Baker Island is an uninhabited, unorganized and unincorporated territory of the United States - one of the smallest U.S. Minor Outlying Islands. It is in the Micronesian region of the Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and Australia.
Entry into Baker Island is heavily restricted, and a special-use permit is required to visit, usually from either the US Military or the US Fish and Wildlife Services. Permits are generally given only to scientists and educators. This even applies to U.S. and American Samoan citizens.
The US took possession of the island in 1857, and its guano deposits were mined by US and British companies during the second half of the 19th century. In 1935, a short-lived attempt at colonization was begun on this island - as well as on nearby Howland Island - but was disrupted by World War II and thereafter abandoned. Presently the island is a National Wildlife Refuge run by the US Department of the Interior; a day beacon is situated near the middle of the west coast.
Equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, sunny, burning sun.
Low, nearly level coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef. Treeless, sparse, and scattered vegetation consisting of grasses, prostrate vines, and low growing shrubs; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife.
There is a small boat landing area along the middle of the west coast.
A cemetery and remnants of structures from early settlement are located near the middle of the west coast. Day beacon with hermit crabs inside.