| Quick Facts
|| U.S. State
|| US dollar (USD)
|| 135,765 km2
|| 4,833,722 (2013 est.)
|| Protestant 80%, No-Religion 11%, Catholic 6%, Other 2.5%
|| 120V/60Hz (North American plug)
| Time Zone
|| UTC -6/-5
Alabama  is a state in the Southern United States of America. The state is named after the Alabama tribe, a Native American people who originally lived at the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers. Alabama is known for its scenic beauty, and has a lot to offer those who enjoy the great outdoors.
Alabama can be characterized as having 4 regions:
- Montgomery - state capital and first capital of the Confederacy
- Gulf Shores & Orange Beach - 32 miles of beautiful sugar white sands on the prettiest beaches on the Gulf of Mexico. A visit to Gulf Shores and Orange Beach offers the perfect balance of non-stop activity and lay-around-doing-nothing time. Putter around a bit on one of our championship golf courses. Cast your line for deep-sea adventure on a one of the Orange Beach fishing charters. Travel back in history with a visit to Fort Morgan, the site of the Civil War Battle of Mobile Bay. Commune with Mother Nature as you hike wildlife trails gazing at shorebirds.
- Natchez Trace Parkway - The 444-mile Natchez Trace Parkway commemorates an ancient trail that connected southern portions of the Mississippi River, through Alabama, to salt licks in today's central Tennessee
- Russell Cave National Monument  - For more than 10,000 years, Russell Cave was home to prehistoric peoples. Russell Cave provides clues to the daily lifeways of early North American inhabitants dating from 6500 B.C. to 1650 A.D.
- Selma To Montgomery National Historic Trail - The Selma to Montgomery National Voting Rights Trail was established by Congress in 1996 to commemorate the events, people, and route of the 1965 Voting Rights March in Alabama
- Trail Of Tears National Historic Trail - Come on a journey to remember and commemorate the survival of the Cherokee people despite their forced removal from their homelands in the Southeastern United States in the 1840s
- Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site - In the 1940's Tuskegee, Alabama became home to a "military experiment" to train America's first African-American military pilots. In time the "experiment" became known as the Tuskegee Experience and the participants as the Tuskegee Airmen
- Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site - Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site is nestled on the campus of historic Tuskegee University. The site includes the George W. Carver Museum and The Oaks, home of Booker T. Washington
- Desoto Caverns-A cavern and small family attraction in Childersburg, Alabama.
- Fort Payne-Home to the Alabama Band, (recently on a new tour). Near Desoto State Park, Little River Canyon, numerous caves, rivers, hunting,and fishing.
Alabama, along with the South in general, has a reputation for "Southern hospitality." The people of this state are generally genial and helpful and often go out of their way to help a stranger. While racial divisions still exist in the state, they are much more muted than popular belief and stereotypes hold. In fact, many leaps and bounds have been made within Alabama, in terms of race relations, since the 1950s and 60s.
Known primarily for its status as the original capital of the Confederacy (in Montgomery) and the birthplace of the Civil Rights movement of the 1960s, Alabama can be a study in contrasts.
Many (though certainly not all) Alabamians speak with thick local accents so non-native English speakers may have difficulty understanding them. Within the two major urban areas of Huntsville and Birmingham one will find that most accents are of a General American variety while in the other two major urban areas of Mobile and Montgomery local accents are still widely prevalent. Visitors to North Alabama (Birmingham and north) will experience accents that are more "country" in nature (Senator Richard Shelby is one example) while visitors to South Alabama (south of Birmingham) will experience accents that are more closely reminiscent of those from the 1939 film Gone With the Wind and the 1994 film Forrest Gump, which takes place in Southern Alabama. Former governor Fob James is a textbook example of a southern Alabama accent.
Alabama is accessible by five interstate highways: I-10 crosses the state from east to west near Mobile in the south; I-20 enters Alabama from the east, traverses Birmingham, and joins I-59 as it traverses Tuscaloosa and exits the state in a southwesterly direction; I-59 enters northeastern Alabama, continues southwest through Birmingham, and exits the state toward the southwest; I-22 enters Alabama from the northwest and ends in Birmingham; I-65 enters Alabama from the north, traverses Birmingham, and ends in Mobile; I-85 enters the state in the east and ends in Montgomery.
Greyhound Lines offers bus transportation to cities and towns throughout Alabama. Greyhound bus stops are found in Anniston, Athens, Birmingham, Dothan, Evergreen, Gadsden, Huntsville, Mobile, Montgomery, Opelika, Selma, Troy, Tuscaloosa, and Tuskegee. 
Amtrak's Crescent line offers daily service through the state: trains 19 (southbound) and 20 (northbound) run from New Orleans to Washington, D.C. and New York City. The trains stop in Alabama at Anniston, Birmingham and Tuscaloosa. Coach and sleeper service is available, with checked baggage, a restaurant car, a café and a lounge. See Amtrak  for more information.
The largest airport in Alabama is the Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport IATA: BHM . Airlines servicing this airport offer direct flights to Atlanta, Baltimore, Charlotte, Chicago, Dallas, Denver, Detroit, Houston, Jacksonville, Las Vegas, Louisville, Memphis, Miami, Minneapolis, Nashville, New Orleans, New York, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix, St. Louis, and Tampa.
Commercial flights are also available at the Huntsville International Airport IATA: HSV ; the Mobile Regional Airport IATA: MOB ; and the Montgomery Regional Airport IATA: MGM .
Car is no doubt the best method, and the most scenic. Interstates converge on Montgomery, Birmingham, and Mobile, and make quick transportation between those cities and ones in other states. They also connect to Anniston, Tuscaloosa, & Huntsville. Elsewhere though, travel can be slower in more rural areas
- Alabama State Capitol, Montgomery, AL. edit
- Birmingham Civil Rights Institute, Birmingham, AL, . edit
- Helen Keller's Home, Tuscumbia, AL, . edit
- Moundville, Moundville, AL, . edit
- Mt. Cheaha, Delta, AL, . edit
- Noccalula Falls, Gadsden, AL, . edit
- U.S. Space and Rocket Center, Huntsville, AL, . edit
- USS Alabama Battleship, Mobile, AL, . edit
- Cullman is home to the Sweet Tater Festival. This outdoor event is held annually since 1997, on the Sunday and Monday of Labor Day weekend. The Festival opens at eight in the morning and ends about five that evening for the two days.
The address is 403 Co Rd 386, Cullman, AL 35057, USA.
On Labor Day 1996, Dowling Jr. High School was vandalized and burnt to the ground and was never rebuilt. It was a heart-wrenching event for many residents because the school was the main part of the community of Crane Hill. This festival started a year later in an effort to raise money to rebuild the School, but the Cullman County Board of Education did not see a need at the time for a school at the location. The Sweet Tater Festival has grown over the year and the festival funds the park, where the school once stood.
In 2014, the Festival grew so large that they had to move the location to Smith Lake Park, here a car show was added. There are hourly door prize giveaways, arts and crafts, local food vendor's, kiddies rides, plenty of free parking, and plenty Cullman County Sweet Taters. There is one main stage where local bluegrass music is performed for the festival and can be heard on the local radio, (WQAH Big Country 105.7). The Park also has the world's largest Pepsi Can, camping pavilions, cabins, motorhome hook-ups, boat ramps, swimming pool and putt-putt golf.
- Gulf Shores is home to the National Shrimp Festival. This outdoor event is held annually since 1971 in October and features over 300 vendors that offer fine art, arts and crafts, an international marketplace and plenty of shrimp. there are three stages that carry music continuously throughout the festival. Over 200,000 people attend the festival annually and it has been ranked as one of the top twenty events in the southeast by the Southeast Tourism Society, and one of the top five in the state.
- Dothan is home to the nation’s largest Peanut Festival is held in, the peanut capital of the world, to celebrate the harvest and the hardworking farmers that make it happen.
- Tuscumbia is home to the Helen Keller Festival that draws thousands of visitors to the Shoals area each year and generates economic impact across the Quad Cities. This outdoor event is held annually in June for three days (Friday to Sunday) and kicks off with a lengthy parade complete with floats and its riders throwing candy to bystanders, high school marching bands, horses, Civil War reenactors and Shriners zipping about in their miniature go-karts. Afterward, Main Street is closed and is filled with local vendors selling everything from handmade crafts to fresh vegetables. An antique car show is also a highlighted feature. Many local and out of state bands perform throughout the day with at least one major performer, normally of the country music variety, performing Saturday night in Spring Park. Also performed at the birthplace of Helen Keller is a local production of the stage play The Miracle Worker which is a theatrical rendition of Helen Keller's childhood and interaction with Ann Sullivan.
One little-known fact about Helen Keller that most natives of Tuscumbia do not even realize is that she was an ardent, outspoken socialist during her adult life.
The Helen Keller Festival has received numerous state and national event awards over the years.
Home to the Talledega Super Speedway located in Talledega, AL.
Home to what is considered one of the top rivalries in sports, the state of Alabama revolves around college football. Each weekend of the fall, hundreds of thousands of fans around the state pack stadiums to cheer for their respective teams.
- University of Alabama Crimson Tide 
- Auburn University Tigers 
- University of Alabama at Birmingham Blazers 
- Troy University Trojans 
- Iron Bowl 
- GMAC Bowl 
Alabama has some decent hiking options. One of the best areas is the Sipsey Wilderness. Other areas include the trails and scenic overlooks in Mount Cheaha State Park.
- Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail, 100 Sunbelt Parkway, ☎ +1 205-942-1177 or 1-800-949-4444 ([email protected], fax: +1 205-290-1230), . Ten public golf courses throughout Alabama. $40-125 per course. edit
Hunting is popular in Alabama, game species include:
- Mountains: Black Bear and Whitetail Deer
- Prairie Belt: Whitetail Deer, Feral Hog, Turkey
- River Heritage: Ducks and Geese
- Gulf Coast: Saltwater Fishing, Alligator
- Best fried seafood east of the Mississippi River. Don't forget to try local oyster bars and the shrimp is superb. Ask locals for recommendations that are off the beaten path and area favorites.
- Alabama barbeque is outstanding and comes in many forms, but pork is always most popular.
There are several other award-winning barbeques "joints" in Alabama, and their claim to fame is mostly the "pulled pork", but they will offer ribs, too.
- Birmingham has numerous well-known restaurants with famous chefs. Highlands Bar and Grill was recently nominated for a James Beard Foundation award as the best restaurant in the United States, and its owner, Frank Stitt has been nominated as best chef in the US as well!
Ask locals about best "meat and 3" places for "soul food", and Don't forget the Fried Green Tomatoes at the Irondale Cafe, near where Fannie Flagg grew up and based her famous book/movie on!
The legal drinking and purchasing age of alcoholic beverages is 21. Alabama is one of the 5 states which have no exceptions to this rule. Under age drinking is taken very seriously so if you are in a club or bar and appear to be under 30 you should be ready to present identification showing your age.
- Sweet Iced Tea. One delicious recipe for making sweet tea is to put on a pan of water and bring to a boil. Once boiling place two family size Lipton tea bags in the boiling water and then immediately turn the stove eye off. While the water is still raging hot mix in 1-1/3 cup of cane sugar and stir so that the sugar does not stick to the bottom of the pan and burn. Wait one hour and then mix with one gallon of water in a gallon sized container. Serve over ice. edit
Crime rates vary from city to city, but extra caution and precautions have to be made in Mobile, Montgomery, and Birmingham.
The sport of American football is taken extremely seriously in Alabama. In addition to significant regional devotion to high-school football teams the entire state, in terms of college football, is divided into two factions: Auburn University fans and University of Alabama fans. The rivalry is so bitter, in fact, that it took an act by the Alabama State Legislature in the late 1940s to force the two colleges to play one another (the two had stopped playing each other in the first years of the 20th century over an officiating dispute).
Even then, the two schools would not agree to play at opposing sites so the State of Alabama used taxpayer funds to build Legion Field in Birmingham as a neutral site. It was only in 1989 that the Crimson Tide finally visited Auburn and 2000 that the Tigers visited Alabama. This can also be a point of concern for tourists as the rivalry is so serious that if you do not know about it then it is better to not say anything at all. Many friendships and marriages fall apart due to this rivalry and this is not an exaggeration. One could say that Auburn and Alabama fans are rivaled in their fanaticism only by those fans of European football (soccer).
- Mississippi - Alabama's neighbor to the west has Civil War battlefields, scenic parkways, and antebellum charm.
- Tennessee - Located to the north of Alabama, Tennessee offers the cities of Memphis, Nashville, Knoxville, & Chattanooga, plus the beautiful Great Smoky Mountains.
- Georgia - Located on Alabama's eastern border, Georgia has the major metropolis of Atlanta, with many attractions, and the charming cities of Macon & Savannah.
- Florida - Bordering the southern part of the state is Florida, with a lot more gulf coast than Alabama, including fabulous beaches, the big tourist area of Orlando, and the cities of Tampa, Jacksonville, and Miami