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User:Flip666/offroad driving

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Revision as of 14:58, 14 August 2007 by Flip666 (Talk | contribs)

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    This article is a travel topic

I want to create an article about offroad driving. As I have no personal experience (yet) I decided to do this in my sandbox. Feel free to edit! And: If you think you have enough knowledge to assure at least basic quality of the article move it to Offroad driving.

Introduction

Differences between 4x2 and 4x4

Besides from the obvious fact that all four wheels are driven and thus givin more traction, there are other important differences between a two-wheel and a four-wheel drive:

  • Low transfer gearing: Needed to take steep, diffucult terrain slowly and carefully
  • Differential locks: ...
    • Centre differential lock: Must be locked immediatly when driving through difficult terrain, because if it not locked and one wheel looses traction, all power will be distributed to this (no free-running) wheel. If the centre differential is locked, then two wheels have to loose ground contact for this to happen, and it must me one wheel from the front and one from the back.
  • Higher clearance

Driving technics

Always remember to wear a saftly belt, even if driving at low speeds!


  • Gravel
  • Corrugation: On gravel roads sooner or later corrugation will build up. This will result in shaking if you drive more than about 20 km/h. At a much higher speed (80 km/h) it will get better, as the car "jumps" from wave to wave.
  • River: Carefully watch other cars driving or walk through to see how deep it is before. If the engine block is hit by the water it will be cooled down very quickly, this might result in cracks.
  • Sand: Do not try to steer agains resitance, the car will usually seach his track. Do not shift gears. Do not brake as this will build up small hills of sand in fromt of you tyres, making it difficult to start again. If you get stuck do not try to accelerate as this will only dig you more into the sand. Try driving backwards instead.
  • Mud
  • Snow

Improvised repairs

Car types

Landrover

Nissan

  • X-Trail: Not necessarily a 4x4, there is a 2x4 type, too.

Toyota

  • HiLiux
    • Single Cab: Three seats, two doors
    • Xtracab: Five seats, two doors
    • Double Cab: six seats, four doors


  • Land Cruiser

Hiring a car

Most companies require a minimum age to rent a car.

Checklist:

  • Tyres: Spare
  • Oil
  • Water
  • Brakes

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages