Adana is a city in Mediterranean Turkey.
Adana is a very old city, founded in 6000 B.C. In its early years, it was part of a region called Cilicia and was, by turn, homeland to the Pheonicians, Chaldeans, Assyrians, Hittites, Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines, Abbasies, Seljuks, and finally the Ottomans. Now in the centre of huge Cilician Plains and on the banks of Seyhan River, Adana is the fifth largest city in Turkey with a population of over 1.3 million. It's not commonly known as a tourist destination, though, especially when compared with its southern and western neighbours. However, that being said, there are a number of sites of interest in the surrounding countryside.
Modern Adana consists of two quite separate sections: cramped old city centre and newer, mostly high-rise suburbs overlooking the Seyhan dam to north of the old centre, usually called Kuzey Adana or Yeni Adana (i.e. "North Adana" or "New Adana", respectively).
Adana features a typical Mediterranean climate. Winters are short and cool and the average January temperature is 9.6°C (49.3°F) with nighttime lows around 5°C (41°F). Sub-zero temperatures are recorded but cold waves rarely affect the city, due to its southerly position and shelter provided by the mountains in the north. The lowest recorded temperature is -8.1°C (17.4°F) and snow are extremely rare. Summers are hot, but with nothing uncommon regarding the city's latitude. Temperatures range from 35°C (95°F) to 23°C (73°F) and there are occasional heat waves. The highest recorded temperature is 45.6°C (114.1°F).
Flights arrive at the Adana Sakirpasa Airport (IATA: ADA, ICAO: LTAF)  located in the city outskirts. It's a fairly short cab ride to city center and is served frequently by dolmus.
Trains  to Adana are seriously disrupted by engineering works, and are likely to remain so for some years. The best route from Istanbul or Ankara is to take the YHT fast train to Konya, whence there is a replacement bus service to Karaman, then 4½ hours by daily train to Adana. The line between Konya and Karaman is closed for upgrading to YHT until 2018.
There was formerly an overnight sleeper between Ankara and Adana, but this is suspended at least until 2018 while Ankara station and tracks east of the city are upgraded. A daily train still runs between Adana and Kayseri, but with no convenient connection to Ankara.
The lines to Aleppo and other parts of Syria, and to Gaziantep thence across Syria to Mosul in Iraq, are closed indefinitely.
As with the rest of the country, another common way of getting here is to use the buses. They arrive here frequently from Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir, and several other cities around Turkey. Journey time from Istanbul is around twelve hours, fares starting at 50 TL. Inter-city bus companies includes Varan , Ulusoy , and Metro . Make sure you get off at the right station as most buses also stop at a station in the suburbs, about 4 km west of city centre. Getting off at the wrong station may be frustrating, but not an disaster since a local bus connects them. The bus station in city centre lies close to the Hilton hotel.
Driving to Adana is an option; from Ankara, the national capital, there is highway all the way (European road number: E90) but distances are long. The motorway O-21 will connect the two cities, but it doesn't reach any further north from Niğde for the time being. However, even if there is no motorway for about half of the route from Ankara, the current highway has seperated directions all along it, anyway. Once you have passed the pass of Cilician Gates (Gülek Boğazı) through the Taurus Mountains into the Cilician Plains, take O-51 eastwards.
- Walking in Adana — you can explore downtown Adana by walking. It is very easy and enjoyable to walk around city centre. You can also walk in the Adana Merkez Park (Adana Central Park)
- City buses — Extensive bus network including city buses and dolmuş (aka Topel)
- Adana Metro — There is also a subway line, which recently opened, though on a short stub of 13 stations.
- Adana Car Rental Services — You can rent a car to travel around Adana .
- Adana Airport Car Rental Services — You can car hire from Adana Airport and to travel around Adana .
- Many taxis with prices comparable to the rest of the country.
- Varda Bridge, A scene in the movie "Skyfall" was played on the Varda Bridge in Adana, so be sure to visit it.
- Seyhan Dam, Love Island and American Island
- Çatalan Bridge (longest bridge in Turkey)
- Old Town and the Clock Tower
- Old Dam and Dilberler Seki Road (riverside)
- Archaeological Museum of Adana — Opened and now entrance fee, but except the stone monuments the museum artifacts are in restauration process (September 2012)
- Central Parkvery large, well kept nice park in the very centre of the city.
- Sabancı MosquA e — One place you should not miss while in Adana. The mosque was built in 1999 and is the largest mosque in Turkey.
- Ethnographic Museum of Adana. edit
- Atatürk Museum. edit
- Misis Mosaic Museum. edit
- State Fine Arts Gallery. edit
- Driving by the lake and seeing the beautiful view is one of the things you can do while in Adana. Locals like spending the evening drinking beer by the lake.
- You can visit ancient cities around Adana, such as Magarsus, Ayas, Commana, Castabala, and Misis.
- You can go to Akyatan Lagoon or Kapuzbasi Waterfall.
- You can swim (in Karataş on the Mediterranean coast, south of Adana).
- You can go to Aqualand (wave pool, lazy river and various slides).
- There are 3 saunas in downtown (Yeni Sauna, Bizim Sauna and Sirin Sauna). Entrance fee is 10 euros, and massage costs a further 10 euros. Also you can go to more traditional Turkish baths.
- Ziyapaşa Blvd, (Located several blocks west of the Sabanci mosque / central park area.). Take a stroll down the pleasant and peaceful, tree-lined Ziyapaşa Blvd in "New" Adana and enjoy the nice restaurants and cafes and shops. The Özsüt Coffee shop is always packed. There is also a nice Starbucks, Robert's Coffee, and Caribou Coffee. Several good restaurants include The North Shield pub and Chef's. edit
Adana has four malls (Optimum, Galleria, M1 and Carrefour). Optimum Outlet and M1 Shopping Centre are the largest. Optimum was opened in mid 2011 and is the newest. M1 and Optimum share many of the same stores where you can find almost all of the world class brands. (Real Hypermarket, Praktiker, Media Markt, Zara, Mudo City, Cinebonus, Tepe Home, Toys R'Us, Gap, US Polo)
- Sokun Karting (do), 100. Yil Blv. no:5 next to Mimar Sinan Theatre, ☎ 03224581929. 8 min.. One of the lngest go kart track of Europe. Suitable for personal go kart parking. This track also provides group activities such as group challenging racing, BBQ parties, full day parties. 10 TRY. (,1250 m.) edit
- Adana Kebab — Delicious and famous Adana Kebap and mezzes, usually accompanied by Şalgam (turnip) juice and/or Raki (traditional Turkish alcoholic drink).
Adana has a lot of famous restaurants that serves the region's specialties, especially famous Adana Kebab:
- Kazancilar (S.Demirel Avenue)
- Sercan (S.Demirel Avenue)
- Hasan Kolcuoglu (Lake) (website in Turkish only).
- Yüzevler (Ziyapasa Avenue)
- Park Zirve (Lake)
- Elem Restaurant (website in Turkish only).
Cafe Ora is located on Baraj road, very close to bus station, place also has a bar on second floor. You can have a bici bici (traditional Adana sweet) for 3 TL there.
- Mado's — a sweet shop located on Cemal Paşa. More high class than your regular street vendor and a little pricey, but delicious food. You should eat special Turkish ice cream. Mado shops are located on Türkmenbası, Cemalpasa, Kurttepe, Toros Street, Carrefour Mall and M1 Mall.
- The North Shield, Ziyapasa, ☎ (0.322) 458 62 62. Excellent pub fare. Very british/american with a cozy/modern feel. Best beer selection in Adana. Has an upstairs and outside seating as well. edit
- Kazim Bufe — The legendary small kiosk with tasty salgam, fresh banana milkshake and other fresh drinks and small bites. It may not look like much on the outside but it is a local institution. Located on Toros Caddesi.
- Starbucks — There are 4 Starbucks Coffee shops in Adana (Ziyapasa Avenue, M1 Shopping Centre, Cukurova University Campus, and New Adana), in addition to one in Incirlik.
- The North Shield — Located on Ziyapasa avenue, generally a quiet atmosphere that is good to take a few friends too.
- Istanbul Bar — In Cemalpasa. A cool, chill out bar with groovy music with a wide selection of unusual but fun cocktails! Open until the last customer leaves.
- Pickup Rock Bar — Downstairs in the Cemalpasa area, this bar usually has live Turkish bands covering American rock on weekends. Closed early in the week, on the days that it is open, you can get in until late in the morning. Crowds usually start showing up around 11:30PM, the time the band starts playing. Efes on tap can be bought here for 6 TL a pint.
- Nargile Bar — A downtempo place located in New Adana, this is more for a young working class. Many of the patrons are between 20 and 30, and for the most part are out of university. Live turkish music is played here almost every night, and Tuborg Green can be bought on tap for 4.50 TL a pint. Hours are generally 4PM to 3AM.
Hilton Adana is the tallest building in town situated close to the Seyhan river and city center. Looks quite strange in a not that big town to have such a huge Hilton Hotel. Prices from 100 € (internet) up to whatever.
Seyhan Hotel and Sürmeli Hotel are other 5 star hotels in Adana.
There are some very cheap hotels near the big mosque, Konya and Garajlar Hotel. At Konya Hotel normally the price is 20 TL (30 TL with Air-con), but if you insist, they can give you a small room with a less price. The rooms are clean but there is no heater. In Garajlar Hotel price is 15 TL, but you will have to pay for the bath (5 TL).
- Unver otel, Cakmak cd. 27039 sk. no.13 (Tahtalı cami sk.) Adana, ☎ 03223631911, . a clean hotel in center. reasonable/budget price. single room 20TL/usd.10 with shared shower. english speaking staff. free wifi. (October 2013) edit
- Sheraton Adana Hotel, Hacı Sabancı Bulvarı, Adana (Across the river from the Central Park and the Sabancı Mosque), ☎ +90 322 237 1717, . Awesome and one of the nicest hotels in Adana. Brand new hotel located across the central park/mosque, the Sheraton has reasonably priced rooms and excellent views of the Adana Mosque. The SPG Platinum club level is on the 10th Floor and has excellent views. There are 2 restaurants and also a separate bar. Connected to the hotel is a nice gym that is not affiliated with Sheraton. A short walk south from the Sheraton is a large modern mall. $$. edit
Adana's telephone code is (+90) 322.
Some of the towns and sights around Adana include:
- Tarsus — St. Paul's Well is in a courtyard long believed to be the site of St. Paul's house. You can also visit The Cleopatra Gate, Roman road and Tarsus Museum in Tarsus
- Mersin — situated 65 km west of Adana, another large city in the area, although this one is on the coast.
- Incirlik — situated 10 km east of Adana, site of a NATO base with a majority U.S. presence.
- Antakya — a few hours to south, with lots of history.
- Kizkalesi — about 100 km to west, a castle on an islet off shore.
- Karatepe — ruins of a Hittite city in the pine woods near a dam lake northeast of city.
- Anavarza — ruins of a small Roman town with a ruined bath turned museum about 30min north of Yilan Castle. You can also hike up the lengthy stairway to reach a large Crusader castle atop a high rock outcropping overlooking the ruined city.
- Yılan Castle — Crusader-era castle on the top of a rocky hill surrounded by endless flat plains east of city, on the road/railway to Osmaniye. Take a minibus from Adana to Ceyhan and ask for Yılan Kale, on your way back just wait for one again.
- Misis Mosaic Museum — On the historical Silk Road, at a distance of 26 km. from Adana. 5 TL, but ın September 2012 fee-free.