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Difference between revisions of "Wikitravel:Disambiguation pages"

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Sometimes destinations have identical names, and editors may make links to a name without a [[Wikitravel:article naming conventions#disambiguation|disambiguator]]. If this happens, it can be useful to make a '''disambiguation page''', to catch these links and correct them.
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A disambiguation page lists the full titles of several different articles, and allows the traveler to choose between them.
  
The disambiguation page lists the full titles of the different articles, so you can find them. If you reached a disambiguation page by following a link in an article, it means that the original article is poorly linked.  You can [[Wikitravel:ways to help Wikitravel|help]] make '''Wikitravel''' better by going back and editing the link on the page that directed you to the disambiguation page. However, before you do you might like to read the [[Wikitravel:Article naming conventions|naming conventions]], especially those on  [[Wikitravel:Article naming conventions#disambiguation|disambiguation]].
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It can be useful to create a disambiguation page in several different cases:
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* When destinations share identical names, for example [[Perth]] refers to several different cities and towns.
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* For geographical regions that do not form part of the [[Wikitravel:Geographical hierarchy|hierarchy]], for example [[New Guinea]].
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* When [[Wikitravel:Bodies of water|bodies of water]] and other geographical features have information about them in several other articles, but do not have a destination guide of their own.
  
If you expected to find an article that is not listed in the disambiguation page, this might mean the article does not exist yet or has not been added to the disambiguation page. If this is the case, you should first search for the article to see if it is listed under a different name. If you do find the article, please add it to the disambiguation page. If you cannot find the article you are looking for and want to write or link to a new article, please change the link on the original page and add that link to the disambiguation page as well.
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If you reach a disambiguation page by following a link in an article, it means that the original article isn't linked directly to the right article. You can [[Wikitravel:ways to help Wikitravel|help]] make '''Wikitravel''' better by going back and editing the link on the page that directed you to the disambiguation page. Before you do you might like to read the  [[Wikitravel:Naming conventions|naming conventions]], especially those on [[Wikitravel:Naming conventions#Disambiguation|disambiguation]].
  
==Format==
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If an article that should be listed in the disambiguation page is not, this might mean the article does not exist yet or that it has not been added to the disambiguation page.  If you can find the article by searching, please add it to the disambiguation page. If you cannot find the article and want to write or link to a new article, please ensure the [[Wikitravel:Naming conventions#Disambiguation|correct format]] for the the link on the original page and add that link to the disambiguation page as well.
A disambiguation page takes the following format:
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#[[Name (disambiguator 1)]], description of destination 1.
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#[[Name (disambiguator 2)]], description of destination 2.
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If you make a disambiguation page, or see one that someone else has made, it's good to add a little notice that says that the article actually is a disambiguation page. There's special markup in our software to mark something as such. It looks like this:
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== Format ==
  
:<nowiki>{{msg:disamb}}</nowiki>
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To create a new disambiguation page, use the following format (code can be copied directly into the disambiguation page):
  
...which makes this appear on the page:
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<nowiki>__NOTOC__</nowiki>
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<nowiki>There is more than one place called '''Name of place''':</nowiki>
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<nowiki>===[[Region]]===</nowiki>
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<nowiki>* [[Place (Region)]] — a town in [[Region]]</nowiki>
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<nowiki>===[[Region]]===</nowiki>
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<nowiki>* [[Place (Region)]] — a town in [[Region]]</nowiki>
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<nowiki>* [[Place (Region)]] — a town in [[Region]]</nowiki>
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 +
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<nowiki>{{disamb}}</nowiki>
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<nowiki>[[WikiPedia:Name_of_place]]</nowiki>
  
{{msg:disamb}}
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In the above example, the section headings (<nowiki>===[[Region]]===</nowiki>) usually contain links to the country containing the locations, such as [[United States of America]].  The article links (<nowiki>[[Place (Region)]]</nowiki>) are links to the actual disambiguated articles, such as [[Lafayette (California)]].  The <nowiki>{{disamb}}</nowiki> is special markup that denotes a page is a disambiguation page.  The markup will leave a note saying that the page is a disambiguation page, and will appear on the page like this:
  
One of the links in this notice point readers to this page to explain why they exist and what to do when encountering one. The decision about when to create a disambiguation page is left to writers of new pages.
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{{disamb}}
  
You can add the disambiguation notice at the bottom of the page. This informs readers about it and invites them to adapt or add the necessary links.
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One of the links in this notice points readers to this page to explain why they exist and what to do when encountering one. The decision about when to create a disambiguation page is left to writers of new pages.
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 +
A link to the disambiguation page at Wikipedia <nowiki>[[WikiPedia:Name_of_place]]</nowiki> can also be helpful. This is optional. This will add a link to the related Wikipedia disambiguation page in the left column. For additional details on adding link to Wikipedia, see [[:Wikitravel:Links to Wikipedia]]. Be sure and check the link to make sure it goes to the correct Wikipedia disambiguation page.
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== Disambiguation page maintenance features ==
  
==Disambiguation page maintenance features==
 
 
This guideline asks that links that point to disambiguation pages be changed to point to the correct articles. When a link that leads to a disambiguation page is changed to point to a new article, it means the disambiguation page can become unlinked.
 
This guideline asks that links that point to disambiguation pages be changed to point to the correct articles. When a link that leads to a disambiguation page is changed to point to a new article, it means the disambiguation page can become unlinked.
  
Unlinked disambiguation pages show up as [[Special:Lonelypages|orphaned pages]]. To prevent this happening they should be listed in the [[Wikitravel:Links to disambiguating pages|Links to disambiguating pages]], which is a [[Wikitravel:Disambiguation page index|Disambiguation page index]].
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Unlinked disambiguation pages show up as [[Special:Lonelypages|orphaned pages]]. To prevent this happening they should be added to the [[Wikitravel:Links to disambiguating pages|Links to disambiguating pages]] page.
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== Putting disambiguation in articles ==
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 +
See [[Wikitravel:Naming conventions#Disambiguation]] for guidance on how to name (or rename) articles to make it clear which destination the article refers to. 
 +
 
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If you have a page that is so much more famous than the other places of the same name that it deserves the simple article name, consider putting <nowiki>{{otheruses}}</nowiki> in the article intro. This will insert a message like,
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:''For other places with the same name, see Paris (disambiguation).''
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See number 4 in [[Wikitravel:Naming conventions#Disambiguation]] for detailed guidelines on such cases.
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==Harder cases==
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Disambiguate unofficial place names for '''region articles''' only for articles that essentially have the same title, e.g., disambiguate [[South West (Western Australia)]] and [[South West (Scotland)]]&mdash;but not [[Southwestern Georgia]].
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Include city '''district articles''' in disambiguation lists ''only'' if the district (or well-known neighborhood within the district) has a well known placename. E.g., include [[Chicago/Hyde Park]] in a disambiguation page for [[Hyde Park]], but do not include [[Jakarta/South]] in a disambiguation page for [[South]].
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Disambiguation pages for topics that do not merit their own article (example: [[SeaWorld]]) should be an exception rather than a rule.  Disambiguation pages for non-articles should only be created for attractions that are major travel destinations in their own right, that new editors commonly re-create (example: [[Atlantic Ocean]]) or that there is a consensus to create.  When there is doubt as to whether a destination meets any of these criteria a consensus must exist to keep a page, otherwise it should be deleted.
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== See also ==
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* [[Wikitravel:Bodies of water]]
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* [[Wikitravel:Links to disambiguating pages|Links to disambiguating pages]]
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{{WikitravelDoc|help}}
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If a disambiguation page is listed on that page then the [[Special:Maintenance|Maintenance page]] can be used to find links that point to disambiguation pages rather than the correct article.
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[[de:Wikitravel:Wegweiser]]
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[[es:Wikitravel:Página de desambiguación]]
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[[fr:Wikitravel:Pages d'homonymie]]
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[[it:Wikitravel:Pagine disambigue]]
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[[ja:Wikitravel:曖昧さ回避のページ]]
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[[nl:Wikitravel:Verwijspagina]]
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[[pt:Wikitravel:Páginas de desambiguação]]
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[[zh:Wikitravel:消含糊頁]]

Latest revision as of 09:45, 22 October 2011

A disambiguation page lists the full titles of several different articles, and allows the traveler to choose between them.

It can be useful to create a disambiguation page in several different cases:

  • When destinations share identical names, for example Perth refers to several different cities and towns.
  • For geographical regions that do not form part of the hierarchy, for example New Guinea.
  • When bodies of water and other geographical features have information about them in several other articles, but do not have a destination guide of their own.

If you reach a disambiguation page by following a link in an article, it means that the original article isn't linked directly to the right article. You can help make Wikitravel better by going back and editing the link on the page that directed you to the disambiguation page. Before you do you might like to read the naming conventions, especially those on disambiguation.

If an article that should be listed in the disambiguation page is not, this might mean the article does not exist yet or that it has not been added to the disambiguation page. If you can find the article by searching, please add it to the disambiguation page. If you cannot find the article and want to write or link to a new article, please ensure the correct format for the the link on the original page and add that link to the disambiguation page as well.

Contents

Format[edit]

To create a new disambiguation page, use the following format (code can be copied directly into the disambiguation page):

__NOTOC__
There is more than one place called '''Name of place''':

===[[Region]]===

* [[Place (Region)]] — a town in [[Region]]

===[[Region]]===

* [[Place (Region)]] — a town in [[Region]]
* [[Place (Region)]] — a town in [[Region]]


{{disamb}}

[[WikiPedia:Name_of_place]]

In the above example, the section headings (===[[Region]]===) usually contain links to the country containing the locations, such as United States of America. The article links ([[Place (Region)]]) are links to the actual disambiguated articles, such as Lafayette (California). The {{disamb}} is special markup that denotes a page is a disambiguation page. The markup will leave a note saying that the page is a disambiguation page, and will appear on the page like this:


Disambiguation.png This article is a disambiguation page. If you arrived here by following a link from another page you can help by correcting it, so that it points to the appropriate disambiguated page.


One of the links in this notice points readers to this page to explain why they exist and what to do when encountering one. The decision about when to create a disambiguation page is left to writers of new pages.

A link to the disambiguation page at Wikipedia [[WikiPedia:Name_of_place]] can also be helpful. This is optional. This will add a link to the related Wikipedia disambiguation page in the left column. For additional details on adding link to Wikipedia, see Wikitravel:Links to Wikipedia. Be sure and check the link to make sure it goes to the correct Wikipedia disambiguation page.

Disambiguation page maintenance features[edit]

This guideline asks that links that point to disambiguation pages be changed to point to the correct articles. When a link that leads to a disambiguation page is changed to point to a new article, it means the disambiguation page can become unlinked.

Unlinked disambiguation pages show up as orphaned pages. To prevent this happening they should be added to the Links to disambiguating pages page.

Putting disambiguation in articles[edit]

See Wikitravel:Naming conventions#Disambiguation for guidance on how to name (or rename) articles to make it clear which destination the article refers to.

If you have a page that is so much more famous than the other places of the same name that it deserves the simple article name, consider putting {{otheruses}} in the article intro. This will insert a message like,

For other places with the same name, see Paris (disambiguation).

See number 4 in Wikitravel:Naming conventions#Disambiguation for detailed guidelines on such cases.

Harder cases[edit]

Disambiguate unofficial place names for region articles only for articles that essentially have the same title, e.g., disambiguate South West (Western Australia) and South West (Scotland)—but not Southwestern Georgia.

Include city district articles in disambiguation lists only if the district (or well-known neighborhood within the district) has a well known placename. E.g., include Chicago/Hyde Park in a disambiguation page for Hyde Park, but do not include Jakarta/South in a disambiguation page for South.

Disambiguation pages for topics that do not merit their own article (example: SeaWorld) should be an exception rather than a rule. Disambiguation pages for non-articles should only be created for attractions that are major travel destinations in their own right, that new editors commonly re-create (example: Atlantic Ocean) or that there is a consensus to create. When there is doubt as to whether a destination meets any of these criteria a consensus must exist to keep a page, otherwise it should be deleted.

See also[edit]

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages