Difference between revisions of "United Kingdom National Parks"
Latest revision as of 22:03, 8 June 2010
This article is a travel topic
The National Parks  (Welsh: Parciau Cenedlaethol) of the United Kingdom are to be found primarily in England and Wales; two recent additions exist in Scotland. There are as yet no National Parks in Northern Ireland.
Slightly less strict designations also exist, the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in England and Wales, and the National Scenic Area in Scotland.
Each park is operated by its own National Park Authority, with two "statutory purposes":
Despite the name, National Parks in the UK are quite different from those in many other countries, where National Parks are owned and managed by the government as a protected community resource, and permanent human communities are not a part of the landscape. In the UK, National Parks can include substantial towns and villages, and land uses such as farming and forestry which are often integral parts of the landscape. Land within a National Park remains largely in private ownership, and so land access is usually subject to the same restrictions as elsewhere in the country.
 National Parks
The majority of England's National Parks are to be found in the North, reflecting the fact that most wilderness areas are to be found in the mountainous areas of the Pennines and surrounding areas.
NB: The South Downs has been designated as an area awaiting designation as a future National Park.
 Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in the United Kingdom are currently 41 defined areas in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, designated originally by the Countryside Agency, on behalf of the government. The equivalent in Scotland is the National Scenic Area. Natural England was set up in 2006 to succeed the Countryside Agency in England, and is a government body responsible for the protection and improvement of the natural environment in England.
 National Scenic Areas
National Scenic Area (NSA) is a national landscape designation applied in Scotland. Currently there are 40 designated NSA's. They are considered of national importance based on their outstanding scenic landscapes. National Scenic area is equivalent to the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty designation which is used in the other countries of the UK. Since 2003, the superior National Park designation has been introduced. There are currently 2 National Parks in Scotland.
 Argyll and Bute
 Dumfries and Galloway
 North Ayrshire
 Orkney Islands
 Perthshire and Kinross
 Shetland Isles
 Western Isles