Beautiful banners are coming to every article and you can help!
Check out our guidelines and learn how to create your own!

Difference between revisions of "Yellow fever"

From Wikitravel
Jump to: navigation, search
(34 intermediate revisions by 19 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
'''Yellow fever''' is a disease caused by a virus transmitted by the mosquito ''Aedes''. Its symptoms include fever, jaundice, bloody vomit, and death. A vaccine is available which provides immunity for at least ten years. Be sure to bring and use [[mosquito repellent]] if you are visiting a country where yellow fever is present.
+
{{cautionbox|This is an article about health issues. While contributors do their best, we cannot take account of your individual health needs. Consult your doctor for individual medical advice.}}
  
The following countries require or recommend immunization against yellow fever:
+
{{traveltopic}}
*[[North America]]
+
**[[Canada]] does not require visitors to be immunized.
+
**[[USA]] does not require visitors to be immunized.
+
**[[Mexico]] does not require visitors to be immunized.
+
**[[Guatemala]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized.
+
**[[Belize]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized.
+
**[[Honduras]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized.
+
**[[El Salvador]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized.
+
**[[Nicaragua]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized.
+
**[[Costa Rica]] does not require visitors to be immunized.
+
**[[Panama]] recommends visitors to Chepo, Darién, and San Blas to be immunized.
+
*[[South America]]
+
**[[Brazil]] requires visitors from infected to be immunized. Yellow fever is endemic in Maranhão, Tocantins, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, parts of Minas Gerais, São Paulo, and Paraná, and all states northwest.
+
**[[French Guiana]] requires all visitors to be immunized.
+
**[[Surinam]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized.
+
**[[Guyana]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized.
+
**[[Venezuela]] does not require visitors to be immunized.
+
**[[Colombia]] recommends that visitors to ... be immunized.
+
**[[Ecuador]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized.
+
**[[Peru]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized. Visitors to the jungle are recommended to be immunized.
+
**[[Bolivia]] requires visitors from infected areas to be immunized. Yellow fever is endemic in...
+
**[[Chile]] does not require visitors to be immunized.
+
**[[Argentina]] does not require visitors to be immunized.
+
**[[Paraguay]] requires visitors from and to infected areas to be immunized.
+
**[[Uruguay]] does not require visitors to be immunized.
+
*[[Europe]]
+
*[[Asia]]
+
*[[Africa]]
+
*[[Australia]]
+
  
External link: [http://www.who.int/ith/countrylist01.html WHO]
+
== About Yellow Fever ==
  
[[WikiPedia:Yellow fever]]
+
'''Yellow fever''' is a potentially fatal [[Tropical diseases|tropical disease]] caused by a virus that is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes. Illness ranges in severity from an influenza-like syndrome to severe hepatitis and hemorrhagic fever. Yellow fever can be prevented by vaccination. Travellers to areas with yellow fever transmission should take precautions against exposure to [[mosquitoes]].
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/1.htm 维生素D3]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/2.htm 叶酸]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/3.htm 伊特安]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/4.htm 伊维菌素]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/5.htm 医疗服务]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/6.htm 结晶山梨醇]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/7.htm 医药原料药]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/8.htm 医药制剂]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/9.htm 医药中间体]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/10.htm 消毒药剂]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/11.htm 依立替康]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/12.htm 依普瑞丰]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/13.htm 依托红霉素片]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/14.htm 依维菌素]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/15.htm 依西美坦]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/16.htm 乙胺丁醇]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/17.htm 乙肝]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/18.htm 乙酰吉他霉素颗粒剂]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/19.htm 异烟肼]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/20.htm 异烟酸]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/21.htm 益比奥]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/22.htm 因特芬]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/23.htm 吲达帕胺片]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/24.htm 吲哚生物碱]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/25.htm 茚满酮]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/26.htm 英路因]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/27.htm 营养强化剂]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/28.htm 硬胶囊]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/29.htm 硬脂酸]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/30.htm 硬脂酸红霉素]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/31.htm 原料药]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/32.htm 右旋糖酐铁]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/33.htm 玉米淀粉]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/34.htm 愈创木酚]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/35.htm 愈创木酚甘油醚]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/36.htm 愈创木酚磺酸钾]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/37.htm 原料药]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/38.htm 洗衣粉]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/39.htm 孕激素]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/40.htm 甾体激素]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/41.htm 激素]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/42.htm 甾体激素类]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/43.htm 樟脑丸]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/44.htm 针剂]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/45.htm 芝麻酚]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/46.htm 植物药]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/47.htm 原料药]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/48.htm 止痛灵]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/49.htm 成品药]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/50.htm 制药]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/51.htm 心血管]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/52.htm 中成药]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/53.htm 中间体]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/54.htm 中枢神经]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/55.htm 片剂模具]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/56.htm 中西药制剂]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/57.htm 中药种植]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/58.htm 肿瘤标志物]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/59.htm 重组人红细胞生成素]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/60.htm 重组人粒细胞]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/61.htm 重组人粒细胞集落刺激因子]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/62.htm 朱砂莲胶囊]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/63.htm 注射剂]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/64.htm 注射葡萄糖]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/65.htm 左西孟旦]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/66.htm 左西替利嗪]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/67.htm 聚合物驱油剂]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/68.htm 睾丸素]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/69.htm 格列美脲]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/70.htm 葛根芩连片]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/71.htm 更昔洛韦]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/72.htm 庚肝]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/73.htm 谷维素片]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/74.htm 光敏剂]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/75.htm 广谱抗菌剂]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/76.htm 国家二类新药]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/77.htm 过氧乙酸]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/78.htm 合成药物]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/79.htm 核酸]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/80.htm 恒欣]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/81.htm 红霉素肟]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/82.htm 葡甲胺]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/83.htm 葡萄糖]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/84.htm 葡乙胺]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/85.htm 奇净康]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/86.htm 祺泰GINA]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/87.htm 蕲蛇酶注射液]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/88.htm 强化戊二醛]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/89.htm 强力霉素]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/90.htm 强盛]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/91.htm 羟基氯喹侧链]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/92.htm 青霉素类]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/93.htm 曲克芦丁]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/94.htm 驱蚊片剂]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/95.htm 去氧氟尿苷]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/96.htm 全灭长效驱虫注射液]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/97.htm 全球性原料药]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/98.htm 乙胺盐酸盐]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/99.htm 盐酸洛美沙星]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/100.htm 盐酸谱萘洛尔]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/101.htm 盐酸头孢他美酯]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/102.htm 盐酸头孢他美酯片]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/103.htm 盐酸小檗碱]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/104.htm 盐酸盐]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/105.htm 盐酸左氧氟沙星]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/106.htm 颜料]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/107.htm 氧氟沙星]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/108.htm 氧雄诺龙]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/109.htm 药品流通]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/110.htm 药品注册服务]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/111.htm 药物]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/112.htm 药物中间体]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/113.htm 感光高分子]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/114.htm 破伤风抗毒素]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/115.htm 盐酸环丙沙星胶囊]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/116.htm 甘油]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/117.htm CIPROFLOXACIN]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/118.htm VE烟酸酯胶囊]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/119.htm 阿苯达唑]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/120.htm 阿卡明]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/121.htm 阿拉肽]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/122.htm 阿那曲唑]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/123.htm 阿奇霉]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/124.htm 阿司匹林]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/125.htm 阿替洛尔]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/126.htm 阿维菌素]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/127.htm 阿昔洛韦]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/128.htm 艾滋病]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/129.htm 安宫黄体酮]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/130.htm 安普罗列]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/131.htm 安普罗林]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/132.htm 氨基酸保护剂]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/133.htm 氨基酸类衍生物]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/134.htm 氨基酸衍生物]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/135.htm 奥卡西平]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/136.htm 奥拉米特]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/137.htm 奥洛他定]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/138.htm 奥美拉唑]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/139.htm 白花油]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/140.htm 白藜芦]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/141.htm 百士欣]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/142.htm 半合成抗生素]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/143.htm 半合成原料药]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/144.htm 棒酸]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/145.htm 包装容器]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/146.htm 胞苷]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/147.htm 保健品]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/148.htm 保肾康]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/149.htm 倍灵高效广谱抗体外寄生虫药]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/150.htm 倍他米松]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/151.htm 苯磺阿曲库胺]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/152.htm 苯甲酰甲酸甲酯]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/153.htm 天门冬氨酸]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/154.htm 苯乙酮甲酯]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/155.htm 冬氨酸]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/156.htm 吡嗪酰胺]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/157.htm 扁桃酸]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/158.htm 表雄酮]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/159.htm 丙肝]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/160.htm 丙基硫氧嘧啶]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/161.htm 参茸蛤蚧保肾丸]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/162.htm 藏成药]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/163.htm 牙膏]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/164.htm 茶碱]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/165.htm 肠胃病治疗类]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/166.htm 橙皮甙]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/167.htm 雌二醇环戊丙酸酯]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/168.htm 雌三醇]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/169.htm 醋酸甲地孕酮]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/170.htm 醋酸美伦孕酮]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/171.htm 醋酸钠]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/172.htm 醋酸坦勃龙]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/173.htm 软胶囊]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/174.htm 蛋白同化激素]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/175.htm 迪克拉苏]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/176.htm 地蒽粉]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/177.htm 地克珠利]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/178.htm 地舍平]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/179.htm 碘伏消毒液]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/180.htm 电池模具]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/181.htm 淀粉糖]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/182.htm 叠氮钠]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/183.htm 丁洛地尔]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/184.htm 注射液]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/185.htm 东莨菪醇]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/186.htm 杜球]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/187.htm 对甲苯磺酸氟乙酯]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/188.htm 对羟基苯甲醇]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/189.htm 对异丙基苯甲酸]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/190.htm 多非利特]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/191.htm 多索茶碱片]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/192.htm 多肽]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/193.htm 多肽缩合剂]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/194.htm 多西环素]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/195.htm 鹅去氧胆酸胶囊]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/196.htm 厄贝沙坦]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/197.htm 恶霉灵水剂]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/198.htm 吡啶醇酯]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/199.htm 二氧化碳]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/200.htm 法莫替丁注射液]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/201.htm 泛昔洛韦]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/202.htm 芳香球]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/203.htm 放射性药物]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/204.htm 专用消毒剂]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/205.htm 非诺洛芬钙]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/206.htm 酚磺乙胺]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/207.htm 粉针剂]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/208.htm 风疹病毒]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/209.htm 呋喃胺盐]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/210.htm 敷克酰基化]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/211.htm 氟宝注射液]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/212.htm 氟达拉滨磷酸盐]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/213.htm 氟康唑]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/214.htm 氟康唑片]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/215.htm 氟罗沙星粗品]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/216.htm 氟哌酸]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/217.htm 氟西汀]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/218.htm 氟孕酮]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/219.htm 福美司坦]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/220.htm 甘氨酸苄酯对甲苯磺酸盐]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/221.htm 甘氨酸苄酯盐酸盐]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/222.htm 甘草次酸]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/223.htm 甘草酸单铵盐]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/224.htm 甘草酸单钾盐]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/225.htm 甘草酸二铵]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/226.htm 甘草酸二铵盐]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/227.htm 甘草酸二钾盐]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/228.htm 甘草酸二钠盐]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/229.htm 甘草酸三钾盐]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/230.htm 甘草酸三钠盐]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/231.htm 甘草酸锌]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/232.htm 甘草甜味素]
+
[http://www.shop263.com/i8-3/233.htm 片剂胶]
+
  
 +
<br>
 +
'''Countries where yellow fever is endemic''' - with [http://www2.ncid.cdc.gov/travel/yb/utils/ybGet.asp?section=YBAll CDC] vaccination recommendation (may be abbreviated) as at mid-2006 in brackets - are:
  
 +
<br>
 +
'''[[Africa]]'''
 +
[[Image:Yellow_Fever_Africa_2009.jpeg|thumb|300px|CDC map of yellow fever-endemic zones in Africa in 2009.]]
 +
{| class="wikitable sortable" |+ align=center | border=1
 +
|- bgcolor="#efefef"
 +
!  Country
 +
!  Traveller's Age
 +
!  Additional Comments
 +
|-
 +
| [[Angola]]
 +
| over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Benin]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Burkina Faso]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Burundi]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Cameroon]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Cape Verde]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Central African Republic]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Chad]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|Congo: [[Democratic Republic of the Congo]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|Congo: [[Republic of the Congo]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Côte d'Ivoire]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Equatorial Guinea]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Ethiopia]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Gabon]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[The Gambia]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Ghana]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Guinea]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Guinea-Bissau]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Kenya]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|cities of Nairobi and Mombasa have lower risk of transmission than rural areas
 +
|-
 +
|[[Liberia]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Mali]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Mauritania]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Niger]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Nigeria]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Rwanda]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Sao Tome and Principe]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Senegal]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Sierra Leone]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Somalia]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Sudan]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Tanzania]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|city of Dar es Salaam has a lower risk of transmission than rural areas
 +
|-
 +
|[[Togo]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Uganda]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|}
  
 +
<br>
 +
'''[[Central America]]''' & '''[[South America]]'''
 +
[[Image:Yellow_Fever_Americas_2009.jpeg|thumb|300px|CDC map of yellow fever-endemic zones in the Americas in 2009.]]
 +
{| class="wikitable sortable" |+ align=center | border=1
 +
|- bgcolor="#efefef"
 +
!  Country
 +
!  Traveller's Age
 +
!  Additional Comments
 +
|-
 +
|[[Argentina]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|going to the northern and north-eastern forested areas, including Iguaçu Falls
 +
|-
 +
|[[Bolivia]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|travelling to areas east of the Andes Mountains
 +
|-
 +
|[[Brazil]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|going to the endemic zone
 +
|-
 +
|[[Colombia]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|where itinerary is limited to the cities of Bogotá, Cali, or Medellín, risk is lower and travellers may consider foregoing vaccination
 +
|-
 +
|[[Ecuador]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|who are travelling to areas east of the Andes Mountains
 +
|-
 +
|[[French Guiana]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Guyana]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Panama]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|travelling to the provinces of Darien, Kunayala (San Blas) and Panama, excluding the Canal Zone
 +
|-
 +
|[[Paraguay]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|travelling to the forested areas on the east and west
 +
|-
 +
|[[Peru]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|travelling to the areas east of the Andes Mountains, except if only travelling to the cities of Cuzco and Machu Picchu
 +
|-
 +
|[[Suriname]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Trinidad and Tobago]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|[[Venezuela]]
 +
|over 9 mo.
 +
|except if only travelling to the northern coastal area
 +
|}
  
 +
== Vaccination ==
  
 +
A '''vaccine''' is available which provides immunity for at least ten years. Many countries will require that you be vaccinated against yellow fever if you are coming '''from''' a country where it is present or have been in such a country within the last 6 days (the incubation period). If this is the case you will need to present a "World Health Organisation International Certificate of Vaccination" with an appropriately dated certification on the "International Certificate of Vaccination or Revaccination Against Yellow Fever" page to immigration officials. This little yellow booklet will be given to you when you are vaccinated against yellow fever for the first time. Carry it with your passport: you'll typically present them to immigration officials at the same time.
  
 +
It is generally easiest to get a yellow fever vaccination in your home country before you leave on your trip. The vaccination is not in the normal vaccination schedules of many countries outside the infected areas since it is unnecessary unless you are travelling and has a somewhat higher risk of complications than many other vaccines. You will need to especially request a yellow fever vaccination from a designated '''yellow fever vaccination center'''. Immunity is considered to start '''10 days''' from the time of the vaccination, so be sure to get vaccinated 10 days before you enter an infected country. The vaccine is live and not entirely inactive: many people have mild flu-like symptoms for a couple of days after receiving this vaccine, so it would be good not to be planning anything strenuous in those days.
  
 +
Depending on how the vaccine is cultivated, you may need to allow about half an hour for a yellow fever vaccination as you will be observed for an allergic reaction after it is administered.
  
 +
== Vaccination requirements ==
  
 +
Some countries have mandatory yellow fever vaccination requirements. The exact requirements vary from country to country and may also vary from time to time. The following is a list of countries which had yellow fever vaccination requirements as at mid-2006. Countries requiring proof of vaccination upon arrival from all other countries (as opposed to only upon arrival from endemic zones) for all travellers more than one year old are marked below.
  
   
+
{| class="wikitable sortable" | border=1
 +
|- bgcolor="#efefef"
 +
! Country
 +
!  Proof of Vaccination
 +
|-
 +
|[[Afghanistan]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Albania]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Algeria]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Angola]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Antigua and Barbuda]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Aruba]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Australia]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Bahamas]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Bangladesh]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Barbados]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Belize]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Benin]]
 +
|always
 +
|-
 +
|[[Bhutan]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Bolivia]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Botswana]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Brazil]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Brunei]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Burkina Faso]]
 +
|always
 +
|-
 +
|[[Burundi]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Cambodia]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Cameroon]]
 +
|always
 +
|-
 +
|[[Cape Verde]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Central African Republic]]
 +
|always
 +
|-
 +
|[[China]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Christmas Island]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Democratic Republic of the Congo|Democratic Republic]]<br>
 +
[[Democratic Republic of the Congo|of the Congo]]
 +
|always
 +
|-
 +
|[[Republic of the Congo]]
 +
|always
 +
|-
 +
|[[Cote d'Ivoire]]
 +
|always
 +
|-
 +
|[[Costa Rica]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[East Timor]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Ecuador]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Egypt]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[El Salvador]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Equatorial Guinea]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Eritrea]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Ethiopia]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Fiji]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[French Guiana]]
 +
|always
 +
|-
 +
|[[French Polynesia]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Gabon]]
 +
|always
 +
|-
 +
|[[Gambia]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Ghana]]
 +
|always
 +
|-
 +
|[[Grenada]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Guadeloupe]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Guatemala]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Guinea]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Guinea-Bissau]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Guyana]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Haiti]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Honduras]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[India]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Indonesia]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Iran]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Iraq]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Jamaica]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Jordan]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Kazakhstan]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Kenya]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Kiribati]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Laos]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Lebanon]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Lesotho]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Liberia]]
 +
|always
 +
|-
 +
|[[Libya]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Madagascar]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Malawi]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Malaysia]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Maldives]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Mali]]
 +
|always
 +
|-
 +
|[[Malta]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Mauritania]]
 +
|always*
 +
|-
 +
|[[Mauritius]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Montserrat]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Mozambique]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Myanmar]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Namibia]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Nauru]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Nepal]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Netherlands Antilles]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[New Caledonia]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Nicaragua]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Niger]]
 +
|always
 +
|-
 +
|[[Nigeria]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Niue]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Norfolk Island]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Oman]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Pakistan]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Palau]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Papua New Guinea]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Paraguay]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Peru]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Philippines]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Pitcairn Islands]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Portugal]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Reunion]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Rwanda]]
 +
|always
 +
|-
 +
|[[Saint Helena (island)]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Saint Kitts and Nevis]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Saint Lucia]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Saint Vincent and the Grenadines]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Samoa]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Sao Tome and Principe]]
 +
|always
 +
|-
 +
|[[Saudi Arabia]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Senegal]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Seychelles]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Sierra Leone]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Singapore]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Solomon Islands]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Somalia]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[South Africa]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Sri Lanka]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Sudan]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Suriname]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Swaziland]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Syria]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Taiwan]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Tanzania]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Thailand]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Togo]]
 +
|always
 +
|-
 +
|[[Trinidad and Tobago]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Tunisia]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Turks and Caicos Islands]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Uganda]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Uruguay]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Vietnam]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Yemen]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|-
 +
|[[Zimbabwe]]
 +
|from other endemic zones
 +
|}
  
[http://www.haishun.net 门禁]
+
*exception: not required for Mauritanian travelers arriving from non-endemic zones who will stay less than 2 weeks
[http://www.haishun.net 监控]
+
 
[http://www.genset-sh.com 发电机]
+
{{usabletopic}}
[http://www.haishun.net/p_mjds.htm 门禁]
+
 
[http://www.haishun.net/p_mjds_dmmj.htm 门禁]
+
[[fr:Fièvre jaune]]
[http://www.haishun.net/p_mjds_lwmj.htm 门禁]
+
[[WikiPedia:Yellow fever]]
[http://www.haishun.net/p_mjds_yjs.htm 门禁]
+
[http://www.haishun.net/cctv.htm 监控]
+
[http://www.haishun.net/p_cctv_jk.htm 监控]
+
[http://www.haishun.net/p_cctv_jk_sxj.htm 监控]
+
[http://www.haishun.net/p_cctv_jk_xsq.htm 监控]
+
[http://www.haishun.net/p_cctv_jk_yplxj.htm 监控]
+
[http://www.haishun.net/p_cctv_jk_yt.htm 监控]
+
[http://www.haishun.net/p_cctv_jk_zj.htm 监控]
+
[http://www.7766888.com 虚拟主机]
+
[http://www.7766888.com/introcom.htm asp虚拟主机]
+
[http://www.7766888.com/introcn.htm php虚拟主机]
+
[http://www.7766888.com/u_puji.htm unix虚拟主机]
+
[http://www.7766888.com/mysql.htm windows虚拟主机]
+
[http://www.7766888.com/u_jingji.htm 纯空间虚拟主机]
+
[http://www.7766888.com/u_biaozhun.htm 虚拟主机]
+
[http://www.7766888.com/u_zhiqiang.htm 虚拟主机]
+
[http://www.7766888.com/w_jingji.htm 虚拟主机]
+
[http://www.7766888.com/w_biaozhun.htm 虚拟主机]
+
[http://www.asp169.com/marketingsoft1.htm 空压机]
+
[http://www.asp169.com/marketingsoft2.htm 压缩机]
+
[http://www.asp169.com/zhaoguan.htm 消毒剂]
+
[http://www.asp169.com/crm.htm 化妆品]
+
[http://www.asp169.com/marketingsoft3.htm 战略咨询]
+
[http://www.asp169.com/marketingsoft4.htm 武夷山]
+
[http://www.asp169.com/marketingsoft5.htm 数据恢复]
+
[http://haishun11.51.net 虚拟主机]
+
[http://decorate.51.net 装修]
+
[http://decorate.51.net 团购]
+
[http://www.xsjby.cn 化工泵]
+
[http://www.asp169.com/zhaoguan2.htm 二氧化氯]
+
[http://www.fm360.net 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/001.html 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/game.htm 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/software.htm 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/jinshi.htm 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/music.htm 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/053.html 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/flash.htm 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/newsweek.htm 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/club.htm 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/stock.htm 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/love.htm 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/netcard.htm 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/025.html 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/hardware.htm 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/sport.htm 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/shouji.htm 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/ym.htm 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/ylbj.htm 网址大全]
+
[http://www.fm360.net/page/car.htm 网址大全]
+
[http://www.jifamark.com 线号机]
+
[http://www.jifamark.com/xhj.htm 线号机]
+
[http://www.jifamark.com 打号机]
+
[http://www.funasia.cn 装修]
+
[http://www.funasia.cn 团购]
+
[http://www.funasia.cn/pinpai.asp 装修]
+
[http://www.funasia.cn/client/gb_list.asp 装修]
+
[http://www.funasia.cn/design/index.asp 装修]
+
[http://www.funasia.cn/funasiaHome/index.asp 装修]
+
[http://www.funasia.cn/jiancai.asp 装修]
+
[http://www.funasia.cn/shishang.asp 装修]
+
[http://www.funasia.cn/mall/AboutOur.htm 团购]
+
[http://www.genset-sh.com/cai.asp 发电机]
+
[http://www.genset-sh.com/tancu.asp 发电机]
+
[http://www.genset-sh.com/xi3.asp 发电机]
+
[http://www.genset-sh.com/lan.asp 发电机]
+
[http://www.genset-sh.com/leng.asp 发电机]
+
[http://www.genset-sh.com/jiyou.asp 发电机]
+
[http://www.genset-sh.com/ranyou.asp 发电机]
+
[http://www.genset-sh.com/kuongqi.asp 发电机]
+
[http://www.genset-sh.com/ssss.asp 发电机]
+
[http://www.zj-df.com 减速机]
+
[http://www.xhhj.com.cn 离心机]
+
[http://www.hdfix.com.cn 数据恢复]
+

Revision as of 00:03, 27 August 2011

Travel Warning

NOTE: This is an article about health issues. While contributors do their best, we cannot take account of your individual health needs. Consult your doctor for individual medical advice.


    This article is a travel topic

About Yellow Fever

Yellow fever is a potentially fatal tropical disease caused by a virus that is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes. Illness ranges in severity from an influenza-like syndrome to severe hepatitis and hemorrhagic fever. Yellow fever can be prevented by vaccination. Travellers to areas with yellow fever transmission should take precautions against exposure to mosquitoes.


Countries where yellow fever is endemic - with CDC vaccination recommendation (may be abbreviated) as at mid-2006 in brackets - are:


Africa

CDC map of yellow fever-endemic zones in Africa in 2009.
Country Traveller's Age Additional Comments
Angola over 9 mo.
Benin over 9 mo.
Burkina Faso over 9 mo.
Burundi over 9 mo.
Cameroon over 9 mo.
Cape Verde over 9 mo.
Central African Republic over 9 mo.
Chad over 9 mo.
Congo: Democratic Republic of the Congo over 9 mo.
Congo: Republic of the Congo over 9 mo.
Côte d'Ivoire over 9 mo.
Equatorial Guinea over 9 mo.
Ethiopia over 9 mo.
Gabon over 9 mo.
The Gambia over 9 mo.
Ghana over 9 mo.
Guinea over 9 mo.
Guinea-Bissau over 9 mo.
Kenya over 9 mo. cities of Nairobi and Mombasa have lower risk of transmission than rural areas
Liberia over 9 mo.
Mali over 9 mo.
Mauritania over 9 mo.
Niger over 9 mo.
Nigeria over 9 mo.
Rwanda over 9 mo.
Sao Tome and Principe over 9 mo.
Senegal over 9 mo.
Sierra Leone over 9 mo.
Somalia over 9 mo.
Sudan over 9 mo.
Tanzania over 9 mo. city of Dar es Salaam has a lower risk of transmission than rural areas
Togo over 9 mo.
Uganda over 9 mo.


Central America & South America

CDC map of yellow fever-endemic zones in the Americas in 2009.
Country Traveller's Age Additional Comments
Argentina over 9 mo. going to the northern and north-eastern forested areas, including Iguaçu Falls
Bolivia over 9 mo. travelling to areas east of the Andes Mountains
Brazil over 9 mo. going to the endemic zone
Colombia over 9 mo. where itinerary is limited to the cities of Bogotá, Cali, or Medellín, risk is lower and travellers may consider foregoing vaccination
Ecuador over 9 mo. who are travelling to areas east of the Andes Mountains
French Guiana over 9 mo.
Guyana over 9 mo.
Panama over 9 mo. travelling to the provinces of Darien, Kunayala (San Blas) and Panama, excluding the Canal Zone
Paraguay over 9 mo. travelling to the forested areas on the east and west
Peru over 9 mo. travelling to the areas east of the Andes Mountains, except if only travelling to the cities of Cuzco and Machu Picchu
Suriname over 9 mo.
Trinidad and Tobago over 9 mo.
Venezuela over 9 mo. except if only travelling to the northern coastal area

Vaccination

A vaccine is available which provides immunity for at least ten years. Many countries will require that you be vaccinated against yellow fever if you are coming from a country where it is present or have been in such a country within the last 6 days (the incubation period). If this is the case you will need to present a "World Health Organisation International Certificate of Vaccination" with an appropriately dated certification on the "International Certificate of Vaccination or Revaccination Against Yellow Fever" page to immigration officials. This little yellow booklet will be given to you when you are vaccinated against yellow fever for the first time. Carry it with your passport: you'll typically present them to immigration officials at the same time.

It is generally easiest to get a yellow fever vaccination in your home country before you leave on your trip. The vaccination is not in the normal vaccination schedules of many countries outside the infected areas since it is unnecessary unless you are travelling and has a somewhat higher risk of complications than many other vaccines. You will need to especially request a yellow fever vaccination from a designated yellow fever vaccination center. Immunity is considered to start 10 days from the time of the vaccination, so be sure to get vaccinated 10 days before you enter an infected country. The vaccine is live and not entirely inactive: many people have mild flu-like symptoms for a couple of days after receiving this vaccine, so it would be good not to be planning anything strenuous in those days.

Depending on how the vaccine is cultivated, you may need to allow about half an hour for a yellow fever vaccination as you will be observed for an allergic reaction after it is administered.

Vaccination requirements

Some countries have mandatory yellow fever vaccination requirements. The exact requirements vary from country to country and may also vary from time to time. The following is a list of countries which had yellow fever vaccination requirements as at mid-2006. Countries requiring proof of vaccination upon arrival from all other countries (as opposed to only upon arrival from endemic zones) for all travellers more than one year old are marked below.

Country Proof of Vaccination
Afghanistan from other endemic zones
Albania from other endemic zones
Algeria from other endemic zones
Angola from other endemic zones
Antigua and Barbuda from other endemic zones
Aruba from other endemic zones
Australia from other endemic zones
Bahamas from other endemic zones
Bangladesh from other endemic zones
Barbados from other endemic zones
Belize from other endemic zones
Benin always
Bhutan from other endemic zones
Bolivia from other endemic zones
Botswana from other endemic zones
Brazil from other endemic zones
Brunei from other endemic zones
Burkina Faso always
Burundi from other endemic zones
Cambodia from other endemic zones
Cameroon always
Cape Verde from other endemic zones
Central African Republic always
China from other endemic zones
Christmas Island from other endemic zones
Democratic Republic

of the Congo

always
Republic of the Congo always
Cote d'Ivoire always
Costa Rica from other endemic zones
East Timor from other endemic zones
Ecuador from other endemic zones
Egypt from other endemic zones
El Salvador from other endemic zones
Equatorial Guinea from other endemic zones
Eritrea from other endemic zones
Ethiopia from other endemic zones
Fiji from other endemic zones
French Guiana always
French Polynesia from other endemic zones
Gabon always
Gambia from other endemic zones
Ghana always
Grenada from other endemic zones
Guadeloupe from other endemic zones
Guatemala from other endemic zones
Guinea from other endemic zones
Guinea-Bissau from other endemic zones
Guyana from other endemic zones
Haiti from other endemic zones
Honduras from other endemic zones
India from other endemic zones
Indonesia from other endemic zones
Iran from other endemic zones
Iraq from other endemic zones
Jamaica from other endemic zones
Jordan from other endemic zones
Kazakhstan from other endemic zones
Kenya from other endemic zones
Kiribati from other endemic zones
Laos from other endemic zones
Lebanon from other endemic zones
Lesotho from other endemic zones
Liberia always
Libya from other endemic zones
Madagascar from other endemic zones
Malawi from other endemic zones
Malaysia from other endemic zones
Maldives from other endemic zones
Mali always
Malta from other endemic zones
Mauritania always*
Mauritius from other endemic zones
Montserrat from other endemic zones
Mozambique from other endemic zones
Myanmar from other endemic zones
Namibia from other endemic zones
Nauru from other endemic zones
Nepal from other endemic zones
Netherlands Antilles from other endemic zones
New Caledonia from other endemic zones
Nicaragua from other endemic zones
Niger always
Nigeria from other endemic zones
Niue from other endemic zones
Norfolk Island from other endemic zones
Oman from other endemic zones
Pakistan from other endemic zones
Palau from other endemic zones
Papua New Guinea from other endemic zones
Paraguay from other endemic zones
Peru from other endemic zones
Philippines from other endemic zones
Pitcairn Islands from other endemic zones
Portugal from other endemic zones
Reunion from other endemic zones
Rwanda always
Saint Helena (island) from other endemic zones
Saint Kitts and Nevis from other endemic zones
Saint Lucia from other endemic zones
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines from other endemic zones
Samoa from other endemic zones
Sao Tome and Principe always
Saudi Arabia from other endemic zones
Senegal from other endemic zones
Seychelles from other endemic zones
Sierra Leone from other endemic zones
Singapore from other endemic zones
Solomon Islands from other endemic zones
Somalia from other endemic zones
South Africa from other endemic zones
Sri Lanka from other endemic zones
Sudan from other endemic zones
Suriname from other endemic zones
Swaziland from other endemic zones
Syria from other endemic zones
Taiwan from other endemic zones
Tanzania from other endemic zones
Thailand from other endemic zones
Togo always
Trinidad and Tobago from other endemic zones
Tunisia from other endemic zones
Turks and Caicos Islands from other endemic zones
Uganda from other endemic zones
Uruguay from other endemic zones
Vietnam from other endemic zones
Yemen from other endemic zones
Zimbabwe from other endemic zones
  • exception: not required for Mauritanian travelers arriving from non-endemic zones who will stay less than 2 weeks
This is a usable article. It touches on all the major areas of the topic. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages

other sites