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{{language
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'''Zazaki''' or '''Zazaish''' is the main languange spoken in the [[Anatolia]] region of [[Turkey]].
|name=Zazaki
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|nativename=Zazaki, Dimili, Kirmanjki, Dimli, Dimilki, So-Bê, Zonê Ma
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|states=[[Turkey]], [[Germany]], [[Georgia (country)|Georgia]], [[Kazakhstan]]
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|region=Eastern Turkey ([[Bingöl Province|Bingöl]], [[Elazığ Province|Elazığ]], [[Tunceli Province|Tunceli]], [[Diyarbakır Province|Diyarbakır]], [[Erzincan Province|Erzincan]], [[Erzurum Province|Erzurum]], [[Muş Province|Muş]], [[Sivas Province|Sivas]], [[Gümüşhane Province|Gümüşhane]], [[Şanlıurfa Province|Şanlıurfa]], and [[Adıyaman Province|Adıyaman]]), diasporic in [[Mutki]], [[Sarız]], [[Aksaray Province|Aksaray]], [[Batum]], and [[Taraz]]
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|speakers=1 - 2 million in Turkey, unknown numbers elsewhere
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|familycolor=Indo-European
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|fam2=[[Indo-Iranian languages|Indo-Iranian]]
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|fam3=[[Iranian languages|Iranian]]
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|fam4=Western
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|fam5=Northwestern
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|fam6=[[Zaza-Gorani]]
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|iso2=ira
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|lc1=diq|ld1=Dimli (Southern Zazaki)|ll1=Dimli language
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|lc2=kiu|ld2=Kirmanjki (Northern Zazaki)|ll2=Kirmanjki language
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|map=[[Image:Zaza_DialectsMap.gif|thumb|center|280px|The regions where Zazaki is spoken in Turkey. (With three main dialect areas)]]}}
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'''Zazaki''' ('''Zazaish''') is a language spoken by [[Zaza people|Zazas]] in eastern [[Anatolia]] ([[Turkey]]).  According to [[Ethnologue]], the Zazaki language is a part of the northwestern group of the [[Iranian languages|Iranian]] section of the [[Indo-Iranian]] branch of the [[Indo-European languages|Indo-European]] family. 
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==Pronunciation guide==
==Zazaki dialects and regional variants==
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There are there main Zazaki dialects:
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*'''Northern Zazaki''' [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=diq]: It is spoken in [[Tunceli]], [[Erzincan]], [[Erzurum]], [[Sivas]],
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===Vowels===
Gumushane, Mus (Varto), Kayseri (Sariz) proviences.
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Sub-dialects are:
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:*West-Dersim
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:*East-Dersim
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:*Varto
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:*Border Dialects like Sarız, Koçgiri (Giniyan-idiom)
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*'''Central Zazaki''': It is spoken in [[Elazig]], [[Bingol]], Diyarbakir proviences.
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===Consonants===
Sub-dialects are:
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:*Bingol
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:*Palu
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:*Border Dialects like Hani, Kulp, Lice, Ergani, Piran
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*'''Southern Zazaki''' [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=kiu]: It is spoken [[Sanliurfa]] (Siverek), [[Diyarbakir]] (Cermik,
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===Common diphthongs===
Egil), [[Adiyaman]], [[Malatya]] proviences.
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Sub-dialects are:
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:*Siverek
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:*Cermik, Gerger
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:*Border Dialects like Mutki and Aksaray
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==Zazaki literature and broadcast programs==
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==Phrase list==
The first written statements in the Zazaki language were compiled by the linguist Peter Lerch in 1850.  Two other important documents are the religious writings (Mewlıd) of Ehmedê Xasi of 1899, and of Usman Efendiyo Babıc (published in [[Damascus]] in 1933); both of these works were written in the Arabic alphabet.
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The use of the [[Latin alphabet]] to write Zazaki became popular only in the diaspora in [[Sweden]], [[France]] and [[Germany]] at the beginning of the 1980sThis was followed by the publication of magazines and books in Turkey, particularly in [[Istanbul]]The efforts of Zaza intellectuals to advance the comprehensibility of their native language by alphabetizing were not fruitless: the number of publications in Zaza has multipliedThe rediscovery of the native culture by Zaza intellectuals not only caused a renaissance of Zaza language and culture, it also triggered feelings among younger generations of [[Zaza]]s (who, however, rarely speak Zaza as a mother tongue) in favor of this modern Western use of the Zaza language, rekindling their interest in their ancestral language. The diaspora, has also generated a limited amount of Zaza-language broadcastingMoreover, after restrictions were removed on local languages in [[Turkey]] during their move toward accession to the [[European Union]], the state-owned [[TRT]] television lanched a Zazaki TV program and a radio program on Fridays.
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===Basics===
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; Hello. : . ('' '')
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; Hello. (''informal'') :  . ('' '')
 +
; How are you? :  ? ('' ?'')
 +
; Fine, thank you. : . ('' '')
 +
; What is your name? :  ? ('' ?'')
 +
; My name is ______ . :  ______ . (''  _____ .'')
 +
; Nice to meet you. : . ('' '')
 +
; Please. : . ('' '')
 +
; Thank you. :  . ('' '')
 +
; You're welcome. :  . ('' '')
 +
; Yes. :  . ('' '')
 +
; No. :  . ('' '')
 +
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') :  . ('' '')
 +
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') :  . ('' '')
 +
; I'm sorry. :  . ('' '')
 +
; Goodbye :  . ('' '')
 +
; Goodbye (''informal'') :  . ('' '')
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; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. :  [ ]. ('' [ ]'')
 +
; Do you speak English? :  ? ('' ?'')
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;  Is there someone here who speaks English? : ? ('' ?'')
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; Help! :  ! ('' !'')
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; Look out! :  ! ('' !'')
 +
; Good morning. . ('' '')
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; Good evening. : . ('' '')
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; Good night. :  . ('' '')
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; Good night (''to sleep'') :  . ('' '')
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; I don't understand. :  . ('' '')
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; Where is the toilet? :  ? ('' ?'')
  
==Comparison between Zazaki, Persian, Kurdish, English, and Turkish==
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===Problems===
{| class="wikitable"
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!Zazaki    ||Persian      || Kurdish  ||English  ||Turkish
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|--
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| bâlişna || bâlesh  ||balinc || pillow || yastık
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|--
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|  bermayiş || gerye|| girîn || cry  ||  aglama
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|--
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| dew || deh || dê / gund || village || köy
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|--
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| estor || asp / astar || Esp / êstir || horse || at
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|-- 
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| homa    || xoda ||xwedê || god / deity|| tanrı
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|--
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| gişt ||  angosht || tili/qamik/bêçî/engust || finger || parmak
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|--
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| mase || mahi || masî || fish || balik
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|--
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| tarîk || tarik || tarîk || dark ||karanlik
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|--
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| vızêr || dirouz || duh  || yesterday || dun
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|--
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| waşte || nâm-zad || dergisî|| fiancé || sözlü / nişanlı
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|--
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| xoz || xok || xû / berez || pig || domuz
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|}
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==Controversy over classification==
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===Numbers===
As with many other languages in the region, the exact positioning of Zazaki in terms of language families is controversial; it parallels a similar controversy about the relationship of the various [[ethnic group]]s and is politically fraught. [[Ethnologue]] favors the following hierarchy: [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=90046]
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*Northwestern [[Iranian languages]]
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===Time===
**[[Kurdish language]]
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*** [[Kurmanji language]]
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*** other sublanguages/dialects of Kurdish
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** [[Zaza-Gorani]] language group
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*** '''Dimli/Zazaki'''
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*** [[Gorani (Kurds)|Gorani]]
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Linguists connect the word Dimli with the [[Daylamite]]s in the [[Alborz]] Mountains near the shores of [[Caspian Sea]] in [[Iran]] and believe that the [[Zaza]] have migrated from [[Daylamestan]] towards the west. Zazaki shows many connections the [[Iranian languages|Iranian dialects]] of the Caspian region.
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====Clock time====
  
The language differs from most Persian dialects in that it contains archaic strains of [[Hurrian language|Hurrian]]; it has this in common with the languages [[Auramani]] ([[Hawrami]] or [[Gorani]]) and [[Bajelani]], and these languages are put together in the [[Zaza-Gorani]] language group, but also ''Goran-Zazaistan'' by those who want emphasize their distinctness from the Kurds.
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====Duration====
  
Hawrami and Bajelani are spoken in region of northern [[Iraq]] sometimes referred to as Southern [[Kurdistan]]. Hurrian itself is extinct; however it is thought to have had a close relationship to modern [[Chechen language|Chechen]] and was a member of the [[Alarodian languages|Alarodian]] language family. On the other hand, the [[Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies]] (CAIS) lists Zazaki as a dialect of [[Kurdish language]] [http://www.cais-soas.com/CAIS/Languages/kordi_language.htm].
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====Days====
The US State Department "Background Note" lists Zaza as one of the major languages of Turkey, along with [[Turkish language|Turkish]] (official), [[Kurdish language|Kurdish]], [[Armenian language|Armenian]], [[Greek language|Greek]], and [[Arabic language|Arabic]]. [http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3432.htm]. However, [[Encyclopaedia Britannica]] lists Zazaki as a subdialect of [[Kurdish language]] [http://0-www.search.eb.com.library.uor.edu/eb/article-9046467?query=Kurdish%20language&ct=eb].
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==Some linguistic studies on Zazaki (Zazaish)==
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====Months====
*Paul, Ludwig. (1998)  ''"The Position of Zazaki Among West Iranian languages"''  University of Hamburg,[http://www.azargoshnasp.net/languages/zazaki/zazakipositionof.pdf].
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*Lynn Todd, Terry. (1985) ''"A Grammar of Dimili"'' University of Michigan,[http://www21.brinkster.com/miyaheqi/culture/Article.asp?ArticleID=96&LanguageID=3&TypeID=18&Rnd=281].
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*Gippert, Jost. (1996)  ''"Historical Development of Zazaki"''  Frankfurt University,[http://home.arcor.de/fidemes/zaza-tarih.pdf].
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*Gajewski, Jon. (2003)  ''"Evidentiality in Zazaki"'' Massachusetts Institute of Technology,[http://www21.brinkster.com/miyaheqi/culture/Article.asp?ArticleID=463&LanguageID=3&TypeID=18&Rnd=250].
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*Gajewski, Jon. (2004)  ''"Zazaki Notes"'' Massachusetts Institute of Technology,[http://ocw.mit.edu/NR/rdonlyres/Linguistics-and-Philosophy/24-942Grammar-of-a-Less-Familiar-LanguageSpring2003/9ED64248-F6F0-4F4F-AADD-839C31DD715E/0/112622.pdf].
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*Larson, Richard. and Yamakido, Hiroko. (2006) ''"Zazaki as Double Case-Marking"'' Stony Brook University and University of Arizona,[http://semlab5.sbs.sunysb.edu/~rlarson/lsa06ly.pdf].
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*Iremet, Faruk. (1996)  "The difference between Zaza, Kurdish and Turkish"  Stockholm, Sweden,[http://zazapress.tripod.com/english/English.html#farukiremet].
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==References==
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====Writing time and date====
*Raymond Gordon, Jr., Editor.  Ethnologue: Languages of the World.  Fifteenth Edition. (Classification of Zazaki Language.)
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*Paul, Ladwig. (1998) The Position of Zazaki Among West Iranian languages. (Classification of Zazaki Language.)
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===Colors===
  
*Bozdağ, Cem and Üngör, Uğur.  Zazas and Zazaki. (Zazaki Literature.)
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===Transportation===
  
*Blau, ''Gurani et Zaza'' in R. Schmitt, ed., ''Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum'', Wiesbaden, 1989, ISBN 3882264136, pp. 336-40 (About Daylamite origin of Zaza-Guranis)
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====Bus and train====
  
==External links==
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====Directions====
*[http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=diq Dimli] (on the [[Ethnologue]] site)
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*[http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=kiu Kirmanjki] (on the Ethnologue site)
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*[http://www.zazaki.de Academic Research Center of Zazaki] - (In several languages, including English)
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*[http://www.zaza.arsivi.com Zaza Language & Culture] (In Zazaki, Turkish, English, and German)
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*[http://www.zazapress.info.se ZazaPress] (In Zazaki, Turkish, English and Swedish)
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*[http://www.iremetforlag.info.se Iremet Publishing] (In Zazaki, Turkish and Swedish)
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*[http://www.zazaki-institut.de Zazaki Language Institute] (In German, Zazaki, and Turkish)
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*[http://members.tripod.com/~zaza_kirmanc/research/paul.htm Ethnic Differentiation among the Kurds: Kurmancî, Kizilbash and Zaza]
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*[http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/Linguistics-and-Philosophy/24-942Grammar-of-a-Less-Familiar-LanguageSpring2003/CourseHome/index.htm MIT OpenCourseWare online course in Zazaki]
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*[http://incubator.wikimedia.org/wiki/Test-wp/diq Zazaish Wikipedia]
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[[Category:Iranian languages]]
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====Taxi====
[[Category:Languages of Turkey]]
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{{Link FA|de}}
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===Lodging===
  
[[ast:Zazaki]]
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===Money===
[[az:Zazaki]]
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[[bs:Zaza]]
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===Eating===
[[br:Zazakeg]]
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[[da:Zazaki]]
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===Bars===
[[de:Zazaische Sprache]]
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[[el:Ζαζαϊκή γλώσσα]]
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===Shopping===
[[eo:Zazaa lingvo]]
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[[fa:زازاکی]]
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===Driving===
[[fr:Zazaki]]
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[[it:Lingua zazaki]]
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===Authority===
[[ku:Zazakî]]
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[[nl:Zazaki]]
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==Learning more==
[[pl:Zazaki]]
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[[pt:Zazaki]]
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{{outline}}
[[ru:Зазаки]]
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[[simple:Zazaki]]
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[[tr:Zazaca]]
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Revision as of 23:53, 3 July 2006

Zazaki or Zazaish is the main languange spoken in the Anatolia region of Turkey.

Contents

Pronunciation guide

Vowels

Consonants

Common diphthongs

Phrase list

Basics

Hello. 
. ( )
Hello. (informal
. ( )
How are you? 
 ? ( ?)
Fine, thank you. 
. ( )
What is your name? 
 ? ( ?)
My name is ______ . 
______ . ( _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
. ( )
Please. 
. ( )
Thank you. 
. ( )
You're welcome. 
. ( )
Yes. 
. ( )
No. 
. ( )
Excuse me. (getting attention
. ( )
Excuse me. (begging pardon
. ( )
I'm sorry. 
. ( )
Goodbye 
. ( )
Goodbye (informal
. ( )
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
[ ]. ( [ ])
Do you speak English? 
 ? ( ?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
 ? ( ?)
Help! 
 ! ( !)
Look out! 
 ! ( !)
Good morning. 
. ( )
Good evening. 
. ( )
Good night. 
. ( )
Good night (to sleep
. ( )
I don't understand. 
. ( )
Where is the toilet? 
 ? ( ?)

Problems

Numbers

Time

Clock time

Duration

Days

Months

Writing time and date

Colors

Transportation

Bus and train

Directions

Taxi

Lodging

Money

Eating

Bars

Shopping

Driving

Authority

Learning more

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Variants

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