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Antigua and Barbuda

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Antigua and Barbuda
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg
Quick Facts
Capital Saint John's
Government constitutional monarchy with UK-style parliament
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Area 443 sq km
Population 102,658 (2018 estimate)

Black 84.3% White 6.7% Multiracial 10.4% Other 7.3%

Language English (official), Antiguan and Barbudan Creole
Religion 73.2% Protestant (21.5% Anglican), 19.6% Other
Electricity 230V/60Hz (UK plug)
Country code +1 268
Internet TLD .ag
Time Zone UTC -4

Antigua and Barbuda [7] are two Caribbean islands, (Antigua, pronounced "an-tee'-gah" and Barbuda), that form a country that lies between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico.


Antigua is perhaps the island which most typifies the modern day view of a small Caribbean destination. With few other natural resources, tourism dominates the local economy of both islands. Stunning white sand beaches abound, and on Antigua there is no shortage of attendant high-end resorts. Barbuda still has the beaches but little tourism-based infrastructure.

Investment banking and financial services also make up an important part of the economy with many major foreign banks taking advantage of the nation's liberal banking laws. That may all change though after the 2009 arrest of Antigua-based Texan billionaire Allen Stanford who is accused of perpetrating an enormous fraud which may have bilked investors of some US$8 billion.

Cricket is a huge sport here and this tiny nation has produced several genuine all-time world greats of the game. Cricket fans will certainly not be short of locals to chat with.


The Siboney were the first to inhabit the islands of Antigua and Barbuda in 2400 B.C., but Arawak and Carib Indians populated the islands when Columbus landed on his second voyage in 1493. Early settlements by the Spanish and French were succeeded by the English who formed a colony in 1667. Slavery, established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished in 1834. The islands became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981.


The climate is tropical marine with little seasonal temperature variation. The islands experience hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October), and periodic droughts.


Officially 230V 60Hz. Most outlets are the standard British type. Generally speaking, U.S. and Canadian travellers should pack adapters for these outlets if they plan to use North American electrical equipment in Antigua & Barbuda. Contact your hotel and ask to be sure. Many places are now built to North American standards.

Also in use are non-grounded North American outlets. These require an adapter to work with plugs that have the third grounding plug. Older North American outlets may not be polarized (with one slot wider than the other). To remedy this, the wider vertical blade on a polarized plug may be filed down to match the width of the other. Otherwise, adapters are available which accept a polarized plug and adapt it for use with a non-polarized outlet.


Map of Antigua and Barbuda
the main island and a major Caribbean resort destination
few people, even fewer facilities, magnificent beaches


Other destinations[edit]

Get in[edit]

All EU citizens can enter without a visa.

Citizens of the following countries may also enter without a visa: Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, Chile, China, Cuba, Dominica, Fiji, Georgia, Grenada, Guyana, Hong Kong, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Macau, Malaysia, Malawi, Maldives, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Namibia, New Zealand, Nauru, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Russia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Suriname, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United States, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zimbabwe, and citizens of British Overseas Territories.

If you do need a visa, you must have a passport valid at least 6 months after time of visit, a completed application form, and 1 passport size photo. A single entry visa costs 30GBP and multiple entry costs 40GBP.

Note that if you are of a nationality that normally requires a visa and you are entering Antigua and Barbuda as a port for a cruise ship, you do not need a visa provided the ship will be leaving the day it arrives.

By plane[edit]

V.C. Bird International, (IATA: ANU) (ICAO: TAPA) located in north eastern Antigua on the outskirts of St John's, is the country's main international airport. The airport serves flights into the United States, Canada, Europe and other Caribbean islands.

LIAT (Leeward Islands Air Transport Services), [8] headquartered in Antigua, operates flights to various destinations in the Eastern Caribbean.

The following international airlines serve the airport:

To the US: American Airlines/American Eagle (Miami and San Juan, Puerto Rico) , United Airlines (Newark, NJ), Delta Airlines (Atlanta, GA and New York JFK), US Airways (Charlotte, NC)

To Canada: Air Canada/WestJet (Toronto, Ontario), Sunwing (Toronto, Ontario and Montreal, Québec)

To Europe: British Airways (London-Gatwick), Condor (Frankfurt, Germany), Livingstone (Milan, Italy), Virgin Atlantic (London-Gatwick)

To Caribbean: American Airlines/American Eagle (San Juan, Puerto Rico), Caribbean Airlines (Barbados, Trinidad and Kingston, Jamaica)

By boat[edit]

Many excursionist come in via cruise ships and enjoy their day in Antigua. Many cruise lines travel to Antigua.

Get around[edit]

Tourists mainly get around by taxi or tour operators. However for the tourist on an economy budget the bus service is acceptable, but slow. Unfortunately the nicest spots are only reached by your own transport. But if you stay a week or more, rates for rental cars become quite reasonable(see below).

To/From Barbuda: The Barbuda Express offers ferries from Antigua[9].

Car Rental The cheapest car rental you can find is Tropical Car Rentals Antigua: Tropical Rentals Tel: +1 268 562-5180, Fax: +1 268 562-5181, [email protected] Their cars are in top condition and their prices are way lower than others on the island. They pick you up at the airport and wait for you at your departure, thus avoiding any unnecessary additional taxi rides or such.


Languages spoken are English (official) and local dialects. There is also an expanding Spanish-speaking migrant population.

See[edit][add listing]

  • Sherley Heights - Historic National Park. Nelsons Dock Yard.
  • Watch the sailing regattas. There are several events; the Antigua Classic Yacht Regatta[10] and the superyacht Oyster Regatta[11] both take place in April.

Do[edit][add listing]

  • Extreme Marine Scuba Ltd (XMscuba), Comptom Building, English Harbor (Main St English Harbour.), (268) 725 7777, [2]. 7-3. An Exciting new dive company designed for divers and their non diving friends. $100.  edit

Hunting in Antigua and Barbuda is an interesting spin on the sport, game species include:

Antigua: Ducks, Saltwater Fishing

Barbuda: Caribbean Fallow Deer, Caribbean Wild Boar, Guinea Fowl.

Redonda: Saltwater Fishing

Kitesurfing in Antigua

  • Nicole's Table, Cedar Valley (Call for directions.), 268-764-8366, [3]. 4. Nicole's Table welcomes foodies who love to learn new recipes, trade stories, and meet new people. They explore foods from across the Caribbean... some in their traditional forms and others with our own “Caribbean twist” which marries Caribbean and other cuisines. Each “class” includes recipes for a starter, main course and a dessert along with Nicole's “old fashioned” rum punch, juice, or fresh water from our cisterns. The food is served on Nicole's veranda overlooking the Caribbean and St. John's Harbour. Nicole's Table is rated 5/5 on TripAdvisor winning TripAdvisor's Certificate of Excellence in 2015, 2016, and 2017. (17.142965,-61.831468) edit

Buy[edit][add listing]

  • Galley Boutique, English Harbour has great clothes.
  • 1000 Flowers, St. John's has great clothes.


Antigua State College

Antigua and Barbuda International Institute of Technology

Antigua and Barbuda Hospitality Training Institute

University of the West Indies (Open Campus)

University of Health Sciences Antigua

American University of Antigua

Learn about local heritage and culture. Learn a bit of dialect along the way. Buy a copy of the local newspaper "The Observer": they have a nice cartoon in local creole which helps with the interesting Antiguan Dialect.


Working longer than three months requires an official working license, to be filed with the employer. The employer also has to pay for it. There might be good jobs at the tourism sector and the entertainment industry (esp. on-line casinos and sports betting).

Eat[edit][add listing]

The national dish is fungie (pronounced foon-gee) and pepper pot. Fungie is a dish very similar to the Italian Polenta being made mainly of cornmeal. Other local dishes include ducana, seasoned rice, saltfish and lobster (from Barbuda). Local confectionaries include sugarcake, fudge, raspberry and tamarind stew, and peanut brittle. The various restaurants around the island sell both local and international food.

  • Lunch might be anything that can be easily bought from a nearby shop, especially a bakery.
  • Dinner will typically be rice,macaroni or pasta, vegetables/salad, a main course (fish, chicken, pork, beef etc.) and a side dish like macaroni pie, scalloped potatoes or plantains. Local drinks are mauby, seamoss, tamarind juice, mango juice and coconut water. Adults favour beers and rums, many of which are made locally.

On Saturday be prepared to find many drive-by barbecues at important road crossings all over the island. They are serving rice and chicken, dumplings, soup, and alike. Sometimes they even have a sound system for entertainment.

Sunday is the day when the culture is most reflected in the food. For breakfast one might have saltfish, eggplant, eggs, bacon, sausages, or lettuce. Dinner may include pork, baked chicken, stewed lamb, or turkey, alongside rice (prepared in a variety of ways), salads, and a local drink.

  • Harmony Hall, near Freetown. It closes for the summer on May 6th. The best restaurant on the island.
  • Mama Lolly, Redcliffe Quay, St. John's. Vegetarian and vegan friendly home cooking.
  • Calabash, Redcliffe Quay's "Vendors Mall", St. John's. Vegan cuisine. Owned by a raw chef who used to work in New York.
  • The Roti King, corner of St Mary's Street and Corn Alley, St John's. Serves Roti, which is a East Indian dish of rolled Indian flat bread filled with hot and spicy curries and tamarind sauce.

The only american style fast food chains operating on Antigua are KFC with three locations and Subway sandwiches in St. John's.

Drink[edit][add listing]

The legal age to purchase alcoholic beverages in Antigua and Barbuda is 16.

  • Papa Zouk, Bar and fish and chips restaurant 2 mins outside of St. John's.
  • Cavalier Rum , Antiguan Rum.
  • Wadadli, Antiguan Beer
  • Oasis, Desalinated water.

Sleep[edit][add listing]

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There are many hotels in Antigua so finding one should not cause too much of a hassle.

  • Cocobay Resort, Valley Church, St Mary's, Antigua, 1 866 307 7236 (USA) OR 0800 097 0870 (UK), [4]. On the sunset side of Antigua.  edit
  • Halcyon Cove by Rex Resorts, Dickenson Bay, +44 20 8741 5333, [5]. On the shores of the Dickenson Bay.  edit
  • Buccaneer Beach Club, Dickenson Bay, +1 268 562 6785, [6]. checkin: 15.00; checkout: 13.00. A small cozy caribbean style Hotel right on the beach. the fully equipped apartments are all facing the pool and the luxurious garden. Perfect for short and long stay. The multilingual staff organize on request tours, excursions, transfers and rent a car. 168 USD.  edit

Stay safe[edit]

Though Antigua and Barbuda is a very safe place, secure your purses and wallets. Walk only with the necessary money, avoid street urchins and vagrants and don't be afraid to ask for help. If you rent a car, park in a well-lit area.

While in St. John's, be mindful of casino scams. The Keno Palace Casino on St. James street runs a variation on the "Razzle Dazzle" game in which a woman will try to lure you in to the Casino with the promise of free bets. The game they bring you to involves pulling balls out of a hopper, with the ultimate goal being to tally a score over 100. You'll appear to be doing quite well at first, and will be enticed to bet real money to chase the cash pot. Before you know it, you may be out hundreds of dollars chasing a prize that you'll never win. Avoid this scam at all costs.

Stay healthy[edit]

Avoid taking unusual risks, eat more from packaged goods. However the public market is a great place to mingle and get inexpensive provisions.

There are some signs on the road of St. John's, providing you with the ten principles of healthy living:

  1. Breathe deeply
  2. Drink water
  3. Sleep peacefully
  4. Eat nutritiously
  5. Enjoy activity
  6. Give and receive love
  7. Be forgiving
  8. Practice gratitude
  9. Be accepting
  10. Take your time


The locals are very friendly and respectable. Approach them in a courteous manner and it will undoubtedly be returned to you. Approach them with a smile and remember please, thank you, good afternoon.


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