Distretto di Haidian (海淀区 Hǎidiàn Qū). Comprende il quartiere di Zhongguancun (中关村 Zhōngguāncūn), la "Silicon Valley" cinese e 39 università incluse quella di Pechino, Tsinghua e Renmin
Distretto di Fengtai (丰台区 Fēngtái Qū )
Distretto di Shijingshan (石景山区 Shíjǐngshān Qū)
Altri 8 distretti sono notevolmente più lontani dal centro:
Distretto di Mentougou (门头沟区 Méntóugōu Qū)
Distretto di Fangshan (房山区 Fángshān Qū)
Distretto di Tongzhou (通州区 Tōngzhōu Qū)
Distretto di Shunyi (顺义区 Shùnyì Qū)
Distretto di Changping (昌平区 Chāngpíng Qū)
Distretto di Daxing (大兴区 Dàxīng Qū)
Distretto di Pinggu (平谷区 Pínggǔ Qū)
Distretto di Huairou (怀柔区 Huáiróu Qū)
Eccezion fatta per Mentougou, questi distretti erano prima del 1988 contee al di fuori dei limiti amministrativi della città di Pechino.
Pechino: il palazzo d'Estate
Scams at the airport
Arrivo: Take your taxis from the stand outside, not the touts or desks inside, and insist on the meter.
Be aware of another scam where impostors who pretend to work for the taxi company pose at the official-looking stands outside offering rides to the city (especially in the non-regular hours where there are not many people about). You will be led into a "taxi" with a fake meter (which could be hidden) which runs very quickly (¥200-300 to the city). Read the section on taxis for details on how to distinguish between fake and legitimate taxis.
Partenza: Ignore any people walking around offering to sell you an exit fee ticket/receipt. There used to be an airport construction (or exit) fee of ¥90, but now it is included in the plane ticket.
Il modo più economico per raggiungere il centro è l'airport shuttle (tel. +86 10 64594375/64594376). Esistono diverse linee che collegano l'aeroporto con le varie zone di Pechino. Gli autobus partono ogni 10-30 minuti e il biglietto di andata costa ¥16. Sul sito è disponibile la mappa dei collegamenti. Seguite le indicazioni degli autobus (机场巴士 Jīchǎng Bāshì) per prendere la giusta direzione:
Linea 1 (per Fangzhuang): 1. Liàngmǎqiáo (亮马桥); 2. Báijiāzhuāng (白家庄); 3. Dàběiyáo (大北窑)/World Trade Centre (国贸 Guómào); 4. Pānjiāyuán (潘家园); 5. Shílǐhé (十里河)/KingWing Hot Spring International Hotel (京瑞大厦 Jīngruì Dàshà ); 6. Fāngzhuāng (方庄)/Guiyou Shopping Mall (贵友大厦 Guìyǒu Dàshà). Orario: dalle 7.30 alle 22.30. Le fermate al ritorno sono 6, 3 e l'aeroporto. La linea 1 è consigliata a chi è diretto nella zona sudest della città.
Linea 2 (per Xidan): 1. Sānyuánqiáo (三元桥;) 2. Dōngzhímén (东直门); 3. Dōngsìshítiáo Bridge (东四十条桥); 4. Xīdān (西单)/Civil Aviation Building (民航营业大厦 Mínháng Yíngyè Dàshà). Le fermate al ritorno sono 4, 2 e l'aeroporto. Orario: dalle 7.00 fino all'ultimo volo. La linea 2 è consigliata a chi è diretto nella zona sud-ovest della città.
Linea 3 (per la Stazione Ferroviaria di Pechino): 1. Yuyang Hotel (渔阳饭店 Yúyáng fàndiàn); 2. Dōngdàqiáo (东大桥, bypassed after 22:30); 3. Cháoyángmén (朝阳门); 4. Yǎbǎolù (雅宝路); 5. Beijing Railway Station (北京站 Běijīng zhàn). Orario: dalle 7.30 fino all'ultimo volo. Al momento la fermata della Stazione Ferroviaria è posta all'uscita ovest dell'International Hotel (国际饭店 Guójì Fàndiàn), attraverso la Chang'an Avenue. Le fermate al ritorno sono 5, Dōngzhímén, il Jingxin Building West Gate (京信大厦西门 Jīngxìn Dàshà Xīmén) e l'aeroporto. La linea 3 è consigliata a chi è diretto nel centro e sudest di Pechino, e nei distretti di Chaoyang, Chongwen e Dongcheng.
Linea 4 (per Gongzhufen): 1. China International Exhibition Centre (国际展览中心 Guójì Zhǎnlǎn Zhōngxīn); 2. Xībàhé (西坝河); 3. Anzhen Bridge (安贞桥 Ānzhēnqiáo); 4. Madian Bridge (马甸桥 Mǎdiàn Qiáo); 5. Běitàipíngzhuāng (北太平庄); 6. Jimen Bridge (蓟门桥 Jìmén Qiáo); 7. Friendship Hotel (友谊宾馆 Yǒuyì Bīnguǎn); 8. Beijing TV Station (北京电视台 Běijīng Diànshìtái); 9. Zizhu Bridge (紫竹桥 Zǐzhú Qiáo); 10. Hangtian Bridge (航天桥 Hángtiān Qiáo); 11. Gongzhufen (公主坟 Gōngzhǔfén)/Xinxing Hotel (新兴宾馆 Xīnxīng Bīnguǎn). Le fermate al ritorno sono 11, 7, 5, 3 e l'aeroporto. Orario: dalle 7.00 alle 23.00. La linea 4 è consigliata a chi è diretto nella zona nord e nord-ovest della città e al distretto Haidian.
Linea 5 (per Zhongguancun): 1. Wàngjīng (望京)/Huājiādì (花家地); 2. Xiǎoyíng (小营); 3. Asian Games Village (亚运村 Yàyùncūn)/Anhui Bridge (安慧桥 Ān huìqiáo); 4.Xueyuan Bridge (学院桥 Xuéyuàn qiáo); 5. Zhongguancun Bridge No. 4 (中关村四号桥 Zhōngguāncūn Sìhào qiáo). Le fermate al ritorno sono 5, Università dell'Aeronautica di Pechino uscita nord (北航北门 Běiháng Běimén), Huixin West Street (惠新西街 Huìxīn XīJiē)/Anhui Building (安徽大厦 Ānhuī Dàshà), Huixin Dongjie (惠新东街 Huìxīn Dōngjiē)/SINOPEC (中国石化集团 Zhōngguó Shíhuà Jítuán) e l'aeroporto. Orario: dalle 8.30 alle 21.30. La linea 5 è consigliata a chi è diretto nella zona nord della città, specialmente nel distretto universitario a Haidian.
L'autobus pubblico #359 parte dall'aeroporto per Dongzhimen, dove c'è la stazione della metro 2 e 13, ma non è un collegamento veloce e conveniente.
Numerosi ostelli e alberghi lussuosi dispongono di servizio shuttle. Informatevi prima se anche il vostro albergo offre questo tipo di servizio.
Stazione di Pechino Est (北京东站 Běijīng Dōngzhàn). Solo un collegamento odierno per Chengde.
Stazione di Pechino Sud (北京南站 Běijīng Nánzhàn). Riaprirà nel 2008 per offrire un servizio superveloce per Tianjin.
Pechino: stato attuale della rete dei trasporti
La metro è un mezzo eccellente per muoversi in modo veloce. Al momento a Pechino esistono 4 linee:
Linea 1 collega l'area industriale Pingguoyuan nella zona ovest con Sihui East nella zona est di Pechino. Ha 21 fermate e segue la via principale Chang'an Dajie. Collega Xidan, Tian'anmen East e West, Wangfujing, Dongdan, Guomao e Yong'anli. Le stazioni di cambio linea sono Fuxingmen (Linea 2), Jianguomen (Linea 2) e Sihui/Sihui East (Batong Line).
Linea 2 segue la 2nd Ring Road. La fermata di maggior interesse è Qianmen. Le stazioni di cambio sono Fuxingmen (Linea 1), Jianguomen (Linea 1), Xizhimen (Linea 13) e Dongzhimen (Linea 13).
Linea 13 da Dongzhimen via Huilongguan verso Xizhimen. Le stazioni di cambio sono Xizhimen e Dongzhimen (entrambe Linea 2).
Linea Batong collega la zona est, da Sihui a Tuqiao. Le stazioni di cambio sono Sihui e Sihui East (entrambe Linea 1). Questa linea non è molto utile ai turisti.
Altre 7 linee sono in fase di costruzione per i Giochi Olimpici del 2008.
Le entrate della metro sono identificate da una grande lettera B di colore blu e una piccola lettera D.
I biglietti si acquistano presso gli sportelli. Ricordatevi che se desiderate due biglietti non indicate usando il pollice e l'indice (significherebbe 8 e non 2) perché in Cina i numeri mostrati con le dita hanno significato diverso.
I biglietti per la Linea 1 e 2 costano ¥3 e lo scambio tra queste due linne è incluso nel prezzo. Per la Linea 13 il costo del bilgietto è di ¥3 e per la Linea Batong è di ¥2. Se dovete effettuare uno scambio dalla Linea 13 o Linea Batong prendete il biglietto per questa combinazione (Linea 2 e 13 costa: ¥5, Linea 1 e Batong costa: ¥4).
Tutte le linee usano biglietti cartacei, eccetto la Linea 13 che ha i biglietti magnetici. Se trasbordate dalla Linea 13 alla 2, dovete cambiare il biglietto magnetico con quello cartaceo nelle cabine prima delle barriere automatiche.
Esiste anche un nuovo sistema di biglietti prepagati (一卡通 Yīkātōng). La carta costa ¥20 e tutte le corse poi costano ¥3. Può essere usata anche per le riduzioni dei biglietti degli autobus.
Once known as a nation of bicycles, China today has a growing number of private car owners. Still, you are guaranteed to see more bikes than anywhere else in your life. Exploring Beijing on a bike is excellent since the city is flat as a pancake, and all major streets have bike lanes. Bicycling is often faster than car, taxi or bus because of the traffic congestion in the motorized traffic lanes.
Four-wheeled motorized traffic in Beijing usually observes traffic signals with the exception of making turns on red lights which is often done without slowing or deferring to pedestrians or bicyclists. Pedestrians, bicycles and all other vehicles (for example, motorized bicycles, mopeds and tricycles) generally do not observe traffic signals. Also, cars, trucks and buses do not defer to bicyclists on the road so it is common for a vehicle to make a right turn from an inside lane across a bike lane with no concern for bicyclists traveling in the bike lane. Sometimes a right-turning vehicle crossing a bike lane will sound its horn as a warning, but not always. Bicyclists also need to be on the lookout for wrong-way traffic in the bike lanes, usually bicycles and tricycles but sometimes motor vehicles, too. Wrong-way traffic usually stays close to the curb so you move to the left to get by them, but not always. Helmets are not worn by bicycling Beijingers. Nor are lights used at night with few bikes even having rear reflectors. The moderate pace and sheer numbers of bicyclists in Beijing appears to make bike travel safer than it would be otherwise.
While you will see bicyclists use many creative paths across wide, busy intersections in Beijing, the safest way for bicyclists is to observe the traffic signals (there are often special signals for bicyclists) and to make left turns in two steps as a pedestrian would. But if you spend any significant amount of time bicycling in Beijing, you will probably start adopting more creative approaches. These can be learned by finding a local bicyclist going your way and following him or her across the intersection.
Several professional bike rental companies, as well as major hotels and some hostels, rent bikes on an hourly basis. For those who need the security of a guide, a bike touring company like Bicycle Kingdom Rentals & Tours would be a great way to go.
If you are staying more than a few days a reasonable bike can be bought for ¥300. Ensure that you have a good lock included in the price no matter how cheap the bike as I have seen even a $10 bike disappear from local bars. The cheapest bikes are not worth the additional savings as you will get what you pay for. The cheapest bikes will start to deteriorate as soon as you begin to ride, so spend a little more and get a bike in the 300-400 range. I am sure that you can get a bike for less, but I got a "Giant" brand bike with a heavy duty lock and basket for ¥350. Bike rentals may have good bikes, but you pay a high price and run the risk of the bike being stolen.
Beijing's bus system is cheap, convenient and covers the entire city—perfect for locals but, alas, difficult to use if you don't understand Chinese. The bus staff speak little English, and only a few bus lines in the city center broadcast stop names in English. Bus stop signs are also entirely in Chinese. But should you speak Chinese or have a healthy sense of adventure, a bus can get you almost anywhere, and often somewhere that you never intended to go: it's a great way to see parts of the city that tourists normally don't visit.
A flurry of shiny new buses have arrived on the streets in preparation for the Olympics. Many buses now feature air-conditioning (heating in winter), TVs, a scrolling screen that displays stops in Chinese, and a broadcast system that announces stops. If you are having problems navigating the bus system, call the English-speaking operators at the Beijing Public Transportation Customer Helpline (96166).
Warning: Beijing buses can get very crowded so be prepared and keep an eye on your valuables. Many pickpockets frequent buses and subways, so carry backpacks in the front, and try to put your valuables somewhere hard to access. Be aware of a scam offering bus rides to the Great Wall masquerading as the real bus service. Instead of directly driving to the Great Wall, you will instead be led to a series of tours to dilapidated theme parks, tourist shops, museums, etc before finally reaching the Great Wall near the end of the day.
Bus lines are numbered from 1-999. Buses under 300 serve the city center. Buses 300 and up run between the city center and more distant areas (such as beyond the Third Ring Road). Buses in the 900s connect Beijing with its "rural" districts (i.e., Changping, Yanqing, Shunyi, etc) that are not considered part of Beijing proper.
Full maps of the system are available only in Chinese. The Beijing Public Transport Co. website has limited information in English, but the Chinese version has a very helpful routing service with an interactive map. You can input your starting point and your ending point and see all the bus routes that will get you from A to B, look up a bus route by number, or input a place name and see all the routes that go stop there.
Fares and operating hours
Most buses with a line number under 200 run daily from 5:00 to 23:00. Buses with a line number greater than 300 run from 6:00 till 20:00-22:00. All buses with a line number in the 200s are night buses. Many routes get very crowded during rush hours (6:30-9:00 and 17:00-19:00). On all major holidays, there will be more frequent service on most city routes.
For passengers paying by cash: Lines 1-199 operate on a flat rate of ¥1 per journey. Lines 300-899 charge ¥1 for the first 12km of each journey and ¥0.5 for each additional 5km. Buses with air-condition (800-899) start at ¥2. The night buses (200-299) charge ¥2 per journey.
For passengers paying by the new pre-paid Smart Card (yikatong): Lines 1-499 operate on a flat rate of ¥0.40 per journey. Lines 500-899 get 60% off the cash price. There are also 3-day, 7-day and 15-day passes available for travelers. There is no return ticket or day ticket.
Minibuses are very common in the countryside outside the urban areas. Privately operated, most trips cost less than ¥10 per short journey and only a little more for longer journeys.
a Citroen taxi with dark red paint. Note the small blue label with white word "TAXI" on the top left of the windshield
Taxis are the preferred choice for getting around, as they are convenient and are fairly inexpensive for travelers from Western countries. The only downside is that Beijing's congested traffic often results in long jams. Vehicles used as taxis include the Hyundai Sonata and Elantra, Volkswagen Santana and Jetta (the old model, designed in the 1980s), and China-made Citroens. These taxis are dark red, or yellow top with dark blue bottom, or painted with new colors (see picture). Luxurious black executive cars (usually Audis) can also be found, usually waiting outside hotels.
Fares and meters
Beginning from June 2006, all taxis charge a starting fee of ¥10, and an additional ¥2 per kilometer after the first 3km. Taxi meters keep running when the speed is slower than 12km per hr. or when waiting for green lights; five minutes of waiting time equals 1 km running. Outside of rush hour, an average trip through the city costs around ¥20-25, and a cross-town journey about ¥50 (for example, from the city center to the northern side of the Fourth Ring Road).
If the taxi driver "forgets" to switch the taxi meter on, remind him or her by politely saying "qǐng dǎ biǎo" (请打表) (pronunciation: qǐng slightly like "ching", da like "Dalai Lama", biao= b(b in "blue") -i(y in "yen") -ao(au in "Austria"). This means "Run the meter, please". Get a receipt (in case you want to make a complaint later or for business reimbursement purposes) by saying "fā piào" (发票) or gesturing at the meter and making a writing motion.
new paint of Beijing taxis, with a dark yellow strip and name of the taxi company in the center, and other parts are dark reddish brown (also could be white, dark green or dark blue)
If you want a tour around Beijing and its vicinities, you can ask your hotel to hire a cab for one day or several days. It usually costs ¥400-600 per day, depending on where you go. If you have Chinese-speaking assistance, then bargain down the cost. No matter the cost, the taxi is yours for the day and will wait for you at various destinations.
Communicating with the drivers can be a problem, as most do not speak English. You can ask that your hotel write your destination on a card to give to the driver. Make sure also to take the hotel's card (and a map) that lists the hotel's address in Chinese. This can be a 'get out of jail free' card if you get lost and need to get back via taxi. A regular city map with streets and sights in Chinese will help also.
Avoiding scams and fakes
All official taxis have license plates beginning with the letter "B", as in "京B". "Black cabs" may look like taxis but their license plates will start with letters other than B. It's nearly impossible to hail a black cab on the streets; they generally hang out around tourist sights like the Great Wall and the Summer Palace or around subway stops. Black cabs will charge you a higher fee for the journey, unless you are a good bargainer, know where you are going, and know what the right fare should be. Sometimes they drop foreign tourists in wrong places. In some extreme cases, the driver may even take them to the countryside and rob them. If you find you hired a fake taxi and are overcharged, don't argue if you are alone, pay the driver and remember the car's license plate number, then call police later.
To avoid being taken advantage of, it is a good idea to know the rough direction, cost, and distance of your destination. You can easily find this out from asking locals before calling a cab. Verify these values with the taxicab driver to show them that you are in the know, and are probably too much trouble to cheat. Keep track of the direction of travel with a compass and/or the sun. If the cab goes in the wrong direction for a long distance, verify the location with the taxi driver. For scamming drivers, that is usually enough for them to go back on the right track (without ever acknowledging that they were trying to cheat you). Honest drivers will explain why they are going that way.
Keep in mind that central Beijing can be off limits at certain times, forcing cabs to reroute. And some roads forbid left turns (with big road signs) either at certain hours or all the time, so the driver might make a detour.
Renting a car normally is not recommended for the ordinary visitor. Besides being extremely expensive, driving in Beijing can be quite complicated, language difficulties included. Many hotels, however, rent cars that come with drivers, for those who can afford it, up to ¥1000 per day.
BCNC Car Rental. Toll-free in China 010800/810-9001 (email@example.com). Based at the Capital Airport, this agency is appointed as an option by several guides. An air ticket is required, as well as an international driving license. Mind you that deposits can be huge, and there are extra charges for permission to venture beyond the city limits.
Avis also operates a car-rental service in Beijing.
Piazza Tiananmen (天安门广场 Tiānānmén Guǎngchǎng) è la piazza più grande al mondo.
Tempio del Cielo (天坛 Tiāntán)
Palazzo d'Estate (颐和园 Yíhé yuán)
Yonghegong o Tempio dei Lama (雍和宮 Yōnghégōng)
Colline profumate (香山 Xiāng Shān)
Zoo di Pechino (北京动物园 Běijīng Dòngwù Yuán)
Parco Beihai (北海 Běihǎi)
Prince Gong's Mansion (恭王府 Gōngwáng Fǔ)
Giardino botanico (北京植物园 Běijīng Zhíwù Yuán)
Hutongs (胡同 Hútòng)
Museo Militare della Rivoluzione Popolare Cinese (中国人民革命军事博物馆 Zhōngguó Rénmín Gémìng Jūnshì Bówùguǎn)
Museo dell'Aviazione Cinese
Folclore e manifestazioni
Olimpiadi dall'8 al 24 agosto la città ospiterà i Giochi Olimpici e dal 6 al 17 settembre i Giochi Paraolimpici 
Opportunità di studio
Opportunità di lavoro
Red Lantern House hostel
Red Lantern House, No.5 Zhengjue Hutong, Xinjie Kou, Xicheng District, ☎ +8610 66115771/66169477 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Absolutely adorable hostel with a genuine Chinese feeling. The courtyard in the middle is a great place to hang out, talk to new friends or just sit by yourself and read. Its location in a classical Hutong adds to the feel of experiencing the real China. They offer airport pickup for ¥160Dorm beds from ¥45, singles from ¥130, doubles from ¥140..
Qiao Yuan Fandian: Located not far west from Beijing South train station. About ¥20 from Beijing Zhan (Beijing Train station) by taxi, or take buses 744 or 20; best from Qianmen near Tiananmen Square. There's a whopping ¥200 deposit but 4 bed dorms with a/c are reasonably priced at ¥31 or ¥260/360 for standard suites, the more expensive option in the building in the back (newer). Level 6 has a laundry, kitchen, and travel agency. Internet access is located towards the train station (look for the fish net character (网) on the signs, or ask for 'wang ba') or a few blocks away to the west near KFC, McDonalds and a supermarket. Plenty of eating is nearby, and also don't miss the Art Deco interior of a hotel/restaurant when its lit up at night (head towards KFC).
Beijing City Central Youth Hostel, Located directly across from Beijing Zhan (Beijing train station), . Dorms ¥60 (4-8 beds). Doubles with shared bathrooms ¥160..
Beijing Saga International Youth Hostel, No. 9 Shijia Hutong, Dongcheng District. Tel. 86-10-65272773, 65249098, Sagayangguang. This place is about a 15 minute walk from the Beijing Main Railway Station. From the station, follow the road North past the Beijing International Hotel. After about a ten minute walk look for the hostel sign with an arrow pointing down one of the hutongs on the left side. The hostel is very popular with backpackers. They charge ¥180 for a triple room, ¥160 for a double room and ¥40-50 for a bed in a dormitory (the price depends on how many beds are in the room). There's a restaurant on the top floor. The staff speaks some English.
Beijing Far East Youth Hostel, 90 Tie Shu Xie Jie, Xuan Wu District. Tel. 86-10-51958811. It's in a traditional Chinese courtyard, about 10 minutes walking from Tiananmen Square. The Far East Youth Hostel has become very famous after having been added to major travel guides. During summer time you should book one week in advance.
Leo's Hostel is a good alternative to the Far East and is just around the corner. Leo's Hostel is in the same road as the Far East, has a free Playstation 2, Internet, Pool, lockers, maps, guides, magazines etc. It is well known for its friendly staff and lively bar atmosphere. It has a beautiful courtyard, with dorm rooms (¥45-70) as well as private rooms (¥160-200) Tel: (10) 63031595 or (10) 63033318.
Changgong Hotel is one of the cheapest places in the Qianmen Hutong. It has an traditional arichitecture and is just next door from Far East and Leo's. Don't try to find any of the narrow roads on the map. Navigation is only possible by asking or in a rickshaw. Dormbeds are ¥35, a triple room is ¥210. Tel: (10) 63015088 or (10) 63032665.
Eastern Morning Youth Hostel is a great budget option if price is your primary concern. The hostel is located in the basement of the Oriental Plaza shopping/office/residential complex next to Wangfujing. Private rooms cost about ¥90 per night - book in advance. The staff does not speak much English but are friendly. Internet access is available at ¥10 per hour. The hostel is located on Dongdan Santiao (which runs behind Oriental Plaza). It is a 5 minute walk to the Dongdan or Wangfujing subway stations and about a 15 minute walk to the International Hotel airport shuttle stop. Tel: (10) 65284347
Jing Yi Shi Hotel is located between Leo hostel and Far East Y/H. The hotel is traditional siheyuan and has beautiful courtyard. The staff does not speak much English but are very friendly. There are two PCs available, Internet access costs ¥10 per hour. Twin room costs ¥150, 180, 220. Tel: 86-10-63043822
Houhai Youth Hostel is one of the most mysterious and charming old-Beijing style courtyard inns, which is located in Sanbulao Hutong in Houhai. Its only 5 minutes by foot to the Houhai Lake. They provide free services such as a map of Beijing, tour of HuTong(traditional courtyard house), tea, Internet access, satellite TV & DVD access, usage of kitchen, baggage deposit. The staff speak English, and there is parking as well. Each single rooms cost $15 and up. Dorm beds cost $6 and up. Contact: Tel:0086-10-66128458,mobil:0086-13439801676,email:Guang_wang1980@hotmail.com