Wikitravel:Convenzioni per la nomenclatura degli articoli: differenze tra le versioni
Versione delle 01:25, 1 giu 2009
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There's lots of places in the world, with lots of names in lots of languages. The following conventions are intended to make it easier to decide how to name articles, and how to read and find things in Wikitravel. Most of the following apply to destinations as well as other kinds of articles.
Use English for place names
This version of Wikitravel is in English (but see language versions of Wikitravel), so article names should be in English. If a place doesn't have a name originally in English — and, let's face it, most don't! — the most common English name should be used. This is true even if a more literal transliteration from the place's native language would look or sound different, or if the destination has an alternative "official" name that is not as common in practice.
If there are other names for a destination — especially the name in the local language! — by all means include that information in the article itself. For example, an English-speaking traveller to Lisbon should know that it's called Lisboa in Portuguese; they may be interested that it was called Olisipo by the Romans.
For remote or relatively unknown destinations where there just isn't a commonly-used English name, the title should be the most commonly-used name in the local language. For places where the local language doesn't use the English (or Latin) alphabet, try to form a Romanized version. Note that there are few destinations where someone hasn't made an English version of the name; check official tourist information from the local government, dictionaries, encyclopedias, other guidebooks, or other reference material for suggestions.
The guiding principle here is to make the articles easy to find and read for English-speaking users. Use common sense and consensus to resolve naming conflicts, and remember that the traveller comes first.
Use only Latin characters for all article names (not just place names). Latin characters are the letters A through Z, capitalized or not, with or without accents or diacritics. Latin characters are much, much easier for English-speaking readers and contributors to "sound out" or to type (say, for the search tool) than non-Latin characters. If using diacritics, please also create redirects (eg. Umea should redirect to Umeå).
See also: Romanization
The shorter we make our URLs, the easier they are to remember and the more likely people are to pass them around. For place names, the basic name of the place, without a whole bunch of localizing addenda, is the best. In other words, Denver is all you need to find the city of Denver, and not [[Denver, Colorado]] or [[Denver, Colorado, United States of America]]. The place of Denver in the world should be clear from the Denver page, or from the Colorado or even United States of America articles.
An exception to excluding hierarchy from article names is districts in a city. These have names of the form "Name of city/Name of district". Examples:
Sometimes different places have the same name -- for example, the city of Victoria in British Columbia and the state of Victoria in Australia. The rules here are a little complicated, but they go something like this:
If there are 3 places or more with the same name, use rule 1 first (for places on the same level of hierarchy) before using rule 2 (for places on a different level of hierarchy).
You can use a single pipe character to hide disambiguators; for example, [[Georgia (state)|]] will be automatically corrected to [[Georgia (state)|Georgia]] and appears as Georgia.
When two places share the same name a disambiguation page should be created. The name of this page should be the common name, for example Georgia, unless one place meets the "much more famous" exception, in which case the disambiguation page should be named "X (disambiguation)" where "X" is the common name (for example Buenos Aires (disambiguation)). Links in other articles that point to the disambiguation page should be redirected to the appropriate disambiguated page.
Most place names are capitalized in English. Short words like "of", "and", and "the" usually are not. So United States of America is the preferred capitalization.
For articles that aren't place names, capitalize the first word, and then don't capitalize things that don't need to be capitalized. For example, Discount airlines in Europe rather than "Discount Airlines In Europe", and Manual of style rather than "Manual of Style".
If a destination name normally starts with the word "the", leave it off for the article name.
Exception: The Hague, where "The" is a fixed part of the name.
Places called Saint or Mount something or other often have the name abbreviated as St. or Mt. something or other or even St or Mt something or other. To avoid confusion and multiple articles, the abbreviation should be avoided and the words spelled out in full, unless the official placename spelling uses the abbreviation.
Separate words with a single space character rather than apostrophes, dashes or hyphens, unless the place name is normally spelled that way.
Spell numbers out, unless they are actually part of the name. For example, use Eight mile junction instead of 8 mile junction as the number is spelled out on signs, though Route 66 or Highway 2 should be used if the names are normally displayed that way or if the number is routinely displayed on its own.
Try to avoid using non-alphabetic characters, even when they are actually part of the name. The following characters should be avoided if possible.
These and other special characters in article names may produce unexpected results. You could find the article to be unaddressable, unable to be moved easily or pages that link to the article may produce errors.
Section headings should follow most of the same formatting conventions as article titles. Section headings should usually come from the appropriate article template for a destination.
Many regions have local names that work well in the Wikitravel hierarchy, such as the Green Mountains or the Ozarks. In other cases the most common name might use a directional indicator, such as Northeast Ohio; in these cases it is important to remember to use the common name and to avoid the temptation to create a region with a name like "Northeast (Ohio)". In this case, someone visiting Ohio is not going to visit Northeast, they will be visiting Northeast Ohio. Exceptions to this rule include such regions as the Midwest (United States of America); the commonly used name really is the Midwest.