Tur feroviar în triunghiul transilvănean
Doisprezece zile sunt timp suficient pentru a vedea toate oraşele şi obiectivele turistice principale, fiind în acelaşi timp şi o perioadă scurtă pentru cei care nu prea au timp de călătorii. Apuci să vezi toate trăsăturile principale din fiecare oraş.
Turul începe în Braşov şi continuă în următoarele oraşe, în ordine:
Fiind un tur circular, sau mai degrabă triunghiular, aproape toate obiectivele turistice din Transilvania sunt acoperite. Unii oameni ar putea începe turul în [[Bucureşti, capitala României, care deşi nu se află în transilvani, este principalul punct de intrare în ţară. Dacă doreşti să începi din Bucureşti, călătoria de acolo spre Braşov şi înapoi este foarte uşoară, datorită legăturilor feroviare din oră în oră. Turul este triunghiular, deoarece "colţurile" sale sunt Braşov, Oradea şi Timişoara, iar călătoria dintre aceste oraşe se fece aproape în linie dreaptă.
Transilvania este regiunea cunoscută în lume pentru Dracula al său, castele mistice şi sate medievale. Totuşi, Dracula a fost pentru mult timp un stereotip (cât se poate de) neadevărat. Turul feroviar în triughiul transilvănean, îţi dă posibilitatea, prin varietea sa, să vezi cea mai dezvoltată regiune din România, în toate formele - de la zone rurale minunate, la orăşe mijlocii în stil baroc şi până la oraşe cosmopolite sau chiar sate medievale. Călătoria merită făcută şi datorită faptului că te vei întâlni cu localnici şi cultura locală, vei mânca unele dintre cele mai bune mâncăruri pe care le-ai mâncat vreodată (crede-ne, mâncarea ardeleneacă este foarte delicioasă) şi vei descoperi o regiune destul de diferită faţă de alte părţi ale Europei, dar nu atât de diferită încât să dispară acea sclipire de pe bătrânul continent.
The political situation in Translyvania is quite stable even though it's been, along with Bucharest, Romania's most problematic technically. The Romanian Revolution of 1989 started here, in Timisoara, and since then there have been mild problems with the sizeable Hungarian minority, which is a majority in some (generally rural) areas. There is also a moderately large (i.e. less than 5%) Roma (Gypsy) minority. However, in recent years the Hungarians and the Romanians have got along with each other like they never have before, and there is very little chance of you encountering any real political or ethnic problems. That doesn't mean the Romanians don't joke about the Hungarians or vice versa, but these things are, in essence, the good humour that all Transylvanians share.
Your journey will take you through fairly distinct "mini-regions" in terms of culture and history. Brasov and its surrounding region have a quite significant (but declining) ethnic German minority, and it is also home to mountain resorts such as Sinaia and medieval towns like Sighisoara, the birthplace of Vlad Ţepeş (the inspiration for Dracula). Further on you reach the heart of Transylvania, Cluj-Napoca. It is situated near the Apuseni Mountains and is the largest and most cosmopolitan city in Transylvania. Here you will encouter a significant Hungarian minority and the opportunity to sample a taste (you can take that literally as well - Hungarian restaurants are plentiful) of Hungarian culture. Further on, the Apuseni Mountains is a beautiful rural area west of Cluj-Napoca, where you will see stunning scenery. This is the only rural region you will stopover on your journey, and it's really worth seeing even though it won't appeal to everyone. Next on, you reach the Baroque towns of Oradea and Arad, with their great cultural and historical spirit. Here you will see how architecture and culture were back in the Austro-Hungarian times. Onwards, you reach Timisoara, the heartland of the Banat province. Timisoara is one of the fastest-growing cities in Romania, and it is becoming an increasingly modern city, with many services everywhere. Even though it still offers history, Timisoara is definitely unique from all the other areas. After Timisoara, it is useful to return back north to Brasov, but on a different route, to complete the "Triangle". You will see the citadel city of Alba Iulia, with its wonderful history and monasteries, followed by Sibiu, the heartland of the German minority, which has perhaps the best museum in Romania (the Bruckenthal) and a very romantic medieval feel to it.
The tour is done by train because train captures the Transylvanian spirit best and makes for the best experience possible. Other possibilities include bus travel, which is getting increasingly popular in Transylvania but simply provides a way of getting from A to B with none of that charming experience associated with Romanian train travel. Car travel is also possible, but due to the not-so-good state of Romanian roads, this is best left alone. Therefore, train travel is both cheap and easy to use (you don't need to know any road directions or numbers, or any bus company contacts), and, for many people, it is a 'destination' within itself.
For more information about Transylvania, it is useful to read our article on Transylvania
Even though Transylvania is a civilised destination with ample facilities, the nature of this itinerary is such that you will need to have at least some amount of self-sufficiency. Travel on trains is comfortable but not all that luxurious, so it's useful to pack snacks, etc. It's good to have water and food with you always, not so much in the larger cities (Cluj-Napoca, Oradea, Brasov and Timisoara) but for the rural areas. However, it is valuable to eat in restaurants from time to time, because they're not all that expensive and serve great food.
In terms of official requirements, you need to either have a Romanian passport or a Romanian visa. However, citizens of the European Union and the USA can travel to Romania visa-free for 30 days, so you won't have troubles - just present your passport when entering the country, and you're off.
The starting point for the itinerary is Brasov, at the western extremity of Transylvania. The reason for this is that Brasov is very easily accessible. If you are already in Romania (in areas such as Bucharest, the Black Sea Coast, the Painted Monasteries), travel to Brasov is best done by train. If this will be the only tour you will be doing of Transylvania, there is a daily night-train from Budapest to Brasov (this train is named Corona). However, for visitors from other countries, it is best if you fly into Bucharest and then catch an InterCity fast train to Brasov. The same applies at the end of your journey - if you want to see more of Romania, catch a train to Bucharest or another part of the country, or continue onwards to other countries either from Brasov directly (Brasov is an important railway centre in Romania) or from Bucharest.
If you want to find out more about each destination, click on its link, which will take you to one of our specialised articles about the destination. Note that train route numbers, times and costs have been given for the journey. Even though these aren't likely to change significantly, it is best to check online at www.cfr.ro, the online timetable of the Romanian railways, for up-to-date service details. Trains in Romania come in four flavours - InterCity (IC), Rapid (R), Accelerat (A) and Personal (P - the slowest and cheapest). There are also international, nightly trains known as EuroNight (EN). When using A or P trains, it's best to book 1st class, with the others, second class is more than comfortable, especially on the InterCity (IC).
Transylvania and the places in this itinerary are usually safe. However, it is wise to watch out for petty crime, especially in places such as Brasov, Cluj-Napoca, Oradea and Timisoara. Other than that, however, there shouldn't be any problem, other than the occasional beggar who sees that you're a tourist and pesters you.
See also our articles on the destinations you'll be visiting:
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