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Bahariyya is an oasis town in Egypt's Western Desert. As the closest of the five Western Oases to Cairo, it serves as a jumping-off point to other destinations in the desert. Bahariya Oasis is easy to reach from Cairo (you will pass through much desert), Bahariya is in the middle of Egypt's Western Desert, about 365 km south-west of Cairo and it is the best starting point for the Black and White Desert. Set in a depression covering over 2000 sq. km., Bahariya Oasis is surrounded by black hills made up of ferruginous quartzite and dolorite. The oasis is provided with water by many springs. The most famous of these, a thermal spring with medicinal and restorative properties, comes out in the Bedouin village of Bawiti. Wildlife is plentiful, especially birds such as wheatears, Bahariya Oasis might also appeal rock hounds. Golden Mummies were discovered - 'Valley of the Mummies' is the biggest of its kind. Estimates are the four-mile strip of desert holds 5,000 - 10,000 mummies. The mummies are covered with a thin layer of gold and wearing gypsum masks. Sumptuous gilded death masks depict lifelike faces of real people, rather than stereotypical images. They were found in four tombs in the town of Bawiti in Bahariya Oasis.


Get in[edit]

By bus

There are regular bus services from Cairo to Bahariyya and back. Buses start from Turgoman Square bus-station in Cairo. Buses start early in the morning (7:00am/8:00am) and also during afternoon. It typically takes about 5 hours by bus for the Cairo-Bahariyya trip. One way cost is typically about 80 LE for locals and 100 LE for foreigners. Seats are numbered but Egyptians regularly will take your seat or demand that you get up from where you're sitting if you're in the first row. On some buses they will have the TV blaring. Sometimes all speakers don't work. If you end up sitting near a speaker that does work or the only one that works, don't be afraid to ask to switch your seat. Be firm and demand it. The regular bus is not advised for tourists solely because the Tourism Police await the arrival of foreigners at the main bus station in Bawiti town, where they will insist on a copy of your passport and follow you during your time in Bahariyya (known practice of the police in Egypt, for safety).

By microbus

There are regular microbuses that go from Cairo to Bahariyya. Microbuses are available at the same place (El Moneeb bus-station). A one-way trip costs about 300-400 LE or possibly cheaper if you organise this through a helpful host from your hotel/hostel. Time taken is about 3.5-4 hours depending on breaks. A microbus is the preferred way to get to Bahariyya as the Tourism Police will not know about your arrival and consequently cannot follow you during your time in Bahariyya.

By car

It is also possible to speak to your hotel or hostel to organise a car to drive you from Cairo or Cairo International Airport to Bahariya.

Get around[edit]

See[edit][add listing]

The Black Desert

This is located about half an hour's drive away from Bahariyya. It consists of an area of the Sahara Desert which consists of small mountains and hillocks which are sooty black in color. The combination of the black stones covering the hills along with the orange/ochre ground of the desert makes for dramatic viewing. A climb up one of the hills rewards the visitor with an excellent view of a fascinating landscape.

White Desert National Park

This is a large expanse of the Sahara Desert characterized by white chalk formations. Centuries of erosion have moulded the rock into fantastic shapes and has resulted in a spectacular sights which have become extremely popular with visitors. The White Desert National Park is located about 100 km from Bahariya off the road that goes to Farafra. The usual way to go there is via a 4X4 - though there is also the option of going on a walking tour once you reach the place. More adventurous travelers can pack a sleeping bag, food and a lot (a lot!) of water and ask the driver of some Bahariya-Farafra bus to stop in the middle of the desert (there are at least two Upper Egypt buses daily plus a variety of local transports). This should be arranged in either of the oases before the bus takes off, as the driver will probably require a consent of the Tourist Police first. After one or two days in the desert, you will run out of water - just return to the road and hail another bus (if you are spotted by the police, you may be taken to the nearest checkpoint for your safety, do not worry).

Do[edit][add listing]

Except the museum or going for the desert, there is not much to do/see here.


Visit the Oasis Heritage Museum, 45 EGP. It is splitted in 3 parts: a mummies museum (about 6-8), two well-conserved tombs and a third one (?). The first two can easily be joined by foot, but you need a car to get to the third.

Desert Safari[edit]

Bahariya serves as the main departure point for safaris in the Western Desert ranging from one-day-trips to the nearby White Desert to long-range expeditions to the remote Gilf el-Kebir near the Libyan border or the Great Sand Sea. Since the desert is not a children’s playground, it is strongly recommended to book a tour with a local operator who is familiar with both the imminent dangers and the hidden beauties of the Western Desert.

Most of them offer 4x4 (usually a Toyota Land Cruiser), camel or hiking tours with overnight and open sky camping in the desert – with all meals prepared on site. Even though network coverage is fairly good – at least in the White Desert area – make sure your guide has a satellite phone.

Local Operators[edit]

  • Adventures of the White Desert, +20 012 7709 8180 (), [1].  edit Islam & his Bedouin family were raised in the desert and truly enjoy sharing it with others. They conduct all tour options according to their traditional way of life so you can have a glimpse of the rich Bedouin culture. Islam has been leading desert safaris for more than 15 years now - covering all of the Western Desert from Wadi Hetan (Whale Valley) in Fayoum to the border of Sudan and Libya, including Egypt's five oases (Bahariya, Farafra, Dakhla, Kharga and Siwa), the White Desert, the Black Desert, the Great Sand Sea, Djara Cave and all the valleys. We offer these trips with 4x4, camel, trekking or hiking, meditation tours, or a combination. They are also be happy to customize a tour to fit your needs and for any group size.
  • Désert Safari Égypte, +20 12 868 24751 (), [2].  edit Run by Hamada, a native bedouin from Bahariya, with 12 years of experience. 4x4, hiking, trekking, camel tours, combination custom tours, to all points of interest in the Western Desert. Small to large group tours.
  • Egypt Western Desert Tours, Bawiti, Bahariya Oasis (Pick-up from Cairo/Airport, Bahariya Bus Station or as requested), +20 122 226 4711 (), [3]. Let Loly & his team, of Bedouin descent, guide you by 4x4 on a desert adventure, including the major sights as well as the hidden gems! (28° 21′ N,28° 52′ E) edit
  • Great Escape Holidays, SEDI ROHAEM, Siwa, Qesm Siwah, Matrouh, Egypt, Matruh 51714, 0109 065 0045 (), [4].  edit
  • Western Desert Tours, +20 12 716 0782 (), [5].  edit Established by native Bahariyyans in 2000. Organizes 4x4, camel and hiking tours to all places of interest in the Western Desert area.
  • Kotaby Desert Tour, 00201229897317 (), [6]. English speaking native Bedouin from family with 3 generations of Desert Tours through and around Bahariya... 4x4 all inclusive (transportation from Cairo airport or Bahariya Bus Station, meals, sleep in open desert...)personal tailored excursions for everyone.  edit
  • Desert-blanc (Mandeshy), Bawiti,Bahariya Oasis,Egypt (White desert &oases tour operator), 002 012 6845 495, [7]. 24. Enjoy the white desert and safari trips, Camping, trekking, sand surfing and more with mandeshy and his team 30 $.  edit
  • desert safari egypte, bawiti (baharyia), 002 012 86 82 47 51, [8]. Organizes tours in 4X4, camel and hiking tours in desert egypt. we organizes tours in the white desert, the western desert, siwa, farafra, dakhla, kharga....  edit
  • Mohamed Abu Ziad Desert Tours, Bahariya Oasis, 01281773587, [9]. Single travelers, backpackers, small and large groups, and families... everyone will have an unforgettable experience. Mohamed Abu Ziad Desert tours wants all visitors to experience the best services with the highest levels of customer satisfaction – Mohamed will do everything he can to meet your expectations. Short and long adventures to explore all regions of the Western Desert are possible. Pick up from Cairo, Luxor, and Dakhla and Kharga can be arranged.  edit

Buy[edit][add listing]

There are no ATMs in the nearby town of Bawiti.

Eat[edit][add listing]

Prices seems a bit higher than in cities, about 20-40 EGP, most of the time rice with vegetables and bread and some meat (chicken, kofta, ...). There is not many restaurants. It is usually simpler to eat at your hotel.

Do try the local dates (one of the main produce from Bahariyya).

Drink[edit][add listing]

Sleep[edit][add listing]

  • Badry Sahara Camp, Bawiti, Bahariya Oasis, +20 122 792 2728, [10]. Badry has built his Sahara Camp from scratch to offer a paradise in the Bahariyya Oasis and a real experience of traditional Bedouin lifestyle and food. 10 large wooden huts can sleep 2-3 people and there is hot water and a powerful shower in the bathroom. The hotel is a few km outside of town, offering a truly unique experience of the land - with nightime fires under the stars whilst drinking Badry's Bedouin tea. Badry can pick you up from the bus station free of charge and organise transfers to Cairo. Desert tours and camping under the night stars are also available for booking at extra charge.  edit
  • Minamar Hotel, 01228759088. Closed  edit
  • Qasr El Bawity Ecohotel, +20 2 847 1880, [11]. This hotel is set up like a small village, with 28 comfortable rooms built entirely from natural materials indigenous to the oasis.  edit
  • Old Oasis Hotel & safari, Bahariyya Oasis (Western Desert) ([email protected]), +202 3847 3028 (), [12]. The hotel is surrounded by 100 year old date palms, olive and banana trees. They are situated on a hill inside the oasis, providing views of the oasis and desert. There are cozy seats scattered throughout the beautifully landscaped property as well as a pool fed by a hot spring. The hotel is designed to blend naturally into its setting and offers clean spacious rooms including rooms with balconies and specially designed dome shaped rooms. There is also a restaurant with a private chef. Rooms start at 90 EGP.  edit
  • Desert Safari Home, +847 1321, [13]. Price depends on dormitories, air-conditioning, private bath, double, triple etc. Dinner costs about 15 pounds. A good walk from the city centre though (about 30min but you can ask for free pickup when arriving and get the bus near the hotel when leaving). Also organize cheap desert safari (about 175 EGP per day per person but you have to be at least two or three. 10-75 pounds.  edit
  • Hotel Desert Rose Eco Lodge, Bir El Mattar, Bawiti, Bahariya Oasis, Egypt (Bahariya Oasis is 350 kilometers from 6th of October City, south east of Cairo), 20 18 9825599 ([email protected]), [14]. checkin: any time; checkout: any time. New eco-friendly hotel built to evoke the spirit of traditional villages of the Oasis using branches of local palm trees and natural clay. Spacious rooms are tastefully outfitted with high-quality wooden furniture made by local craftsman and decorated with textiles made in Egypt. Facilities are modern, full housekeeping service, rooms cleaned daily. Pasha Restaurant is open for breakfast, lunch and dinner, serving food cooked with local organic ingredients, “all you can eat” style. Outdoor café offers various teas and Arabic coffee. The hotel arranges safari to the Black and White desert, excursions to the historic and natural sites, and authentic Bedouin entertainment. $40-50.  edit

Stay safe[edit]

Get out[edit]

  • going back to cairo: bus each day at 6am30, 10am, 3pm. Ask your hotel for booking.
  • go to next oasis, Farafra: bus at unknown hours

Please note, you need 3 days to go from Bahariya to Assiout/Luxor by bus through the oasis (Farafra, Dakhla, Kharga).Create category

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