The following Tuolumne County cities are in the Gold Country:
The following Tuolumne County cities are in the Sierra Nevada mountains:
Tuolumne County is one of the original counties in California, originally populated (except for the indigenous Mi Wuk Indians, by gold miners who came to the area a few months after the famous discovery to the north that started the Gold Rush.
The county consists of two types of terrain--foothills, Gold Country rolling hills, and pine,fir, and cedar forests that are part of the Sierra Nevada mountain range.
The county's economy historically has been mining, particularly gold, timber, and tourism. Mining is now at imperceptible levels, and and timber has been much reduced for various reasons, including environmental regulations. Tourism is a major industry, based on visitors interested in the history of the Gold Country, simply visiting a different environment, or visiting the forest or the ski and snow play areas. Tourists heading to Yosemite National Park also often pass through the area, either directly on Highway 120 as they pass through Groveland and the southern part of the county, or taking side trips to the other areas of the county. More recently, there has been a migration of retirees from the Bay Area to Tuolumne County.
Nearly all travel in Tuolumne County is by automobile.
Travelers leaving Tuolumne County can go via Highway 120 to Yosemite National Park.
They can also continue on Highway 108 (except in winter, when it is closed for snow) across Sonora Pass to Highway 395 and Mono County on their way to Reno or such areas as Mammoth.
They might also continue on, or join, the Highway 49 route that visits various Gold Country towns along the Mother Lode. Going south on Highway 49, they will pass through Coulterville, Mariposa, and Oakhurst, where there are various museums and historical sites related to the Gold Rush. Going north on Highway 49, they can visit Calaveras County, particularly Murphys, and continue through Amador County (Jackson), El Dorado County (Placerville) to Nevada County (Grass Valley and Nevada City) and further north.