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{{language
+
'''Zazaki''' or '''Zazaish''' is a Language an spoken in the [[Eastern Anatolia]] region of [[Turkey]].
|name=Zazaki
+
|nativename=Zazaki, Dimili, Kirmanjki, Dimli, Dimilki, So-Bê, Zonê Ma
+
|states=[[Turkey]], [[Germany]], [[Georgia (country)|Georgia]], [[Kazakhstan]]
+
|region=Eastern Turkey ([[Bingöl Province|Bingöl]], [[Elazığ Province|Elazığ]], [[Tunceli Province|Tunceli]], [[Diyarbakır Province|Diyarbakır]], [[Erzincan Province|Erzincan]], [[Erzurum Province|Erzurum]], [[Muş Province|Muş]], [[Sivas Province|Sivas]], [[Gümüşhane Province|Gümüşhane]], [[Şanlıurfa Province|Şanlıurfa]], and [[Adıyaman Province|Adıyaman]]), diasporic in [[Mutki]], [[Sarız]], [[Aksaray Province|Aksaray]], [[Batum]], and [[Taraz]]
+
|speakers=1 - 2 million in Turkey, unknown numbers elsewhere
+
|familycolor=Indo-European
+
|fam2=[[Indo-Iranian languages|Indo-Iranian]]
+
|fam3=[[Iranian languages|Iranian]]
+
|fam4=Western
+
|fam5=Northwestern
+
|fam6=[[Zaza-Gorani]]
+
|iso2=ira
+
|lc1=diq|ld1=Dimli (Southern Zazaki)|ll1=Dimli language
+
|lc2=kiu|ld2=Kirmanjki (Northern Zazaki)|ll2=Kirmanjki language
+
|map=[[Image:Zaza_DialectsMap.gif|thumb|center|280px|The regions where Zazaki is spoken in Turkey. (With three main dialect areas)]]}}
+
  
'''Zazaki''' ('''Zazaish''') is a language spoken by [[Zaza people|Zazas]] in eastern [[Anatolia]] ([[Turkey]]).  According to [[Ethnologue]], the Zazaki language is a part of the northwestern group of the [[Iranian languages|Iranian]] section of the [[Indo-Iranian]] branch of the [[Indo-European languages|Indo-European]] family. 
+
==Pronunciation guide==
==Zazaki dialects and regional variants==
+
There are there main Zazaki dialects:
+
  
*'''Northern Zazaki''' [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=diq]: It is spoken in [[Tunceli]], [[Erzincan]], [[Erzurum]], [[Sivas]],
+
===Vowels===
Gumushane, Mus (Varto), Kayseri (Sariz) proviences.
+
Sub-dialects are:
+
:*West-Dersim
+
:*East-Dersim
+
:*Varto
+
:*Border Dialects like Sarız, Koçgiri (Giniyan-idiom)
+
  
*'''Central Zazaki''': It is spoken in [[Elazig]], [[Bingol]], Diyarbakir proviences.
+
===Consonants===
Sub-dialects are:
+
:*Bingol
+
:*Palu
+
:*Border Dialects like Hani, Kulp, Lice, Ergani, Piran
+
  
*'''Southern Zazaki''' [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=kiu]: It is spoken [[Sanliurfa]] (Siverek), [[Diyarbakir]] (Cermik,
+
===Common diphthongs===
Egil), [[Adiyaman]], [[Malatya]] proviences.
+
Sub-dialects are:
+
:*Siverek
+
:*Cermik, Gerger
+
:*Border Dialects like Mutki and Aksaray
+
  
==Zazaki literature and broadcast programs==
+
==Phrase list==
The first written statements in the Zazaki language were compiled by the linguist Peter Lerch in 1850.  Two other important documents are the religious writings (Mewlıd) of Ehmedê Xasi of 1899, and of Usman Efendiyo Babıc (published in [[Damascus]] in 1933); both of these works were written in the Arabic alphabet.
+
  
The use of the [[Latin alphabet]] to write Zazaki became popular only in the diaspora in [[Sweden]], [[France]] and [[Germany]] at the beginning of the 1980sThis was followed by the publication of magazines and books in Turkey, particularly in [[Istanbul]]The efforts of Zaza intellectuals to advance the comprehensibility of their native language by alphabetizing were not fruitless: the number of publications in Zaza has multipliedThe rediscovery of the native culture by Zaza intellectuals not only caused a renaissance of Zaza language and culture, it also triggered feelings among younger generations of [[Zaza]]s (who, however, rarely speak Zaza as a mother tongue) in favor of this modern Western use of the Zaza language, rekindling their interest in their ancestral language. The diaspora, has also generated a limited amount of Zaza-language broadcastingMoreover, after restrictions were removed on local languages in [[Turkey]] during their move toward accession to the [[European Union]], the state-owned [[TRT]] television lanched a Zazaki TV program and a radio program on Fridays.
+
===Basics===
 +
; Hello. :  Selam. / Ma be xér.
 +
; How are you? (informal) :  Tı senén ay / Se kena dinca ?
 +
; How are you? (formal) :  Şıma senén é / Se kené rınd é ?
 +
; Fine, thank you. : Ez hol a, / Ez  rınd a, berxudar be.
 +
; What is your name? : Namey to çık o ?
 +
; My name is ..:  Namey mı ... o/a.
 +
; Nice to meet you. : Ez memnun biya.
 +
; Please. : Xeyr de xo.
 +
; Thank you. :  Weş u war be. / Berxudar be.
 +
; You're welcome. : Şıma xeyr amey.
 +
; Yes. :  E
 +
; No. :  Né
 +
; Excuse me. :  Pardon.
 +
; I'm sorry. :  Qusır de seyr meke.
 +
; Goodbye (''informal''):  Xatır be to.
 +
; Goodbye (''formal'') :  Xatır be şıma.
 +
; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. :  Ez né şena " ...." [weş] qesey bıki.
 +
; Do you speak English? : To Englezki zanena ?
 +
; (Is there someone here) who speaks English? : (Tiya de) kam Englezki zaneno ?
 +
; Help! :  imdad !
 +
; Good morning. :  Sodır be xér.
 +
; Good evening. : Şan be xér.
 +
; Good night. : Şewe be xér.
 +
; Good night (''to sleep'') :  Şewe be xér bo.
 +
; I don't understand. :  'Ez fam né kena.
 +
; Where is the toilet? :  Tuvalet koti o?
  
==Comparison between Zazaki, Persian, Kurdish, English, and Turkish==
+
===Problems===
{| class="wikitable"
+
;Stop! Thief!  
!Zazaki    ||Persian      || Kurdish  ||English  ||Turkish
+
::Vınd! Hırhız!
|--
+
;I'm lost.
| bâlişna || bâlesh  ||balinc || pillow || yastık
+
::Ez biya vıni
|--
+
;I'm sick.
|  bermayiş || gerye|| girîn || cry  ||  aglama
+
::Ez neweşa
|--
+
;I've been injured.
| dew || deh || dê / gund || village || köy
+
::Ez biya dırbetın.
|--
+
| estor || asp / astar || Esp / êstir || horse || at
+
|-- 
+
| homa    || xoda ||xwedê || god / deity|| tanrı
+
|--
+
| gişt ||  angosht || tili/qamik/bêçî/engust || finger || parmak
+
|--
+
| mase || mahi || masî || fish || balik
+
|--
+
| tarîk || tarik || tarîk || dark ||karanlik
+
|--
+
| vızêr || dirouz || duh  || yesterday || dun
+
|--
+
| waşte || nâm-zad || dergisî|| fiancé || sözlü / nişanlı
+
|--
+
| xoz || xok || xû / berez || pig || domuz
+
|}
+
  
==Controversy over classification==
+
===Numbers===
As with many other languages in the region, the exact positioning of Zazaki in terms of language families is controversial; it parallels a similar controversy about the relationship of the various [[ethnic group]]s and is politically fraught. [[Ethnologue]] favors the following hierarchy: [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=90046]
+
  
*Northwestern [[Iranian languages]]
 
**[[Kurdish language]]
 
*** [[Kurmanji language]]
 
*** other sublanguages/dialects of Kurdish
 
** [[Zaza-Gorani]] language group
 
*** '''Dimli/Zazaki'''
 
*** [[Gorani (Kurds)|Gorani]]
 
  
Linguists connect the word Dimli with the [[Daylamite]]s in the [[Alborz]] Mountains near the shores of [[Caspian Sea]] in [[Iran]] and believe that the [[Zaza]] have migrated from [[Daylamestan]] towards the west. Zazaki shows many connections the [[Iranian languages|Iranian dialects]] of the Caspian region.
+
0 - sıfır
  
The language differs from most Persian dialects in that it contains archaic strains of [[Hurrian language|Hurrian]]; it has this in common with the languages [[Auramani]] ([[Hawrami]] or [[Gorani]]) and [[Bajelani]], and these languages are put together in the [[Zaza-Gorani]] language group, but also ''Goran-Zazaistan'' by those who want emphasize their distinctness from the Kurds.
+
1 - yew (ju)
  
Hawrami and Bajelani are spoken in region of northern [[Iraq]] sometimes referred to as Southern [[Kurdistan]]. Hurrian itself is extinct; however it is thought to have had a close relationship to modern [[Chechen language|Chechen]] and was a member of the [[Alarodian languages|Alarodian]] language family. On the other hand, the [[Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies]] (CAIS) lists Zazaki as a dialect of [[Kurdish language]] [http://www.cais-soas.com/CAIS/Languages/kordi_language.htm].
+
2 -
The US State Department "Background Note" lists Zaza as one of the major languages of Turkey, along with [[Turkish language|Turkish]] (official), [[Kurdish language|Kurdish]], [[Armenian language|Armenian]], [[Greek language|Greek]], and [[Arabic language|Arabic]]. [http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3432.htm]. However, [[Encyclopaedia Britannica]] lists Zazaki as a subdialect of [[Kurdish language]] [http://0-www.search.eb.com.library.uor.edu/eb/article-9046467?query=Kurdish%20language&ct=eb].
+
  
==Some linguistic studies on Zazaki (Zazaish)==
+
3 - hiré
*Paul, Ludwig. (1998)  ''"The Position of Zazaki Among West Iranian languages"''  University of Hamburg,[http://www.azargoshnasp.net/languages/zazaki/zazakipositionof.pdf].
+
*Lynn Todd, Terry. (1985) ''"A Grammar of Dimili"'' University of Michigan,[http://www21.brinkster.com/miyaheqi/culture/Article.asp?ArticleID=96&LanguageID=3&TypeID=18&Rnd=281].
+
*Gippert, Jost. (1996)  ''"Historical Development of Zazaki"''  Frankfurt University,[http://home.arcor.de/fidemes/zaza-tarih.pdf].
+
*Gajewski, Jon. (2003)  ''"Evidentiality in Zazaki"'' Massachusetts Institute of Technology,[http://www21.brinkster.com/miyaheqi/culture/Article.asp?ArticleID=463&LanguageID=3&TypeID=18&Rnd=250].
+
*Gajewski, Jon. (2004)  ''"Zazaki Notes"'' Massachusetts Institute of Technology,[http://ocw.mit.edu/NR/rdonlyres/Linguistics-and-Philosophy/24-942Grammar-of-a-Less-Familiar-LanguageSpring2003/9ED64248-F6F0-4F4F-AADD-839C31DD715E/0/112622.pdf].
+
*Larson, Richard. and Yamakido, Hiroko. (2006) ''"Zazaki as Double Case-Marking"'' Stony Brook University and University of Arizona,[http://semlab5.sbs.sunysb.edu/~rlarson/lsa06ly.pdf].
+
*Iremet, Faruk. (1996)  "The difference between Zaza, Kurdish and Turkish"  Stockholm, Sweden,[http://zazapress.tripod.com/english/English.html#farukiremet].
+
  
==References==
+
4 - çar
*Raymond Gordon, Jr., Editor.  Ethnologue: Languages of the World.  Fifteenth Edition. (Classification of Zazaki Language.)
+
  
*Paul, Ladwig. (1998) The Position of Zazaki Among West Iranian languages. (Classification of Zazaki Language.)
+
5 - panc
  
*Bozdağ, Cem and Üngör, Uğur.  Zazas and Zazaki. (Zazaki Literature.)
+
6 - ses (şeş)  
  
*Blau, ''Gurani et Zaza'' in R. Schmitt, ed., ''Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum'', Wiesbaden, 1989, ISBN 3882264136, pp. 336-40 (About Daylamite origin of Zaza-Guranis)
+
7 - hewt (howt)  
  
==External links==
+
8 - heşt
*[http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=diq Dimli] (on the [[Ethnologue]] site)
+
*[http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=kiu Kirmanjki] (on the Ethnologue site)
+
*[http://www.zazaki.de Academic Research Center of Zazaki] - (In several languages, including English)
+
*[http://www.zaza.arsivi.com Zaza Language & Culture] (In Zazaki, Turkish, English, and German)
+
*[http://www.zazapress.info.se ZazaPress] (In Zazaki, Turkish, English and Swedish)
+
*[http://www.iremetforlag.info.se Iremet Publishing] (In Zazaki, Turkish and Swedish)
+
*[http://www.zazaki-institut.de Zazaki Language Institute] (In German, Zazaki, and Turkish)
+
*[http://members.tripod.com/~zaza_kirmanc/research/paul.htm Ethnic Differentiation among the Kurds: Kurmancî, Kizilbash and Zaza]
+
*[http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/Linguistics-and-Philosophy/24-942Grammar-of-a-Less-Familiar-LanguageSpring2003/CourseHome/index.htm MIT OpenCourseWare online course in Zazaki]
+
*[http://incubator.wikimedia.org/wiki/Test-wp/diq Zazaish Wikipedia]
+
  
[[Category:Iranian languages]]
+
9 - new
[[Category:Languages of Turkey]]
+
  
{{Link FA|de}}
+
10 - des
  
[[ast:Zazaki]]
+
11- des u yew
[[az:Zazaki]]
+
 
[[bs:Zaza]]
+
12- des u dı
[[br:Zazakeg]]
+
 
[[da:Zazaki]]
+
13- des u hiré
[[de:Zazaische Sprache]]
+
 
[[el:Ζαζαϊκή γλώσσα]]
+
14- des çar
[[eo:Zazaa lingvo]]
+
 
[[fa:زازاکی]]
+
15-des u panc
[[fr:Zazaki]]
+
 
[[it:Lingua zazaki]]
+
16-des u ses
[[ku:Zazakî]]
+
 
[[nl:Zazaki]]
+
17- des u hewt
[[pl:Zazaki]]
+
 
[[pt:Zazaki]]
+
18- des u heşt
[[ru:Зазаки]]
+
 
[[simple:Zazaki]]
+
19- des u new
[[tr:Zazaca]]
+
 
 +
20 - vist
 +
 
 +
25 - vist u panc
 +
 
 +
30 - hirıs
 +
 
 +
40 - çewres
 +
 
 +
50 - pancas
 +
 
 +
60 - seşti
 +
 
 +
70 - hewtay
 +
 
 +
80 - heştay
 +
 
 +
90 - neway
 +
 
 +
100 - se
 +
 
 +
200 - dı sey
 +
 
 +
500 - panc sey
 +
 
 +
1000 - hazar
 +
 
 +
===Time===
 +
;now :enewke
 +
;later:bahdo
 +
;before :veror
 +
;morning :şefaq
 +
;afternoon :Dehir
 +
;evening :Şan (shan)
 +
;night :Şew (shew)
 +
 
 +
====Clock time====
 +
 
 +
Saete çend a ? (What time is it ?)
 +
 
 +
Saete heşt a. (It is eight o'clock)
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
====Duration====
 +
;_____ minute(s)
 +
;_____ daqey
 +
;_____ hour(s)
 +
;_____ seate
 +
;_____ day(s)
 +
;_____ roci
 +
;_____ week(s)
 +
;_____ hefte
 +
;_____ month(s)
 +
;_____ mengi
 +
;_____ year(s)
 +
;_____ serri
 +
 
 +
====Days====
 +
 
 +
Dışeme: Monday
 +
 
 +
Séşeme: Thursday
 +
 
 +
Çarşeme: Wednesday
 +
 
 +
Panşeme: Thursday
 +
 
 +
Yene: Friday
 +
 
 +
Şeme: Saturday
 +
 
 +
Bazar: Sunday
 +
 
 +
====Months====
 +
Çele: January
 +
 
 +
Gucige: February
 +
 
 +
Adare/Marte: March
 +
 
 +
Nisane: April
 +
 
 +
Gulane: May
 +
 
 +
Hezirane: June
 +
 
 +
Temmuze: July
 +
 
 +
Tebaxe: August
 +
 
 +
Elule: September
 +
 
 +
Oktobre: October
 +
 
 +
Teşrine: November
 +
 
 +
Kanune: December
 +
 
 +
====Writing time and date====
 +
 
 +
===Colors: "Rengi"===
 +
sıpé: white
 +
 
 +
siya: black
 +
 
 +
sur: red
 +
 
 +
kewe: blue
 +
 
 +
kesk: green
 +
 
 +
çeqer / zerd: yellow
 +
 
 +
gewr: grey
 +
 
 +
penbe: pink
 +
 
 +
mor: purple
 +
 
 +
===Transportation===
 +
Where are yo going: Tıye şine koti?
 +
Ezo şına ...: I'm goint to ...
 +
*Gem: Wild
 +
*hega: Garden
 +
*Dew: Willage
 +
*city: Suke
 +
 
 +
 
 +
====Bus and train====
 +
;Which bus?
 +
::Qanci otoboz
 +
;How many kilometers?
 +
::Çend kilometreyo
 +
;Where does this train/bus go?
 +
::Na tiran/otoboza şına koti?
 +
 
 +
====Directions====
 +
 
 +
====Taxi====
 +
 
 +
===Lodging===
 +
 
 +
===Money===
 +
Pere/Perey/Pangunot
 +
===Eating===
 +
 
 +
===Bars===
 +
 
 +
===Shopping===
 +
Rose Guretene
 +
===Driving===
 +
 
 +
===Authority===
 +
 
 +
[[WikiPedia:Zazaki]]
 +
 
 +
{{outlinephrasebook}}
 +
{{phrasebookguide}}

Latest revision as of 14:32, 30 September 2012

Zazaki or Zazaish is a Language an spoken in the Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey.

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Common diphthongs[edit]

Phrase list[edit]

Basics[edit]

Hello. 
Selam. / Ma be xér.
How are you? (informal) 
Tı senén ay / Se kena dinca ?
How are you? (formal) 
Şıma senén é / Se kené rınd é ?
Fine, thank you. 
Ez hol a, / Ez rınd a, berxudar be.
What is your name? 
Namey to çık o ?
My name is ...  
Namey mı ... o/a.
Nice to meet you. 
Ez memnun biya.
Please. 
Xeyr de xo.
Thank you. 
Weş u war be. / Berxudar be.
You're welcome. 
Şıma xeyr amey.
Yes. 
E
No. 
Excuse me. 
Pardon.
I'm sorry. 
Qusır de seyr meke.
Goodbye (informal)
Xatır be to.
Goodbye (formal
Xatır be şıma.
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
Ez né şena " ...." [weş] qesey bıki.
Do you speak English? 
To Englezki zanena ?
(Is there someone here) who speaks English? 
(Tiya de) kam Englezki zaneno ?
Help! 
imdad !
Good morning. 
Sodır be xér.
Good evening. 
Şan be xér.
Good night. 
Şewe be xér.
Good night (to sleep
Şewe be xér bo.
I don't understand. 
'Ez fam né kena.
Where is the toilet? 
Tuvalet koti o?

Problems[edit]

Stop! Thief!
Vınd! Hırhız!
I'm lost.
Ez biya vıni
I'm sick.
Ez neweşa
I've been injured.
Ez biya dırbetın.

Numbers[edit]

0 - sıfır

1 - yew (ju)

2 - dı

3 - hiré

4 - çar

5 - panc

6 - ses (şeş)

7 - hewt (howt)

8 - heşt

9 - new

10 - des

11- des u yew

12- des u dı

13- des u hiré

14- des çar

15-des u panc

16-des u ses

17- des u hewt

18- des u heşt

19- des u new

20 - vist

25 - vist u panc

30 - hirıs

40 - çewres

50 - pancas

60 - seşti

70 - hewtay

80 - heştay

90 - neway

100 - se

200 - dı sey

500 - panc sey

1000 - hazar

Time[edit]

now 
enewke
later
bahdo
before 
veror
morning 
şefaq
afternoon 
Dehir
evening 
Şan (shan)
night 
Şew (shew)

Clock time[edit]

Saete çend a ? (What time is it ?)

Saete heşt a. (It is eight o'clock)


Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s)
_____ daqey
_____ hour(s)
_____ seate
_____ day(s)
_____ roci
_____ week(s)
_____ hefte
_____ month(s)
_____ mengi
_____ year(s)
_____ serri

Days[edit]

Dışeme: Monday

Séşeme: Thursday

Çarşeme: Wednesday

Panşeme: Thursday

Yene: Friday

Şeme: Saturday

Bazar: Sunday

Months[edit]

Çele: January

Gucige: February

Adare/Marte: March

Nisane: April

Gulane: May

Hezirane: June

Temmuze: July

Tebaxe: August

Elule: September

Oktobre: October

Teşrine: November

Kanune: December

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors: "Rengi"[edit]

sıpé: white

siya: black

sur: red

kewe: blue

kesk: green

çeqer / zerd: yellow

gewr: grey

penbe: pink

mor: purple

Transportation[edit]

Where are yo going: Tıye şine koti? Ezo şına ...: I'm goint to ...

  • Gem: Wild
  • hega: Garden
  • Dew: Willage
  • city: Suke


Bus and train[edit]

Which bus?
Qanci otoboz
How many kilometers?
Çend kilometreyo
Where does this train/bus go?
Na tiran/otoboza şına koti?

Directions[edit]

Taxi[edit]

Lodging[edit]

Money[edit]

Pere/Perey/Pangunot

Eating[edit]

Bars[edit]

Shopping[edit]

Rose Guretene

Driving[edit]

Authority[edit]

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