Volokolamsk is considered the oldest town in the Moscow Region. First mentions of Volokolamsk date back to 1135 making it 12 years older, than Moscow. Original town emerged near important portage (volok) from Lama river to Voloshnya river and further to Oka on one of the north-south trade routes. During 12-17th centuries Volokolamsk have a lot of rush times, being under different russian and lithunian knyazes, tatars and polyaks, and destroyed several times during these times. With rise of Moscow after mongols invasion eventually Volokolamsk entered Moscow Principality and lost its own significance becoming a small manufacturing town. Currently it is famous by several centuries old landmarks in the center of the town, and a couple of glorious sights in it's vicinity.