Tripura  is one of India's Northeastern states. It is one of the regions least explored by foreign tourists, but offers immense natural beauty and an intriguing cultural heritage. Tripura is one of three Indian states ruled by communists, making their presence felt with murals and flags in many places.
Tripura belongs to the politically volatile North-Eastern region of India. As in neighbouring states, ethnic and communal strife has claimed many lives over the past years. The current ethnic setup in Tripura is a consequence of the Partition of India, when large groups of Bengali Hindus left the area that became East Pakistan (today Bangladesh). The previous majority population, the tribals, became a minority and socio-economically disadvantaged in comparison to the new majority.
Two major tribal rebel groups operate in the state, the National Liberation Front of Tripura and the All Tripura Tiger Force, which wants Tripura to secede from India. There have been no known account of any violence against tourists in the state, nor any indication that tourist would be a target of violent groups. On the other hand, there are only a few foreign tourists reaching the state at all.
The main language in the state is Bengali. The largest language of the tribal population (approx 30% of the population of the state) is Kok Borok. Other languages include Manipuri, Chakma, etc.. Hindi is very rarely used in the state, but is understood.
For Bangladeshi visas, there is a Bangladeshi consulate in Agartala runs a same day visa service, however (depending on the mood of the visa officer) the price of a tourist visa to Bangladesh may mysteriously rise and the length of your stay in Bangladesh also depends on this factor. Make sure you have a good idea of what you want to see in Bangladesh as this will usually enable you to be granted a longer stay.
Recently, Train service has been introduced in the capital and an Express train runs daily between Agartala and Lumding, which enhances travelling in this princely state. As there is heavy rush, tickets should be booked well in advance.
Daily Train service is also available from Agartala to Silchar (Assam) and Dharmanagar (Tripura).
Buses are the main transport between towns of the state. If time is more of an issue than money, one can hire a vehicle with driver. Do note that road conditions might be bad, even by Indian standards. On some legs, vehicles travel in military convoys, moving extremely slowly through the countryside. Some rural areas are not safe to travel by nighttime.
The fastest way to travel internally in Tripura is an helicopter service that connects Agartala with the northern parts of the state.
Typical Bengali cuisine includes rice, fish and dal (lentils). Bengali sweets are also commonly available.