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Difference between revisions of "User:Shaund/West End"

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(Obtain data)
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Elevation data is usually found in DEM format, although it can be as a GeoTIFF in some cases. Good sites for elevation and bathymetry data are:
 
Elevation data is usually found in DEM format, although it can be as a GeoTIFF in some cases. Good sites for elevation and bathymetry data are:
  
* [http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/global/global.html ETOPO1] - Elevation and bathymetry data good for maps covering large areas. GeoTIFF format. The image is downloadable as one (very large) tile so it can be difficult to manipulate.
+
* [http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/global/global.html ETOPO1] - Elevation and bathymetry data good for maps covering large areas. GeoTIFF format. The image is downloadable as one (very large) tile so it can be difficult to manipulate in computers with smaller amounts of RAM.
 
* [http://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/srtm/ SRTM] - Elevation info only that covers 50 deg S to 60 deg N. There are a number resolutions:
 
* [http://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/srtm/ SRTM] - Elevation info only that covers 50 deg S to 60 deg N. There are a number resolutions:
** SRTM1 - the finest resolution, only available for the US
+
** SRTM1 - the best resolution, only available for the US
 
** SRTM3 - data files are 1 deg latitude by 1 deg longitude and available for the entire world
 
** SRTM3 - data files are 1 deg latitude by 1 deg longitude and available for the entire world
 
** SRTM30 - DEM files that cover large parts of the world. A good substitute if the ETOPO1 file is too big.
 
** SRTM30 - DEM files that cover large parts of the world. A good substitute if the ETOPO1 file is too big.
* GeoBase
+
* [http://www.geobase.ca/geobase/en/index.html GeoBase] - Elevation data in DEM format for Canada at 1:50,000 and 1:250,000 scales.
* USGS
+
* [http://eros.usgs.gov/#/Home USGS] - Elevation data for the US and the world.
  
 
==Import data==
 
==Import data==

Revision as of 03:59, 28 July 2012

Drawing a map with QGIS

Note - this description is based on my limited experience with QGIS. The version I used was 1.7.4 for Windows.

Contents

Set-up

  1. Download and install QGIS. Versions are available for Windows, Linux and Mac OSX.
  2. Download/enable three Python plug-ins -- SimpleSVG, Shaded Relief and GdalTools.

Obtain data

GIS software works by reading data encoded with geographic information (e.g, longitude, latitude, elevation) and renders it as a map. Common file types that QGIS can read are:

  • DEM (Digital Elevation Model) - contains geo-referenced elevation data
  • GeoTIFF - contains geo-referenced elevation data (note - not all TIF files are geo-referenced)
  • KML - a mark-up language kind of like XML that stores vectors, is commonly used by Google Earth
  • SHP (Shapefile) - stores geo-referenced vectors, can be a very powerful format as SHP files are linked to database files with additional information on each vector (shape)

1. Obtain Elevaton / Bathymetry data (if desired)

Elevation data is usually found in DEM format, although it can be as a GeoTIFF in some cases. Good sites for elevation and bathymetry data are:

  • ETOPO1 - Elevation and bathymetry data good for maps covering large areas. GeoTIFF format. The image is downloadable as one (very large) tile so it can be difficult to manipulate in computers with smaller amounts of RAM.
  • SRTM - Elevation info only that covers 50 deg S to 60 deg N. There are a number resolutions:
    • SRTM1 - the best resolution, only available for the US
    • SRTM3 - data files are 1 deg latitude by 1 deg longitude and available for the entire world
    • SRTM30 - DEM files that cover large parts of the world. A good substitute if the ETOPO1 file is too big.
  • GeoBase - Elevation data in DEM format for Canada at 1:50,000 and 1:250,000 scales.
  • USGS - Elevation data for the US and the world.

Import data

Add colour to elevations

Modify layers

Create shaded relief

Remove scale bar, north arrow and copyright

Export as SVG

Clean-up in Inkscape

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages