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'''Viljandi''' is an ancient hilly city in the South of [[Estonia]].
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'''Viljandi''' [http://www.visitestonia.com/en/destinations/city-guides/viljandi] is an ancient hilly city in the South of [[Estonia]].
  
 
Evidence of civilization around Viljandi dates back to 500 B.C.. The first written record of a "Viljandi stronghold" was in 1154 in the commentaries to al-Idrisi's world atlas "Geography."
 
Evidence of civilization around Viljandi dates back to 500 B.C.. The first written record of a "Viljandi stronghold" was in 1154 in the commentaries to al-Idrisi's world atlas "Geography."
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==Get in==
 
==Get in==
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===By bus===
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Viljandi has a regular bus connection to [[Tallinn]], [[Tartu]], [[Valga]] and [[Pärnu]] among others. Bus schedules can be found at [http://www.bussireisid.ee Bussireised].
 +
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===By train===
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[http://www.edel.ee Edelaraudtee] connects Viljandi to Tallinn - the trains run twice a day.
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
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*'''Tourist Information Centre''', Vabaduse pl 6, 71020 Viljandi. E-mail: [mailto:viljandi@visitestonia.com viljandi@visitestonia.com], tel +372 433 04 42, fax +372 433 04 42.
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
*<see name="Ruins of the Viljandi Order Castle" alt="" address="Tasuja puiestee, Viljandi" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">The fortress got its final shape and size in the beginning of the 16th century and was one of the distinguished fortresses in Estonia and Latvia. Due to wars all that is left from the entire order castle today are just a few stone walls. From the ruins you have the most beautiful view over the lake of Viljandi.</see>
 
  
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[[Image:Viljandi estonia a city in south estonia 2011.jpeg|thumb|200px|Ruins of the Viljandi Order Castle]]
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[[Image:Viljandi-ruins.jpg|thumb|200px|Ruins of the Viljandi Order Castle]]
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*<see name="Ruins of the Viljandi Order Castle" alt="" address="Tasuja puiestee, Viljandi" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">The fortress got its final shape and size in the beginning of the 16th century and was one of the most distinguished fortresses in Estonia and Latvia. Due to various wars, all that are left from the entire order castle today are just a few stone walls, however they still give an impression of its former grandeur. From the ruins you have the most beautiful view over the lake of Viljandi.</see>
 +
*<see name="Trepimägi (Stairs hill)" alt="" address="Linnu tn 2, Viljandi" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">The stairs of the Trepimägi in Viljandi were constructed around the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century in order to improve the road connecting the town and the lake. Next to the Trepimägi lie the beautiful homes of the town’s merchants and rich residents from the old days.</see>
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*<see name="Väikemõisa manor" alt="" address="Väikemõisa bussipeatus, Peetrimõisa küla, Saarepeedi vald, Viljandi maakond" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">The Väikemõisa manor was build in the beginning of the last century and is a good example of the Swiss chalet style influenced by the art nouveau movement. Today the manor house accommodates the Väikemõisa young children's orphanage and the house can be marvelled at from the outside only.</see>
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*<see name="St. Paul’s church in Viljandi" alt="" address="Kiriku tn 3, Viljandi" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Since 1866 a G. Knauf organ fills the church with music, the biggest still functional organ of its kind in Estonia.</see>
 +
*<see name="Heimtali Museum of Domestic Life" alt="" address="Heimtali küla, Pärsti vald, Viljandi maakond" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Museum situates in an old village school building of Heimtali that is a beautiful rubble stone building from year 1864. Visitors can familiarize themselves with perfect collection of the examples of national handicraft like old household goods and the furnishings of a hundred year old schoolroom. There's also a children's playroom.</see>
 +
*<see name="Viljandi Rope Bridge" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">The rope bridge has become a favourite for both residents of and visitors to Viljandi and one of the town’s most important symbols. It was reconstructed in 1995 (originally built in 1879).</see>
 +
*<see name="The Museum of Viljandi" alt="" address="Johan Laidoneri plats 10, Viljandi" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">The building of the Museum of Viljandi is one of the oldest stone buildings in town. Until 1940 the house accommodated a pharmacy, the museum moved into this building in 1942. The permanent exhibitions of the museum provide an introduction into the local history from ancient times until today.</see>
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*<see name="Town hall of Viljandi" alt="" address="Linnu tn 2, Viljandi" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">The town hall building is one of the four oldest preserved stone buildings in town. The city government of Viljandi resides here.</see>
  
 
==Do==
 
==Do==
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==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
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The official Estonian tourism website provides an extensive list of options for [http://www.visitestonia.com/en/holiday-destinations/city-guides/viljandi accommodation in Viljandi].
  
 
==Contact==
 
==Contact==
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==Get out==
 
==Get out==
  
{{IsPartOf|Estonia}}
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* '''[[Soomaa National Park]]''', second largest national park in Estonia, famous for its "fifth season"
{{IsPartOf|Viljandimaa}}
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* '''[[Valga]]''', border-town in South-Estonia
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* '''[[Pärnu]]''', historical resort seaside city with a small harbour, Estonia's summer capital
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* '''[[Tartu]]''', museum-rich and hanseatic city of Tartu on the banks of the Emajõgi River, famous for its university
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{{isPartOf|South Estonia}}
 
{{outline}}
 
{{outline}}
 
{{cityguide}}
 
{{cityguide}}
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[[wts:Category:Viljandi]]

Revision as of 21:23, 31 July 2013

Viljandi [1] is an ancient hilly city in the South of Estonia.

Evidence of civilization around Viljandi dates back to 500 B.C.. The first written record of a "Viljandi stronghold" was in 1154 in the commentaries to al-Idrisi's world atlas "Geography."

Hanseatic merchants settled in Viljandi in the 14th century.

For many people Viljandi conjures up images of the Viljandi Folk Music Festival and Viljandi Culture Academy. This small city is the "capital of folk music" for most Estonians and also appeals to people who enjoy parks. The city also has it's own lake.


Contents

Get in

By bus

Viljandi has a regular bus connection to Tallinn, Tartu, Valga and Pärnu among others. Bus schedules can be found at Bussireised.

By train

Edelaraudtee connects Viljandi to Tallinn - the trains run twice a day.

Get around

  • Tourist Information Centre, Vabaduse pl 6, 71020 Viljandi. E-mail: viljandi@visitestonia.com, tel +372 433 04 42, fax +372 433 04 42.

See

Ruins of the Viljandi Order Castle
Ruins of the Viljandi Order Castle
  • Ruins of the Viljandi Order Castle, Tasuja puiestee, Viljandi. The fortress got its final shape and size in the beginning of the 16th century and was one of the most distinguished fortresses in Estonia and Latvia. Due to various wars, all that are left from the entire order castle today are just a few stone walls, however they still give an impression of its former grandeur. From the ruins you have the most beautiful view over the lake of Viljandi.
  • Trepimägi (Stairs hill), Linnu tn 2, Viljandi. The stairs of the Trepimägi in Viljandi were constructed around the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century in order to improve the road connecting the town and the lake. Next to the Trepimägi lie the beautiful homes of the town’s merchants and rich residents from the old days.
  • Väikemõisa manor, Väikemõisa bussipeatus, Peetrimõisa küla, Saarepeedi vald, Viljandi maakond. The Väikemõisa manor was build in the beginning of the last century and is a good example of the Swiss chalet style influenced by the art nouveau movement. Today the manor house accommodates the Väikemõisa young children's orphanage and the house can be marvelled at from the outside only.
  • St. Paul’s church in Viljandi, Kiriku tn 3, Viljandi. Since 1866 a G. Knauf organ fills the church with music, the biggest still functional organ of its kind in Estonia.
  • Heimtali Museum of Domestic Life, Heimtali küla, Pärsti vald, Viljandi maakond. Museum situates in an old village school building of Heimtali that is a beautiful rubble stone building from year 1864. Visitors can familiarize themselves with perfect collection of the examples of national handicraft like old household goods and the furnishings of a hundred year old schoolroom. There's also a children's playroom.
  • Viljandi Rope Bridge. The rope bridge has become a favourite for both residents of and visitors to Viljandi and one of the town’s most important symbols. It was reconstructed in 1995 (originally built in 1879).
  • The Museum of Viljandi, Johan Laidoneri plats 10, Viljandi. The building of the Museum of Viljandi is one of the oldest stone buildings in town. Until 1940 the house accommodated a pharmacy, the museum moved into this building in 1942. The permanent exhibitions of the museum provide an introduction into the local history from ancient times until today.
  • Town hall of Viljandi, Linnu tn 2, Viljandi. The town hall building is one of the four oldest preserved stone buildings in town. The city government of Viljandi resides here.

Do

Viljandi hosts many events and several international festivals throughout the year. The Early Music Festival, Hanseatic Days, Young Dance Festival, Mulgi Rally, Winter Folk Dance Festival, the "Theatre in Suitcase" puppet theatre festival etc.

Hanseatic merchants' spirit can still be felt in Viljandi every June. People trade at a fair, dress the way people did in that area, organise exhibitions and party.

Since 1928, a run around Lake Viljandi has taken place on the first day of May every year.

Tennis courts, cafes, playgrounds, a diving tower, boat rental and catamaran trips are available at the lake.

  • The Viljandi Folk festival, [2]. The festival runs for 4 days on the last weekend in July. More than 100 concerts take place in Viljandi castle's ruins, churches, and other venues throughout Viljandi County. It is the largest annual music festival in Estonia.


Buy

Eat

Drink

Sleep

The official Estonian tourism website provides an extensive list of options for accommodation in Viljandi.

Contact

Get out

  • Soomaa National Park, second largest national park in Estonia, famous for its "fifth season"
  • Valga, border-town in South-Estonia
  • Pärnu, historical resort seaside city with a small harbour, Estonia's summer capital
  • Tartu, museum-rich and hanseatic city of Tartu on the banks of the Emajõgi River, famous for its university



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