express train, leaving Tashkent at 07:30, arriving in Bukhara at 11:17 (VIP, Business, Economy class). Economy class is set up in 2-2 configuration with plenty of legroom even for the tallest people. Business class features extra plush seats in 2-1 configuration.
  • Sharq express-ish train, leaving Tashkent at 08:54, arriving in Bukhara at 14:42 (SV , 2nd class)
  • Night train, leaving Tashkent at 22:00, arriving in Bukhara at 05:55+1 (SV, Kupe, Platzkart class)

Friday/Sunday Sharq evening trains depart Tashkent at 18:25, arriving in Bukhara next day at 01:30 (SV, 2nd class)

Friday/Saturday/Sunday night train departs Tashkent at 21:25, arriving in Bukhara next day at 06:30 (Kupe, Platzkart class)

The train station (Bukhara-1) is about 7km from Bukhara in the city of Kogon. When looking at maps, don't confuse the train station (vokzal) with Vokzal area and bus station near the old city - that's where an old (pre-soviet times) train station used to be. As of June 2017, there is no longer an easy way to reach the old city via public transportation. You can still take marshrutka #268 (walk out of the train station and past the parking lot to the small fenced off bus station). While marshrutka 268 (700 som as of June 2017) will no longer take you to the old city, you can take it all the way to the final stop at the city hospital (roughly intersection of Bakhowuddin Nakshbandi Str and A380). From there you can take the shared taxi to the old city for 3000 som.

Alternatively, a taxi from the train station to the old city area should cost 15000 som max (per car, not per person). Locals pay 8000 and you should be able to negotiate it down to 10000-12000 even if they ask for 20000-30000.

By road[edit]

Bukhara is 560 km from Tashkent, 270 km from Samarkand, 470 km form Khiva, 920 km from Andizhan, 900 km from Fergana, 160 km from Karshi, 800 km from Kokand, 560 km from Nukus, 280 km from Shahrisabz, 380 km from Termez and 440 km from Urgench. To Khiva, you can take a collective taxi at 50,000 UZS per person in downtown or hire a private taxi for $70-$80 per car. To Samarkand, you can hire a private taxi for $60. Alternatively you can make 2 day excursion including Aydar Kul Yurt for $120 per car.

Get around[edit]

The old town is where you want to be. The beauty of it is that there is no need at all for any form of transport other than your feet as the town is so small. Also, many of the streets are far too slim to allow cars down them. For short taxi rides outside of old town, shared taxis charge 2000-3000 som and marshrutkas are 700-1500 soms (as of June 2017). If possible, ask a local or at your hotel/restaurant for going rates - taxis often ask double or triple the amount a ride should cost.


The main language of Bukhara is the Tajik dialect of Persian. Russian is the second language and Uzbek is used but to a lesser extant. Bukhara, along with Samarqand and other cities in Central and Southern Uzbekistan have been historically populated by Ethnic Tajiks and Bukharian Jews who spoke Tajik along with their own dialects which today include some Uzbek and a lot of Russian loan words.

See[edit][add listing]

Kalon Minaret
  • Kalyan Minaret. It was built by the Karakhanid ruler Arslan Khan in 1127. According to the legend Arslan Khan killed an imam. The imam asked the khan in a dream to lay the imam's head on a spot where nobody can tread on it. Thus the tower was built over the imam's grave. With a height of 47 m it is Bukhara's landmark. In its ornamental bands the glazed blue tiles were used for the first time in Central Asia. It gets its nickname as the "Tower of Death" because they once executed criminals by taking them to the top and pushing them out, leaving them to fall to their death. This practice stopped in the early 1900s. You can follow the same street towards town to also see the Toki Zargaron Mosque, which is unique, featuring a very intricate design. (N,E edit
  • Ark citadel, Registan Square. 9am to 6pm. From the most ancient times the Ark was the fortified residence of the rulers of Bukhara. Everything could be found there - palaces, temples, barracks, offices, the mint, warehouses, workshops, stables, an arsenal, and even a prison. There are some signposts (Russian/English) that explains some of the ark. Currently, the interior of the Ark is used as offices, but the museum is still open. The part where it faces an overview of old Bukhara is closed.  edit
  • Labi-havz. The Labi-havz is considered to be the center of the Old City. Plaza Labi-havz is derived from Persian and means “ensemble near the pool”. The main element of this ensemble is the pool. The ensemble Labi-havz has three monumental structures. These are: * Kukeldash madrassah (16th century) built by Abdullah II was, at the time, the biggest Islamic School in Central Asia. * Nadir Devanbegi Madrassah (16th century) was inteded to be a caravan saray, but according to the order of the ruler Imam Kulimkhan, was reconstructed into a Madrassah. * Nadir Devanbegi Khanaka (winter mosque) was built at the same time as the Labi-havz (16th century).  edit
  • Ismoil Somoni (Ismail Samani) Mausoleum. The mausoleum was built during the reign of Ismail Samani, one of the most outstanding members of the Samanids dynasty, who ruled Bukhara from 892 until 907. Originally, the mausoleum was intended for the grave of Ismail Samani’s father, Akhmad, but later became the burial vault of the Samanids. It was completed in 905 and is the oldest Muslim monument in Bukhara. It is considered as a masterpiece of early Islamic architecture. Ismail b. Ahmad b. Asad Samani was born in 234/849 and died in 295/907. He was the first member of the Samanid dynasty ruling over all Transoxania and Fargana. He was governor of Bukhara on behalf of his brother Nasr. Ismail had defend Bukhara against attacks by Khwarazmian forces. He twice failed to send the 500,000 dirhams annual tribute to Nasr and had to defend the city against two attacks by Nasr. After Nasr's death in 279/892 Ismail became ruler of all Transoxania. He transfered the capital to Bukhara and was recognized as governor by caliph al-Motazed (279-89/892-902). In 280/893 he led an expedition north into the steppes, capturing Ṭaraz (modern Dzhambul/Kazakhstan), taking an immense booty of animals and Turkish slaves, and converting a Nestorian Christian church into a mosque. Ismail's greatest achievement was the defeat of Amr b. Layt in a battle near Balk in 287/900. Amr had received from caliph al-Moʿtażed eastern Persia and Transoxania, which entailed deposing Ismail as governor. Amr invaded the upper Oxus (Amu Darya) provinces, but was decisively defeated by Esmaʿīl. The ʿAbbasids at Baghdad were thus relieved of pressure from the aggressive Saffarids, and the caliph formally appointed Ismail governor of Khorasan, Sistan, Ray, Ṭabarestan, and Isfahan, in addition to his Transoxanian provinces. Samanid amirs were, however, able to retain permanent control of Khorasan and Transoxania only. Although he still officially recognized the caliphs’ overlordship in the Friday sermon and on his coins), Ismail took advantage of his distance from Iraq and his new prestige to function as an independent sovereign. There is no evidence that he ever forwarded regular tribute or taxation to Baghdad. He spent his last years witgh battles against the Zaydi Shiite imams in the Caspian provinces, extending Samanid power westward across northern Persia, and repelling a Turkish invasion from the steppes. Ismail launched an offensive against Ṭabarestan and northern Persia and by 287/900 held territory as far west as Ray and Qazvin, though again his successors were not able to hold on to these areas. When Ismail died he was succeeded by his son Ahmad (295-301/907-14). Ismalil became renowned for justice and piety and for serving the caliph and his interests faithfully and is considered as the greatest of the Samanids.  edit
  • Kukeldash Medressa. built by Abdullah II., at the time the biggest Islamic school in Central Asia  edit
  • Taqi Sarrafon. bazaar of the moneychangers  edit
  • Taqi-Telpak Furushon. bazaar of the cap makers  edit
  • Taqi-Zaragon. bazaar of the jewellers  edit
  • Maghoki Attar Mosque. the oldest surviving mosque in Central Asia, dating back to the 9th cent., reconstructed in the 16th cent.  edit
  • Faizullah Khojaev House, Tukaeva. Mon to Sat 9am to 5pm. 2000 som.  edit

Outside the old town (and outside of Bukhara itself):

  • Sitorai Mohi Hosa (Star and Moon Garden), (6 km north of Bukhara). 9am to 5 pm, Tue 9am to 2pm. summer palace and fruit garden of the last emir of Bukhara 9000 som (June 2017).  edit
  • Bakhautdin Naqshband Mausoleum, (2 km east of Bukhara). 8am to 7pm. one of the most important Sufi shrines with the tomb of Bakhautdin Naqshband (14th cent.), the founder of the most influential Sufi order in Central Asia 5000 som (June 2017).  edit
  • Chor-Bakr, (6 km west of Bukhara). 9am to 8pm. necropolis from the 16th cent., heavily restored  edit

Do[edit][add listing]

  • Hammam Borzi Kord, Taqi-Telpak Furushon. Open for local men until 2PM then for tourists of mixed gender until midnight. one of Bukhara's most famous hamomi (baths) 150,000 UZS (July 2018) including scrub and massage.  edit
  • Hammom Kunjak, Ibidov 4. 7am to 6pm. the women's bathhose, near Kalon Minaret. Offers shower, massage, scrub and masque. UZS 120000.  edit
  • Hammom Zabiyon-Dabiyon, Dijubar street ("10). men and women Russian bathhouse. Offers shower, massage, sauna. UZS 10000 for sauna and shower; UZS 12000 for massage.  edit
  • Folklore and Fashion Show, Nadir Divanbegi Medressa. Apr/May 6.30pm, July/Aug 7pm, Sep/Oct 7,30pm. show with traditional music and dancing 10,500UZS for show only.  edit

Buy[edit][add listing]

  • Tim Abdulla Khan, Hagigat (near Taqi-Telpaq Furushon Bazaar). 9am to 6pm. silk and carpets  edit
  • Unesco Carpet Weaving Shop, Eshoni Pir 57. Mon to Sat 9am to 5pm.  edit
  • Bukhara Artisan Development Center, Bakhautdin Naqshband.  edit
  • Original Bukhara Scissors, Touristville (Lyobi Khauz).  edit

Eat[edit][add listing]

  • Minjifa. Terrace restaurant near Lyabi Hauz in Old Town. Great food and service by English speaking staff. Live music and nice view. lunch, dinner US$5-$8.  edit
  • Doston House, 5, K. Kalon Str. Uzbek guesthouse situated in the old part of Bukhara, built by a Bukharian Jew at the end of the 19th cent. In the courtyard lepeshka (bread) and samsa (pastries) are prepared on a tandir (clay oven). lunch, dinner US$8, folklore show US$ 35.  edit
  • Caravan, 12, Mukhamad Ikbol Str. (500 m from Hotel Semurg), 3830505, 960 38 34. e-mail: [email protected], European and Uigur dishes US$4 to 12.  edit
  • Guest House of Rustam Saidjanov, (100 meters from Lyabi Hauz). Built at the second half of the 19th cent. by a merchant-moneychanger (sarrof) belonging to the middle class, this guest house is now run by the grandson of the archaeologist Prof. Musa Saidjanov. Guests might sit upon kurpacha (thin mattress) with velvet cushions at the dastarhan (low table).  edit

Drink[edit][add listing]

  • Silk Road Spices Tea House, 5 Halim Ibodov Str. serving spice and herbal tea, saffron and ginger tea, coffee with cardamom, green and black tea as well as sweets (halva, qandalat and nabat). Highly recommended! UZS 30000.  edit
  • Nughay Caravanserai Wine Tasting, Bakhautdin Naqshband 78. 11am to 9pm. wine shop and tasting rooms in a 18the cent. caravanserai  edit

Sleep[edit][add listing]

There are numerous bed and breakfast places around the Lyabi Hauze complex. These are excellent for independent travellers. Rooms can be had quite cheap (less than $20 per person but standards and prices vary place to place), but make sure you look at a few before you make your choice. Some of them are amazing houses set round courtyards and provide an unforgettable experience much better than any hotel. You can also expect some top quality breakfasts with fruit, bread, cheese, yoghurt, and an unlimited supply of tea!

  • Hafsi Kabir, Shark 3 Street (Eshoni Pir) (Exact location can be found on or google maps), (97) 305-73-37 or (91) 411-57-00, [1]. Not to be mistaken for "Kabir Hotel" in a different location nearby. This one is next to Bukhara House. Renovated and re-opened a few months ago (as of July 2018) so everything is new. The wifi is fast. A/C, sat TV, nice bathrooms etc. like other places, come standard. The manager there speaks excellent English and is very friendly and hospitable.  edit
  • Amelia Boutique Hotel, 1 Bozor Hodja Street (in the old center, close to the ensemble Lyabi Hauz), +998 65 2241263 or 998 65 2242631, within Uzbekistan 8 365 2241263 or 8 365 2242631, [2]. All rooms have a A/C, satellite TV, great bathroom facilities, fridge, hairdryer, phone with international access and wi-Fi. The Hotel was Jewish merchant’s house built in 19th cent. near the "Synagogue" (Jewish temple) in the city center (perfect location). single US$ 35, double US$ 60.  edit
  • Hotel Grand Nodirbek, 10 Sarafon Street (25 meters from the Lyub-i-hauz ensemble), +998(65) 224-3446, [3]. Nice Interior Courtyard, friendly receptionist named Fahreddin, satellite television (great if you understand Uzbek, Russian, or Turkmen), a/c. Bathrooms are extremely clean and modern. US $20-30 with breakfast.  edit
  • Hotel Malika, 25 Shaumyana Street, +998 65 2246256 (), [4]. Air conditioning and satellite TV, single US$35, double US$65 with breakfast.  edit
  • Hotel New Moon, Eshoni pir str., 8, 998652244442 (, fax: 998652242034), [5]. Located in centre of town. US $20-30 with breakfast.  edit
  • Madina & Ilyos B&B, Mehtar Anbar St. 18, +998-65-224-6162. Located in centre of town. Air-conditioned, some TVs, great location! The breakfast was generous, owner is Iranian/Uzbek, speaks 4 languages, and kind (but reserved). She gives official hotel stamps. US $10-$15 with breakfast.  edit
  • Hotel Amulet [9] located in the old city of Bukhara, just next to the ancient Lyabi Khauz ensemble (16-17th century). It was built in the early 19th century by a famous merchant, Said Kamol, as a madrasah where students lived and studied everything from philosophy to religion. Today it remains a national monument that has been reconstructed to allow others the chance to experience the traditional life of years ago. Room facilities: bath room with the shower; air conditioning; heating; satellite TV; hair-drier. e-mail: [email protected], phone: 2245342, 724028, fax: 2241728.
  • Komil Bukhara Boutique Hotel, 40 Barakyon Street. located in the old city of Bukhara, about 5 minutes walking distance from Lyabi Khauz, 8 richly decorated double rooms with private bath, air conditionning, satellite TV and minibar, windows facing to an inner terrace, small restaurant with local and European cuisine.  edit
  • Buchara Palace Hotel, 8 Navoi Str, 2230024, [6]. four star hotel in the city center with 220 rooms, restaurant, swimming pool, night club and bar  edit
  • Zargaron Plaza Hotel, 256m Nakshbandi Str, 2230352. four star hotel, built 2009, 2 kilometers from the city center, with 40 rooms, restaurant, bar and swimming pool  edit
  • Zargaron Hotel, 8, Chakikat Str., 2245821. three star hotel in the old town in the style of the 19th century  edit
  • Amulet Madrassah Hotel, 74, Nakhshbandi Str., (in the old city). The house was built by Said Kamol, a famous merchant, in the beginning of the 19th cent. as a Madrassah. It was reconstructed in 2005. single US$40, double US$ 60.  edit
  • Hotel Mekhtar Ambar, 91, B.Nakshbandi St (between Chor Minor and Labi Khauz), 2244168 (). In a medrese from the 19th century, ten rooms decorated with antique suzanes and carpets, satellit.  edit
  • Nasruddin Navruz Hotel, Babahanov 37, [7]. Centrally located and clean. All rooms have TVs and air conditioned. The price does not include breakfast. Owners and staff can be extremely rude and impolite depending on their mood. Wifi available but they would even unplug the cable in front of you if you are not their favorite customer. Does not provide a stamp on the registration paper, NOT to be trusted and definitely not recommended [Aug 2012] {GPS N , E} from $20 without breakfast. (, edit
  • Rustam-Zuxro B&B, 116 B. Nakshband (on the main street, around 100 m. from Lyabi-Hauz), +998 65 224 30 80. Centrally located with very polite and friendly staff, the woman in charge will make sure you have everything you need. Most rooms and dormitory are air conditioned. Big breakfast included, free WiFi, spacious courtyard where you can secure your bicycle or motorcycle. There are also family rooms with big bath tabs. Registration provided [Aug 2012] {GPS N , E} dorms for $8, rooms from $20.  edit

Stay safe[edit]


  • Railways Station, Kagan, Shevchenko Str 2 (8 km south of city center), 5273426.  edit
  • Airport, Naqshbandi Str, 2256121, also for tickets.  edit
  • OVIR (Office for Visas and Registration), Murtaevza 10/3, 2238868.  edit

Get out[edit]

By plane[edit]

Uzbekistan Airways [10] operates flights to

  • Moscow Domodedovo International Airport on Wed, Fri and Sun.
  • St. Petersburg on Sat,
  • Tashkent on Mon, Tue, Thu and Sat (by IL-114), on Wed and Fri (by A-310) and on Sun (by B-757, flying time: 1:05 hrs) (Summer Timetable 2010).

The airport is 6 km south east of the town center. A taxi will need about 10 minutes and will cost about 1500 UZS (outdated price). You can also take Marshrutka 100 or bus nr.10 from the railway station.

By train[edit]

There are regular trains to Tashkent via Samarkand.

Train tickets can be purchased at the train station or, as of July 2018, an alternate location that is right across the street from "Restaurant Sezam" (look it up on Google Maps or on Bakhovaddin Nakshband Street. This alternate location had moved from its previous location found on the Lonely Planet guidebook and whatever's listed on

"Afrosiyab" (superfast) trains leave for Samarkand @ 3:55 pm, 47000 som (as of July 2018).

  • Train 9 leaves Bukhara at 8.05am and arrives at Samarkand at 10.50am and in Tashkent at 2.40pm.
  • Train 661 leaves Bukhara at 7.15pm and arrives at Samarkand at 0.40am and in Tashkent at 6.30am next morning.

By bus or taxi[edit]

For share taxis station go to Aftevoxal with bus number 9 from center. 20 minutes ride

To Tajikistan[edit]

Shared taxis to Denau on the Tajik border leave from the Sharq Bus Station east of the center. Taxis leave in the morning around 9am, a seat costs UZS 80k-100k (to the border gate) and the trip will take 6 hours.

To Turkmenistan[edit]

You have to take a shared taxi or marshrutka from KOlkhozny Bazaar to Qarakol or Olot. A seat in a shared taxi costs about UZS 2000 and the trip takes about 40 minutes. You will have to hire a taxi from here to the border for about UZS 2000. Olot is 7 Km from the Uzbek-Turkmenistan border. A taxi from the border to Turkmenabat will cost about 0.50 US$ and the trip will take 40 minutes,

Within Uzbekistan[edit]

Buses and taxis to Tashkent and Samarkand leave from the Northern Bus Station, about 3 km north of the city center near the Karvon Bazaar {GPS N , E}. A seat in a bus to Tashkent costs about UZS 20000 and the journey to Tashkent takes about 11 hours. A seat in a bus to Samarkand costs about UZS 15000 and the journey to Samarkand takes about 5 hours. A seat in a shared taxi to Samarkand costs about UZS 25000 and the journey to Samarkand takes about 3 hours. A seat in a shared taxi to Tashkent costs about UZS 30000 and the journey to Samarkand takes about 7 hours. [Aug 2012]

Buses and taxis to Urgench and Khiva leave from Karvon Bazaar {GPS N , E}. A seat in a shared taxi to Urgench costs about UZS 70.000 and the journey takes about 4 and a half hours. The buses have irregular schedule and they come from Tashkent so you might be standing. Bus nr 2 or 21 will bring you from the train station to the North Bus Station and Karvon Bazaar. [Aug 2012]

Shared taxis to Karshi, Shakhrizabz and Termiz leave from the Sharq "Bus Station" east of the center. A seat to Karshi costs UZS 35000, to Shakhrizabz UZS 65-70000 and (change in Karshi) to Termiz additional UZS 40,000. The trip to Karshi takes 1 and a half hours, to Shakhrizabz 4 hours and to Termiz 6 hours. (prices 2015)

By road[edit]

Bukhara is 560 km from Tashkent, 270 km from Samarkand, 470 km form Khiva, 920 km from Andizhan, 900 km from Fergana, 160 km from Karshi, 800 km from Kokand, 560 km from Nukus, 280 km from Shahrisabz, 380 km from Termez and 440 km from Urgench.

This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

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