Difference between revisions of "Washington, D.C."
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Washington, D.C.,  or the District of Columbia (the city and the district are coterminous), is the capital of the United States of America. It is a planned city, designed specifically to house the federal government, and is not part of any state. Its history, beautiful architecture, and excellent cultural centers attract millions each year. Washington D.C. is bordered by the states of Virginia and Maryland.
Aside from the popular downtown Mall area, Washington, D.C. is divided into several neighborhoods, each with its own personality.
Washington, D.C. was established in 1791 by an act of the infant United States Congress. To avoid a dispute between the various states and regions about which city should be the capital of the new nation, Congress established a brand new city, outside any existing state. The District of Columbia was carved out of Virginia and Maryland, and the new city was built (the land ceded by Virginia was returned to that state in 1846 and now comprises Arlington County and much of the City of Alexandria). Designed by architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant according to Enlightenment-era rationalist philosophy, Washington (named after the country's first president) was envisioned as a kind of Socratic wildlife refuge for America's new philosopher-kings.
Fast-forward two hundred years, and you'll see that the Founding Fathers' vision has been partially fulfilled. Washington, D.C. is a very diverse city of native residents and transients from across the nation who come to serve as employees of the many federal government departments and government contractors. While some are legislators, executives, and judges, much of the population is middle class or impoverished. As home to federal decision-makers, the city's attention is sometimes on topics unique to the city such as advertisements for military technology from large defense contractors vying for brainshare among Pentagon employees. It is a very "young" city, with a large percentage of the population under 30. Relatively few residents have lived here all their lives. Most recent census figures report that about 50% of the population has relocated in the past 5 years. Virtually all cultures, languages and religions are present and accepted. Spanish speaker inhabitants seem to be primarily of Central American origin. African inhabitants seem to be primarily of West African origin with small numbers of Somalis and Ethiopians. Significant and growing numbers of South Asian and Middle Eastern inhabitants present.
Center of African American Culture
In many ways DC was and remains a significant and outstanding center of African American Culture at least as important as Harlem (NYC). It is home to Howard University, one of the most important Historically Black Colleges. It is the hometown of many significant Black figures of history and culture to include Fredrick Douglass, Duke Ellington.....
Center of "Deaf" Culture
Washington DC is hometown to Gaulladet University, one of the only universities in the world with a primary mission to educate the Hearing Impaired.
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Washington, D.C. is served by three major airports.
Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (IATA: DCA),  located in Arlington, Virginia on the west bank of the Potomac River just south of the city, is the closest and most convenient. Walkways connect the concourse level of the B and C terminals to the Washington Metro rail platform; the walk from the A terminal to the metro takes 5 to 10 minutes. To get downtown (10 minutes), take the Yellow Line toward Mt Vernon Square/UDC. For destinations to the west, take the Blue Line toward Largo Town Center. A taxi trip to downtown costs about $15.
Washington Dulles International Airport (IATA: IAD),  is located at Dulles (pronounced Dull-ess), Virginia, 26 miles west of downtown DC. To get into the city, the most convenient option may be the Washington Flyer coach , which operates every half hour to and from the West Falls Church Metro (Orange Line). It takes 20-25 minutes and costs $9 one way or $16 round trip. The Metro rail service from West Falls Church to downtown DC takes another 20-25 minutes. The cheapest option is the 5A Metrobus, an express bus which makes stops at Herndon, Tysons Corner, Rosslyn (Blue and Orange Lines) and downtown L'Enfant Plaza (Green, Yellow, Blue, and Orange Lines). It generally departs every 40 minutes on weekdays and hourly (though not on the hour) on weekends and takes 50-60 minutes to the city; the fare is $3 each way. Ask the people at the information booth in the lower level of the airport terminal, near the baggage claim, which bus will be coming sooner. They also can direct you to the bus stop. (5A timetable and map (pdf): ) A taxi trip to downtown costs about $50.
Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (IATA: BWI),  is in Maryland and is 30 miles north-east of DC and 10 miles south of downtown Baltimore. Metro operates the hourly B30 express Metrobus to the Greenbelt Metro Station (Green Line). It boards on the lower level outside the International Pier. The fare is $3 each way and it takes about 30 minutes. The driver does not provide change. The Metro rail service from Greenbelt to downtown takes another 25 minutes approximately. There are also train services from BWI Rail Station (see next section). A taxi trip to downtown Washington costs about $60.
Amtrak services arrive from all over the country, particularly the Northeast Corridor (Boston-to-Richmond). All stop at downtown Union Station, 50 Massachusetts Ave NE, on Metro's Red Line -- a few blocks from the U.S. Capitol steps. A few lines also stop in adjacent Alexandria, VA, very close to King Street Metro, on the Yellow and Blue lines. If you are coming from the south, it might be easier to stop there, depending on your destination.
Virginia Railway Express (VRE)  also provides rail from the southwest, starting in Virginia suburbs of Manassas and Fredericksburg, for those who do not wish to drive into the metropolitan area.
From BWI Airport, a free "Amtrak/MARC" shuttle bus runs from the airport terminal to the BWI Rail Station. MARC  local rail operates weekdays to New Carrollton (Orange Line) for $5 each way, or Washington Union Station (Red Line) for $6. Amtrak  provides access to Union Station (from $13; 30-35 minutes) and to nearby Alexandria, Virginia near the King Street Metro station on the Blue and Yellow lines (from $27).
Washington, D.C. is primarily served by I-95 from Baltimore, MD or Richmond, VA. I-95 South is particularly bad on Friday afternoons and any time people are likely to be going to the beach. Other interstates of note are:
Again, only travel on the Beltway during rush hour if you absolutely, positively must.
Inside the beltway, I-66 is HOV-2 only eastbound from 7AM to 9AM and westbound from 4PM to 6:30 PM. The HOV-2 restriction applies to the entire highway, not just specific lanes. US-50, US-29, and the George Washington Parkway are the alternatives.
Interestingly enough, while MD/DC 295 (the Baltimore-Washington Parkway) will take you from Maryland right into the city, it doesn't allow you to directly connect to the Southeast-Southwest Freeway westbound. You can exit at Pennsylvania Avenue Eastbound and follow the throngs making illegal u-turns to then be facing westbound (towards downtown) or proceed to Howard Road and then cross the Anacostia River on South Capitol Street, which takes you to the Southeast-Southwest Freeway. I-295 Northbound does connect to the Southeast-Southwest Freeway Westbound. The converse is also true: the Southeast-Southwest Freeway Eastbound does not connect to DC 295 Northbound- it only connects to I-295 southbound. To gain entrance onto DC 295 Northbound, stay left on the Southeast-Southwest Freeway and exit onto Pennsylvania Avenue, which will then let you turn left and enter 295 North.
The city is split into four quadrants centered on the Capitol Building: NE, NW, SE and SW. City roads are laid out in a grid, with east-west streets named for letters (then alphabetically single-syllable words, double-syllable words, etc.) and north-south streets named for numbers, all going "up" as you travel outward. For example, there is an M Street on the north side of town, and another M Street on the south side, both crossing from the east side to the west side. Likewise with 6th Street, running from north to south on both the east and west sides. The boundary lines between the quadrants are as follows: North Capitol Street between NE and NW, East Capitol Street between NE and SE, South Capitol Street between SE and SW, and the National Mall between SW and NW. To identify which side of town and which end of the street, the quadrant is included at the end of any proper street address. For example, the White House is properly "1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW". The Northwest quadrant is the largest and home to most items of interest to visitors, although a few major tourist locations fall into the other three quadrants (e.g. Union Station and the Supreme Court fall in NE, the Tidal Basin and Bureau of Engraving and Printing are in SW and the Library of Congress is in SE)
Speaking of avenues, these are named mostly after the 50 states, and cut at various angles across the grid (several of them lining up on the White House or the Capitol, to draw attention to these democratic symbols). Many major intersections, especially those involving avenues, meet at circles named after historical figures. (Note: traffic may or may not flow through these circles like in a roundabout, depending on the particular circle in question, so don't try to drive them that way.)
The grid has a few peculiarities which are the legacy of Pierre L'Enfant's 18th century plan for the city. There is no J Street, since at the time L'Enfant considered the letters I and J to be essentially the same letter and not two distinct letters as they are today. (It is a myth that he had it out for statesman John Jay.) In the English language, the use of the letter J began to take its modern form in the 1600s but remained commonly interchangeable with I until the mid 1800s. Addresses on I Street are often written "Eye Street" to avoid confusion with the number "1". Addresses on the first block of cross-streets crossing North, South or East Capitol Street are referred to as being on the "unit block" of those streets. Certain of the streets reflect the courses of present-day waterways: rivers (the Anacostia Freeway), creeks or creek valleys (Rock Creek Expressway, Beach Drive), and canals (Clara Barton Expressway [traveling along the C&O Canal], MacArthur Boulevard [running over of the Washington Aqueduct]).
Please also note that a few streets are one-way for specific hours of the day, in order to accommodate rush-hour traffic, and others will repurpose lanes during rush-hour periods for the same purpose.
Washington has one of the best public transportation systems in the country. The hub-and-spoke rail system is integrated with an extensive bus system, with all lines converging in downtown D.C. A car is often a hindrance in the District, particularly for tourists; public transportation is often the fastest way to get around.
New, red "DC Circulator" buses provide the cheapest way ($1) to travel crosstown along D.C.'s major axes: East-West from Union Station past the Convention Center to Georgetown and North-South from the Convention Center through the National Mall to the Southwest Waterfront.
For more extensive coverage, use the "Metro", operated by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA). Its five intersecting "Metrorail" subway lines stop in most major neighborhoods, with the notable exceptions of Georgetown and Adams-Morgan. Since parking downtown can be scarce and expensive (up to $15/day) and parking violations AGGRESSIVELY enforced, many attractions recommend using the Metro, and WMATA publishes a pocket guide indicating which line and stop to take for various landmarks. In addition, WMATA devotes a section of its website to visitor resources. All parts of the Metro system are extremely safe, reliable, and amazingly clean. Interestingly, the locals never refer to it as the "subway" or "underground", as is customary in the cities of New York and London, respectively, instead preferring the term "metro," usual in other countires around the world. Calling it such is guaranteed to earn you strange looks from any Washingtonian in earshot.
Since most of the Metrorail system is built deep below Washington, the average rider must take at least two escalators to reach a train. To allow for the most safe and efficient travel on the escalators, it is accepted practice that one stand on the right side of the escalator to allow others to walk on the left side. Failure to do so will often draw dirty looks and rude comments from the average Metro rider who is not on vacation and may be in a hurry. Standing on the left and blocking others from walking can also create an unsafe situation where there is a backup of people attempting to exit the train platform. Visitors should also make sure to keep walking when exiting the train so that others behind them may also exit safely in the short amount of time that the doors remain open. Additionally, the doors of Metro trains do not automatically open like the doors on an elevator when they strike something. Attempting to hold the doors open can result in personal injury, particularly to children. Holding train doors can also break the doors of the train and cause the train to be deactivated resulting in extensive delays.
The cleanliness of the Washington Metro is something in which its riders take considerable pride, to the point that rules regarding such are usually self-enforced. If you should happen to board the train with a cup of coffee or a sandwich, don't be surprised if someone asks you to toss it out at the next station.
Metrorail's Hours of Operation are as follows:
When riding late at night, it is advisable to be aware of when the last train leaves each particular station (this will be clearly stated at each station and is also given on WMATA's website), and make sure you do not miss that train (you must also take into consideration any transfers you will need to make). However, unlike in some other systems, all trains continue to the end of their respective lines (usually until well after Metro's stated closing time), so you need not worry about a train stopping before it reaches your destination.
Parking is available at many suburban stations, particularly at the terminus stations, and costs a flat rate of $3.50 (as of January 3, 2006) at most lots, though a few cost slightly more. It is important to note that weekday parking at a Metro lot requires a "SmarTrip" card, which is a special rechargeable debit card. Cash, credit cards and checks are not accepted for parking. One must purchase a SmarTrip card for $10 at a vending machine (SmarTrip machines are located at all stations with parking). The card itself costs $5 and it is dispensed pre-loaded with $5 in value (hence the $10 cost). The SmarTrip can also be used to pay Metrorail and Metrobus fares, and to make paperless transfers from one to the other. If you park at a Metro lot on a weekday, make sure you purchase a SmarTrip card and not a regular farecard. Only the SmarTrip cards with microchips will be accepted by the parking gate. Parking on weekends and holidays is free.
As stated above, for ease of use, one can use the same SmarTrip card to pay for both the Metro trip and parking. In fact, at a few stations (though certainly not the majority), you can only get the reduced Metro customer parking rate if you use the same card (specifically New Carrollton, White Flint, and Twinbrook). Unfortunately, use of a SmarTrip card currently precludes customers from taking advantage of unlimited ride passes (which are mentioned below), though Metro has plans to eventually enable unlimited ride capabilities via SmarTrip.
If you plan on doing a lot of sightseeing throughout the city, the Metrorail One Day Pass is a great deal - for a flat $6.50, you are afforded unlimited rides throughout the Metrorail system (the pass is valid after 9:30 a.m. on weekdays or all day on Saturdays and Sundays until closing (on Fridays and Saturdays, this means 3 a.m. of the following day). A "short-trip" 7-day pass is $22, but restricted to $2.20 rides during peak hours. An unrestricted and unlimited 7-day pass is $32.50. Note that you can only buy unlimited ride passes at the blue Passes/Farecards machines in each station, and not from the standard brown Farecards machines. Likewise, the blue machines are the only ones that accept credit and debit cards, but you can buy any farecard or pass type from these machines (including adding value to SmarTrip cards), so there is no real reason to use the standard brown machine unless you need to skip a long line. Furthermore, unlike in most other transit agencies, Metrorail passes are not valid for travel on Metrobus (nor is the fare structure identical).
Metrorail fares are based on distance, starting from $1.35. Peak fares are in effect on weekdays from (5:10 a.m.) to 9:30 a.m. and 3:00 to 7:00 p.m., during which time the maximum fare is $3.90. At all other times, lower fares are in effect, with a maximum of $2.35. Because the fare is based on distance, each passenger must have his or her own farecard (whether paper or SmarTrip) and use it both when entering and exiting the system. If the value on the card is insufficient to exit, it can be recharged using "Exitfare" vending machines.
If you have rented a bicycle, you can also take your bicycle on Metrorail outside of peak hours (weekdays from 7 a.m. to 10 a.m. and from 4 p.m. to 7 p.m.), but you must use one of the end doors of each car (the center doors have stickers with a reminder for bicyclists to use other doors). All buses in the Metrobus system are also equipped with bicycle racks on the front.
The "Metrobus" system has a flat fare system of $1.25 for most routes, or $3 for express routes. Certain routes feature discounted fares. An all-day pass for Metrobus is $3 and valid until 3:00 a.m. on regular routes or for $1.25 on express routes. Metrobus accepts SmarTrip for payments and transfers, but does not accept Metrorail paper farecards or passes. To save money on your metrobus trips, you can also get transfer slips from other Metrobuses or from Metrorail (at your station of ENTRY) that allow you to take another bus within a two hour period at a discounted rate.
Taxi cabs do not use meters, but charge fares based on zones traveled -- plus such surcharges as one dollar during rush hours (7 - 9:30 a.m. and 4 - 6:30 p.m.) and $1.50 for each additional passenger. This can cause a lot of confusion and tourists often think they're being ripped off. To be prepared, you can always ask about the fare in advance, calculate the correct fare with the online Taxicab Fare Calculator or view D.C.'s Taxi Cab Zone Map. Taxi drivers in DC have been known to charge fees that are not warranted to unsuspecting out of town visitors. Taxis in DC do not use a uniform topper system, so the light being on means absolutely nothing. Also, drivers can pick up additional fares even if there is an existing fare in the car.
During snow emergencies, D.C. taxis are permitted to charge extra fares, which is usually double the standard fare. From time to time, the D.C. City Council may also temporarily increase taxi rates to accommodate exceptionally high gasoline prices.
For taxis to/from D.C. suburbs, it is often better to call a suburban taxi service from where you're going to be picked in D.C. (if time permits) than to use a city cab. This is because D.C. taxi drivers are not always familiar with suburban directions or how much to charge to locations outside of the city. Many DC taxi drivers will also refuse to leave the city.(See local phone books for suburban options.)
There are ten taxis in DC that are pilot testing a meter system, so if you board a taxi with a meter, you won't be paying that charge. For years, taxi drivers have fought the meters by saying they make more on the zone system.
The taxi system in DC is centered on the government institutions. All federal buildings in the downtown area are located within one zone. This means crossing the entirety of the central city is extremely cheap, but if you cross the zone boundary your cost will go up. A 2 block ride across a zone boundary cost about $2.00 more than a 20 block ride across downtown.
Downtown Washington's roads are well-signed and organized on a relatively predictable grid, but driving in the District is somewhat of a challenge even for native Washingtonians. The streets were laid out by Pierre L'Enfant as "multiple-sourced diagonals on a grid with interspersed circles for good measure". This layout was initially conceived not only for aesthetic reasons, but also as a defensive measure to confuse invading armies. Many major intersections are formed into circles. The larger circles can be harrowing for inexperienced drivers—Dupont Circle links five roads running in ten directions with two traffic rings (with Massachusetts Avenue NW running in the inner circle) and an underground bypass for Connecticut Avenue NW. The situation is compounded by some of the nation's consistently worst traffic. The Metro system is an acclaimed public transport system that serves the majority of popular sites within and around the city and can be a much more rewarding experience.
Weekday parking can be scarce and expensive. The city RUTHLESSLY enforces parking regulations to a near-comical degree. Don't think you can ignore tickets if you're a tourist from far away; the city has hired collection agencies in the past to go after unpaid tickets and threaten the credit records of folks who ignore citations. Fines double if not paid by the stated due date (usually 15 days).
Partly as a means to combat heavy rush hour traffic, a significant number of intersections and other locations are monitored by traffic cameras--either for red-light violations or for speeding. Drivers may wish to make note that some tickets around federal buildings, embassies, and parks, if issued by police other than the Washington Metropolitan Police Department, are federal violations. In addition to the Metropolitan Police Department, Washington DC also has Secret Service Police, FBI Police, Park Police, and DC Protective Services that can stop and issue citations.
Local opposition prevented the construction of interstate highways through Washington; the two freeways that feed into the city from Virginia, I-66 and I-395, both terminate quickly. Washington and its innermost suburbs are encircled by the Capital Beltway, I-495, which gave rise to the expression "Inside the Beltway."
Also, be aware that the Rock Creek Parkway has one-way restrictions during certain times of the day:
Washington boasts several scenic drives:
Please note: cellphone use while driving inside the District of Columbia (without hands-free equipment) is subject to a $100 fine for the first offense.
Washington, D.C. is home to the three branches of the U.S. Federal Government. As such, there are many federal buildings and monuments worth seeing. The majority of sights in DC are in the Downtown area around the National Mall. The White House, or the President's house, is home to one of the most powerful people on Earth. The U.S. Capitol building houses both legislative bodies, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Smithsonian Institute offers several free museums displaying everything from aircraft to dinosaurs.
There are regular festivals throughout the year. As many of them happen on the Mall, see the Downtown section. Some highlights include:
The District is also home to many large parks that offer hiking and biking. Many of the downtown parks are crowded with football and ultimate frisbee players.
Certain career fields find a natural home in D.C. While everyone knows this is where politicians go, you can also find a fair share of diplomats, lawyers, lobbyists, journalists, NGO directors, defense contractors and civil servants. Many ambitious young people come to Washington for an internship, and the student-aged population peaks in the summer.
With so many high powered career types out to change the world, the need for child care is obvious. Nannies provide child care to many of Washington's elite; the city has the highest proportion of in-home child care in the country. US citizen nannies are especially sought out as government types carefully follow employment law to avoid problems with security clearances or negative publicity. Wages for legal US residents with experience can top $800 per week, room and board included. Several nanny placement agencies exist in Washington, they provide help for exasperated parents and a lucrative career for women young and old who love children.
The Chevy Chase shopping district is Washington's upscale fashion district found near the Friendship Heights Metro stop, straddling the D.C.-Maryland border within two blocks of the Red Line station of the same name. It is home to many high-end stores such as Neiman Marcus, Saks Fifth Avenue, Gucci, Dior, and Versace in and around the Mazza Gallerie and Chevy Chase Pavilion shopping centers, as well as a concentration of day spas.
Georgetown  is well-known for its variety of mid-range to high-end retail shops that line M Street and Wisconsin Avenue, NW. The Georgetown Business Improvement District's website (noted above) has the most comprehensive list of retailers.
The Shops at Union Station  include a variety of retail operations selling clothing, stationery, and shoes, among other things.
The downtown Verizon Center/Chinatown area has experienced a recent boom of late. Along 7th Street, NW between H Street to Pennsylvania Avenue, numerous new restaurants and stores have opened creating a bustling shopping district. Adjacent to the Verizon Center, a new bowling alley and multiplex cinema have also opened.
Around the Capitol Building and the White House, there are shops that sell souvenirs (postcards, t-shirts, etc.). There are also many street vendors near the tourist destinations, such as along the National Mall, which will hawk similar items.
The Smithsonian museum shops sell many souvenirs that are more upscale and diverse than those sold by street vendors and tourist shops, but they are usually more expensive, as well. The National Building Museum's shop has a notable shop that focuses on modern design.
Kramerbooks  and Lambda Rising  are notable local bookstores and Dupont Circle institutions; the Dupont Circle area also includes numerous art galleries and lesbian/gay/bisexual oriented retailers. Second Story Books  carries used books, prints, and music in its Dupont Circle store; it also has two stores in Maryland.
Olsson's Books and Records  is "Washington DC's oldest independent book and music stores," with six stores, including locations in Dupont Circle, Penn Quarter, and National Airport.
Chapters , located downtown near 11th and E Streets NW, describes itself as "A Literary Bookstore" that "caters to serious, uncommon readers."
Capitol Hill Books  is located next to Eastern Market. It is housed in a small, old rowhouse, but is jam-packed with used books on every imaginable subject. For a delightful surprise, be sure to open the cabinets in the kitchen and bathrooms.
Politics & Prose  is a notable bookstore with frequent lectures and book signings, but it is located about a mile north of the Van Ness-UDC Metro Station, far from most tourist sites.
The two major national chairs, Borders  and Barnes and Noble , have a number of locations. Of most interest to visitors are the Barnes and Noble downtown at 12th and E Streets NW, the Borders near the White House at 14th and F Streets NW, and the Barnes and Noble in Georgetown on M Street.
Eclectic & Vintage
Along the U Street corridor, many independent boutique stores, vintage clothing shops, home furnishing stores, and antique retailers have sprung up. Most shops can be found along U Street, NW between 12th and 18th Streets, with a few south of U Street along 14th Street.
Adams Morgan is better known for its nightlife, but it has an active shopping scene during its daylight hours. Included among the small shops are vintage clothing shops, cooperatives of independent local designers, international grocery stores and importers (especially catering to the Central American and African populations), shoe stores, and antique home furnishings. To make an afternoon of it, stroll from the U Street Metro (stopping by the shops that line the U Street Corridor) to 18th Street, then head north (uphill) into Adams Morgan.
Eastern Market  is open every Sunday for antiques dealers, secondhand book dealers, and local artists, photographers, and craftspeople to showcase their wares. It also hosts a local farmers' market and indoor food vendors selling fresh meats, pastas, produce, and cheeses sporadically throughout the week and every weekend.
Washington has a little bit of everything, from really good inexpensive ethnic takeout (no problem getting Ethiopian or Afghani or Jamaican food here) to high-dollar lobbyist-fueled places that will cause your credit card to burst into flames.
It's worth noting that Washington is a relatively small city, acreage-wise, and it's very easy and quick to stay in the close-in suburbs and take mass transit into town. You can save meaningful cash this way; suburban hotels are often substantially cheaper and D.C.'s hotel tax is an eye-popping 14.5%. Parts of Arlington and Alexandria, Va., as well as Bethesda and Silver Spring, Md., have easy subway access into the District.
Washington, D.C. is covered by many law enforcement agencies. The main force is the Metropolitan Police Department (MPD), which has jurisdiction in most of the city. You will also see many federal officers, usually assigned to a specific institution, among them:
You will also likely encounter U.S. Marshals and Military Police, and a countless number of smaller official and private security forces.
For major events and protests, the MPD has a central command center where they can monitor actions through a network of cameras. For exceptionally large events (but not protests) such as Fourth of July Fireworks, they are likely to set up security zones where they can screen attendees.
While Washington claimed the title of Murder Capital of America in the late 1980s and early 1990s, violent crime has since fallen dramatically; what remains is concentrated in the residential areas of outer portions of Northwest east of 16th Street NW, Northeast and Southeast D.C. beyond the Capitol Hill neighborhood (especially those portions south and east of the Anacostia River), and inner areas of Northwest more than two blocks north of Massachusetts Avenue east of 7th Street.
Visitors to many buildings must pass through metal detectors and have their bags or packages inspected by hand or X-ray. Additionally, some buildings altogether ban mobile telephones and recording devices such as film or digital cameras, camcorders, and cameraphones. The visitor may be advised to carry a small bag to collect such items prior to screening, and to check them if necessary.
Please take security personnel seriously by not challenging their instructions or making jokes about the situation. Saying the word "bomb," even in jest, may cause you to be placed on increased scrutiny. You give implied consent for your property and person to be searched when entering a government building or public event (sports, music). If you are not comfortable with the searches, you can always elect to not enter.
Smoking and food and drink of any kind are prohibited on Metro trains and buses, a rule strictly enforced with fines and occasionally even arrests.