The Twin Cities area of Minnesota is the political, cultural, and economic capital of the Upper Midwest and along with the Chicago and Detroit metropolitan areas forms the core of the North Coast region of the United States.
The name "Twin Cities" comes from the region's two core cities, Minneapolis and Saint Paul, which border each other share many of the same political, educational, and cultural institutions - and are thus considered to be "twins".
There are multiple "tiers" or "rings" of suburbs extending out from these core cities, some reaching as far as Wisconsin.
- Minneapolis, county seat of Hennepin County and Minnesota's largest city.
- Saint Paul, county seat of Ramsey County, Minnesota's second city, and state capital.
Suburbs and outlying towns
Located where the Minnesota River joins the Mississippi, the Twin Cities grew in the 1800s from its location at the intersection of two major rivers, the Minnesota and the Mississippi, and rail lines. For a period the point furthest downstream that the Mississippi could be bridged was located in the area, if only due to the fortuitous island placement. Contributing to its growth was St. Anthony Falls, a natural waterfall which provided energy to working grain mills located on the Mississippi River. Due to rapid erosion of its limestone underlayment, St Anthony Falls moved upstream until it was set in concrete by the Army Corps of Engineers.
Two Interstate Highways, I-94 and I-35, travel through the Twin Cities travelling east/west and north/south respectively. I-35 splits as it passes through the Twin Cities, with I-35W coming through Minneapolis, and I-35E making an eastward bow through Saint Paul. Several other national and state highways also travel through the area.
- Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport (IATA: MSP, ICAO: KMSP), .
Most travelers will arrive in Terminal 1-Lindbergh. Terminal 2-Humphrey was recently rebuilt and serves primarily charter carriers. The Lindbergh terminal (Charles Lindbergh was a Minnesotan, and one of his transatlantic planes is suspended above the ticketing area) receives the bulk of renovation fees, however, and it is an attractive, modern, convenient, and well-designed terminal. The Humphrey terminal is also quite attractive; the terminals share the same runways, have long- and short-term parking set between them, and are equally convenient for transportation. Savvy travelers might check the terminal of their arrival or departure to communicate their location to friends, relatives, or other transport.
The Hiawatha light rail line  serves both terminals as it runs between downtown Minneapolis and the Mall of America. Travel between the two terminals  is free. Fare for traveling outside the airport is $1.75-2.25  depending on the time of day. The trains are fast and clean and, at times, one might imagine being in Holland or Disneyland while traveling their pristine route.
Airlines serving Terminal 1-Lindbergh:
- Air Canada
- Air Tran Airways
- Alaska Airlines
- American Airlines
- Comair Airlines
- Continental Airlines
- Delta Air Lines (major hub)
- Frontier Airlines
- Mesaba Airlines
- United Airlines
- US Airways
Airlines serving Terminal 2-Humphrey:
- Casino Express
- Champion Air
- Miami Air International
- Midwest Connect (Midwest Airlines)
- Omni Air International
- Ryan International
- Southwest Airlines
- Sun Country Airlines (also based in the Twin Cities)
Amtrak, . Trains arrive at Midway Station in Saint Paul, located at 730 Transfer Road (one block north of University Avenue, near its intersection with Cleveland Avenue). The 16 busline comes within a block. Daily service via the "Empire Builder", trains 8/28 and 7/27, terminating at Chicago and Seattle or Portland.
Greyhound Bus Lines and Jefferson Lines. Buses arrive at the Hawthorne Transportation Center, located at 950 Hawthorne Ave (at 10th St, one block west of Hennepin) in downtown Minneapolis. It's just a few minute's taxi ride away from most of the downtown hotels. It's 4-5 blocks away from a few major bus routes and the light rail. Check the web site above for schedule details. The depot is near a homeless shelter, so it's not uncommon to see a few homeless people hanging out nearby. The area is well-patrolled and quite safe. Some routes make additonal stops.
- Badger Coaches, . 4x weekly scheduled services in cooperation with Jefferson Lines to Madison daily and Milwaukee, with a few local stops inbetween. $45-$53.
- Greyhound, (at the Intermodal Station), ☎ +1 414 272-2156, . Open 24h/day.
- Jefferson Lines, (at the Intermodal Station), . Operate scheduled services across the state to South Dakota, Wisconsin, and beyond. Jefferson prides itself on its 'eco-friendly' new coaches.
- Megabus, . Service to Minneapolis from Madison (1-2 times daily), Milwaukee (twice daily), and Chicago (3-4 times daily). In Chicago, you can connect to the Minneapolis-bound bus from buses coming from Normal, St. Louis, Columbia, Kansas City, Ann Arbor, Detroit, Toledo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Columbus, Indianapolis, Champaign, and Memphis. Fares can be as little as $1 each way if ordered far enough in advance. The bus stop is located in downtown Minneapolis on the north side of South 3rd Street east of Chicago Avenue (about one block from the Metrodome and the Downtown East/Metrodome light rail station). Buses have wifi.
A summary of bus and train fares to Chicago and Milwaukee, frequencies and services including the lowest internet fare, the walk-up ticket price and how often the services run:
|| 1x day
|| 1x day
|| 5x day
|| 5x day
|| 1-2x day
|| 4x day
|| 2x day
²Train. AAA, ISIC, SA, Senior (walk-up) discounts: Chicago $18, Minneapolis from $44.
³Tickets must be purchased via internet or telephone($3 fee).
Mississippi River. The river runs through both downtowns, but passenger boats don't serve the area. Huck Finn fantasies aside, arrival via the Mississippi is not recommended. (Besides, Huck floated down river.)
Minneapolis, Saint Paul, and some of the inner suburbs are all served by public transit run by Metro Transit . There are also other transit authorities serving the outlying suburbs. Regular adult fares are currently $2.25 during peak periods (6AM-9AM and 3PM-6:30PM Monday thru Friday) and $1.50 during off-peak periods (these fares come with free transfers lasting 2.5 hours). Ticket machines at light rail stations will also sell 6-hour passes for $4 on weekdays or $3.50 on weekends, and 24-hour passes for $6.
Serving Downtown Minneapolis, the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome, the airport, the Mall of America, and all points in between. Although automobile transport is most useful for those who wish to explore more than the two downtown areas of the Twin Cities (e.g corporate visitors, or people visiting any of the suburbs), tourists may find light rail the easiest, fastest, and safest transport between the airports, the Mall of America, and downtown Minneapolis. There is currently only one line, though amenities at each stop, and within walking distance of each stop, are expanding. Eastbound and Westbound bus lines also intersect the light rail line at most points, so it is possible that visitors could use public transport exclusively to explore the cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul. About a mile West of the Mississippi and much of the border between Minneapolis & Saint Paul, it's possible to use east-west bus routes on the Ford Parkway, Lake Street, Franklin Avenue, or Hennepin Avenue for expedient travel within the cities and to most residential neighborhoods.
The Twin Cities have an adequate bus system, hobbled by confusing connections to suburban lines, and poor service during non-rush hours (and no service after 1AM except on a few select routes with "night owl" service). The Metro Transit site (linked above) allows you to search for the best routes between your current location and your desired location, and is as good as most such systems in providing good routes and connections. Bus stops are located very nearly everywhere throughout the city, but some are served only very infrequently, and most are not labeled as to which routes serve them at which times, so take care, especially in sub-zero weather, as to which routes you choose. Buses on Hennepin Avenue, Washington Avenue, Lake Street, and University Avenue are most consistent and provide transport to the greatest numbers. Express buses operate between the two downtowns regularly during rush hours, and buses to suburbs, or connecting to light rail are limited, and best used during high traffic times.
Skyways and Tunnels
Minneapolis and Saint Paul both have extensive second floor ("Première étage") "skyways" that connect central city buildings with each other. Although Minneapolis is larger, the Saint Paul system, to this point, has more connections and is more extensive than Minneapolis' system. That said, one could walk from the Convention Center in Minneapolis to Washington Avenue (a block before the Mississippi) without going outside, and without stopping at a pedestrian traffic light. Highway 394 feeds into heated parking garages, so that a Wayzatan suburbanite could enter her Lexus, drive the length of 394 to the heated lot, go to work, shop at Target or Marshall Fields, see a movie, have dinner, and return home - all without having to wear a coat or change clothes, even in 20-below weather.
Even in good weather, mid-day romps in Minneapolis or Saint Paul at street level will miss most of the citizen activity, despite the appearance of crowds and farmers' markets, as many folks will choose to get their lattes, sandwiches, takeout, or copy keys, copy documents, or visit their banks, on the second level, a floor above the apparent activity.
As if to confuse you, there is an extensive network of tunnels connecting several buildings on the University of Minnesota's Twin Cities campus. Good idea, only different.
The Twin Cities, despite unfriendly weather for bikes from about November to April, provides many resources for both recreational and commuting bicyclers. Most major, and primary one-way, and two-way, streets have ample bike lanes which are marked and visible during fair weather months. In addition, all Minneapolis in-city lakes have bike paths that are separated from pedestrian traffic (and from motorized vehicles), and offer one-way transit around the entire Chain of Lakes, extending to Minnehaha Parkway and into Saint Paul. As if that were not adequate, former rail line paths sustain two-way bike lanes following east-west routes just South of Highway 394 and into downtown Minneapolis, known as the Cedar Lake trail; and just North of Lake Street, following a path known as the Midtown Greenway; and both are connected via a spur alongside an active freight railway just East of Cedar Lake and North of Lake Calhoun. It is possible to connect, via either east-west line, to bike trails that connect far into the Western suburbs and beyond, and recreational bicyclers can travel along historic rail lines for uncounted miles West.
Both buses and light-rail trains are equipped with bike racks. It is not uncommon, though still shocking, to see bicyclers in sub-zero weather, and in deep snow. Visitors may find late March to late November as the best period to travel on bicycles, if cold and snow don't arrive or persist.
- Science Museum of Minnesota, 120 W. Kellogg Blvd, Saint Paul, 651 221-9444, . Open 9:30AM-5PM M-W, 9:30AM-9PM Th-Sa, 10AM-5PM Sun. The Science Museum overlooks the Mississippi River and has a permanent exhibit devoted to the river. The museum also has a dinosaur fossils gallery and an experiment gallery with various hands-on activities. The collections gallery includes several quack medical devices from the now-defunct Museum of Questionable Medical Devices.
- Minnesota Children's Museum, 10 W 7th St (at Wabasha), Saint Paul, . T-Th, Sa-Su 9PM - 5PM, F 9PM - 8PM; Mon (Memorial Day - Labor Day) 9AM - 5PM. Consistently rated among the top ten children's museums in the US, with lots of hands-on activities.
- Minnesota History Center, 345 W Kellogg Blvd, Saint Paul, 651 296-6126, .
- Minneapolis Sculpture Garden, Walker Art Center, 725 Vineland Place, . Open daily, 6AM-Midnight. The Sculpture garden is an outdoor exhibition of sculptures from many different artists, including the famous Spoonbridge and Cherry.
- Mill City Museum, 704 S. 2nd St, Minneapolis, . Open 10AM-5PM Tu-Sa, Noon-5PM Su. This interactive museum, an arm of the Minnesota Historical Society, recounts Minneapolis' history as the flour milling capital of the world. The eight-story "Flour Tower" ride describes life in the mills, and leads to an observation deck atop the Washburn A Mill, formerly the world's largest flour mill.
- Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 2400 3rd Ave S, Minneapolis, ☎ +1 888 642-2787, . Tu-W 10AM-5PM, Th 10AM-9PM, F-Sa 10AM-5PM, Su 11AM-5PM. "The Minneapolis Institute of Arts houses more than 100,000 objects from diverse cultural traditions spanning 5,000 years of world history." Free.
- Walker Art Center, 1750 Hennepin Ave, Minneapolis (at Vineland, where Hennepin and Lyndale meet), ☎ +1 612 375-7600, . Tu-W 11AM-5PM, Th 11AM-9PM, F-Su 11AM-5PM. A modern art museum. $10 adults, $8 seniors (65+), $6 students/teens. Free admission for all on Thursdays after 5PM and all day on the first Saturday of each month.
- Weisman Art Museum, 333 East River Road, Minneapolis (at Washington), ☎ +1 612 625-9494, . Tu-W 10AM-5PM, Th 10AM-8PM, F 10AM-5PM, Sa-Su 11AM-5PM. Frank Gehry-designed art museum on the University of Minnesota campus. Free.
Being located in the Land of 10,000 Lakes, the Twin Cities offers many aquatic activities. Many lakes offer swimming beaches with on-duty lifeguards. Fishing and ice fishing are popular activities, but be sure to purchase a fishing license first. Licenses are $8.50 for 24 hours and $28.50 for 7 days if you live outside the state. They can be purchased at most sporting goods stores, bait shops, and even some gas stations.
- Como Park, 1294 Lexington Parkway N, Saint Paul. A 100-acre park with a huge glass-domed Conservatory built in 1913, a lake with paddle boats, small but world-class free zoo, an amusement park with rides, and the beloved Cafesjian's Carousel .
- Minnesota Zoo, , in Apple Valley, MN about 10 miles south of the Mall of America, is Minnesota's large world-class zoo. Open every day but Thanksgiving and Christmas, from 9AM - 4PM or 6PM seasonally, $7 - $12 admission (plus $5 for IMAX theatre); parking $5 (cars) - 15 (motorcoaches).
- ValleyFair amusement park. Most common amusement park fare is available, including thrill rides, kiddie rides, and a waterpark. The roller coster called "Wild Thing" is the most exciting and thrilling ride in this amusument park. Also, there is a place where you can dress up in old-fasioned clothes and take neat pictures, which is very fun and not so expensive.
Mall of America
Mall of America, 60 East Broadway, Bloomington, 952 883-8800. Largest indoor shopping complex in the United States. A dizzying shopping experience. It has hundreds of stores, a LEGO play area, an indoor theme park, and a large aquarium. There is an IKEA next door. You can get there by Light Rail or bus.
Smaller Shopping Centers
The Twin Cities has many shopping centers, the list gently spoofed by radio humorist Garrison Keillor in his list of imaginary malls ending in "-dale":
- Brookdale, Brooklyn Center.
- Rosedale, Roseville.
- Ridgedale, Minnetonka.
- Southdale, Edina, [http://southdale.com/go/history.cfm (Considered the first modern shopping mall, is the first fully-enclosed shopping mall)
- Nicollet Mall pedestrian street, downtown Minneapolis
- Uptown area, centered on Hennepin Avenue and Lake Street, south of Downtown Minneapolis and extending East to the Lake/Lyndale avant-garde theatre district.
- Grand Avenue, , west of downtown Saint Paul between two of the liberal arts colleges that sprinkle the region. Parking on Grand can be difficult during peak times; try Summit Avenue, one block north.
- Midway Shopping Mall, University Avenue and Snelling, Saint Paul.
Minnesota is one of the few US states where clothing is tax-free. The Mall of America and other malls listed above offer a wide selection of clothes. Other places to check out clothes include:
- Lava Lounge for fashion wear, it's located by Lyn-Lake. The clothes are fitted and range from hip hop to techno-industrial wear.
- Ragstock, , is a local chain of used clothing stores.
The Twin Cities is a hotbed of independent presses and bookstores.
- Uncle Hugo's Science Fiction, 2864 Chicago Ave S, at Lake Street, 612 824-6347, fax 612 827-6394, . M-F 10a-8p, Sat 10a-6p, Sun Noon-5p. Sharing the same building with Uncle Edgar's Mystery. A treasure trove of used and new Science Fiction and Fantasy books. It is the oldest SF/fantasy book store in North America, and has a well-earned national reputation for its vast selection.
- Uncle Edgar's Mystery, 2864 Chicago Ave S, at Lake Street, 612 824-9984, fax 612 827-6394. M-F 10a-8p, Sat 10a-6p, Sun Noon-5p. Sharing the same building with Uncle Hugo's Science Fiction. Specializing in used and new mystery books.
- The prices are reasonable and you can get an extra 10% off all purchases by buying a $4 discount card. If you're buying more than $40 worth of books, it pays for itself with the first purchase. It is in a shady part of town, so it's best to arrive with plenty of daylight left.
- Dreamhaven Books and Comics, 912 West Lake Street, 612 823-6161, fax 612 823-6062, . M-F 11a-8p, Sat 11a-6p, Sun Noon-6p. New and used Science Fiction, Fantasy, horror, film and art books, comics, an adults-only room. Mail order and in-store readings.
- College of Comic Book Knowledge, 3151 Hennepin Ave S, 612 822-2309, . Shares the building with Nostalgia Zone. Great for newer and more mainstream comics.
- Nostalgia Zone, 3151 Hennepin Ave S, 612 822-2806. Shares the building with College of Comic Book Knowledge. Best for hard to find old comics and independents.
- You can also sell comics here, and the dealers are great. The establishment is over 30 years old.
- Amazon Book Store, 4755 Chicago Ave, 612 821-9630, . Founded in 1970, well before the online book retailer of the same name. Boasts the title of the oldest independent feminist book store in North America. The store is practically a Minneapolis institution.
- Arise! Bookstore, 2441 Lyndale Ave, 612 871-7110, . Collectively-run all-volunteer radical & progressive bookstore and infoshop in the heart of south Minneapolis.
- Roadrunner Records, 4304 Nicollet Ave S, 612 822 0613, . Has a great selection of independent LP's, CD's and DVD's. Known for their international music section. Punk and alt-country genres don't suffer. A great independent record store with lots of local and independently produced product.
- Extreme Noise Records, 407 West Lake St, . Specializes in all punk and subgenres therein. A cooperative run for over ten years by local punks. Amazing selection of punk 'zines, CD's, LP's and 7-inches. The place in town for finding hard-to-find punk records, trading punk records, finding other punks, seeking out that basement show, etc. Don't let the punk rock moniker scare the less-than punk away. If you want to see what a truly independent local scene can produce and meet some of the most earnest members of said scene, you must check out Extreme Noise.
- Electric Fetus, 2000 4th Ave. S, (on the corner of Franklin Ave and 4th Ave, near 35W), . Possibly the most complete selection of CD's in town across all genres. Hold on tight to your wallet when you walk in here. If there's an obscure CD you've been looking for, this place is likely to have it. Listening stations are posted throughout the store enticing all who enter to try out some new music. It's the place you would go if you had unlimited resources for buying new music. Be prepared to pay full price, although new releases are frequently on sale. Buy four CD's and get a discount. Tickets for local venues are on sale here too.
- Cheapo, 1300 West Lake Street, +1 612 827-8238, . A huge location in the Uptown area. Specializing in all areas of music as well as DVDs and vinyl records. If you are looking for something that's hard to find, it's a good bet that they will have it. If not, they can order it for you. They also have a large collection of used CDs with huge inventories coming in everyday. Smaller locations are in Columbia Heights (5151 Central Avenue Northeast) and St. Paul (80 Snelling Avenue). The St. Paul location off of Snelling Ave has recently remodeled it's interior adding a coffee shop.
- Treehouse Records, 2557 Lyndale Ave S (northeast corner of 26th and Lyndale), ☎ +1 612 872-7400. A somewhat small but cozy record shop. New and used CDs and vinyl. Selection isn't large but leans towards the non-mainstream; you can find stuff here that isn't easily found at other Twin Cites record stores.
Also see Minneapolis and Saint Paul.
The Twin Cities is extremely vegetarian-friendly, with a large concentration of vegetarian and vegan-friendly restaurants. There are also a number of natural food coops. For example in Minneapolis alone, one can choose to shop at Linden Hills, Eastside, Wedge, or Seward Coops. There are also options for raw foodies, including Ecopolitan Restaurant. Last, there are a number of worker-owned collectives, including the Hard Times Cafe and Seward Cafe, that serve mostly organic, vegan food.
- Great Waters Brewing, 426 Saint Peter St, downtown Saint Paul, . Ten beers (some rotate) brewed on site. Good variety and overall quality.
- Green Mill Brewery, 57 South Hamline (at Grand Avenue), Saint Paul, . Fair but fresh beers.
- The following hotels are around the suburban Twin Cities region. For hotels in specific cities, see the individual articles.
- Cambria Suites Bloomington, 2870 Metro Drive, Bloomington, Phone: (952) 854-0300, Fax: (952) 854-0306.  - Less than one mile from the Mall of America, this centrally-located hotel provides everything for business meetings as well as for recreation travelers.
- Cambria Suites Maple Grove, 9655 Grove Circle North, Maple Grove, Phone: (763) 494-5556, Fax: (763) 494-5553.  - This sophisticated and contemporary hotel offers business and leisure travelers the perfect combination of high-tech and home-like amenities.
- Marriott Minneapolis Southwest, 5801 Opus Parkway, +1 952 935-5500 (fax +1 952-935-0753),  - Located near Lake Minnetonka in the western suburbs of Minneapolis with 14,000 square feet of function space.
- Holiday Inn Express Hotel & Suites, 1100 East County Road E, Vadnais Heights, +1 651 484-2400, .
- Comfort Inn, 1600 James Circle N, Brooklyn Center, +1 763 560-7464, .
- Comfort Inn Airport, 1321 E. 78th St, Bloomington, +1 952 854-3400, . Free transportation to the Mall of America and the Minneapolis St. Paul International Airport is provided.
- Grand Rios Indoor Water Park & Ramada Hotel, 6900 Lakeland Avenue North, Brooklyn Park, 763-566-8855, . Family friendly hotel lodging and accommodations offering over-sized rooms, suites and an indoor water park.
- Quality Inn & Suites Airport, 814 East American Boulevard, Bloomington, +1 952 854-5558, . Located near the Airport, this hotel provides easy access to the Mall of America and the Nickolodeon Universe amusement park
- Wingate Coon Rapids, 3420 Northdale Boulevard Northwest, Coon Rapids, ☎ +1 763 576-0700, .
- Minneapolis Star Tribune, . Also known as the Strib, it is Minneapolis' daily paper.
- St. Paul Pioneer Press, . Perhaps not as widely read as the Strib, but has a larger Pulitzer Prize-to-staff ratio keeping it well in place as a solid regional and world news source.
- City Pages, . The local metro weekly, with theatre and music listings, and an annual "best of" issue well worth checking out.
The Twin Cities are like most major American cities when it comes to crime issues, and all standard common-sense precautions should be taken.
- William O'Brien State Park
|This is a usable article. It gives a good overview of the region, its sights, and how to get in, as well as links to the main destinations, whose articles are similarly well developed. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!