Mongolian is widely spoken, although much of the population speaks Kazakh as a native language. Russian can be used occasionally among middle-aged and older people. Tour guides and some young adults speak English. Schools teach several years of English, though most graduate with only limited knowledge of the language.
Flights for Ulaanbaatar to airports in Ölgii, Hovd, and Ulaangom daily or several times a week on Eznis, AeroMongolia, or Mongolian Air (Not MIAT). Direct buses from the Dragon Center in Ulaanbaatar to each Aimag Center also available several times a week. These buses take 48 hours to Ölgii and 40 to Hovd or Ulaangom under ideal conditions (can be much longer). Shared jeeps travel between each aimag center and from the centers to soums (villages). These are usually dangerously overcrowded, with as many as 15 people and luggage in one jeep. These are available daily between Hovd and Ölgii, and Hovd and Ulaangom, but infrequently between Ölgii and Ulaangom.