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Difference between revisions of "United Kingdom National Parks"

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The '''National Parks''' of the [[United Kingdom]] are to be found primarily in [[England]] and [[Wales]]; two recent additions exist in [[Scotland]]. There are as yet no National Parks in [[Northern Island]].
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{{traveltopic}}
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[[Image:UK parks.png|thumb|right|350px|National Parks and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in the UK]]
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The '''National Parks''' [http://www.anpa.gov.uk/] ([[Welsh phrasebook|Welsh]]: ''Parciau Cenedlaethol'') of the [[United Kingdom]] are to be found primarily in [[England]] and [[Wales]]; two recent additions exist in [[Scotland]]. There are as yet no National Parks in [[Northern Ireland]].
 +
 
 +
Slightly less strict designations also exist, the '''Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty''' in England and Wales, and the '''National Scenic Area''' in Scotland.
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
  
==England==
+
Each park is operated by its own National Park Authority, with two "statutory purposes":
 +
 
 +
* to conserve and enhance the natural beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage of the area, and
 +
* to promote opportunities for the understanding and enjoyment of the park's special qualities by the public.
 +
 
 +
Despite the name, National Parks in the UK are quite different from those in many other countries, where National Parks are owned and managed by the government as a protected community resource, and permanent human communities are not a part of the landscape. In the UK, National Parks can include substantial towns and villages, and land uses such as farming and forestry which are often integral parts of the landscape. Land within a National Park remains largely in private ownership, and so land access is usually subject to the same restrictions as elsewhere in the country.
 +
 
 +
==National Parks==
 +
 
 +
===[[England]]===
  
 
The majority of England's National Parks are to be found in the North, reflecting the fact that most wilderness areas are to be found in the mountainous areas of the Pennines and surrounding areas.
 
The majority of England's National Parks are to be found in the North, reflecting the fact that most wilderness areas are to be found in the mountainous areas of the Pennines and surrounding areas.
  
*the [[Broads National Park]]
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*The [[Broads]]
*[[Dartmoor National Park]]
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*[[Dartmoor]]
*[[Exmoor National Park]]
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*[[Exmoor]]
*[[Lake District National Park]]
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*[[Lake District National Park|Lake District]]
*[[New Forest National Park]] - England's newest National Park, designated on 1 March 2005
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*[[New Forest]] - England's newest National Park, designated on 1 March 2005
*[[Northumberland National Park]]
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*[[Northumberland]]
*[[Peak District National Park]]
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*[[Peak District]]
*[[Yorkshire Dales National Park]]
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*[[Yorkshire Dales]]
*[[Yorkshire Moors National Park]]
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*[[Yorkshire Moors]]
  
 
NB: The [[South Downs]] has been designated as an area awaiting designation as a future National Park.
 
NB: The [[South Downs]] has been designated as an area awaiting designation as a future National Park.
  
==Wales==
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===[[Wales]]===
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*[[Brecon Beacons National Park|Brecon Beacons]] (Welsh: ''Bannau Brycheiniog'')
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*[[Pembrokeshire Coast National Park|Pembrokeshire Coast]] (Welsh: ''Arfordir Penfro'')
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*[[Snowdonia National Park|Snowdonia]] (Welsh: ''Eryri'')
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===[[Scotland]]===
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 +
*[[Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park|Loch Lomond and The Trossachs]]
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*the [[Cairngorms]]
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 +
==Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty==
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 +
'''Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty''' in the [[United Kingdom]] are currently 41 defined areas in [[England]], [[Wales]] and [[Northern Ireland]], designated originally by the Countryside Agency, on behalf of the government. The equivalent in [[Scotland]] is the National Scenic Area. Natural England[http://www.naturalengland.org.uk/] was set up in 2006 to succeed the Countryside Agency in England, and is a government body responsible for the protection and improvement of the natural environment in England.
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{|
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! colspan=2 | [[England]]
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|-
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|
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*[[Arnside and Silverdale]]
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*[[Blackdown Hills]]
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*[[Cannock Chase]]
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*[[Chichester|Chichester Harbour]]
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*[[Chiltern Hills|Chilterns]]
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*[[Cornwall]]
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*[[Cotswolds|Cotswolds]]
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*[[Cranborne Chase and West Wiltshire Downs]]
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*[[Dedham Vale]]
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*[[Dorset]]
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*[[East Devon]]
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*[[East Hampshire]]
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*[[Forest of Bowland]]
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* High Weald of which [[Ashdown Forest]] is part of
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*[[Howardian Hills]]
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*[[Isle of Wight]]
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*[[Isles of Scilly]]
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*[[Kent Downs]]
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*[[Lincolnshire Wolds]]
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||
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*[[Malvern (England)|Malvern Hills]]
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*[[Mendip Hills]]
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*[[Nidderdale]]
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*[[Norfolk (England)|Norfolk Coast]]
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*[[North Devon]]
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*[[North Pennines]]
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*[[Northumberland|Northumberland Coast]]
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*[[North Wessex Downs]]
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*[[Quantock Hills]]
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*[[Church Stretton|Shropshire Hills]]
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*[[Solway Coast]]
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*[[South Devon]]
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*[[South Hampshire Coast]]
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*[[Suffolk Coast and Heaths]]
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*[[Surrey Hills]]
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*[[South Downs]]
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*[[Tamar Valley]]
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*[[Ludlow (Shropshire)|Wye Valley]]
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|-
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! colspan=2 | [[Wales]]
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|-
 +
|
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*[[Anglesey]]
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*[[Clwydian Range Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty|Clwydian Range]]
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*[[Gower Peninsula|Gower]]
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||
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*[[Lleyn]]
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*[[Hay-on-Wye|Wye Valley]]
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*
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|-
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! colspan=2 | [[Northern Ireland]]
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|-
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|
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*[[County_Antrim|Antrim Coast and Glens]]
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*[[Giant%27s_Causeway|Causeway Coast]]
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*[[Lagan Valley]]
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*[[Lecale Coast]]
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*[[County_Down|Mourne]]
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||
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*[[Binevenagh]]
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*[[Ring of Gullion]]
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*[[Sperrin]]
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*[[Strangford Lough]]
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*
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|}
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==National Scenic Areas==
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 +
'''National Scenic Area''' (NSA)[http://www.snh.org.uk/scripts-snh/ab-pa03.asp] is a national landscape designation applied in [[Scotland]]. Currently there are 40 designated NSA's. They are considered of national importance based on their outstanding scenic landscapes. National Scenic area is equivalent to the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty designation which is used in the other countries of the [[UK]]. Since 2003, the superior National Park designation has been introduced. There are currently 2 National Parks in Scotland.
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===Aberdeenshire===
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* Deeside and Lochnagar
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===Argyll and Bute===
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{|
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|-
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|
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* [[Isle of Jura|Jura]]
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* Knapdale
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* Kyles of [[Isle of Bute|Bute]]
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* [[Loch Lomond]] - now part of a National Park along with The Trossachs.
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||
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* Loch na Keal, [[Mull|Isle of Mull]]
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* Lynn of Lorn
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* Scarba, Lunga and the Garvellachs
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*
 +
|-
 +
|}
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===Dumfries and Galloway===
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{|
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|-
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|
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* East Stewartry Coast
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* Fleet Valley
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||
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* [[Dumfries|Nith Estuary]]
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*
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|-
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|}
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===Highland===
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{|
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|-
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|
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* Assynt - Coigach
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* [[Fort William|Ben Nevis]] and [[Glencoe|Glen Coe]]
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* Dornoch Firth
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* Glen Affric
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* Glen Strathfarrar
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* Kintail
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* Knoydart
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* Kyle of Tongue
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||
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* Loch Shiel
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* Morar, Moidart and Ardnamurchan
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* North West [[Sutherland (disambiguation)|Sutherland]]
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* [[Cairngorms National Park|The Cairngorm Mountains]] - now a National Park
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* [[Skye|The Cuillin Hills]]
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* The [[Small Isles]]
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* Trotternish
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* Wester Ross
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|-
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|}
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===North Ayrshire===
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* North [[Isle of Arran|Arran]]
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===Orkney Islands===
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* Hoy and West Mainland
  
*[[Brecon Beacons National Park]]
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===Perthshire and Kinross===
*[[Pembrokeshire Coast National Park]]
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{|
*[[Snowdonia National Park]]
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|-
 +
|
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* Loch Rannoch and Glen Lyon
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* Loch Tummel
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||
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* River Earn ([[Comrie]] to [[St. Fillans]])
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* River Tay ([[Dunkeld]])
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|-
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|}
  
==Scotland==
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===Shetland Isles===
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* [[Shetland]]
  
*[[Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park]]
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===Stirling===
*the [[Cairngorms National Park]]
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* The [[Trossachs]] - now part of a National Park along with Loch Lomond.
  
==External links==
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===Borders===
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{|
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|-
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|
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* Eildon and Leaderfoot
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||
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* Upper Tweeddale
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|-
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|}
  
*the [http://www.anpa.gov.uk/ Association for National Park Authorities] - home page
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===Western Isles===
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{|
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|-
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|
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* South [[Lewis]], [[Harris]] and [[North Uist]]
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* [[South Uist]] Machair
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||
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* [[St Kilda]]
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*
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|-
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|}
  
*the [http://www.cnp.org.uk/ Council for National Parks] - home page
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[[WikiPedia:National parks of the United Kingdom]]
  
{{msg:stub}}
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{{outline}}
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{{IsPartOf|United Kingdom}}

Latest revision as of 22:03, 8 June 2010

    This article is a travel topic

National Parks and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in the UK

The National Parks [1] (Welsh: Parciau Cenedlaethol) of the United Kingdom are to be found primarily in England and Wales; two recent additions exist in Scotland. There are as yet no National Parks in Northern Ireland.

Slightly less strict designations also exist, the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in England and Wales, and the National Scenic Area in Scotland.

Contents

Understand[edit]

Each park is operated by its own National Park Authority, with two "statutory purposes":

  • to conserve and enhance the natural beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage of the area, and
  • to promote opportunities for the understanding and enjoyment of the park's special qualities by the public.

Despite the name, National Parks in the UK are quite different from those in many other countries, where National Parks are owned and managed by the government as a protected community resource, and permanent human communities are not a part of the landscape. In the UK, National Parks can include substantial towns and villages, and land uses such as farming and forestry which are often integral parts of the landscape. Land within a National Park remains largely in private ownership, and so land access is usually subject to the same restrictions as elsewhere in the country.

National Parks[edit]

England[edit]

The majority of England's National Parks are to be found in the North, reflecting the fact that most wilderness areas are to be found in the mountainous areas of the Pennines and surrounding areas.

NB: The South Downs has been designated as an area awaiting designation as a future National Park.

Wales[edit]

Scotland[edit]

Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty[edit]

Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in the United Kingdom are currently 41 defined areas in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, designated originally by the Countryside Agency, on behalf of the government. The equivalent in Scotland is the National Scenic Area. Natural England[2] was set up in 2006 to succeed the Countryside Agency in England, and is a government body responsible for the protection and improvement of the natural environment in England.

England
Wales
Northern Ireland

National Scenic Areas[edit]

National Scenic Area (NSA)[3] is a national landscape designation applied in Scotland. Currently there are 40 designated NSA's. They are considered of national importance based on their outstanding scenic landscapes. National Scenic area is equivalent to the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty designation which is used in the other countries of the UK. Since 2003, the superior National Park designation has been introduced. There are currently 2 National Parks in Scotland.

Aberdeenshire[edit]

  • Deeside and Lochnagar

Argyll and Bute[edit]

  • Jura
  • Knapdale
  • Kyles of Bute
  • Loch Lomond - now part of a National Park along with The Trossachs.
  • Loch na Keal, Isle of Mull
  • Lynn of Lorn
  • Scarba, Lunga and the Garvellachs

Dumfries and Galloway[edit]

  • East Stewartry Coast
  • Fleet Valley

Highland[edit]

  • Assynt - Coigach
  • Ben Nevis and Glen Coe
  • Dornoch Firth
  • Glen Affric
  • Glen Strathfarrar
  • Kintail
  • Knoydart
  • Kyle of Tongue

North Ayrshire[edit]

Orkney Islands[edit]

  • Hoy and West Mainland

Perthshire and Kinross[edit]

  • Loch Rannoch and Glen Lyon
  • Loch Tummel

Shetland Isles[edit]

Stirling[edit]

  • The Trossachs - now part of a National Park along with Loch Lomond.

Borders[edit]

  • Eildon and Leaderfoot
  • Upper Tweeddale

Western Isles[edit]

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