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Revisão de 05h29min de 12 de outubro de 2011
THE PHOTOS FROM JAÚ O Parque Nacional do Jaú é a quarta maior reserva florestal do Brasil e o terceiro maior parque do mundo em floresta tropical úmida intacta. Localiza-se na Floresta Amazônica, abrangendo os municípios de Novo Airão e Barcelos, no estado do Amazonas, Brasil. Possui uma área de 2.377.889,00 (ha) (23.377 km2). O perímetro do parque é de 1.213.791 metros (1.213 km) de extensão. Manaus a city in central Amazônia today one of the great cities of the Amazon with his imponésia today and a reality that one day this land boldly braved the heat that comes in two forms in our mind by the high temperature of your climate and its inhabitants for their brown and a simplicity of Amazon ace welcome in this land who has the privilege of reaching their distance Want to shorten the hospitality of those who here has their dreams come true adventure in search not only here today is a big city but also has the largest national park in Brazil with one of the most diverse biodiversity present in the upper Rio Negro to the right side, a difficult place to reach because it worth a visit! this paradise which today is part of the route of the adventurer who comes in search of the unknown, is by lovers of the beautiful landscapes, but those who truly respect the nature and draw it to keep the sweat kept for future generations with simple and guardians of the Amazon that Cabloco dark-skinned, who with her smile radiates the green that nourishes hope canning since its foundation the largest park in Brazil. The Jau National Park is the fourth largest forest reserve in Brazil and the third largest park in the world in tropical rain forest intact. It is located in the Amazon rainforest, including the cities of New Airão and Barcelos, state of Amazonas, Brazil. It has an area of 2,377,889.00 (ha) (23,377 km2). The perimeter of the park is 1,213,791 meters (1,213 km).
The creation of the park was proposed by IBAMA, backed by studies conducted by INPA (Amazon Research Institute), considering the area for preservation of valuable genetic resources.
The park was created on September 24, 1980, by Decree 85200. In 2000, the park was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list.
Constantly wet weather (rain forests). The average annual temperature varies around 26 ° C and 26.7 ° C, with highs of 31.4 and 31.7 ° C and minimum temperatures between 22 C and 23 ° C (PLMD, 1992). The rainy season lasts from December to April and dry season between July and September. Blowdown is the climate phenomenon (down wind) 100 km / hour. [Edit] Relief
Situated on the plateau of the Western Amazonia demoted, has flattened relief and altitudes around 100 meters. Sit over tabular interfluves, often separated by valleys periodically or permanently flooded. Along the river beds of Quaternary alluvium occur, consisting of sands, silts and clays. [Edit] Vegetation
In the vegetation there is a predominance of dense rain forest, where they are frequent groups of chestnut-do-(Bertholletia excelsa), striped angelim (Pithecelobium racemosum), quaruba (Vochysia maxima), Sucupira (Diplotropis spp), ucuúba (Virola spp ) pitches (Protima spp) and maçaranduba (Manilkara huberi). It is also often a vine in the area that provides water of excellent quality: Daliocarpus rolandri.
In higher level, northeast of the park is a portion of dense lowland forest, where the bushes are the most representative amapá sweet (Parahancornia amapa) mangarana (Microphalis guianensis), sip (Couma guianensis) and jarana (plant ) (Holopyxidium jarana).
Along the floodplains of rivers and Jau Carabinani periodically flooded, there are clusters of palm trees such as paxiuba (Iriartea spp), acai (Euterpe oleracea) and Jauari (Astrocaryon spp.) And in older tidal areas, rarely flooded, open alluvial forest occurs, also with a strong predominance of palms, as buriti and carana (Mauritia spp). [Edit] Fauna
Typical equatorial fauna, are found in mammals Park crepuscular and nocturnal habits, such as the already rare or endangered jaguar (Panthera onca), puma or mountain lion (Puma concolor), and smaller cats such as ocelots (Leopardus pardalis), jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroudi) and of wild-cat (Leopardus sp.)
There is also the manatee (Trichechus inunguis), giant otter and giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis), river dolphins (Inia sp Sotalia sp), red howler monkey (Alouata seniculus), the night monkey (Aotus trivirgatus) monkey de-cheiro (Saimiri sciureus) and tapir (Tapirus terrestris).
Among fish, is the pirarucu (Arapaima gigas), peacock bass (Cichla sp) and tambaqui (Colossoma spp.)
There are a wide variety of reptiles: tortoises (Geochelone spp), black caiman (Melanosuchus niger), anaconda (Eunectes murinus) and turtles. Among birds, there are egrets, macaws, parrots, nightjars, among others. Means to travel to Manaus in the Amazon jumped: there are numerous jungle lodges that offer a huge range of tours, from adventurous to relaxing more as jungle trekking, fishing, visit to the riverside communities, alligator spotting, tree climbing, rappelling, dolphin therapy, etc..
Most jungle lodges are located in Rio Negro, where mosquitoes thrive not by the acidity of the dark waters, unlike the Solimões River where the clear water, not acid but with many nutrients, and therefore attract mosquitoes more birds, snakes and frogs, which make up the food chain of small animals. Tour Operators
Note: there are numerous tour companies operating in Manaus. As in other lists of Wikitravel, the operators listed here are not necessarily suggested by travelers who have used the certificate and its services. Each traveler check the credentials of the companies listed. The Brazilian Association of Travel Agents  and the Amazon Convention and Visitors Bureau their. website lists its member agencies
ECO DISCOVERY TOURS - Centro, tel. *55 92 30824732/55 92 9219-4464 organize ecological tours, transfers, sport / fishing, city tours, scenic flights, jungle lodge and more.