Bhopal (Hindi:भोपाल (Bhopaal)) is the capital of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is a good mix of the old and the new with a lot of old portions of Bhopal reminiscent of the Mughal influence and the new showcasing the planned development of a modern Indian city. Bhopal is the seat of the Madhya Pradesh Government and is a beautiful mid-sized city in the heart of India. It is said that Bhopal was originally called "Bhoj-pal" after Raja Bhoj, who is attributed with founding the city. It was an important part of the "Bhoj" kingdom with Ujjaini (a city close to Bhopal) being the seat of the kingdom.
Raja Bhoj Airport. Raja Bhoj Airport’s new terminal comprises two separate sections for domestic and international flights. The terminal with all the latest facilities of international standard consists of a passenger lounge having a seating capacity for 750 people. Apart from that separate entry and exit points have been made for national and international flights. A massive car park having a capacity to park 1500 vehicles has also come up outside the airport. Air India  links Bhopal with New Delhi, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Indore, Chennai, Kolkata/Calcutta and Mumbai.
There are no international flights and there are hardly any facilities inside the terminal (not even decent eateries). Also, the parking arrangement is very poor.
Bhopal is very well connected by rail  and is a major hub and exchange railway station for the Central and Western Railway networks. Bhopal has two main railway stations - Bhopal Railway Station in old Bhopal or Habibganj Railway Station in New Bhopal. Shatabdi express running between Delhi and Bhopal provides an excellent and convenient means to get here. Apart from this, regular multiple trains connect Bhopal to all the major metros in India. Check all connecting trains http://trainspy.com/station/(BPL)BHOPAL--JN Also for Bhopal Railway Station Code and Train Time Table check: http://www.distancesfrom.in/station-code/bhopal-jn-station-code.html
Serving southbound buses there is Kushabhau Thackrey Inter State Bus Terminus, 5 min walk north east from Habibganj railway station.
Bhopal is also well connected to the major cities in India through many national highways. Bhopal is a well developed city of the Madhya Pradesh. Road distance between Bhopal and Gwalior is 449 KM, Bhopal to Jabalpur is 316 Km. Also get road distance from Bhopal
Bhopal has a decent public transportation system comprising of buses, mini-buses, three wheeled autos and the odd looking tempos that are a major pollution concern for this growing city. It is also fairly easy to book a cab/ taxi for a full day to get in and around the city for reasonable rates. Usually, any hotel you choose to stay in will help you get transportation according to your needs. If it's your first visit to Bhopal, the safest thing to do is book a cab rather than try the colorful public transportation system in Bhopal.
With the outset of BRTS Corridor in Bhopal, commuting locally has become fairly cheap, easy and safe. These are the Red Buses running in the completly dedicated lane (in most parts of the city). These are regular, easy to board , low floor , full size buses enhancing the connectivity of Bhopal.
By Car (Local)
You can easily visit Bhopal through Car, and there are many rental car companies available. Radio Taxis are now available- Telephone 0755-655 5555
You can also use the Ola car services
Bhopal is a city rich in heritage and history. Its an amalgam of the old and the new, the rich and the poor, the wide roads of New Bhopal and the narrow "gullies" of Old Bhopal and a mix of planned development on one side with urban sprawl on the other.
There are various old mosques in Bhopal that will give you a glimpse into the Mughal architecture, some of it from before the British raj and the people of Bhopal, particularly the mix of the Muslim and the Hindu population will also give you a glimpse of what makes India tick with so many different religions and cultures living together.
Some of the old mosques that are worth visiting are Taj-ul-Masajid (largest mosque in the country), Jama Masjid, Moti Masjid and Idgah.
Its a must to visit the old city market (chowk bazaar) and walk around the narrow lanes to see how the old city functions and also to get some great bargains on the special arts of Bhopal like the bead work and the hand embroidery that Bhopal is known for.
On the modern side, the government of Madhya Pradesh has made significant efforts to make Bhopal an important seat for the arts. Bharat Bhawan  is an example of this and it is a center for performing arts with many nationally renowned artists showcasing their art through this institute. The institute boasts art galleries, an outdoor theater, and a library rich with history of Indian poetry and arts.
Another impressive museum worth visiting is the "Museum of Man", again created by the government of Madhya Pradesh to showcase how the tribes of the state live in their natural form, what they cultivate, what kind of tools they make and utilize in their daily lives etc. It has been created sprawled on a small hill and gives breathtaking views of the city.
Finally, no mention of what to see in Bhopal can be completed without talking about the two lakes that are the center of attraction for Bhopal.
Lower Lake : The Lower Lake (chota talaab) on the other hand was created during the Mughal empire. This lake is separated from the Upper Lake by an over-bridge.
Along the Upper Lake and surrounding hills, the Forest Department of Madhya Pradesh has created the biggest animal conservation area in the middle of a city. You can see tigers, leopards, bears, different types of water animals, birds, deers, etc. as you drive around "Van Vihar"
Shahpura : This is a comparatively small lake. What makes it worth a visit is the young crowd and a lively park in one corner.
Kaliyasot Dam : If you are an adventure freak then various activities like rafting, paragliding and mud challenge rallies are held here at various intervals.The temple's clean water has attracted bollywood for its sets.
Kerwa Dam : The serene , calm and composed aura of natural water landscape spell bounds the visitors. There is a restaurant in the Picnic spot of the dam.
Kolar Dam :Adorned with nature's best green and aqua attire, the place is most refreshing and rejuvenating . Opening of gates during heavy monsoon invites a large throng from the city.
Mahadev Pani :Situated on Raisen Road , the waterfall attracts visitors from all around the city . You are on the top of the mountain with water flowing below and then you descend down from stairs and reach the magnificent temple of LORD SHIVA.
Bhadbhada Dam : Every scene that unfolds is picture perfect with the first shower of rain. There is a picnic spot by MP Tourism Department making ypur visit memorable.
Hathaikheda Dam In front of TIT college is this beautiful dam , a cool place to hang out with friends.
Bharat Bhavan is a world famous museum.
Manav Sangralay is a museum of urban tribal culture.
State Museum is on the Shyamla Hills with artifacts of around Madhya Pradesh .
Tribal Museum A MUST VISIT museum with immense tribal beauty and life size huts and houses of various tribes.
Regional Museum It deals with various aspects of natural history, depicts the flora and fauna and ecosystem of the region.
Science Centeris a museum of science located at shyamla hills. It is a great attraction having science projects.
Van Vihar is a wildlife sanctuary.
Bhimbetka is a World Heritage site and has some of the oldest cave paintings of the world. Situated about 40 km from Bhopal, you can go there by bus. Make sure the driver knows where you are going and he will let you off in what first looks like the middle of nowhere. However, clear signs will now guide you through a 3 km walk uphill to the cave paintings. To get back, just wait for a bus at the road and waive. Taxi from Bhopal is of course a more comfortable option. A guide at the cave paintings (strongly recommended) can be Rs 150.
The impressing bhojpur temple (Shiva temple, Bhojpur) began construction in the 11th century but was never completed. It boasts the largest Shiva-linga in India. If you have a car, it can be reached on the way back from Bhimbetka to Bhopal, though it might take another 30-40 minutes.
Manuabhan Takeri - A most beautiful place is known as "Manuabhan Takeri". It is near Airport road, Lal Ghati. Here is a Jain Temple on the hill. To reach temple by the rope way or by the road or stairs. You can see a beautiful view of Bhopal from Manuabhan Takeri.
Birla Mandir is a Radha-Krishna Mandir with a charismatic hill top view of Bhopal .
No visit to this city is complete without buying some bead work or embroidered purses, bags, shawls, tunics etc. Also, you can get very good quality fabric (silk, satin, cashmere, pashmina) etc. from the various emporiums run and operated by the governments of the different states of India in this capital city. One visit to Bhopal will give you an exposure into the various kinds of fabric and material, arts and crafts that come from different parts of the country.
To buy arts and crafts specifically originating in Madhya Pradesh as well as fabrics/ sarees/ shawls from Madhya Pradesh, visit the MP Government state emporium Mrignayani 
To buy some authentic north indian fabric and shawls head towards Lakherapura in the old city. The Chowk are is also famous for the traditional glittering ladies purses.
Also visit to New Market is worth a try.
Bhopal, like any other north Indian city offers a rich Indian cuisine to explore. People enjoy eating the sweet-sour and spicy "chaat" in Bhopal. Due to the Mughal influence, Bhopal also offers delicacies like Kebabs, Goat Biryani, Chicken Tikka, Jalebi, Ras Malai etc. The best chicken Biryani can be tasted at Jameel Hotel in old Bhopal .
If one would want to spend a nice evening relaxing having great food and drinks with ones family and/or friends, you can spend time at the only roof top restaurant called WindZ Cafe & Restaurant, situated at roof top opposite upper lake, behind Chief Minister Residence, Shymala Hills. Known for its delicious veg & non-veg dishes, drinks, beautiful ambiance, good music and a cool vibe, WindZ Cafe is for the ones who are young at heart.
Sashas restaurant in Indrapuri offers good South Indian non-vegetarian delicacies.
Hotel Jehanuma Palace in Bhopal has a very good restaurant that serves awesome North Indian delicacies. Hotel Noor us Sabah also has a couple of good restaurants to choose from. As in any mid-sized Indian city, the safest bets for good food and a variety of cuisines are in restaurants that are part of 3-4 star hotels.
Apart from North Indian and Mughlai cuisine, you can also savor Indo-Chinese, Continental and American cuisine in the various restaurants of Bhopal.
If you have a mixed taste, Gernerationext restaurant is a good option for you. An eclectic mix of cuisine is served that suits your taste (and pocket too!). There are many other good eating spots in New Market, MP Nagar and Hoshangabad Road area.
Filfora,Koh-e-fiza in Bhopal has a very good place for Mughlai delicacies. Kadai ghost may be best to eat here and biryani's of both made with chicken and mutton are awesome.
In terms of sweets you can try very famous 'Juli' is one of the very famous bangali mithai (bengali sweet) in old city the original you will get at Jain mithai bhandar
For tourists from foreign countries, its recommended that they stick to mineral water. If you want to be adventurous, try the sugarcane juice from the street-side vendors. If you are lucky, you will not get an upset stomach and will be able to enjoy the rich sweetness of sugarcane.
Alcoholic drinks: Only use hotel bars for this as there are very few pubs in the city and the local bars are not a place to hangout. The only good place, other than the hotels, is the Tavern Pub at Board office roundabout in M P Nagar.
Bhopal has some good budget as well as three to fours star hotels to choose from if you want to spend a few nights in the city. A couple of hotels in the old Bhopal area are considered Grand Heritage hotels as they have been converted from palaces and residences of the Mughal era to modern hotels. Jehan Numa Palace Hotel and Noor us Sabah hotel fall under this category and staying here will transform you into an era where you will be able to imagine how the Mughal aristocracy lived a life of pure luxury. The customer service at both these hotels is exemplary and you will enjoy your stay here.
Towards the New Bhopal area, Hotel Lake View run by the Ashoka group is a decent place to stay in. Also, hotels in the commercial hub of Bhopal, Maharana Pratap Nagar, like Amer Palace, The Residency, Nisarga etc. serve more business travelers to Bhopal but are certainly good places to consider.
Bhopal makes an excellent starting point if you want to travel to some unexploited but breathtakingly beautiful places in Madhya Pradesh.
From Bhopal, you can also connect to Jabalpur which is about 160 Kilometers from the Kanha National Park. This national park is spread over 1940 sq kilometers and offers a once in a lifetime opportunity to see the majestic tiger in all its mystique and natural glory. Project Tiger, which was started in the 70's with support from the Government of India, has managed to bring the tiger on an assured course of recovery from the brink of extinction. Kanha National Park is one of the important parks in India that has been part of Project Tiger and has successfully worked at increasing the tiger population of India and at reducing the crimes against tigers. Kanha also offers unexploited views into flora and fauna of the Indian forest.