Tyrol (German: Tirol) is a historical region in the heart of the Alps. It consists of North, East and South Tyrol. North and East Tyrol together make up the Austrian federal-state of Tyrol with its capital in Innsbruck. South Tyrol, despite its German speaking majority, has been part of Italy since the end of World War I. It makes up the northern portion of the alpine Italian province Trentino-Alto Adige with its capital in Bolzano (Italian) or Bozen (German).
As in nearly all of Austria, Austro-Bavarian is the main language of Tyrol (except in Reutte district where Alemannic is the local tongue). The Tyrolean dialect is one of the Southern Austro-Bavarian dialects which are often tricky to understand for speakers of Central Austro-Bavarian dialects like Viennese. But, as in all of Austria, German is the official language used in all official publications, so most people speak it, and in Innsbruck nearly everyone is fluent. English is widely spoken and most people have at least a basic knowledge of it, and Italian is also quite prevalent.
There is an international airport in Innsbruck (ICAO code: LOWI) which has schedules to Vienna, Frankfurt, London, Amsterdam, Graz, Nice, Hannover, Stavanger, Alghero, Gothenburg and Olbia. Schedules may differ in winter. SkyEurope was a discount airline that flies to Innsbruck. However, FlyNiki/Airberlin have started on offering reaseonably priced flight from Vienna and Cologne. The Munich Airport, 2.5 hours away, is another alternative. There are vans that will meet you at the Munich Airport and take you directly to your lodging in or around Innsbruck for the price of a comparable train ticket.
There is also an airfield in St. Johann in Tirol (ICAO code: LOIJ), with a 750 m asphalt runway.
Innsbruck has connections to all major cities in Austria such as Vienna, Graz, Salzburg, Linz and Bregenz. There is a 3 hourly connection between Munich and Innsbruck with stops in Kufstein, Wörgl and Jenbach.