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Urdu phrasebook

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Urdu اردو, Sometimes formally called Zabān-e-Urdū-e-Mo‘allah زبانِ اردوِ معلیٰ), is the official language of Pakistan and one of the official languages of India. A dialect called Dakini is also spoken by 5% of a majority Muslim Indian population. Urdu derives its grammar from Persian and Sanskrit, but the vocabulary is mainly Arabic, Persian, and Turkish. It is written in a Perso-Arabic abjad known as Nast'alīq (نستعليق). Dakini is a dialect of Urdu with less Arabic and Persian words and is spoken in the Muslim enclave of the Deccan (India). Urdu emerged during Muslim rule in Central and Southern Asia where Persian was the official language. The word Urdu is itself derived from the Turkish word ordu, ultimately derived from the Mongolian word "horde." In addition to vocabulary, Urdu also adopted the Persian use of the enclitic ezāfe and most poets used takhallus (noms de plume). Urdu is renowned for its poetic tradition dating back to Mughal times when, as mentioned, Persian was the court language; thus the reason why Persian vocabulary and elements are so notable. A mixture of Urdu and Hindi, called Hindustani, is the form heard in most Bollywood films, that try to appeal to the widest audience possible. This phrasebook may help lift the veil of this "exotic" language, in addition to the primary goal of helping travellers who wish to visit Pakistan or certain parts of India.

Pronunciation Guide

Urdu; as mentioned earlier, is a modified Perso-Arabic script known as an abjad. An abjad does not write short vowels, except at the beginning of a word with alif' serving as a place holder. This can make it frustrating for the learner as the words I and in are both written ميں in Urdu. Urdu is also written in a stylized form of the Arabic script called nast'alīq (نستعليق). Developed in Persia it is still used for religious and poetic calligraphy in Iran today, Urdu in contrast uses it as its standard script. Meaning; if you want to read an Urdu newspaper, street sign, etc. you will have to learn to read nastaliq, which can prove difficult for the beginner. As a result, a simpler style called Naskh (نسخ), as used in other languages using the Arabic abjad will be used for two reasons. 1. to ease the learner into nastaliq, and 2. because unicode does not support nast'aliq, thus making #1 somewhat of a moot point, but nonetheless an important one. Vowel diacritics do exist, mostly used to modify the alif vowel holder at the beginning of a word. But they are also used for educational purposes, in the Qur'ān, and for clarifying ambiguous spellings.

The Arabic system of writing is much like cursive writing. Most letters have four forms. Others; which do not attach to the following letter, have only two. These forms are quite self-explanatory: initial, medial, final, and isolated. When written alone letters are written in their isolated form. Example:

  • پ + آ + ك + س + ت + آ + ن

when these isolated letters are joined together they look like this:

  • پاكستان, Pākistān

After studying the alphabet this system will hopefully become more clear.


Vowels

At the beginning of a word alif serves as a placeholder for the diacritical mark. Due to directional issues with unicode the medial/final occurs before the initial example, when they should appear after, i.e., to the left of the letter. A final ﻪ is sometimes used do represent an inherent 'a' at the end of a word (c.f. Arabic usage). When choṭī ye and baṛī ye occur in the middle, both take the ﻴ form. For further reference, in Urdu transliteration ai is ae and au is ao.


Initial Medial/Final Transliteration Name
اَ تَ a zabar
اِ تِ i zer
اُ تُ u pesh
آ تا ā alif madda
اِى تِى ī zer + choṭī ye
اُو تُو ū pesh + vā'o
اے تے e baṛī ye
او تو o vā'o
اَے تَے ai zabar + baṛī ye
اَو تَو au zabar + vā'o


Consonants

Final Medial Initial Isolated Transliteration Urdu Name Name
ا ا a, i, ʔ آلِف ālif
ب b بے be
پ p پے pe
ت t تے te
ٹ ٹے ṭe
ث ثے se
چ c چے ce
ح h بَڑى حے baṛī he
خ kh خے khe
d دال dāl
ڈال ḍāl
ż ذال zāl
r رے re
ڑے ze
z زے eṛ
zh ژے zhe
s سِين sīn
ś شِين śīn
s صُاد su'ād
ﺿ ضُاد zu'ād
t طوے to'e
z ظوے zo'e
‘a, ʔ عَين ‘ain
gh غَين ghain
f فے fe
q قَاف qāf
ﻚ،ﮏ ﻙ،ﮎ k كَاف kāf
g گَاف gāf
l لاَل lāl
m مِيم mīm
n نوْن nūn
v, o, ū وَاو vā'o
h چهوٹى ەے choṭī he
asp. دو چَشمى ەے do chaśmī he
- ەَمزَه hamza
y, ī چهوٹى يے choṭī ye
y, e بَڑى يے baṛī ye


So why are there 5 z's, etc.?! - The letters ق,غ,ع,ظ,ط,ض,ص,ژ,ذ,خ,ح,ث are exclusively Persian (Fārsi) or Arabic sounds. As such; the Arabic sounds especially, are pronounced with the closest Indic equivalent. Thus, to illustrate: the Arabic ث (θ) is pronounced as س, and the Arabic ذ (ð) is pronounced as ز. A rare Urdu letter unique to Persian and Persian loan words is ژ, which is pronounced as the Russian ж, or s in pleasure.

Aspiration

To make aspirated letters in Urdu the do chashmī he is added to the letter it aspirates. In Nastaliq, the do chashmī he, lit. meaning "two-eyed he" looks like this: ﻬ. Unfortunately unicode only supports this character as it exists in Arabic; therefore the Urdu Naskh will have to suffice.

Final Medial Initial Isolated Devanagari Transliteration
ﮫﺒ ﮭﺒ ﮭﺑ ﮫﺑ bh
ﮫﭙ ﮭﭙ ﮭﭘ ﮫﭘ ph
ﮫﺘ ﮭﺘ ﮭﺗ ﮫﺗ th
ﮫﭩ ﮭﭩ ﮭﭨ ﮫﭨ ṭh
ﮫﺨ ﮭﺨ ﮭﺧ ﮫﺧ jh
ﮫﭽ ﮭﭽ ﮭﭼ ﮫﭼ ch
ﮫﺪ ﮭﺪ ﮭﺩ ﮫﺩ dh
ﮫﮉ ﮭﮉ ﮭﮈ ﮫﮈ ḍh
ﮫﮍ ﮭﮍ ﮭﮌ ﮫﮌ ṛh
ﮫﮑ ﮭﮑ ﮭﮐ ﮫﮐ kh
ﮫﮕ ﮭﮕ ﮭﮔ ﮫﮔ gh


Special Characters & Signs

Special diacritical signs will be used with ت as an example when appropriate. Explanations are given below the table.

Sign Urdu Name Name
ں نُونِ غُنّا nūn-e ghunna
ء ەَمزَه hamzah
تِ اِضافَت iẓāfat
تّ تَشدِيد taśdīd
تˆ جَزم; jazm
ىۢ آلِف مَقصُورَه ālif maqsūra
تۢ كهَڑا زَبَر khaṛa zabar
ة تا مَربُوطَهة tā marbūtah

nūn-e ghunna - The nasalization symbol in Urdu. In medial form a normal nūn is used.

hamzah - Though part of the alphabet, the hamzah is not really a letter. Nor is it exactly a diacritical sign. It is an entity unto itself. It is a vowel separator similar to the glottal ‘ain. It is used often, on a consonantal "seat" in words ending with the irregular polite imperative suffix -iye.

iẓāfat - Though identical to zer in appearance, it is an element borrowed from the Persian ezafe. This is very common in Urdu and unlike zer is pronounced as a "long" e. It is placed under the last consonant of the adjective which is affecting the noun. Roughly translated as of. It is transliterated as the suffix -e, or -e-. Example:

زخمِ قلب — zakhm-e-qalb — lit. wound of (the) heart, i.e. heartsorrow, or better, German Herzeleid.

When the first word ends in a vowel, the iẓāfat is written under a hamzah placeholder: ءِ.

taśdīd - A small "w" which doubles the consonant it is written over. However; in verbs, the consonant is written twice.

jazm - Placed over a consonant, it indicates there is no short vowel following it. It looks like a circumflex.

ālif maqsūra - Used only in Arabic loanwords. Appears over the final choṭī ye as a superscript ālif. Indicates an sound.

khaṛa zabar - lit. "standing zabar", also only occurs in Arabic origin words. Written over a consonant like the above, it indicates an ā after that consonant. Also called a "dagger alif".

tā marbūtah - Is the Arabic fem. marker. It is often merely replaced by a choṭī he or te.

Special Ligatures

There are many special ligatures in nast'aliq. Kāf+ālif, kāf+lām, gāf+ālif, gāf+lām, and many more which unicode does not support. Learn the naskh and you will hopefully be able to spot these on your own with some practice; not to mention much patience.

Medial/Final Isolated Transliteration


Urdu Punctuation

Except for the final dash, most are as in the Roman alphabet; the comma, semi-colon and question mark being inverted.

Roman Urdu Punctuation
. ۔ period/full stop
, ، comma
; ؛ semi-colon
: : colon
! ! exclamation point
? ؟ question mark


Phrase List (عبارت)

Basics (بنیاد)

Forms of Address (ختاب)

English Urdu Transliteration
Hello (used esp. when answering the phone) ەيلو, سلام salaam, helo
Hello/Goodbye السلام عليكم assalām ‘alaikum
Hello/Goodbye (reply) وعليكم السلام wālaikum assalām
Hello/Goodbye( سلام salām
Hello آداب ādāb
Goodbye خدا حافظ khuda hāfiz
See you later پھر ملیں گے phir milenge
How are you? کیا حال ہے؟ kya Haal hai?
How are you? (lit. are you well?) آپ خيريت سے ہیں؟ āp khairiyat se hain?
I am fine خزریت الحمدال اللہ khairiath, Alhamdullilah
Fine, and you? (more formal reply) آپ كى دعا ەے āpkī duā hai
What is your name? آپ كا نام كيا ەے؟ āpka nam kya hai?
My name is ___ . ميرا نام ___ ەے۔ mera nam ___ hai.
Nice to meet you (formal). آپسے ملکر خوشی ہوی apse mil kar khushi huee.
Nice to meet you too (reply). مجهے بھی mujhe bhi
Yes ەاں n
No/not نەيں nahīn
Do you speak English? آپ كو انگریزی آتى ەے؟ āpko angrezi ātī hai?
Is there someone here who speaks English? یہاں كسى كو انگریزی آتى ەے؟ yahaan kisī ko angrezī ātī hai?
I don't speak Urdu। مجهے ەندى\اردو نەيں آتى ەے۔ mujhe urdu nahīn
I speak some Urdu. مجهے تھوڑی اردو آتی ہے; mujhe thoRi urdū ātī hai।
I don't understand. نہیں سمجھا nahin samjha>
Speak more slowly آەسته بولیے āhista boliye
Come again? پھر سے؟ phir se?
What does "..." mean? کہ کیا معنی ہے؟"..." "..." ka kya ma'ni hai?
How do you say "..."? كيتے كيسے ەےں؟ "..." "..." kaise kehte hain?
Where are you from? آپ كەاں سے ەيں؟ āp kahan se hain?
I'm from ... ميں ... سے ەوں main ... se hūn
Please مەربانانہ mehrbānan
Thank you شكريه śukriya
Thank you very much ... بەت بەت bahut bahut ...
You're welcome (lit. don't mention it) کوئی بات نہیں Koi bat nahin.
Excuse me (getting s.o.'s attention) سنیے suniye
Pardon me/I'm sorry معاف کیجیے mā'af kijiye
Where is the toilet? غسلخانه كەاں ەے؟ ghasalkhāna?
Good!, nice, etc. اخوب khoob
Just one minute ایک منٹ ek minit
Sure ضرور ẓarūr
English Urdu Transliteration
Mr. صاحب sāheb
Mrs. صاحبه sāheba
Mrs. خانم khanm
Sir جناب janāb
Sir حضور huzūr
Dr. دکتر doctor


Interrogatives (علامت سئوال)

English Urdu Transliteration
how/of what kind? كيسا؟ kaisa
how much/many? کتنا؟ kitna
what? كيا؟ kyā?
when? کب، کس وفت kis waqt،kab?
where? كەاں؟ kahān?
who? كون؟ kaun?
which? كونسا؟ kaunsa?
why? كيوں؟ kyon?

Problems (مسائل

Leave me alone. 
Mujhe tung na karo. (تنگ نہ کرو)
Don't touch me! 
Mujhe tamaas nakaro (لمس یا تماس نہ کرو)
I'll call the police. 
Mei police ko kall kar doongi <girls> Mei police ko kall kar doonga <guys> (میں پلیس کو ندا دوںگا)
Police! 
Police! (پلیس)
Stop! Thief! 
Ay! Sariq!/ Duzd! (ای! دزد)
I need your help. 
Maddad kardein. (تماری مدد کی ضرورت ہے)
It's an emergency. 
mohim hai. (مہم ہے)
I'm lost. 
Mei gum hoo. (گم شدہ ہوں)
I lost my bag. 
kisa gum kardiya. (کیسہ گم کردیا)
I lost my wallet. 
kif jaibi gum hogiya. (کیفِ جیبی گم ہوگیا)
I'm sick. 
Mei bey-maar hoo. (بیمار ہوں)
I've been injured. 
Mei zhakhmi hoo. (زخمہ ہوگیا ہوں)
I need a doctor. 
Mujhe daktar ki zaroorat hai. (دکتر کی احتیاج ہے)
Can I use your phone? 
Aapka phone ko istumahl kar loon? (فون آپکہ استعمال کرلوں؟)

Numbers (ارقام)

one (ایک) aik
two (دو) dou
three (تین) teen
four (چار) char
five (پانچ) panch
six (چھ) chhe
seven (سات) saat
eight (آٹھ) aathh
nine (نو) now
10 
ten (دس) das
11 
eleven (گیارہ)
12 
twelve (بارہ)
13 
thirteen (تیرہ)
14 
fourteen (چودہ)
15 
fifteen (پندرہ)
16 
sixteen (سولہ)
17 
seventeen (سترہ)
18 
eighteen (اٹھارہ)
19 
nineteen (انیس)
20 
twenty (بیس)
21 
twenty one (اکیس)
22 
twenty two (بائیس)
23 
twenty three (تیئیس)
30 
thirty (تیس)
40 
forty (چالیس)
50 
fifty (پچاس)
60 
sixty (ساٹھ)
70 
seventy (ستر)
80 
eighty (اسی')
90 
ninety (نوے)
100 
one hundred (ایک سو)
200 
two hundred (دو سو)
300 
three hundred (تین سو)
1000 
one thousand (ایک ہزار)
2000 
two thousand (دو ہزار)
1,000,000 
one million (ایک ےلیون)
1,000,000,000 
one thousand million in UK, one billion in USA
1,000,000,000,000 
one billion in UK, one trillion in USA
number _____ (train, bus, etc.
number _____ (رقم, عدد)
half 
half (نصف, نیم، ادھا)
less 
less (کمتر)
more 
more (بیشتر)

Time (اوقات)

English Urdu Transliteration
now حالا Haal/ Abhi
later بعداً bādn/ ba
before قبل qabl/ pehley
morning صبح، سحر subeh, suhr
afternoon نیم روز neemroz/ maghreb sey pehley
evening شام shaam
night شب shab / raat

Clock Time (گھڑی کا وقت)

one o'clock AM 
subah ke eik bajey (صبح کے ایک بجے)
two o'clock AM 
subah ke doo bajey (صبح کے دو بجے)
noon 
do pahar (دوپہر)
one o'clock PM 
raat ke eik bajey (رات کے ایک بجے)
two o'clock PM 
raat ke doo bajey (رات کے دو بجے)
midnight 
aadhi raat (آدھی رات)

Duration (مدت)

English Urdu Transliteration
minute منٹ minute
hour گھنٹہ ghanta
day دن din
week ەفته hafta
month مہینہ mahiinaa
year سال saal

Days (روز)

English Urdu Transliteration
Today آج aaj
Yesterday گزشتہ کل/ کل kal/ guzishta kal
Tomorrow کل / آنے والا کل kal/ aaney wala kal
Week ەفته hafta
This week اس ەفتے is hafte
Last week پچھلے ہفتے / ەفتے گزشتہ guzishta hafte/ pichley haftey
Next week پچھلے ہفتے / اگلے ہفتے aynda hafte/ agley haftey
Two weeks دو ەفتے do hafte
Month مہینہ mahiinaa


Days of the Week (ہفتہ کے دن)

Day Urdu Transliteration
Sunday اتوار itwaar
Monday پیر peer
Tuesday منگل mangal
Wednesday بدھ buddh
Thursday جمعرات jum'eh'raat
Friday جمہع jum'ah
Saturday ہفتہ haftaa

Calendar (تقویم)

In Pakistan and other Urdu speaking place, two calenders are used: the Gregorian and the Islamic. Months of Gregorian calendar are used as these are in English so the Islamic will be discussed. The Islamic calender is a lunar Calendar. Months are usually 29-30 days long. The Calendar dates from the hijra, or migration, of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE. The abbreviation for Muslim dates is AH (anno Hegiræ). When writing in Urdu, the word ەجرى, hijrī should precede/ follow the date.


Arabic Transliteration Arabic Name
Muharram محرّم
Safar صفر
Rabī al-Avval ربيع الاوّل
Rabī‘ As-sānī ربيع الثانى
Jumādī al-Awwal جمادى الاوّل
Jumādī As-sānī جمادى الثاني
Rajab رجب
Śābān/ Shabaan شعبان
Ramzān رمضان
Śavvāl/ Shavvaal شوّال
Zī Qāda/ Zil Qad ذى قعده
Zī al-Hijjah/ Zil Hajj ذى الحجه

Colors (رنگ)

Color Urdu Transliteration
color رنگ rang
colorful رنگارنگ rangaarang
colorless بےرنگ berang
black سياه sīāh
white سفيد safed
red قرمز, سرخ surkh, qarmaz
pink, rosy گلابى gulābī
orange نارنجى nāranjī
saffron زعفران za'fron
yellow زرد zard
green سبز sabz
blue آبی, اسمانی asmani, ābi
turquoise فروزى firozī
purple ارغوانی arghwaani
brown قہوایی, خاکی qahwai, khākī
gray فولادی,سرمئ fuladi, surma'ī
golden زرين zarīn
silver نقرایی nuqraaee
shiny تابندہ یا درخشاں tabinda, darakhshaa
dark تریک tareek
light روشن roshan

Transportation (انتقال)

Bus, Train, and Taxi (اتوبس, قطار, و تکسی)

Note: if you stick to Karachi, Lahore or Islamabad, you should be fine with yousing english words in Urdu phrases. THe locals do it all the time. This is why the phrase I need a car becomes mujhe car chahye

English Urdu Transliteration
Train قطار qthaar
Train Station مقامِ قطار mqame qthar
Bus اتوبس atobus
Bus Station مقامِ اتوبس mqame atobus
Rickshaw ركشه rickśa
Taxi گاری کرائے, تاکسی gari karayai, taxi
Car گاری gari
Airplane هوا پیما, پرواز hawapeyma, parwaz
Airport فرودگاہ faroodgah
How much is a ticket to _____? 
How much is a ticket to _____? (یک بلیط یا تذکرہ تا _____ کی کیا قدر ہے؟)
One ticket to _____, please. 
One ticket to _____, please. (یک بلیت تا ____ مہرباناً)
Where does this train/bus go? 
Where does this train/bus go? (اِس قطار کی کیا منزل ہے؟)
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
Where is the train/bus to _____? (یہ قطار سوی کس جا ہے؟)
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
Does this train/bus stop in _____? (یہ قطار در _____ توقف ہوتی ہے؟)
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? (قطار برایِ _____ کس وقت خارج ہوتی ہے؟)
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
When will this bus arrive in _____? (یہ قطار _____ کس وقت وارد ہوگی؟)

Directions (جہات)

English Urdu Transliteration
Direction جہت, طرف, سمت, رخ jiht, tharf, simt, rkh
North شمال shomaal
South جنوب janoob
West غرب gharb
East شرق sharq
Right راست rast
Left چپ chap
Up فوق, بلا fawq, balaa
Down تحت theht
Under زیر zeyr
Intersection تقاطع thaqath'o
Straight مستقیم mustaqeem
How do I get to _____ ? 
How do I get to _____ ? (کیسے رفت ہوتے ہیں_____ )
...the train station? 
...the train station? (مقامِ قطار)
...the bus station? 
...the bus station? (مقامِ اتوبس)
...the airport? 
...the airport? (فرودگاہ)
...downtown? 
...downtown? (مرکزِ شہر)
...the youth hostel? 
...the youth hostel? (خانہِ جاوانون)
...the _____ hotel? 
...the _____ hotel? (_____مسافرخانہ)
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? (سفارتِ امریکی,کنادایی, استرالی, انگلیزی؟
Where are there a lot of... 
Where are there a lot of...
...hotels? 
...hotels? (ہتلیں)
...restaurants? 
...restaurants? (تعام گاہیں)
...bars? 
...bars? (میکدہیں)(There are no public bars in Pakistan and be careful who you ask, you don't want to get killed)
...sites to see? 
...sites to see? (سیاحتی مناظر, خوب مناظر, جاےِ دیدنی)
Can you show me on the map? 
Can you show me on the map? (بر نقشہ نشانہ کرنا)
sidewalk
sidewalk (خیابان)
road
road (جادہ, راہ)
Turn left. 
Turn left. (گردش بہ چپ, چپ پیچ ہونا, چپ رفت ہونا)
Turn right. 
Turn right. (گردش بہ راست, راست پیچ ہونا, راست رفت ہونا)
left 
left (چپ)
right 
right (راست)
straight ahead 
straight ahead (مستقیم)
towards the _____ 
towards the _____ (سوی)
past the _____ 
past the _____ (بعد از)
before the _____ 
before the _____ (قبل از)
uphill 
uphill (سر بلایی)
downhill 
downhill (سر زیری)

Lodging (مسکن)

Do you have any rooms available? 
Do you have any rooms available? (در دسترس تمہارے خالی اتاق ہیں؟)
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
How much is a room for one person/two people? (یک اتاق برایِ یک یا دو فرد کتنا ہے؟)
Does the room come with... 
Does the room come with... (یہ اتاق با ______ آتا ہے؟)
...bedsheets? 
...bedsheets? (چدریں)
...a bathroom? 
...a bathroom? (حمام, غسل خانہ)
...a telephone? 
...a telephone? (تلفون)
...a TV? 
...a TV? (تلویژیون)
May I see the room first? 
May I see the room first? (اول, اتاف مشاہدہ کرلوں)
Do you have anything quieter? 
Do you have anything quieter? (ارامتر)
...bigger? 
...bigger? (کبیرتر)
...cleaner? 
...cleaner? (پاکتر)
...cheaper? 
...cheaper? (ارزانتر)
OK, I'll take it. 
OK, I'll take it. (خیر ہے, لے لےتے ہوں)
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
I will stay for _____ night(s). (برای _____ شب قیام کروںگا)
Can you suggest another hotel? 
Can you suggest another hotel? (یک دیگر مسافرخانہ کا رای دیںگے؟)
Do you have a safe? 
Do you have a safe? (گنبد ہے؟)
...lockers? 
...lockers? (قفسے قفلدار؟)
Is breakfast/supper included? 
Is breakfast/supper included? (ناشتہ یا عشا شامل ہے؟)
What time is breakfast/supper? 
What time is breakfast/supper? (ناشتہ یا عشا کس وقت ہے؟)
Please clean my room. 
Please clean my room. (مہربانانہ, میرا اتاق صاف کردیں)
Can you wake me at _____? 
Can you wake me at _____? (مجہے ساعت _____ بیدار کرلیںگیں؟)
I want to check out. 
I want to check out. (میںنے خارج ہونا ہے)

Money (نقد)

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? (آپ دلارِ امریکی, اُسترالی, کانادایی قبول کرتے ہیں؟)
Do you accept British pounds? 
Do you accept British pounds? (آپ پوندِانگلیس قبول کرتے ہیں؟)
Do you accept credit cards? 
Do you accept credit cards? (آپ کارد اعتباری قبول کرتے ہیں؟)
Can you change money for me? 
Can you change money for me? (آپ میرے خاطر نقد عوض کرلیںگیں؟)
Where can I get money changed? 
Where can I get money changed? (میں نقد کہاں عوض کروں؟)
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
Can you change a traveler's check for me? (آپ میرے خاطر چک مسافری عوض کرلیںگیں؟)
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? (میں چک مسافری کہاں عوض کروں؟)
What is the exchange rate? 
What is the exchange rate? (نرخِ معاوضہ کیا ہے؟)

Eating (تناول کرنا)

A table for one person/two people, please. 
A table for one person/two people, please. (یک میز برایِ یک یا دو فرد, مہرباناً)
Can I look at the menu, please? 
Can I look at the menu, please? (میں منیو مشاہدہ کرلوں؟)
Can I look in the kitchen? 
Can I look in the kitchen? (میں مطبخ نظارہ کرلوں؟)
Is there a house specialty? 
Is there a house specialty? (اختصاصیِ بیت ہے؟)
Is there a local specialty? 
Is there a local specialty? (محلی اختصاص ہے؟)
I'm a vegetarian. 
I'm a vegetarian. (میں سبزی خور ہوں)
I don't eat pork. 
I don't eat pork. (میں خنزیر نہیں طناول کرتہ ہوں)
I don't eat beef. 
I don't eat beef. (میں گوشتِ گاو نہیں طناول کرتہ ہوں)
I only eat kosher food. 
I only eat kosher food. (میں فقط گوشتِ یہودی طناول کرتہ ہوں)
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
Can you make it "lite", please? (سبک پخت کرنا, مہرباناً. کم رغن, مسکہ, یا چربیِ خنزیر)
fixed-price meal 
fixed-price meal (تعام مقطوعاً)
à la carte 
a la carte (جدا جدا سفارش دینہ ہو)
breakfast 
breakfast (ناشتہ)
lunch 
lunch (نہار) یا ظہرانہ)
tea (meal
tea (چای)
supper 
supper (غذا یا شامی)
I want _____. 
I want _____. (مجہے ______ کی ضرورت ہے)
I want a dish containing _____. 
I want a dish containing _____. (مجہے تعام با _______ لینا ہے)
chicken 
chicken (مرغ)
beef 
beef (گوشت)
fish 
fish (ماہی)
ham 
ham (خنزیر)
sausage 
sausage (سوسیج)
cheese 
cheese (پنیر)
eggs 
eggs (تخم)
salad 
salad (سلاد)
(fresh) vegetables 
(fresh) vegetables (میوہ)
(fresh) fruit 
(fresh) fruit (میوہ)
bread 
bread (نان)
toast 
toast (نان برشتہ)
noodles 
noodles (رشتہ فرنگی)
rice 
rice (برنج)
beans 
beans (لوبیا)
May I have a glass of _____? 
May I have a glass of _____? (میں یک شیشہِ _____ لےلوں؟)
May I have a cup of _____? 
May I have a cup of _____? (میں یک جامِ _____ لےلوں؟)
May I have a bottle of _____? 
May I have a bottle of _____? (میں یک جامِ _____ لےلوں؟)
coffee 
coffee (قہوا)
tea (drink
tea (چای)
juice 
juice (شیرہ)
(bubbly) water 
water (آب حبابی)
water 
water (آب)
beer 
beer (ابجو)
red/white wine 
red/white wine (بادہ سفید یا سرخ)
May I have some _____? 
May I have some _____? (میں بعضِ ______ لے لوں؟)
salt 
salt (نمک)
black pepper 
black pepper (فلفل سیاہ)
butter 
butter (مسکہ)
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
Excuse me, waiter? (بخشدو پیشِخدمت)
I'm finished. 
I'm finished. (بس ہے, خلاص)
It was delicious. 
It was delicious. (خوشمزہ تها)
Please clear the plates. 
Please clear the plates. (ظرف صاف کردیں)
The check, please. 
The check, please. (صورتِ حساب, لطفاً)


Bars (میکدیں)

  • note: alcohol is forbidden in Pakistan except to non-Muslims with the proper license. Also, be careful who you ask for it, you don't want to be subject to extremism.
Do you serve alcohol? 
Do you serve alcohol? (آپ خمر فروخت کرتے ہیں؟)
Is there table service? 
Is there table service? (خدمتِ میز ہے؟)
A beer/two beers, please. 
A beer/two beers, please. (یک یا دو ابجو)
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
A glass of red/white wine, please. (یک شیشہ سفید یا سرخ بادہ)
A pint, please. 
A pint, please. (یک پنت)
A bottle, please. 
A bottle, please. (یک بوطری)
whiskey 
whiskey (وسکی)
vodka 
vodka (ودکا)
rum 
rum (رم)
water 
water (آب)
club soda 
club soda (کلب سودا)
tonic water 
tonic water (تنک آب)
orange juice 
orange juice (شیرہِ برتقال)
Coke (soda
Coke (کوک)
Do you have any bar snacks? 
Do you have any bar snacks? (مختصر خوراک ہیں؟)
One more, please. 
One more, please. (یک بیش)
Another round, please. 
Another round, please. (یک چرخہ بیش)
When is closing time? 
When is closing time? (نس وقت بند ہوتاہے؟)

Shopping (خریداری)

Do you have this in my size? 
Do you have this in my size? (میرے سایش میں ہے؟)
How much is this? 
How much is this? (کیا قدر ہے اسکی؟)
That's too expensive. 
That's too expensive. (وہ گران ہے)
Would you take _____? 
Would you take _____? (____لےلیںگ؟)
expensive 
expensive (گران)
cheap 
cheap (ارزان)
I can't afford it. 
I can't afford it. (میرے قابل نہیں ہے)
I don't want it. 
I don't want it. (مجہے نہیں ضرورت)
You're cheating me. 
You're cheating me. (تم فریب دہرہے ہو)
I'm not interested. 
I'm not interested. (مین شوقین نہیں)
OK, I'll take it. 
OK, I'll take it. (خیر ہے, لےلے تہ ہوں)
Can I have a bag? 
Can I have a bag? (لفافہ دےدیں)
Do you ship (overseas)? 
Do you ship (overseas)? (بیرونِ ملک ترسیل کرتے ہیں؟)
I need... 
(مجہے _____ کی ضرورت ہے)
...toothpaste. 
(خمیر دندان)
...a toothbrush. 
(مسواک)
...tampons. 
(تمپون)
...soap. 
(صابون)
...shampoo. 
(شمپو)
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
(اسپرن)
...cold medicine. 
(دواِ تب)
...stomach medicine. 
(دواِ میدہ)
...a razor. 
(تیغ)
...an umbrella. 
(جتر)
...sunblock lotion. 
...sunblock lotion. (کرمِ ضدِ افتابی)(...)
...a postcard. 
(کارتِ پستال)
...postage stamp. 
(ستمپ پستال)
...batteries. 
(باطری)
...writing paper. 
(کاغز)
...a pen. 
(قلم)
...a pencil 
(مداد)
...an English-language book. 
(کتابِ لسانِ انگلیزی)
... an English-language magazine. 
(رسالہِ لسانِ انگلیزی)
...an English-language newspaper. 
(روزنامنہِ لسانِ انگلیزی)
...an English-Urdu dictionary. 
(فرہنگِ اردو و انگلیزی)

Driving (سواری)

I want to rent a car. 
I want to rent a car. (میں نے گاری کرایا کرنا ہے)
Can I get insurance? 
Can I get insurance? (بیمہ لےلوں؟)
stop (on a street sign
stop (توقف)
one way 
one way (یک طرف)
yield 
yield (تسلیم)
no parking 
no parking (قائم ہونہ منع ہے)
speed limit 
speed limit (حدِ سرعت)
gas (petrol) station 
gas station (گاز)
petrol 
petrol (بنزین)
diesel 
diesel (دیزل)

Authority (حکومت)

I haven't done anything wrong. 
I haven't done anything wrong. (میں نے ہیچ خطا نہیں کی)
It was a misunderstanding. 
It was a misunderstanding.
Where are you taking me? 
Where are you taking me? (کہاں لہچارے ہو؟)
Am I under arrest? 
Am I under arrest? (میں گرفتار میں ہوں؟)
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. (میں امریکی رعیت ہوں)
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
I need to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. (میں نے از امریکی سفارت صحبت کرنی ہے)
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
I want to talk to a lawyer. (میں نے با وکیل صحبت کرنی ہے)
Can I just pay a fine now? 
Can I just pay a fine now? (میں حالا تاوان دےدوں؟)

Learning more (بیشتر اطلاعات)

This is where you'd give more information on learning the language, such as links to online courses or textbooks, or suggestions for in-person courses to take, or pointers to a dictionary or two.

How do you say _____ ? 
How do you say _____ ? (______ کیسے کہتے ہیں؟)
What is this/that called? 
What is this/that called? (وہ کیا ہے؟)

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

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