Boipeba is one of the islands of the Tinharé archipelago, in the county of Cairu, in the south of the state of Bahia.
Surrounded by the ocean on one side, and the Inferno River estuary on the other, this island is of rare natural beauty, home to a great variety of ecosystems. "Mboi pewa" are Tupi Indian words meaning "flat snake", a reference to the turtle, giving the name to the island of Boipeba. Boipeba is home to a dense Atlantic rainforest, and with its saltmarshes, sand dunes, extensive mangroves and paradisiacal coconut-palm fringed beaches and reefs, it is a world of ecological diversity. The reefs are found up and down the coast, sheltering the beaches from waves and ocean currents. The wide reefs are full of canals and shallow pools. Flora and fauna are rich in varieties of coral, algae, fish, mollusc, sea urchin, starfish and other sea life. Turtles are indeed found in the region and spawning eggs can be seen on beaches around the island. The forested areas of the island are home to numerous species of bird, to armadillos, foxes and reptiles, as well as other animal life. Boipeba being a natural wildlife habitat, and given the necessity of protecting the Tinharé and Boipeba ecosystems, the state of Bahia in June 1992 made the islands of Tinharé and Boipeba an Area of Environmental Protection (APA in Portuguese). Joining forces as Amabo, the Association of Residents and Friends of Boipeba, residents of Boipeba put together a proposal for the sustainable development of the island. Amabo's aim with this proposal is to help to better the lives of the local population, developing economic activities, especially tourism, without destroying the environment.