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Wikitravel:Links esterni: differenze tra le versioni

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I '''Link esterni''' sono collegamenti ai siti al di fuori di Wikitravel. In general the Wikitravel policy is that external links should be kept to a bare minimum, and only links to primary sources should be used.  '''There should not be an external links section on any article''' - see '''[[Wikitravel:Article_templates#Where_did_the_"External_links"_sections_go?|Where did the "External links" sections go?]]'''
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==Quali siti possono essere linkati==
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I links esterni devono mostrare una fonte principale. Per esempio:
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 +
* Ente/ufficio turistico ufficiale della destinazione
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* Sito governativo ufficiale
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* Sito ufficiale dell'albergo
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* Sito ufficiale del ristorante/bar/discoteca
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* Sito ufficiale del museo, parco o altra attrazione turistica
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Using only primary sources makes our guide more succinct: where there is usually one or sometimes two primary source links for any subject, there can be hundreds or thousands of secondary source links. We also avoid subjectivity and conflict. It's difficult to decide collaboratively which of the thousands of English-language newspapers, magazines, and Web sites has done the ''very best'' travel article about [[New York (city)|New York]], but it's quite easy for everyone to agree that http://www.nycvisit.com/ is the official city visitor's guide.
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==Quali siti non possono essere linkati==
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Sono vietati i link a fonti secondarie. Per esempio:
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 +
* Siti di prenotazione alberghiera
 +
* Guide e magazine alla vita notturna
 +
* Guide e magazine di ristoranti
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* Servizio di mappe
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* Giornali, riviste, o blog-articoli
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* Gallerie di immagini personali
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* Racconti di viaggi personali
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* Risultati di ricerca dei motori (http://www.google.com/search?q=Montreal )
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'''In particolare evitate link alle altre guide turistiche'''. Vogliamo avere le informazioni ''in'' Wikitravel e non ''link da'' Wikitravel ad altre fonti. Formando una elenco di link ad altre guide turistiche, perderemo il nostro scopo... quello di '''creare''' una guida turistica nostra. In più l'utente che cerca informazioni su internet preferirà trovare più guide diverse per confrontarle tra di loro, piuttosto che una guida uguale in tutti i siti.
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==Usage and formatting of external links==
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There are three possible formats for "external" links.  Only the first one is acceptable for listings:
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===Good===
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* '''Footnote Link''' address, phone number(s). [http://www.example.com]  External links in listing ''must'' be linked after all other location information, in the footnote style.  To create a footnote style external link the syntax is ''<nowiki>[http://www.example.com/]</nowiki>''.
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===Bad===
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* '''[http://www.example.com Front-linked]'''.  ''Must not'' be used in listings. The Wikitext looks like this (and is one of the main reasons we dont' do this, since the URL winds up being first): ''<nowiki>[http://www.example.com/ Link Text]</nowiki>''.
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* '''Unpacked http://www.example.com/'''.  In general unpacked links are not used.  If one must be included, simply type the URL with no additional wiki syntax: ''<nowiki>http://www.example.com/</nowiki>''.
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===Links in listings===
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:* '''Asian Civilisations Museum at Empress Place''', 1 Empress Place, tel. +66 63327798, [http://www.nhb.gov.sg/ACM]. One of Singapore's newest, largest and best-presented museums. As the name hints, all of Asia is covered in the scope, although naturally there is an emphasis on the cultures near and in Singapore. Open 9 AM to 7 PM daily. Admission $5, free Friday evenings 6-9 PM.
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In this example, a primary link would be the web site of the hotel, bar, restaurant, or attraction that is being linked to.  A primary link ''would not'' be a hotel guide, restaurant review, or booking agency.  Thus, while the attraction listing for the Luxor Hotel in [[Las Vegas]] should include a link to http://www.luxor.com/, any other link would be inappropriate.
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When listing specific attractions, restaurants, bars, and accommodations, the link must go ''after the contact information, before the description''.  The name of the attraction must ''not'' be hyperlinked, because this looks bad if the list is printed (the URL pushes back more important info like the address) and also looks strange if not all attractions have homepages.
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The nitty-gritty details of formatting location listings can be found in the following pages:
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* [[Wikitravel:Liste pernottamenti]]
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* [[Wikitravel:Liste attrazioni]]
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* [[Wikitravel:Liste bar]]
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* [[Wikitravel:Liste ristoranti]]
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===Official links at the beginning of articles===
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:'''Clark''' [http://www.ourclark.com/] is a city in [[Union (county, New Jersey) | Union County]], [[New Jersey]].
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:or
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:'''Busan''' (부산, 釜山; [http://english.busan.go.kr/]), also '''Pusan''', is a city in [[South Gyeongsang]], [[South Korea]].
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For Wikitravel articles (such as [[Clark]] in the above example), if an official web site exists for the destination then it should be linked to within the first sentence of the article, immediately after the name of the destination.  ''Only primary links should be used''; a web site that is not maintained by the destination ''would not'' be appropriate.  For example, in the [[Disneyland]] article, a link to http://www.disneyland.com/ ''and only to that web site'' is appropriate.
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===Links within the article text===
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:[http://www.amtrak.com/ Amtrak] serves the [[Bay Area (California)|Bay Area]] with long-distance and intercity trains, but none of its trains actually enter San Francisco.
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Links within the article text should be kept to a minimum and should point only to primary sources.  Examples of valid links might include airline companies, bus companies, and sites offering daily updates and warnings about a destination's condition (for example the [http://www.nps.gov/deva/pphtml/newsdetail21509.html Death Valley Morning Report]).  For external links in text outside of listings the name ''should'' be linked.
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[[Wikitravel:Uso del grassetto|Use boldface to call out important topics]]: don't use boldface for every link.
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==Further guidelines==
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===Use short readable links===
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Remember that for print versions of Wikitravel, links will be presented in all their URLish ugliness. Readers of the print versions will have to ''type in by hand'' the URL that you add. For this reason, try to use the '''shortest URL possible''' for links, even if it means a little more work on the part of the reader when they click through a link. Where possible, try to trim out "housekeeping" stuff from the URL. You can almost always leave off "index.html", "index.htm", "index.asp" or "index.php" from a link, for example.
 +
 
 +
If http://www.example.com/ redirects automatically to a home page like http://www.example.com/home/index.asp?id=384&lang=en, use the shorter version, even though it's "really" going to the long version. Similarly, if http://www.example.net/ has a "splash screen" which eventually takes you to http://www.example.net/index2.htm or something, leave the top-level link in, even though the "real information" is located elsewhere.
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Of course, if the page you're linking to isn't at the "root" of the site, it makes sense to leave the path part of the URL in. Don't change http://examples.org/scottish-country-dance/ to http://examples.org/, since that top-level page probably doesn't have the same dance information.
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===English-language sites===
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This version of Wikitravel is for English-language speakers (but see [[Wikitravel:language versions of Wikitravel|language versions of Wikitravel]]). With few exceptions, it's preferable to include only links to '''English-language sites''' or pages. Sites don't have to be ''exclusively'' in English, but they should provide some English-language information that will be valuable to the traveller.
 +
 
 +
Many sites have the information in several languages, e.g., the local language and English. They handle this in different ways:
 +
 
 +
* Some use the browser's language preference in which case you just use a link to the main page. This has the advantage that if a non-English speaker uses the English Wikitravel and follows a link to a page also available in his/her language, the right version will be displayed. You will have to set you browser's language preference to English to test if there is an English version or you can enter the URL in a proxy such as [http://proxify.com Proxify]. You can [http://www.cs.tut.fi/cgi-bin/run/~jkorpela/lang.cgi check the language preference of your browser], also.
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* Some sites have an English version with a good permanent URL, such as: http://travel.example.com/english, use that URL
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* Some sites have a main page in a non-English language with a cryptic link to an English page, such as http://travel.example.com/fff?349sdshd.asp. This might not be a permanent link, so it is better to use the URL of the main page and let Wikitravel users find the current link to the English version.
 +
 
 +
===Unpack links===
 +
 
 +
A link is not a substitute for actual information. Our [[Wikitravel:goals and non-goals|goals]] include creating pages useful as printed guides. So, we need to include information that's at the other end of a link, even if it may seem redundant for on-line use.
 +
 
 +
For example, in a [[Wikitravel:restaurant listings|restaurant listing]], get the address, phone number, hours, and prices for the restaurant, even if it's ''right there'' on an external Web page. Someone using a printed guide won't have access to whatever's on that page.
 +
 
 +
===Print version===
 +
 
 +
Be aware that when Wikitravel articles are printed the Wikitravel stylesheets are set up so that the full URL of a link will automatically appear in text enclosed in parentheses immediately after the link text.  For example, an attraction listing would print as:
 +
 
 +
:*'''Asian Civilisations Museum at Empress Place''', 1 Empress Place, tel. +66 63327798, [1] (<nowiki>http://www.nhb.gov.sg/ACM</nowiki>).
 +
 
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==Casi speciali==
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===Open Directory Project===
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We have a special format that features links to the Open Directory Project in a special part of the page - see [[Wikitravel:Links a Open Directory|Links a Open Directory]].
 +
 
 +
===Wikipedia===
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Noi abbiamo un formato speciale che rappresentano links per wikipedia in un speciale parte del pagina - vedi [[Wikitravel:Links a Wikipedia]].
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== Vedi anche ==
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[[de:Wikitravel:Weblinks]]
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[[es:Wikitravel:Enlaces externos]]
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[[en:Wikitravel:External links]]
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[[fr:Wikitravel:Liens externes]]
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[[ja:Wikitravel:外部リンク]]
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[[pt:Wikitravel:Links externos]]
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[[sv:Wikitravel:Externa länkar]]

Versione delle 16:34, 25 ott 2008

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I Link esterni sono collegamenti ai siti al di fuori di Wikitravel. In general the Wikitravel policy is that external links should be kept to a bare minimum, and only links to primary sources should be used. There should not be an external links section on any article - see Where did the "External links" sections go?



Indice

Quali siti possono essere linkati

I links esterni devono mostrare una fonte principale. Per esempio:

  • Ente/ufficio turistico ufficiale della destinazione
  • Sito governativo ufficiale
  • Sito ufficiale dell'albergo
  • Sito ufficiale del ristorante/bar/discoteca
  • Sito ufficiale del museo, parco o altra attrazione turistica

Using only primary sources makes our guide more succinct: where there is usually one or sometimes two primary source links for any subject, there can be hundreds or thousands of secondary source links. We also avoid subjectivity and conflict. It's difficult to decide collaboratively which of the thousands of English-language newspapers, magazines, and Web sites has done the very best travel article about New York, but it's quite easy for everyone to agree that http://www.nycvisit.com/ is the official city visitor's guide.

Quali siti non possono essere linkati

Sono vietati i link a fonti secondarie. Per esempio:

  • Siti di prenotazione alberghiera
  • Guide e magazine alla vita notturna
  • Guide e magazine di ristoranti
  • Servizio di mappe
  • Giornali, riviste, o blog-articoli
  • Gallerie di immagini personali
  • Racconti di viaggi personali
  • Risultati di ricerca dei motori (http://www.google.com/search?q=Montreal )

In particolare evitate link alle altre guide turistiche. Vogliamo avere le informazioni in Wikitravel e non link da Wikitravel ad altre fonti. Formando una elenco di link ad altre guide turistiche, perderemo il nostro scopo... quello di creare una guida turistica nostra. In più l'utente che cerca informazioni su internet preferirà trovare più guide diverse per confrontarle tra di loro, piuttosto che una guida uguale in tutti i siti.

Usage and formatting of external links

There are three possible formats for "external" links. Only the first one is acceptable for listings:

Good

  • Footnote Link address, phone number(s). [1] External links in listing must be linked after all other location information, in the footnote style. To create a footnote style external link the syntax is [http://www.example.com/].

Bad

  • Front-linked. Must not be used in listings. The Wikitext looks like this (and is one of the main reasons we dont' do this, since the URL winds up being first): [http://www.example.com/ Link Text].
  • Unpacked http://www.example.com/. In general unpacked links are not used. If one must be included, simply type the URL with no additional wiki syntax: http://www.example.com/.

Links in listings

  • Asian Civilisations Museum at Empress Place, 1 Empress Place, tel. +66 63327798, [2]. One of Singapore's newest, largest and best-presented museums. As the name hints, all of Asia is covered in the scope, although naturally there is an emphasis on the cultures near and in Singapore. Open 9 AM to 7 PM daily. Admission $5, free Friday evenings 6-9 PM.

In this example, a primary link would be the web site of the hotel, bar, restaurant, or attraction that is being linked to. A primary link would not be a hotel guide, restaurant review, or booking agency. Thus, while the attraction listing for the Luxor Hotel in Las Vegas should include a link to http://www.luxor.com/, any other link would be inappropriate.

When listing specific attractions, restaurants, bars, and accommodations, the link must go after the contact information, before the description. The name of the attraction must not be hyperlinked, because this looks bad if the list is printed (the URL pushes back more important info like the address) and also looks strange if not all attractions have homepages.

The nitty-gritty details of formatting location listings can be found in the following pages:

Official links at the beginning of articles

Clark [3] is a city in Union County, New Jersey.
or
Busan (부산, 釜山; [4]), also Pusan, is a city in South Gyeongsang, South Korea.

For Wikitravel articles (such as Clark in the above example), if an official web site exists for the destination then it should be linked to within the first sentence of the article, immediately after the name of the destination. Only primary links should be used; a web site that is not maintained by the destination would not be appropriate. For example, in the Disneyland article, a link to http://www.disneyland.com/ and only to that web site is appropriate.

Links within the article text

Amtrak serves the Bay Area with long-distance and intercity trains, but none of its trains actually enter San Francisco.

Links within the article text should be kept to a minimum and should point only to primary sources. Examples of valid links might include airline companies, bus companies, and sites offering daily updates and warnings about a destination's condition (for example the Death Valley Morning Report). For external links in text outside of listings the name should be linked.

Use boldface to call out important topics: don't use boldface for every link.

Further guidelines

Use short readable links

Remember that for print versions of Wikitravel, links will be presented in all their URLish ugliness. Readers of the print versions will have to type in by hand the URL that you add. For this reason, try to use the shortest URL possible for links, even if it means a little more work on the part of the reader when they click through a link. Where possible, try to trim out "housekeeping" stuff from the URL. You can almost always leave off "index.html", "index.htm", "index.asp" or "index.php" from a link, for example.

If http://www.example.com/ redirects automatically to a home page like http://www.example.com/home/index.asp?id=384&lang=en, use the shorter version, even though it's "really" going to the long version. Similarly, if http://www.example.net/ has a "splash screen" which eventually takes you to http://www.example.net/index2.htm or something, leave the top-level link in, even though the "real information" is located elsewhere.

Of course, if the page you're linking to isn't at the "root" of the site, it makes sense to leave the path part of the URL in. Don't change http://examples.org/scottish-country-dance/ to http://examples.org/, since that top-level page probably doesn't have the same dance information.

English-language sites

This version of Wikitravel is for English-language speakers (but see language versions of Wikitravel). With few exceptions, it's preferable to include only links to English-language sites or pages. Sites don't have to be exclusively in English, but they should provide some English-language information that will be valuable to the traveller.

Many sites have the information in several languages, e.g., the local language and English. They handle this in different ways:

  • Some use the browser's language preference in which case you just use a link to the main page. This has the advantage that if a non-English speaker uses the English Wikitravel and follows a link to a page also available in his/her language, the right version will be displayed. You will have to set you browser's language preference to English to test if there is an English version or you can enter the URL in a proxy such as Proxify. You can check the language preference of your browser, also.
  • Some sites have an English version with a good permanent URL, such as: http://travel.example.com/english, use that URL
  • Some sites have a main page in a non-English language with a cryptic link to an English page, such as http://travel.example.com/fff?349sdshd.asp. This might not be a permanent link, so it is better to use the URL of the main page and let Wikitravel users find the current link to the English version.

Unpack links

A link is not a substitute for actual information. Our goals include creating pages useful as printed guides. So, we need to include information that's at the other end of a link, even if it may seem redundant for on-line use.

For example, in a restaurant listing, get the address, phone number, hours, and prices for the restaurant, even if it's right there on an external Web page. Someone using a printed guide won't have access to whatever's on that page.

Print version

Be aware that when Wikitravel articles are printed the Wikitravel stylesheets are set up so that the full URL of a link will automatically appear in text enclosed in parentheses immediately after the link text. For example, an attraction listing would print as:

  • Asian Civilisations Museum at Empress Place, 1 Empress Place, tel. +66 63327798, [1] (http://www.nhb.gov.sg/ACM).

Casi speciali

Open Directory Project

We have a special format that features links to the Open Directory Project in a special part of the page - see Links a Open Directory.

Wikipedia

Noi abbiamo un formato speciale che rappresentano links per wikipedia in un speciale parte del pagina - vedi Wikitravel:Links a Wikipedia.

Vedi anche

Varianti

Azioni

Docenti dell'articolo

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