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Earth : Europe : Russia : Urals : Bashkortostan
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Bashkortostan in Russia.svg
Flag of Bashkortostan.svg
Quick Facts
Capital Ufa
Government Russian republic
Currency Russian ruble (RUB)
Area 143,600km²
Population 4,072,292
Language Russian, Bashkir
Religion Islam 38%, Russian Orthodox 25.2%, Non-Religious Spirituality 15%, Other 21.8%
Electricity 220V, 50Hz (European plug)
Time Zone UTC+6
Bashkortostan's Inzer River

Bashkortostan (Russian: Реуспу́блика Башкортоста́н rees-POOB-leek-uh buhsh-kuhrt-ah-STAHN) or Bashkiria (Башки́рия buhsh-KEE-ree-yuh) is a region in the foothills of the Ural Mountains, bordering Tatarstan to the west, Udmurtia to the northwest, Perm Krai to the north, Sverdlovsk Oblast to the northeast, Chelyabinsk Oblast to the east, and Orenburg Oblast to the south.



  • Ufa — the biggest city with over a million residents and the capital of Bashkortostan
  • Beloretsk — a small town in the Ural Mountains, known for its steel works and surrounding attractions like Mratkino ski resort, Bannoe lake, Abzakovo
  • Ishimbuy — a mid-sized city with air engineering industry
  • Krasnousolsky — a village in the sparsely populated and beautiful Gafuriysky Region of Bashkortostan; main tourist attraction here is the old church, and hot springs
  • Kumertau — a mid-sized city with engineering industry
  • Mesyagutovo — home town of national hero Salavat Ulaev
  • Neftekamsk — an oil and engineering industry city near the Kama River
  • Oktyabrsky — a mid-sized city with a love for auto-racing and other sports activities
  • Salavat — a mid-sized city with oil and chemical industry
  • Sibai — beautiful small town
  • Sterlitamak — Bashkortostan's second largest city and a major centre of chemicals production; famous for Shihani (Kush-Tau ski resort) and limestone mountians

Other destinations[edit]

  • Bashkiria National Park
  • Bashkirsky Nature Reserve
  • Shulgan Tash Nature Reserve


Bashkortostan is named after its native Bashkir people, a Muslim people who speak a Turkic language. Bashkirs, Tatars, and ethnic Russians each comprise roughly one third of the population of the region.

Bashkortostan is sometimes called “second Switzerland”: high mountains and expansive steppes, evergreen forests and 600 rivers and 800 lakes. Various kinds of tourism and sport are very popular here, for example rafting and alpine skiing.


Bashkir, a Turkic language closely related to Tatar, shares official status with Russian. Tatar is also widely spoken. But nearly everyone is at least bilingual in Russian. Students may understand English and German.

Get in[edit]

International flights arrive at Ufa International Airport (IATA: UFA) from Frankfurt, Tel Aviv, Sharm el-Sheikh, Baku, Yerevan and Istanbul. Domestic flights from Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Syktyvkar, Krasnoyarsk, Yekaterinburg, and others.

Ufa train station is one of the principal stops on the South Ural route of the Trans-Siberian Railway. Trains also arrive from nearby cities Orenburg, Samara and Chelyabinsk. The daily train from Moscow takes 26 hours. It is also possible to arrive by train from northern Kazakhstan.

The capital of Bashkortostan — Ufa — is accessible from federal highways M5 and M7.

Get around[edit]

  • Bus. Entire cities are covered by local bus operators. A bus from one end of the city to another typically costs USD0.3-0.5.
  • Intercity buses cost USD10-25, depending on the distance. Buses are frequent and fast.

See[edit][add listing]


Do[edit][add listing]

  • Skiing. One of the most attractive ski resorts in Bashkortostan is Mratkino, in the city of Beloretsk.

Eat[edit][add listing]

Drink[edit][add listing]

Stay safe[edit]

Get out[edit]

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