Bodh Gaya  is a village in the state of Bihar. As the site of the Buddha Shakyamuni's enlightenment, Bodh Gaya is the most revered of all Buddhist sacred sites.
The main temple complex houses the famous Mahabodhi temple/stupa and a descendant of the original Bodhi Tree under which the Buddha gained enlightenment. Inside the Mahabodhi temple complex you can also enjoy the Lotus Pond or the meditation garden. Bodh Gaya has temples or monasteries from many other nations with a Buddhist tradition (Bhutan, Bangladesh, China, Japan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tibet), all within easy walking distance from the Mahabodhi temple.
Don't fall prey for people on motor bikes posed as a tourist guides, offering a local tour for a price multiple times than genuine price of around 500-1000 rs.(if they have a genuine govt. ID card)
Please note that everything inside Bodh Gaya is easy to find and within 5-15 minute walking distance from the Mahabodhi temple complex. If you do wish to utilize a local tour guide to for example visit the Barabar caves (20KM) or Dungeshwari caves (12KM), first request to see their official Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation ID card - then bargain. It should NEVER be more than Rs.500-1000 for an entire day trip on a motorcycle, no matter how far you drive out of town.
Usually, like all tourist places, Street vendors and shop keepers here are also used to overcharging for their goods. Be prepared to bargain heavily in souvenir shops.
There are no cell phones allowed inside the Mahabodhi Temple. Security is tight and they will dig through your bags looking for phones. Non-cell phone cameras are allowed but require a 100 rupee camera ticket. Video camera tickets cost 500 rupees.
Wearing shoes inside temple complex is not allowed. Your shoes must be left at the entrance in a public area with hundreds of other shoes. You may choose to wear heavy socks.
The nearest airport is at Gaya (17 km) - Druk Air flies from Bangkok once a week. Thai Airways flies to Gaya daily. Indian Airlines flies from Kolkata on Fridays at 10.00AM and Returns back on Mondays from Gaya at around 15.00 hrs. Air India fly from New Delhi via Varanassi everyday. Indigo also fly from New Delhi
Alternatively, you may take a flight to the Patna Airport (110 km away) and take a train or a taxi to Bodh Gaya as Patna has multiple daily direct flights to Delhi, Kolkata and Mumbai.
Bangkok can be used as a hub to change flight to Kolkata (There are many daily flights Bangkok-Kolkata-Bangkok) and Kolkata is connected to Patna By 4 or 5 Daily Flights. So for South East Asia the best suited connection is Via Bangkok-Kolkata-Patna.
Patna Airport-Bodhgaya-Patna Airport Transfer is available by Punpun Trails (Local Travel Agent) around the year and can be booked online
One may take a flight to the Patna Airport (110 km away) and take a train or a taxi to Bodh Gaya as Patna has multiple daily direct flights to Delhi, Kolkata , Mumbai, Pune , Bangalore, Lucknow and Hyderabad.
The road is good now but narrow so the journey can be quite slow and dangerous. It takes roughly 3 hours from Patna to reach, on best way is to avoid the Gaya market, as the roads are very narrow.
The nearest Railway station is Gaya (16 km). From there you can take a bus or a three wheel taxi to Bodh Gaya. Three-wheel taxi price is extremely variable, depending on time of day, but should be between 80-120 Rs. You should bargain considerably, there is rarely a shortage of service.
The train from Patna (which as the nearest good size airport and railhead) to Gaya costs 34 rupees (as of January 2008). The express trains take about two hours. Best train travel from Calcutta is about 8 hours; from Delhi, about 15 hours (2nd class air con costs 1600 rupees; book upstairs at the gaya station then pay downstairs at window 29).
Train is also recommended.
There is a main road connecting Bodhgaya and Gaya. The Bihar State Tourism Development Coporation (Tel: 0612-2225411) runs daily deluxe bus services to and from Bodh Gaya. Buses for Varanasi to Bodhgaya, Bodhgaya to Nalanda,Rajgir,Kathmandu
Most temples open from 6AM to sunset and close between noon and 2PM.
- Bodhi Tree - it is believed that this tree is a direct descendant of the one under which the Buddha Sakyamuni attained enlightenment, inside the Mahabodhi complex.
- Royal Bhutanese Monastery
- Japanese temple (Indosan Nippon), Temple Road, ☎ 2200743. 5AM-6PM. edit Daily meditation at 6AM and 5PM.
- Archaelogical Museum, , closed Fridays, Rs. 10 (foreigners and locals alike). Possess a small but interesting selection of Buddhist and Hindu artifacts from Bodh Gaya and other nearby excavation sites. Photography not allowed.
- Tergar Monastery, , Yongey Mingyur Rinpoche
- Phowa Center, , Choeje Ayang Rinpoche
- Gendhen Phelgyeling Monastery 
- Root Institute, , Zopa Rinpoche
- Kagyu Monlam Chenmo, , prayer festival, January
- Nyingma Monlam Chenmo, , prayer festival, January/February
- Bodhgaya Multimedia Museum, , Located next to the Mahabodhi Temple,Open all 7 days of the week. Museum provides the historical and Geographical context for the life of Buddha through a set of Multimedia films and 3D Animation movie. Phone:9199778545.
- Barabar caves, the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India, mostly dating from the Mauryan period (322–185 BCE), and some with Ashokan inscriptions, located in the Jehanabad District, 24 km north of Gaya.
- Taiwanese Temple (World Chonghwa Buddhist Sangha). Tel: +91 631 220-0503/673
Bodh Gaya is essentially a pilgrimage destination for Buddhists and all of its main attractions are related to this. The subsidiary tourist industry that has grown up around it (shopping, eating, and accommodation) is not really the main attraction. Perhaps unique to Bodh Gaya are the rather cheesy CDs for sale near the temple entrance that purport to be monks chanting Buddhist texts. You will know whether you want to take this home with you!
Whether you're a Buddhist or not, the main thing to do in Bodh Gaya is just to absorb the vibe of the place where the Buddha attained awakening.
- Kundan Bazar Book/Clothing/Gift Shop, ☎ 9106312200049, . Located on the main road near Embassy Hotel, Kundan Bazar is a great little shop with a good selection of clothing, gifts, and books. Their prices are not exorbitant, but do bargain a little. edit
- Bodhi Tree Educational Foundation, ([email protected]). Volunteering organisation located in a village 5km out of the city. They will provide accommodation, food and other activities around the Gaya and Bodhgaya area. edit
- Mahabodhi Temple Comlex Bookstore, (Just inside the temple complex entrance). A very wide selection of books on Buddhism, Buddhist culture, and the Mahabodhi temple. All books are new and sold at local prices. edit
Fujia Green tent-styled restaurant
- Cafe Om. Excellent pastries, great food too. This is the place where everybody meets everybody. edit
- Fujiya Green, (Near Vietnamese temple, south side of the sports oval). The Japanese and Tibetan options are surprisingly good (although not authentic). Big portions. 30-120. edit
- Mohammad's Restaurant, (Kind of hidden, but signposted, near Be Happy Cafe and Fujiya Green). Arguably the best food in Bodhgaya! A bit more expensive but also more special than other places in the category "Tent-Style Restaurant". Try the dish called "Tomato Tofu" and the stuffed Paratha. 50-150. edit
- Be Happy Cafe (In front of the Vietnamese temple (follow signs)). A small cafe ran by a wonderful Canadian women. The cafe specializes in thin crust pizzas, Italian pastas, sandwiches in thick bread, freshly made cakes, homemade granola for breakfast and a variety of coffees. edit
- Hari Om Cafe, (a little further north of the main shopping building and the tent restaurants, near a string of small hotels.). Great and peaceful place, best coffee in town! Also try their lemon/ginger/honey tea. ;) edit
- Bowl of Compassion Cafe, Bodhgaya (Opposite the police station). 10AM-11PM. Newly set-up restaurant serving delicious Indian and international cuisine, with connections to the nearby Bowl of Compassion NGO. Patrons can choose special "Compassion meals", where the extra money goes towards helping the poor of the Tikha Bigha Village. Volunteers welcome. 20-100R. edit
- The Olive, (near Hotel Sujata on Buddha Road, on same side). Impeccably clean, glass topped tables, filtered water. Excellent pasta dishes include spaghetti, fusilli, penne, and (my) other favourites include boiled vegetables, aloo gobi, masala chai. Opened start of 2013, cook very skilled. Can recommend. edit
With effect from 1st April 2016, Bihar has enacted complete prohibition on posession and consumption of alcohol.
There is not shortage of hotels and guest houses available in Bodh Gaya, and you might only want to book a room ahead of time during peak season. Outside season, you can strike a bargain for a clean room with A/C, though not at the official tourist hotels and similar mid-range options. Monastery guest houses offer a cheap option to hotels, though guests are expected to adhere to their house rules. Those offering guest rooms include the Mhabodhi Society (opposite entrance to temple complex), the Cambodian housing complex, Japanese temple (Indosan Niponji), Burmese (Myanmar) Vihara, and several others. They do not charge fixed nightly rates, but instead accept donations (ask other guests for the going rate). Space not always available.
There is a whole string of guesthouses just opposite the park from the Mahabodhi Temple. All pretty much the same well maintained with restaurants on the ground floor at around Rs 200 a single.
An incomplete list of guest houses available (including some monastery guest houses):
- Bhutan Monastery. checkin: 30.12.2011; checkout: 11.1.2012. Pleasant but basic single and family rooms, some with private bathroom edit
- Burmese Vihara, Gaya Road. Very basic accommodation. The Vihara exists mainly to cater to groups of Burmese pilgrims, but there are often rooms available for others. Rules are posted prominently. Food service is only for those arriving in groups, and by prior arrangement. edit
- Kundan Bazar Guest House, Bhagalpur Village (Near Old Vietnam Temple), ☎ 9106312200049 ([email protected]), . Single rooms to full-service apartments, bike rentals, internet cafe, snooker bar, self-service kitchen, laundry facility, tour packages, and more edit
- Mahabodhi Society, GDD, ☎ +91 - 631-2200742. checkin: 06-05-2012; checkout: 07-05=2012. Private rooms and dorms available. edit
- Rainbow Guesthouse, next to Burmese Vihara on Gaya Road. Basic rooms, are cleaned more thoroughly on request, friendly and reliable staff. edit
- Rahul Guesthouse, (Just further north up the road 100m from Deer park and the Bodhi tree there's a sports oval, Rahul's and many other guest houses are just on the other side of the oval. Walk along the road that goes around the oval and you'll see it.). checkout: Noon. Amazingly clean rooms, with medium customer service. It's surrounded by about four other guest houses, so it's a good spot to head towards and shop around. Single Rs 350. edit
- Sakya Monastery Guesthouse, Mastipur Village (Near Bhutan Monastery), ☎ 91 631 2200770. Clean, simple, friendly, peaceful and calm environment. edit
- Siddhartha Vihar, Bihar Tourist Complex, ☎ ''+91 631'' 220-0445. Simple, but comfortable rooms. edit
- Hotel Sujata, Buddha Marg, ☎ +''91 631'' 220-0481/220-0761/220-0011 ([email protected] / [email protected], fax: ''+91 631'' 220-0511), . checkin: 1- 03-09; checkout: 3-03-09. Clean environment and good restaurant. edit
- Welcome Guest House, 2 mins walk from Tamplenear Mahabodhi Temple (opp-jayprakash prak), ☎ ''+91 631'' 2200377 ([email protected]), . checkout: Noon. Welcome Guest House offers cheap and pleasant rooms in the center of town. edit
- Om Soni Family Guesthouse, A little street off of the Japanese Temple, ☎ 0091-9973454906. A monk at the Japanese monastery recommend this place because he has known the owner, Vijay Kumar, since he was a little boy. Vijay is a really nice guy and the bathrooms are clean, though the rooms a bit small. No wi-fi, but for the price a good deal in town. Ask people around the Japanese temple if you can find it...you have to walk by the temple and then make a left one or two streets past the woodcarvers shop. 250-300 rupees for a double. edit
- Hotel Buddha International, Near Japanese Temple, Bodhgaya, ☎ "0631-2200506""0504420009", . checkin: 12:00 Noon; checkout: 12:00 Noon. ([email protected]) This is a budgeted Hotel in Bodhgaya, there are 31 AC rooms with single & Double occcupancy. Room facilities include features like attached bath, running hot and cold water, internet browsing, refrigerators, CCTV, direct dial facility etc. Hotel facilities include features like multi cuisine restaurant, henna designing, swimming pool, ayurvedic centre, travel desk, doctor on call, free parking etc edit
- Suma House, Off Saxena Rd (Near Root Institute), ☎ +91 89 8729 1171, . This delightful family are genuinely caring hosts. The building is situated out of town amid the quiet of fields and trees. The rooms are large as are the bathrooms. It has been recently built and is clean and fresh. AC is available, 24 hour hot water, wifi and home cooked meals on request. The family is very inclusive and also run a small NGO teaching disadvantaged children and adolescents in the guesthouse. A truly delightful place to stay. Rs 600-1500. edit
- Royal Residency, Domuhan Road, ☎ ''+91 631'' 220-0124 (fax: ''+91 631'' 220-0181). Comfortable rooms with Japanese style same-sex communal hot tub. two storey building with acceptable quality and services. Dining facilities are good. edit
- Hotel Tokyo Vihar, Opposite Japanese Temple, Bodhgaya, Bihar 824231, ☎ ''+91 631 220 1141. Good rooms, comfortable beds and nice bathrooms. Recently refurbished. Good, new, hot water heater, TV and furnishings. Price shown was negotiated at a quiet time in August. Prices quoted online are massively more. Rs 1000. edit
- Oaks Bodhgaya, Airport Road, ☎ +91 0631 2200019 ([email protected]), . This property offers twin share and king suite rooms along with 24 hour reception, Wi-Fi, an all-day café and more. edit
Most, maybe all internet cafes in town refuse to let you connect anything to the computer such as a camera or thumb drive, and they refuse to let you upload or download photos.
"Eyes Of Compassion" Cyber Cafe (EOC) on Bodhgaya Road appears to be the only cafe in town that lets you use skype or upload photos however you have to pay rs. 5 per photo uploaded or rs. 5 per minute that you use skype. The internet is quite slow all over town. Near Om Restaurant, downstairs.
Mohammad's Restaurant (see 'Eat' section) has free wifi internet access. Ask for password.
- Take off your shoes before entering the inner parts of the main temple/stupa complex.
- Circumambulate the stupa and other sacred objects in a clock-wise direction.
- Preserve the peace and tranquility.
- Do not climb onto statues, monuments and other sacred objects. Remember that it's not the end after we visit but these should be preserved for our very own future generations ahead.
There are many beggars in Bodh Gaya, especially outside temple entrances. Sometimes they can be quite persistent. Nevertheless, they are typically not as determined as the rickshaw drivers or street peddlers trying to sell cheap souvenirs at an exorbitant price.
- Sarnath : Sarnath has huge importance in Buddhism is a suburb of the holy city of Varanasi. Thousands of tourist visit daily.
- Rajgir – The site of Gridhakuta (Vulture's Peak), where the Buddha stayed and gave teachings on the Mahayana (the second turning of the wheel), and Venuvana, the first Buddhist monastery. Rajgir is also an area known for its hot springs, which are open to the public. There are daily bus tours that depart from behind the Birla temple (close to Cafe OM) and cover Rajgir, Nalanda and around 10 to 12 other interesting sights on the way. These buses leave at around 8AM and return at 7PM. Be ready for a really bumpy ride, which is well worth the effort. Charges are surprisingly low at Rs150 only for the whole day (2009 rates - seems this no longer exists 2017)
- Nalanda – This Buddhist university was established in 450CE. Currently, there are extensive ruins, but no inhabitants. Nalanda Museum is open 10AM-5PM daily except Friday. Shared jeeps plying the route between Rajgir and Bihar Sharif make a stop at the turnoff for Nalanda. Rickshaws and other vehicles are available from there to the main gate, a distance of 2km. PWD operates a guest house near the gate.
- Deo – Visit this place for a glimpse of Famous Sun Temple.
- Patna - 130 km by Road, Deluxe Buses for Patna Available from BSTDC(Enquiry Phone No. 0631-2200672) Bodhgaya Hotel (7AM, 2PM daily), you can also go By Train from Gaya Junction.