Difference between revisions of "Vormsi"
Revision as of 11:18, 1 November 2011
Vormsi  is a small sunny, mysterious and hospitable island in Estonia, offering the joy of discovering during any season with its unique wildlife. The island is called Ormsö in Swedish.
Estonia's fourth largest island, Vormsi, is located between Hiiumaa and the mainland with a total area of 93 square kilometers. It is part of a rural municipality Vormsi Parish. From mainland, Vormsi is separated by a narrow strait – Voosi Kurk, and from Hiiumaa by a bit wider Hari Kurk.
Historically Vormsi was inhabited by coastal Swedes and before World War II more than 2500 people lived on the island. During the Soviet occupation Vormsi was a closed border-zone, where guests could arrive only with government permission. Today approximately 300 inhabitants live in the island.
The nature on the island is very diverse. Vormsi Nature Reserve has been brought to life to protect the numerous plant and bird species supported by coastal grasslands, reed beds, alvars, forests, bays and lagoons. The oldest and also the highest parts of Vormsi rose from the sea about 3000 years ago. As the land rose, the former sea coves turned into the lakes of Prästviigi, Diby and Kärrslati.
Coastline of the island is very jointed, long peninsulas in turn with deep coves. Bedding of the island is of limestone. Vormsi’s highest point is the mound near Huitberg rising 13 metres above the sea level.
Alvar and juniper fields are characteristic for the island’s western part; the eastern part is lower and boggy. Over half of the island’s area is covered with forest. The island has very rich vegetation. Over 900 species of different trees, bushes and herbaceous plants, 60 of which are under different protection classes.
The are 3 reptile and 3 amphibian species registered on the island. The Natterjack Toad (Epidalea calamita formerly Bufo calamita) living in coastal puddles with low water deserves mentioning. Out of protected species, Long-eared bat (Plecotus auritus) also lives here. 25 species of larger and smaller mammals have been sighted, including lynx. Wild swine representation is quite large.
211 bird species have been written down on Vormsi; out of those special mentioning is deserved by White-tail Eagles and Common Cranes. During springs and autumns, Barnacle Goose and other wild gooses while migrating deserve to be seen; during autumns the fields turn grey in Common Cranes.
You can come to Vormsi using a personal sea-going craft or using public transportation and come by ferryboat. On the island you can gad about on a car, bicycle or by foot. There is also a local bus driving between the villages making regular trips around the island before and after the arrival of the ferry. If you take a plane or a boat to Vormsi from Tallinn, the best way to move about the island is to rent a car. Kiosks for car renting are both in the Tallinn Harbour as in the Lennart Meri Tallinn Airport. During winter periods, arrival to the island takes place by the ferry or over an ice road. Ice road is usually opened during the depth of winter and established between Rohuküla and Sviby.
Ferries Crossing to Vormsi on passenger ferry “Reet” takes up to 45 minutes. The ferry has rest areas and a cafeteria where drinks and light snacks are available for cash. The timetable of Rohuküla – Sviby ferry is available on the homepage of Kihnu Veeteed: www.veeteed.com.
You can come to Vormsi also by water-taxi. Water taxi is a comfortable power boat and the trip takes 15 minutes. Water-taxi must be booked beforehand.
If you're going by car, make sure you refuel, because there aren't any petrol stations on Vormsi.
Vormsi parish is formed of two circles in the shape of 8 (the western and eastern circle). The timetable of the local bus is compiled so that the bus starts its route from the island’s centre Hullo and takes the western circle, arrives back to Hullo and takes the eastern circle that takes it to the harbour. NB: the timetable is drawn considering the timetable of the ferry.
Renting a bus
Bus excursions on the island with a 20 and 30 seated bus. Information and booking over telephone (+372) 56 501 100.
Roller rental Those who would like a bit speedier transportation than a bicycle can rent a roller in the island’s centre Hullo. Comfortable motor vehicles must be booked beforehand over telephone: (+372) 58 183 660 or (+372) 56 636 566.
Bicycle The best way to move about on Vormsi is hiking or going by a bicycle. Bicycle can take you to these areas of the coast and mysterious places inaccessible by other motor vehicles. The island also has structured hiking trails enabling pleasurable hiking in nature. Several accommodation establishments offer the service of bicycle rental. Bicycle and boat rental is open also at Sviby harbour.
There are many places to discover in Vormsi. You can get an overview from here: http://vormsi.ee/discover-vormsi/sightseeing/?lang=en
An active holidaymaker shall not be disappointed on the island. Several accommodation establishments and companies offer exciting recreational possibilities: Vormsi by horseback; Sviby minigolf; Power boats on Vormsi; Sviby boat rental and many more.
Camping on the territory of Vormsi parish is allowed only at locations foreseen for camping. The island has two public camping sites: in Borrby and Sviby. A modest fee enables you to camp at the camping site next to the village of Rumpo and on Rälby peninsula. Different services can be purchased from the camping site managers. Camping places are also offered by the accommodation establishments on the island.
Local handycraft and gifts can be bought from local food market located in Hullo.
Local pub & restaurant with live music on weekends - Krog nr 14. http://www.krog.ee.
The island has several dedicated places for camping - either for free or for a fee. There are also several guest houses.
The official Estonian tourism website provides an extensive list of options for accommodation in Vormsi . Overview of accommodation also available at Vormsi parish homepage http://vormsi.ee/discover-vormsi/accommodation-food/?lang=en.