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Andijan in the Ferghana Valley, Uzbekistan, was the site of what many have termed a massacre in May of 2005. The story is complicated, but in brief, an armed raid on a local prison, followed by the occupation of a government building where local government officials were held hostage, led to a gathering of several thousand people in the town square. At some point, firing began and the end result was the death of what most believe to be hundreds of innocents, shot down by government troops. The official government version of these events was that the entire event was triggered by Islamic extremists and that only 187 people died - virtually all "extremists", government officials and troops. Eyewitnesses to the tragedy, however, (and there are many who fled the country and have been granted asylum in various countries) say that hundreds of innocent citizens, including women and children, were gunned down in the streets as they tried to flee.

Much of what took place at that time in Andijan may never be fully known. The government of Uzbekistan has refused demands from the west for an impartial investigation and, in fact, has intimated that the "extremists" who triggered the event were financed by the West.

Andijan is accessible for tourists as any other place in Ferghana Valley. The only special precautions would be not discussing the events of 2005 and respect the religion, as Ferghana Valley. especially Andijan, is the islamic region. Dressing should be modest.

Modern Andijan is Uzbekistan's biggest city and the biggest center for the engineering industry. Andijan has a number of other big companies in the automotive manufacturing plant: engineering, canning and dairy plants, flour mill, cotton mill, textile factories.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

Uzbekistan Airways [1] operates flights form

You can get to Andijan from any other city of Ferghana Valley by taxies or minibuses.

Uzbekistan Railways ( offers a train from Tashkent to Kokand to Andijon. As of August 2018, you could book tickets online. Trains leave from the southern Tashkent rail station (Tashkent Yuzhny).

Get around[edit]

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Royal Hotel: about 10 min walk north of the train station. 300,000 for 2 (for foreigners) as of August 2018. Talking with locals, they could not suggest cheaper options, although some certainly exist. Spacious rooms, okay air conditioning, good breakfast.

Andijon Hotel: on main city square center. Old soviet Hotel. Room is alright and clean. Bathroom is clean but outdated. Price for double room: 22000. Breakfast included (August 2019)

Get out[edit]

By plane[edit]

Uzbekistan Airways [2] operates flights form

To Osh[edit]

From the train station, you can catch a ride to the Osh border with one of the many taxi drivers shouting "Osh."

Shared taxis, mashrutskas, and busses to Osh leave from the Avtovoxhal (bus staion), which is about 500 meters south of Andijon train station on the opposite site of the street. We paid 40,000 som total ($5USD) for 2 people in August 2018 without sharing the cab. The starting price of taxis was $10 and you can haggle. There may be busses or mashrutkas to Dustlyk (the border town) but they run infrequently (every few hours). At the border, you can cross by foot into Kyrgyzstan and catch a bus or taxi on the other side. Money can be changed on the Kyrgyz side of the border for a good rate. The Kyrgyz border is very close to Osh and you can catch a minibus/mashrutka for 10 kyrgyz som each ($0.14 USD) as of August 2018. There is only one road toward town so most of the busses are going the right direction; ask if they go to the center (russian: centr, центр), as Osh is very walkable.

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