Difference between revisions of "Yellow fever"

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(list countries where yellow fever is endemic)
(Vaccination requirements: update)
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== Vaccination requirements ==
 
== Vaccination requirements ==
  
The following countries ('''NB! this is an incomplete list''') require or recommend immunization against yellow fever:
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Some countries have mandatory yellow fever vaccination requirements. These requirements vary from country to country and may also vary from time to time. The following is a list of countries which had yellow fever vaccination requirements as at mid-2006:
*[[North America]]
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**[[Canada]] does not require visitors to be immunized.
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* [[Afghanistan]]
**[[USA]] does not require visitors to be immunized.
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* [[Albania]]
**[[Mexico]] does not require visitors to be immunized.
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* [[Algeria]]  
*[[Central America]]
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* [[Angola]]
**[[Guatemala]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized.
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* [[Antigua and Barbuda]]
**[[Belize]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized.
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* [[Aruba]]
**[[Honduras]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized.
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* [[Australia]]
**[[El Salvador]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized.
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* [[Bahamas]]
**[[Nicaragua]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized.
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* [[Bangladesh]]
**[[Costa Rica]] does not require visitors to be immunized.
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* [[Barbados]]
**[[Panama]] recommends visitors to Chepo, Darién, and San Blas to be immunized.
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* [[Belize]]
*[[South America]]
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* [[Benin]]
**[[Brazil]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized. Yellow fever is endemic in Maranhão, Tocantins, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, parts of Minas Gerais, São Paulo, and Paraná, and all states northwest.
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* [[Bhutan]]
**[[French Guiana]] requires all visitors to be immunized.
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* [[Bolivia]]
**[[Surinam]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized.
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* [[Botswana]]  
**[[Guyana]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized.
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* [[Brazil]]
**[[Venezuela]] does not require visitors to be immunized.
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* [[Brunei]]
**[[Colombia]] recommends that visitors to ... be immunized.
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* [[Burkina Faso]]
**[[Ecuador]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized.
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* [[Burundi]]
**[[Peru]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized. Visitors to the jungle are recommended to be immunized.
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* [[Cambodia]]
**[[Bolivia]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized. Yellow fever is endemic in...
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* [[Cameroon]]
**[[Chile]] does not require visitors to be immunized.
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* [[Cape Verde]]
**[[Argentina]] does not require visitors to be immunized.
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* [[Central African Republic]]
**[[Paraguay]] requires visitors from and to infected areas to be immunized.
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* [[China]]
**[[Uruguay]] does not require visitors to be immunized.
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* [[Christmas Island]]
*[[Europe]]
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* Congo: [[Democratic Republic of the Congo]]
*[[Asia]]
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* Congo: [[Republic of the Congo]]
**[[East Timor]] does not require visitors to be immunized
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* [[Cote d'Ivoire]]
**[[Indonesia]] requires all travellers from endemic areas to be immunized
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* [[East Timor]]
**[[Papua New Guinea]] requires all travellers from infected areas to be immunised
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* [[Ecuador]]
*[[Africa]]
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* [[Egypt]]
**[[Ghana]] requires visitors to be immunized and present the yellow fever certificate upon entry.
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* [[El Salvador]]
*[[Australasia]]
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* [[Equatorial Guinea]]
**[[Australia]] requires all travellers from infected areas to be immunized
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* [[Eritrea]]
**[[New Zealand]] does not require visitors to be immunized
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* [[Ethiopia]]
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* [[Fiji]]
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* [[French Guiana]]
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* [[French Polynesia]]
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* [[Gabon]]
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* [[Gambia]]
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* [[Ghana]]
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* [[Grenada]]
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* [[Guadeloupe]]
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* [[Guatemala]]
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* [[Guinea]]
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* [[Guinea-Bissau]]
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* [[Guyana]]
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* [[Haiti]]
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* [[Honduras]]
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* [[India]]
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* [[Indonesia]]
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* [[Iran]]
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* [[Iraq]]
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* [[Jamaica]]
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* [[Jordan]]
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* [[Kazakhstan]]
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* [[Kenya]]
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* [[Kiribati]]
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* [[Laos]]
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* [[Lebanon]]
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* [[Lesotho]]
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* [[Liberia]]
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* [[Libya]]
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* [[Madagascar]]
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* [[Malawi]]
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* [[Malaysia]]
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* [[Maldives]]
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* [[Mali]]
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* [[Malta]]
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* [[Mauritania]]
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* [[Mauritius]]
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* [[Montserrat]]
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* [[Mozambique]]
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* [[Myanmar]]
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* [[Namibia]]
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* [[Nauru]]
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* [[Nepal]]
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* [[Netherlands Antilles]]
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* [[New Caledonia]]
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* [[Nicaragua]]
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* [[Niger]]
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* [[Nigeria]]
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* [[Niue]]
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* [[Norfolk Island]]
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* [[Oman]]
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* [[Pakistan]]
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* [[Palau]]
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* [[Papua New Guinea]]
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* [[Paraguay]]
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* [[Peru]]
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* [[Philippines]]
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* [[Pitcairn Islands]]
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* [[Portugal]]
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* [[Reunion]]
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* [[Rwanda]]
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* [[Saint Helena (island)]]
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* [[Saint Kitts and Nevis]]
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* [[Saint Lucia]]
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* [[Saint Vincent and the Grenadines]]
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* [[Samoa]]
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* [[Sao Tome and Principe]]
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* [[Saudi Arabia]]
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* [[Senegal]]
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* [[Seychelles]]
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* [[Sierra Leone]]
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* [[Singapore]]
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* [[Solomon Islands]]
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* [[Somalia]]
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* [[South Africa]]
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* [[Sri Lanka]]
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* [[Sudan]]
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* [[Suriname]]
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* [[Swaziland]]
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* [[Syria]]
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* [[Taiwan]]
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* [[Tanzania]]
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* [[Thailand]]
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* [[Togo]]
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* [[Trinidad and Tobago]]
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* [[Tunisia]]
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* [[Turks and Caicos Islands]]
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* [[Uganda]]
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* [[Uruguay]]
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* [[Vietnam]]
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* [[Yemen]]
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* [[Zimbabwe]]
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[[fr:Fièvre jaune]]
 
[[fr:Fièvre jaune]]
 
[[WikiPedia:Yellow fever]]
 
[[WikiPedia:Yellow fever]]

Revision as of 12:29, 21 July 2006

This is an article about health issues. While contributors do their best, we cannot take account of your individual health needs. Consult your doctor for individual medical advice.


About Yellow Fever

Yellow fever is a potentially fatal tropical disease caused by a virus that is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes. Illness ranges in severity from an influenza-like syndrome to severe hepatitis and hemorrhagic fever. Yellow fever can be prevented by vaccination. Travellers to areas with yellow fever transmission should take precautions against exposure to mosquitoes.

Countries where yellow fever is endemic:-

Africa (map):

Central and South America (map):

Vaccination

A vaccine is available which provides immunity for at least ten years. Many countries will require that you be vaccinated against yellow fever if you are coming from a country where it is present or have been in such a country within the last 6 days (the incubation period). If this is the case you will need to present a "World Health Organisation International Certificate of Vaccination" with an appropriately dated certification on the "International Certificate of Vaccination or Revaccination Against Yellow Fever" page to immigration officials. This little yellow booklet will be given to you when you are vaccinated against yellow fever for the first time. Carry it with your passport: you'll typically present them to immigration officials at the same time.

It is generally easiest to get a yellow fever vaccination in your home country before you leave on your trip. The vaccination is not in the normal vaccination schedules of many countries outside the infected areas since it is unnecessary unless you are travelling and has a somewhat higher risk of complications than many other vaccines. You will need to especially request a yellow fever vaccination from a designated yellow fever vaccination center. Immunity is considered to start 10 days from the time of the vaccination, so be sure to get vaccinated 10 days before you enter an infected country. The vaccine is live and not entirely inactive: many people have mild flu-like symptoms for a couple of days after receiving this vaccine, so it would be good not to be planning anything strenuous in those days.

Depending on how the vaccine is cultivated, you may need to allow about half an hour for a yellow fever vaccination as you will be observed for an allergic reaction after it is administered.

Vaccination requirements

Some countries have mandatory yellow fever vaccination requirements. These requirements vary from country to country and may also vary from time to time. The following is a list of countries which had yellow fever vaccination requirements as at mid-2006: