"그린랜드"의 두 판 사이의 차이

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regionmap=Greenland regions.png |
지역지도=Greenland regions.png |
regionmapsize=300px |
지역지도크기=300px |
regionmaptext=Regions of Greenland |
지역지도문구=Regions of Greenland |
region1name=[[Southern Greenland]] |
지역1이름=[[남그린랜드]] |
region1color=#d5dc76 |
지역1색상=#d5dc76 |
region1items= |
지역1항목= |
region1description=Nicknamed "Sineriak Bananeqarfik" (Banana Coast) by the locals, this is the most easily accessed part of Greenland and the one subject to the least extreme temperatures |
지역1서술=Nicknamed "Sineriak Bananeqarfik" (Banana Coast) by the locals, this is the most easily accessed part of Greenland and the one subject to the least extreme temperatures |
region2name=[[Western Greenland]] |
지역2이름=[[서그린랜드]] |
region2color=#71b37b  |
지역2색상=#71b37b  |
region2items= |
지역2항목= |
region2description=Location of the capital Nuuk (Godthåb). |
지역2서술=수도 누우크의 위치 (Godthåb). |
region3name=[[Eastern Greenland]]  |
지역3이름=[[동그린랜드]]  |
region3color=#8a84a3  |
지역3색상=#8a84a3  |
region3items= |
지역3항목= |
region3description=Sparsely populated, the gateway to the national park |
지역3서술=저밀도 인구, 국립공원으로의 관문 |
region4name=[[Northern Greenland]] |
지역4이름=[[북그린랜드]] |
region4color=#69999f  |
지역4색상=#69999f  |
region4items= |
지역4항목= |
region4description=Northern Greeland is the northernmost inhabited region, much of it occupied by the [[National Park (Greenland)|Northeast Greenland National Park]] |
지역4서술=Northern Greeland is the northernmost inhabited region, much of it occupied by the [[National Park (Greenland)|Northeast Greenland National Park]] |

2010년 1월 6일 (수) 01:04 기준 최신판

주요 정보
수도 누우크 (Godthåb)
정부 입헌 군주제내의 의회민주주의
통화 덴마크 크로네 (DKK)
면적 총계: 2,166,086 km2
land: 2,166,086 km2 (410,449 km2 무빙지, 1,755,637 km2 빙지) (추정.)
인구 56,344 (2007년 7월 추정)
언어 그린랜드어 (칼라알리수트), 덴마크어, 영어
종교 에반젤리컬 루터란
전화 코드 +299
인터넷 TLD .gl
시간대 UTC to UTC-4

그린랜드(Greenland, 그린랜드어: 칼라알리트 누나아트; 덴마크어: 그뢴랜드)는 대륙이 아닌 세계 최대의 섬으로 북미의 북동부에 있다. 대부분 북극 서클내부이다. 비록 그곳은 아직 덴마크의 일부이지만 1979년부터 유효한 자치정부가 승인되었다. 더욱 최근에 그곳은 더많은 자취권을 위해 선거가 진행되어 덴마크와 공식적인 연결을 유지한채 실질적인 독립국사로 만들려고 한다.

약간의 거주민들으 이제 독립을 위한 최종적인 이정을 계획하고 있다. 코펜하겐은 그 외무를 책임지고 있으며 물론 투자국이다. The closest neighbouring countries are Iceland to the South-East, Canada to the West and Svalbard in Norway to the North-East.

The Greenland Tourism and Business council's official website provides a wealth of information for the would-be visitor. [1]


미국 주민증은 그린카드입니다. Although maps with flat projections of the globe tend to make Greenland look the size of Africa, it is actually "only" about the size of Mexico. Greenland has the world's lowest population density.

It represents some 97% of the area of the Kingdom of Denmark. The Danish territorial claim is rooted in the 10th-century explorations of the Vikings, though administrative power has changed hands several times over the centuries due to developments in Europe. The native Greenlanders, or Kalaallit, are Inuit descendants of nomads from northern Canada. ("Eskimo" is offensive in some parts of the Arctic.)

According to the Icelandic Sagas, Erik the Red chose the name "Greenland" to entice settlers from Iceland. In fact, Greenland has far more ice cover (about 84% of its immense surface area) than Iceland does. This may only be legend: the southern coasts the Vikings settled are green in summer, and were likely more so during the Medieval Warm Period.

Be careful with maps of Greenland, as many Greenlandic names simply reference a particular geographical feature. For example, "Kangerlussuaq" means "Big Fjord" and so is not only the Greenlandic name for Søndre Strømfjord.

When visiting a city or village don't be afraid to ask for directions of shops, places to eat or somewhere to sleep, even if you think there might not be any. Most places (even Nuuk) are small enough for everyone to know where everything is, and therefore no one bothered to put up a sign. Don't be surprised to find a fully equipped supermarket inside a grey factory-like building in the middle of nowhere.


Greenlandic places generally have two names: the (traditional and now official) Greenlandic, or Kalaallisut, and the (once but no longer official) Danish. Greenlandic is abbreviated 'kl;' Danish is 'da.'


  • The Summit - the highest point on the ice cap, and a very inhospitable place, but nonetheless well visited by scientists drilling into the ice


Regions of Greenland



Danish and other Scandinavian citizens do not need a visa for Greenland, but your passport needs to be valid for at least three months after your visit.

Generally, if you need a visa for entering Denmark, you also need to apply for a special visa for entering Greenland. Visas for entering the Schengen-area (including Denmark) do not automatically apply for Greenland; visas are available from the Danish embassy or where you usually would apply for a Danish visa so make sure that you mention that you are going to Greenland. If you stay for more than three months, you need to apply for a residence permit at the police station.

If you stay on the typical tourist paths you do not need any permissions, but any expeditions (including any trips to the national park, which by definition are expeditions) need a special permit from the Danish polar center. If travelling with an agency they will usually take care of the paperwork for you. If you are entering or travelling through Thule Air Base, you also need a permission from the Danish department of foreign affairs, since it is a US military area (doesn't apply for children u. 15, Danish police and military, US military or US diplomats). See Qaanaaq for details.


Flights to Greenland will almost always go to one of two airports: Kangerlussuaq (Danish: Søndre Strømfjord, English: Sondrestrom) or Narsarsuaq. From there local flights or boats will take you to your final destination, Scientific and technical personnel travelling from North America for research purposes typically fly into Kangerlussuaq aboard New York Air National Guard C-130s. If you are looking for the airport, the name of Greenland's airport service is Mittarfeqarfiit. Note that SAS ceased its operations to Greenland in 2009.

  • Air Iceland [3] operates a regular flight from Reykjavik to Kulusuk, Kangerlussuaq, and Nuuk; one to Ittoqqortoormiit, and another to Narsarsuaq, Air Iceland will begin flying direct to Ilulissat summer 2009. (Note that they use the Danish place names for some of these.) One popular day excursion is to fly from Reykjavik to Nanortalik, where traditional handicrafts are on sale, before returning to the comparative comforts of Iceland. Reykjavik has direct connections to North America, making this the shortest civilian route between North America and Greenland.


Realistically, there is no ferry service from Europe or North America.

There are cruise ships from both continents that visit Greenland.

Get around[편집]

There is no road or rail system. The easiest way to get around Greenland is by plane, particularly Air Greenland. In the summer, Arctic Umiaq Line [6] passenger ships provide service to destinations between Narsarsuaq and Uummannaq along the west coast.


  • Icebergs and glaciers (especially the Ilulissat Icefjord)
  • Animal life - Whales, seals, walruses, musk oxen, reindeer/caribou and polar bears.
  • The Midnight sun - In the northern 2/3 of Greenland, the sun stays above the horizon for days or even several weeks in the summer. In the remainder, the weeks around the summer solstice (June 21, a national holiday) see the sun dip below the horizon for only a short while each night, with the sky never getting truly dark. (Of course the reverse is true in the winter.)


  • Driving a dog-sled
  • Hiking
  • Kayaking
  • Mountain climbing


The official language - Greenlandic (Kalaallisut) - is actually that of the more populated western coast. The eastern dialect is slightly different. Both are highly challenging languages to learn, as words are very long and often feature "swallowed" consonants. Try uteqqipugut or Ittoqqortoormiit on for size.

The good news is that almost all Greenlanders are bilingual Danish speakers, and many will even have a functional command of English. Greenlandic words may come in handy for travellers wanting to experience the "real Greenland", though.

Greenlandic is different enough from Inuktitut, the language of the Canadian Inuit who share similar historical roots to the Greenlanders, that the two peoples have difficulty understanding each other. However, attempts are being made to unify the Inuit language, and Greenlandic - with its existing libraries of translated Shakespeare and Pushkin - seems like the most natural option.


  • Inuit art and crafts
  • Sealskin -- which the Great Greenland fur company has fashioned into everything from coats to thick belts to purses and pencil cases.
  • Duty-free -- most flights land at Kangerlussuaq, one of those lovely places on earth where you can buy duty-free after landing. Stock up on cheap booze, smokes and everything else at prices far lower than the rest of Greenland. Important: Greenland is not a member of the EU, so although you may be traveling from Denmark, the custom rules are the same as for a trip out of the EU.


These are the names to look for, if you need to buy groceries:

  • Pilersuisoq - Chain of larger supermarket usually found in small villages. Has a little bit of everything.
  • Pisiffik - Chain of larger supermarkets present in the cities.
  • Spar - Dutch supermarket chain with a few shops in Greenland.
  • Brugsen - Danish supermarket chain with a few shops in Greenland.


Food in Greenland is generally not that different from American or continental European tastes. Restaurants carry typical European fare. Local food can be purchased at local markets in each town. Many Greenlandic restaurants combine traditional foods (locally-caught fish, shrimp and whales; also muskox and reindeer) with more familiar dishes. Expect to find whale meat at a Thai restaurant and caribou in a Chinese joint. Nuuk also has several burger joints and a couple of very high-end restaurants, most notably Nipisa, which specializes in (very expensive) local delicacies. Prices are high everywhere, but servings are generally large, especially with fries.

Drink[편집][add listing]

A local specialty is Greenlandic coffee. Its creation in some places is pure performance and it hits hard: its coffee laced with liberal amounts of kahlua, whisky and Grand Marnier. One of the best places to buy is at the Sukhumvit Thai Restaurant, for about $22CAD.


Greenland is expensive. Nice hotels exist in all of the more visited areas (Hotel Hans Egede in Nuuk, Hotel Arctic - with its igloo rooms - and Hotel Hvide Falke in Ilulissat), but cheaper options exist. Try for the Seaman's Home hotel in Maniitsoq, Nuuk, Qaqortoq, Sisimiut and Aasiaat. Also check with the Nuuk Tourism office for its hostel program, where locals have rooms they will rent out for a third the price of the town's hotels. They usually speak Danish and Greenlandic, along with very rudimentary English.wts:Category:Greenland

WikiPedia:Greenland Dmoz:North_America/Greenland/ World66:northamerica/greenland