Yogyakarta — despite the official spelling, the name is usually pronounced and not uncommonly written Jogjakarta or just Jogja (JOGH-jah) — is a major tourist destination in Indonesia. It is the capital city of the province of Yogyakarta Special Region which is located in the southern part of the Central Java province, Indonesia.
Map showing the location of Yogyakarta within Indonesia
One of Indonesia's two autonomous regions (the other being Aceh), the Yogyakarta Special Region (Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta) owes its special status to the sultanate of Hamengkubuwono, which has ruled the area since 1749 and steered the state through difficult times of occupation and revolution. When the central government tried to weaken the sultan's power by calling a direct election for the state leader, present sultan Hamengkubuwono X was chosen by an overwhelming majority.
Today's Yogyakarta is a bustling town of some 500,000 people and the most popular tourist destination on Java, largely thanks to its proximity to the temples of Borobudur and Prambanan. The town is a center of art and education, offers some good shopping and has a wide range of tourist facilities.
Yogyakarta was only 25 km from the epicenter of a devastating earthquake in May 2006, but did not sustain significant damage.
Yogyakarta's Adisucipto International Airport (JOG), 8 km east of town, is a small but busy domestic hub presently (2005) undergoing renovation and expansion. There are near-hourly connections on Garuda to Jakarta (50 minutes) and Denpasar, while other domestic airlines service major cities in Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi. The "international" part of the name comes from Garuda's thrice-weekly direct services to Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) and Singapore.
There is a tourist information desk, ATM and taxi stand in the arrivals hall. A metered taxi to the city or direct to Prambanan costs about Rp 20,000. A departure tax of Rp 25,000 is charged for domestic flights.
The main bus station is Giwangan, 4 km to the southeast of the center. There are regular services throughout the island, including Jakarta (9 hours), Bandung (6 hours), and Surabaya (8 hours).
Trains to Jakarta take between 7 to 12 hours from the main Yogyakarta station, commonly called Tugu Station. The Argo-class trains (Argo Lawu and Argo Dwipangga) are the best of the lot: most comfortable and fastest. Taksaka is almost as good. These expresses connect Yogyakarta and Jakarta in 7-8 hours, either at daytime or overnight. The line between Kroya and Prupuk, where the railway crosses the main backbone mountains of Java, is scenic.
Passengers to/from Bandung should take the Argo Wilis or Lodaya expresses which traverse a scenic part of Java during daylight hours, with rice fields and mountains. The fare is Rp155.000 including lunch.
Passengers to Surabaya are served by the twice-daily Sancaka service departing in the morning and afternoon.
Yogyakarta and Solo is connected by the five Prambanan Ekspres trains. Despite the name, the train does not stop at Prambanan, and even if it does make an unscheduled stop, the station is rather far from the temple complex of Prambanan.
Muscle-powered transport: becak
Yogyakarta is a relatively small city, so travelling around town should not be too expensive.
Yogyakarta's taxis are metered and nowadays most taxi drivers are trustworthy. Flagfall is Rp 5000 and most trips around the center of town should not cost more than Rp 15,000.
Traditional three-wheeled and pedal-powered cart, known as becak, which can be found in most part of Yogyakarta. Haggle furiously before getting into the becak. Be sure to determine whether the price is for a one-way or return (pulang) trip and if you want the driver to wait whilst you conduct your shopping or business. A ride from within the city to the Malioboro shopping precinct should not cost more than $1.00.
By horse cart
Traditional horse-pulled carts, known as andong, or dokar, wait for tourists outside hotspots like the train station, the Kraton and Mal Malioboro. Haggle furiously. The traditional route is from Jalan Malioboro to Keraton, and this is where you'll find most andong. Usually, andong opt to take you to shop for fake Dagadu t-shirt in Ngasem area with hefty prices. Then, andong will take you back to your initial journey. The cost for one round trip for andong is Rp 20,000 (twenty thousand rupiahs). Usually they ask for Rp 30,000 but they may settle for less. Andong can accommodate up to 5 adult passengers.
Medium and small size buses are the main public transport in Yogyakarta. Public buses normally operates from 6 am to 5 pm, and some long routes extend their operation until 9 pm. Please never bring anything valuable on public buses, pickpockets in buses are now more common than ever before. Cost for single trip is Rp 2000 regardless of distance (within the city). Animated bus route maps are available at Transportation Agency of Yogyakarta website .
The tranquil sultan residence, Kraton Yogyakarta
Being one of the oldest cities in Indonesia, Yogyakarta has many heritage buildings and monuments. The number one must-see attraction is Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono's palace, better known as Kraton Ngayogyakarto. Other heritage buildings from colonial era are: BNI '46 building, Kantor Pos Besar (Central Post Office) building, and Bank Indonesia building, all of them are located north of the Sultan's ground. Other notable landmarks and attractions are:
- Tugu Monument. A well known landmark located in the center of downtown Yogyakarta. Originally built by Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono VI, the top spire is a round sphere which represents the universe. During the colonial era, the spire was replaced with a golden cylinder.
- Benteng Vredeburg. A Dutch fort located in front of Gedung Agung (President's Palace). A great example of the Dutch colonial architecture. Few warfare items is still preserved, including a twin cannons.
- Kotagede. The capital of ancient Islamic Mataram kingdom. Before independence, Kotagede was the central economic district of Yogyakarta, as it held the largest marketplace and was home to many wealthy batik merchants. Although some ancient buildings have been modernized or replaced with newer buildings, Kotagede remains a prime example of ancient Javanese architecture and city structure. Be sure to check out the local silver handicrafts.
- Imogiri, southwest of town. Graveyard of the Yogyakarta and Surakarta royal families. Currently closed due to damage sustained in the May 2006 earthquake.
Kotabaru, which used to be Dutch officials residential area, has few heritage homes as well as a colonial style church & monastery (Gereja Kotabaru) and a stadium (Stadion Kridosono).
The Sultan's grounds
Alun-alun utara, the northern Sultan's Grounds, was originally used for training the Sultan's army and hence closed to public, but the area was opened to the public during the reign of Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX. Now, alun-alun utara is the venue for the quarterly parade known as Garebeg, which is held in the month of Maulud, Besar and Sawal. In this parade, the Sultan's servants bring huge cone-shaped offerings to the alun-alun utara. After the parade, attendees scramble to get a scrap of this offering, as it is believed to bring good luck.
Prior to the month of Maulud, a public fair is held in alun-alun utara for 30 days. This fair is very popular and offers many kind of goods ranging from traditional handicrafts to melamine dishes from China. A unique snack sold in this event is galundeng, deep fried dough similar to a donut.
The Sri Sultan's palace or Kraton encompasses the main palace, Sultan's residential, two Sultan's grounds, and large residential area where sultan servants used to reside. Notable attraction in Kraton complex are:
- Kraton Yogyakarta, . A calm yet elegant Javanese heritage that consists of two separate entrances: the Main Court (Pagilaran & Siti Hinggil), and the Residence. The Main Court showcases the grandeur of Sultan's monarchy, while the Residence is more homey while still exhibiting the royal family's luxurious lifestyle. Open 9 AM to 3 PM daily except Friday. While the guide is part of the entrance fee, they might expecting tips. Some guide might offer extended trip to sultan's servants batik workshop, this is a scam as they only bring you to a regular batik shop with steep price. It's a good idea to refuse their offer politely.
- Sultan's Carriage Museum (Museum Kereta) . This museum houses Sultan's horse-drawn carriages, including two beautiful carriages imported from the Netherlands and known as Golden Carts (kereta kencana).
- Taman Sari. Also known by the Dutch name waterkasteel (water castle), this is a partly ruined complex built as a pleasure garden by the first Sultan in 1765. One of the bathing pools was dedicated to the sultan's harem, and he had a tower overlooking the area so he could take his pick. Entrance fee does not cover the guide, who will expect tips. Open 9 AM to 3 PM daily.
- Siti Hinggil Selatan. This somehow-muted palace is rarely used for formal occasion. You can catch a shadow puppet performance during weekend night.
- Alun-alun or the sultan's ground. There are two Sultan's grounds: alun-alun utara and alun-alun selatan or the northern and southern sultan's ground, consecutively. If you are lucky, you can see the Gerebeg Maulud parade during Prophet Muhammad's birthday.
- Masjid Gede Kauman, one of the oldest and largest mosque in Yogyakarta. Located on the west of alun-alun utara, this mosque was where the Sultan performs his religious rites and ceremonies. Non-muslim visitors should wear decent clothing. It may be a good idea to ask the mosque authorities prior to entering the mosque due to some rules that must be abide.
Yogyakarta city was built with deep philosophy: the city was designed so that the main elements of the city forms a imaginary line. This straight line starts from Parangtritis on the coast, to Kraton Yogyakarta, to Tugu Monument, and finally to Mount Merapi. This represents Sultan's strong relationship with the guardian spirits of Mt. Merapi and the beach of Parangtritis.
- Museum Dirgantara aircraft museum. Jl. Kol. Sugiono, Yogyakarta 55002 (behind Adi Sucipito Airport), Phone. +62 0274 564465, 564466 . M-Th 8AM-1PM, Sa 8AM-12PM. This Indonesian aircraft museum holds several antique aircraft from WWII era such as Badger bomber, MIG-15 to MIG-21, P-51 Mustang, Catalina flying boat, Auster MkII, Lavochkin LA-11, F-86 Sabre, T-33 Bird, A6M5 Zero, etc.
- Museum Sonobudoyo, north alun-alun. A dusty Javanese archeology museum, has many Javanese artefacts like wayang puppets, masks, statues, textiles, weapons, as well as a full set of Javanese gamelan instruments. Worth a visit if you have some extra time in Yogya, or you are interested in Javanese culture study.
- Museum Kekayon, wayang puppets museum. Jl Raya Yogya–Wonosari km7 277, Baturetno Banguntapan, Bantul, Yogyakarta 55179, Phone: +62 0274 513218, 379058, 0818260020. e-mail : email@example.com . Tu-Su 8AM-3PM. Located in a very lush site, Museum Kekayon is divided into 10 sectors. Each holds a vast amount of wayang puppets from varios places in Indonesia.
- Museum Batik, batik museum.
Performances of wayang kulit, the Javanese shadow play, are performed nightly at venues around town. Ask at tour agencies or the tourist office.
- Balance Mind-Body-Soul, Jalan Cendrawasih No. 36, Demangan Baru, Jogjakarta 55281, Tel: +62 274 566717, Fax: +62 274 566717 .
Yogyakarta is known as the city of education as well as the city of culture. This title is not without reason: many education institution are located here. Every year, around mid-July, thousands of new students from all over Indonesia flock into this city, converting the once quiet town to a busy yet dynamic city.
- Universitas Gadjah Mada . The oldest university in Indonesia and one of the largest universities in Southeast Asia. Recently The Times ranked UGM as 56th of the world’s top 100 arts and humanities universities.
- Institut Seni Indonesia . The largest art academy in Indonesia offers various undergraduate and graduate degrees on the subject of traditional arts such as Javanese dance, wayang performance, & gamelan music, etc; to modern and contemporary arts like theatre, broadcast, & graphic design.
- Universitas Islam Indonesia . This is the oldest private university in Indonesia, established 40 days before the independence day of Indonesia in 1945. It is now a modern university with 9 faculties ranging from Islamic studies to Civil Engineering and Planning.
- Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga . Named after Sunan Kalijaga, UIN offers various courses on the subject of Islam.
Many curious goods are available in many places in this city. If you love timeless pieces, Yogyakarta is the home of batik, traditional wayang puppets, sculpture, ceramics and silverware. Countless handicrafts from outside Yogyakarta can also be found here. Don't be surprised if you bump into souvenirs from Bali or Asmat, often with better deal than if bought in those islands. Alternatively, as a constantly growing city, Yogyakarta has several stylish malls and trade center that offers interesting goods and services at a reasonable cost.
Malioboro street taken from Tugu Station
Malioboro is a well-known shopping promenade and very popular among Indonesian as well as international tourists. Spans from the Tugu Station to the Sultan's ground, Malioboro is 2 kilometers in length and home to hundreds of shops and street-stalls which offers various kind of handicrafts. Several notable places in Malioboro are:
- Pasar Beringharjo (north of Vredeburg Fort). Literally means slanted land, Beringaharjo is the largest traditional marketplace in Yogyakarta. The vendors sell many kind of goods, ranging from basic household items (vegetables, fruits, meats) to many kind of handicraft. Haggle furiously.
- Mirota Batik (opp of Pasar Beringharjo). The large family-owned store offers plenty of handicrafts, not only from Yogyakarta but also from all part of Indonesia.
- Dagadu (lower ground Malioboro Mall). Offers funny contemporary t-shirts and souvenirs that revolves around Yogyakarta people's culture.
If travelling on foot is not your thing, you can ride the pedal-powered trishaw called becak, or the andong horsecart.
Warning: While Yogyakarta is safer than Jakarta, it's not free from pickpockets. Most of the time, Malioboro sidewalk is overcrowded, take standard precautions to protect your belongings.
While not as populated as Jakarta, Yogyakarta has several trendy malls which shows a glimpse of the alternate side of Yogyakarta culture.
- Malioboro Mall, Jalan Malioboro. Yogyakarta's premier shopping mall for shopping in hassle-free, air-con comfort. Features a large Matahari department store, a Hero supermarket (B1F), a Periplus book store with a good English selection (B1F), and all the usual suspects of Western and Indonesian fast food (McDonald's, Pizza Hut, KFC, EsTeler 77, etc). Home to the one and only Dagadu outlet.
- Galleria Mall, Jalan Sudirman. Exclusive mall anchored by Matahari department store. Be sure to check out the food court at the basement called Kafe deGale, which is popular among the youths. Features many interesting restaurant including KFC, McDonald's Express, Thai Express, Bakso Gress (Chinese meatballs served with noodles), Mie Nusantara, Bee's (Japanese Bento), Es Teler 77, Cheers Cup (assortments of fresh drinks). An exclusive Billyard area is located in the third floor.
- Plaza Ambarrukmo, Jalan Solo . Located next to the historical Ambarrukmo Hotel, the huge 7 floor shopping complex features a Carrefour Hypermarket, Centro Department Store, Gramedia Bookstore, Timezone, 21 Cineplex, Bread Talk, etc.
- Saphir Square, Jalan Solo. A large trade center located next to the Saphir Hotel.
- Saptohoedojo Art Gallery, Jl. Solo Km 9 (500m from airport), . This fascinatingly weird sprawling complex houses an utterly eclectic collection of Indonesian art, ranging from abstract modern paintings and batik shirts through gamelan instruments and stuffed tigers to Papuan tribal totems complete with the skulls of vanquished enemies. Everything is for sale and previous customers, pictures of whom are proudly pasted on the walls, include Pope John Paul II and the Dalai Lama. While the adjoining restaurant looks quite attractive, the food served is rather disappointing.
Sweet & chilli cuisine
It's not a big secret to Indonesian people that Yogyakarta people adore sweet foods. The local dish known as gudeg, for example, is distinctively sweet in flavor. Local snacks, such as bakpia dan yangko, are extremely sweet. However, not every local dish is sweet. Krecek—the orengeish fried beef often served with gudeg—is poignantly hot for untrained tongue. Lodeh made by the locals, even though often referred as 'too sweet' by non Jogja, still has a hint of the fiery chilli taste. Its a good idea to ask the food vendor whether the dish is hot or not. For those who are just curious, simply ask them to omit the chilli from the dish and serve it separately. This way you can still taste the original flavour of the dish, but if you can't handle the chilli flavor you can simply not adding the chilli into your meal!
Originally, Yogyakarta dishes are known for its sweetness. However, as more and more people move to Yogya, this small city starts seeing more diversity in flavor. Now you can find many kind of interesting dishes, ranging from sweet, spicy, to fiery, sometimes a fusion from other cuisine such as Chinese or Western.
The following dishes should be on every traveller's agenda:
- Gudeg, a curry of jackfruit, chicken and egg served with rice, and is the most famous local dish. Goopy slop in various shades of brown, the stuff does not look particularly appetizing, but it can be tasty if done right. There many gudeg restaurants, but the most popular are: Gudeg Wijilan, Gudeg Juminten, Gudeg Bu Tjitro, Gudeg Tugu, Gudeg Bu Amat. If you can wake up early in the morning, you may find small stalls serving Gudeg just at the corner of the street, or close to traditional markets.
- Ayam Goreng Mbok Berek (Mbok Berek's Fried Chicken). Fried free range chicken with mild garlic and coriander flavor served with crunchy crackers.
- Nasi Langgi (Langgi Rice). Warm rice served with various side dishes. Can be found in small stall in Gandekan street.
- Kipo, bite size snacks made of green colored tapioca dough filled with sweetened grated coconut. Can be found in Kotagede.
- Bakpia, another bite size snack made from sweetened greenbean paste wrapped with thin dough pastry. The most popular bakpia is known as Bakpia Patuk, which not surprisingly, are sold in Patuk street.
- Jadah Tempe, sandwich of rice cake and sweet beancake. Can be found in Kaliurang.
Yogyakarta is heaven of inexpensive foods, and some tasty and filling dishes can be as low as 25 US cents. However, since there are hundreds, if not thousands hawker stalls offering inexpensive foods, some of them are not delicious. For a start, head to well known food stalls such as:
- Angkringan Tugu, hawker stall located close to the Tugu Station serving small rice packs (known as sego kucing) and various other foods, 6PM-4AM. The most popular beverages is kopi joss, Javanese espresso dipped with burning coal. Very inexpensive. Rp 1000-Rp 6000.
- Empek-Empek Kamto, Jl. Beskalan 3 Yogyakarta, Phone: +62 274 514294, opposite to Ramai Shopping Mall's south entrance. Originated from Palembang, deep-fried fish cake and served with sour soy sauce. There are many variety of empek-empek: kapal selam (means submarine) comes with boiled eggs inside, adaaan/bulat has a garlic taste, while lenggang is an empek-empek omelet.
- Gudeg Tugu, Jl. Diponegoro, close to Kranggan marketplace, 7PM-1AM. Popular Gudeg stall. A complete dish consists of: warm rice, shredded chicken, brown hard-boiled egg, gudeg, areh sauce, and the hot & spicy sambal goreng krecek. Rp 7000-Rp 10.000.
- Bakmi Kadin, Jl. Bintaran Kulon 3, Yogyakarta. Javanese style soft-fried noodles. Don't miss the popular wedang bajigur, a local beverages made from warm coconut milk with subtle ginger flavor and garnished with diced coconut and kolang-kaling. Local kroncong street quartet often performs in the area. Rp 9000-Rp 15.000.
- Sate Karang, Lapangan Karang, Kotagede, Yogyakarta. 5PM-10.30PM. Grilled beef satay served with lontongs (rice cake), peanut sauce and thin curry soup. Rp 15.000.
- Soto Pak Soleh. Tegalrejo, near Diponegoro Museum. This well-known restaurant is Pak Soleh's family business and is now ran by his son. They only serve Yogyakarta-style beef soup as their main menu, which has a spicy taste from the added ginger. Rp 5000.
- Spesial Sambal. A local chain for those who like spicy, hot food. Their speciality, as the name suggests, is their various kind of sambal (sambal is a kind of hot relish). Rp 5000-Rp 12,000.
- Waroeng Steak. A local restaurant chain. Their speciality is batter-fried beef steak served with thick gravy. Rp 6000-Rp15,000.
- Ayam Goreng Suharti, Jl. Laksda Adisucipto 208, Yogyakarta. Phone: +62 274 515522. A very popular mbok berek fried chicken restaurant, the recipe still remains a secret.
- Dixie Easy Dining or simply Dixie, Jl. Gejayan 40b (south Selokan Mataram), Phone: +62 274 560745. Offers various kind western and asian dishes served with distinct modern-asian style. Nice modern-ethnical interior. Rp 8000-Rp 50,000.
- Gudeg Wijilan Yu Djum, Jl Wijilan 31, Kraton and Jl. Kaliurang km 4.5, Karangasem CT III/22, Yogyakarta 55281, Telp (0274) 515968. A more lavish variety of Gudeg, served with thicker sauce, and more expensive as well.
- Seafood Bu Tutik, Monumen Jogja Kembali, Northern Ring Road. Offers various kind of seafood dishes.
Yogya is filled with many 'high-end' restaurants serving many kind of dishes, from western to asian to asian-fusion cuisines.
- Gabah Resto, Jl. Dewi Sartika 11A Sagan, Phone: +62 274 515626. Western dishes. Modern classy decoration.
- Gajah Wong, Jalan Gejayan, Phone +62 274 588294, . Serves many kind of dishes including French, Italian, Indian, Chinese as well as Indonesian. Divided into 3 zones: Country, Javanese and Colonial, each is lavishly decorated and themed with live music. In the Javanese zone, you can hear the Javanese gamelan music performed throughout the night, while the Colonial zone has a live jazz band.
- Omah Dhuwur, Kotagede. Western dishes.
- Sobo Pakulaman, Jl. Sultan Agung 46, Yogyakarta 55111, Phone: +62 274 388855.
- Rempah, Jl. Palagan Tentara Pelajar km 8, Yogyakarta (300m north of Hyatt Regency Hotel), Phone/Fax: +62 274 884777
- Embassy, Sheraton Mustika Resort and Spa complex, Jl. Laksda. Adisucipto km 8.7 Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55282 (behind Hugo's). Phone: +62 0274 487241. 10PM-3AM. Nightclub franchise from Jakarta.
- Hugo's, Sheraton Mustika Resort and Spa complex, Jl. Laksda. Adisucipto km8.7 Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55282. Phone: +62 0274 487241. 10PM-3AM. Stylish yet funky club with wild and friendly servers. Popular among the youths and expatriates. Be sure to watch the 12AM ritual performed by the bartenders and servers. Offers live music and DJ's.
- The Jetset's (TJ's), Graha Royal, Jl. Urip Sumoharjo 139A, Phone +62 0274 544229. 10PM-3AM. Funky and popular among the youths. Offers DJ's and live Music.
- Blatz, Jalan Kaliurang. Equipped with free internet via WiFi.
- Soda Lounge, Jalan Solo. Often hosts talk shows and book discussions.
There are hundreds of budget hotels in Yogyakarta. Most of them can be found in Sosrowijayan street (which is adjacent to Malioboro) and Prawirotaman.
- Ministry of Coffee, Jalan Prawirotaman. A modern, pleasant place, particularly for the price (about $20/night, comparable to other A/C locations). Each room has a unique decor and color scheme. The Ministry also has a coffeehouse, a library, and restaurant.
- Monical Hotel. New opening, clean place, reasonable price. Rp60.000 for standard room with Fan and attached hot water bathroom. Rp100.000 for 4 occupants room with Fan and attached hot water bathroom. Price include breakfast, roti bakar and coffee/tea.
- Hotel Bladok. Jalan Sosrowijayan 76. A clean and conveniently located hotel. A double room with fan and hot shower costs 140,000 Rp. A basic room is about 60-70,000. Bladok also features a restaurant. Try to book a room with a balcony.
- Ibis Malioboro, Jl. Malioboro 52-58, Yogyakarta. Central location, somewhat grotty bathrooms, and grottier collars on reception staff uniforms.
- Inna Garuda, Jl. Malioboro 60, Yogyakarta 55213, Phone: +62 274 566353 . Inna Garuda is the legendary hotel in Yogyakarta since 1908. Inna Garuda's 240 rooms are furnished in classic but modern elegance & face Malioboro street, the heart of Yogyakarta.
- Novotel, Jl. Jendral Sudirman 89, Yogyakarta 55223, Phone: +62 274 580930. Situated in the center of Yogyakarta city, this four star hotel is close to major destinations including Universitas Gadjah Mada, Malioboro, Sultan Palace (Kraton), and several shopping malls.
- Puri Artha Hotel, Jalan Cendrawasih No. 36, Demangan Baru, Jogjakarta 55281, Tel: +62 274 563288, Fax: +62 274 562765. A blend of traditional Javanese and Balinese style with western facilities. .
- Santika, Jl. Jendral Sudirman 19, Yogyakarta 55233. Phone: +62 274 563036 .
- Hyatt Regency, Jl. Palagan Tentara Pelajar, Yogyakarta 55581. Phone: +62 274 869123 .
- Melia Purosani, Jl. Suryotomo 31, Yogyakarta 55122. Phone: +62 274 589521, 589523.
- Mercure, Jl. Jendral Sudirman 9, Yogyakarta 55233. Phone: +62 274 566617. It has well trained hotel staff, always smiling and very pleasant..
- Sheraton Mustika Hotel, Jl. Laksda Adisucipto km 8.7, Yogyakarta
55282. Phone: +62 274 488588 .
- The massive Buddhist temple of Borobudur, the largest Buddhist monument in the world, is 40 minutes away by car and one of the main drawcards for visitors to Yogyakarta.
Mount Merbabu & Mount Merapi, Central Java.
- Ketep offers a great vantage point for a spectacular view of Mount Merapi and Mount Merbabu. This site has a small cinema which regularly shows an interesting documentary of Mount Merapi. Located in Muntilan, east of Borobudur, 40 minutes from Yogyakarta by car.
- The Hindu temples of Prambanan, just 20 minutes away, are a close second. The smaller temples of Kalasan and others are on the way to Prambanan.
- Ratu Boko palace, only 2 kms north of Prambanan. An ancient royal palace complex, similar in architectural layout with other Kratons or palaces in Java. Magnificently located on top of a hill, Ratu Boko has been recently restored.
- Parangtritis on the south coast is one of the better known beaches. Local folklore suggests that this beach is the palace of the legendary Nyai Loro Kidul or 'Queen of the South'. It is common knowledge among locals not to wear anything green in color, or the Queen will entice the wearer into the ocean to drown. Warning: Never swim at Parangtritis beach. The wild waves is known to be extremely deadly: it has killed many people who ignored this precautions.
The international country code for Indonesia is 62. The local area code for Yogyakarta is 274. There are three main telecommunication providers in Indonesia: Telkom Indonesia, Indosat and Excelcomindo. Coin operated public phones are limited in Yogyakarta. However there are many official telephone kiosks called Wartel.
To make an IDD call from Indonesia, dial the access code 001 (for Indosat) and 007 (for Telkom), followed by the country code, area code and party's number.
Mobile Phones are carried by almost everyone in Indonesia. Prepaid SIM cards are available from the three main telecommunication providers, just bring your own GSM 900 or GSM 1800 phone. The pre-paid SIM card costs around Rp 20,000 . A local phone call costs between Rp 500-Rp 2500 per minute. Local text message (SMS) costs about Rp 300, while international SMS cost about Rp 3000.
Several hotels provide wireless Internet access on the lobby. Ask the front desk about internet access.
There are many internet cafes in Yogyakarta which offer speedy access to the Internet.
- B@yonet, Jl. Jend. Sudirman 75 Yogyakarta, Phone. +62 274 550553
- Gama Student Internet Center, UPT Perpustakaan Unit 2 Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. C. Simanjuntak.
- Ibis, Ibis Maliboro Hotel lobby, near to the 'Link Cafe' at Malioboro Mall.
- Intersat, Jl. Adisucipto No. 49 Yogyakarta 55281, Phone: +62 274 547732.
- Shooternet, Jl. Ampel No. 10 Papringan Yogyakarta 55281.
Tourism Information Centre in Jogyakarta:
- Jl. Malioboro 16, Tel. (62)(274) 586809.
- Jl. Cendana No. 11. Tel.: (62)(274) 562628, (62)(274) 564945. FAX : (62)(274)564945.
- Ambulance: 118.
- Police: 110
- Yogyakarta Police headquarters: Tel.: (62)(274) 563494
- Yogyakarta Police station: Tel.: (62)(274) 512940.
List of hospitals with 24 hours emergency room (ER):
- RSUP Dr.Sardjito. Jl. Kesehatan No. 1 Yogyakarta 55284. Tel: (62)(274) 587333, (62)(274) 547783.
- RSUD Kota Jogyakarta.Jl Wirosaban 1. Tel. (62)(274) 371195.
- RS Bethesda. Jl. Jend. Sudirman 70. Tel.: (62)(274) 586688. (62)(274) 562246.
- RS Panti Rapih. Jl. Cik Ditiro 30. Tel.: (62)(274) 514845.