Many foreign visitors to the United States of America, especially those with pre-college-age children thinking about studying abroad, are interested in touring its famous universities. This article is a short overview of university tourism in the U.S., focused on the nation's most prestigious research and educational institutions.
For more detailed information about visiting the individual schools here, you will find extensive information for visitors on their own websites, which should be considered the most up-to-date source of information, as well as the linked city articles.
New England and the Mid-Atlantic are home to the densest cluster of the top American universities, and therefore a good place to start the tour—you can cover a lot of institutions without having to spend too much time in transit.
Amherst College in Amherst, Massachusetts, is one of America's top small liberal arts colleges, with a charming campus.
Brown University is located on the East Side of Providence, Rhode Island. The neighborhood is also called College Hill. Brown is within walking distance of downtown Providence.
Dartmouth College is located in the small town setting of Hanover, New Hampshire. An Ivy League member founded in 1769, it bears the name "college" due to its focus on undergraduate studies, but is a University with highly respected graduate schools in Arts & Sciences, Medicine, Engineering (Thayer) and Business (Tuck). Dartmouth can be reached by bus from Boston or by Amtrak's Vermonter line to nearby White River Junction, Vermont. From Boston by car (about 2.5 hours), take Interstate 93 to Interstate 89 to Rt. 120. Hanover is about a five hour drive from New York City.
Harvard University's  landmark location is Harvard Yard, the heart of Harvard College (the undergraduate arm of Harvard University), and the home of the College's freshman dormitories, the mammoth Widener Library, and the statue of John Harvard (a favorite with tourists). The Yard is directly adjacent to the Harvard Red Line station. Across Massachusetts Avenue from the train station is the Harvard Coop, a three-building university store housing a cafe, a bookstore, and mountains of Harvard paraphanelia. Harvard Square's profusion of bookstores and coffee shops merit a discussion of their own, which may be found in the Cambridge article.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology is located Cambridge, Massachusetts, just two metro stops away from Harvard University. Arriving by train from the south will bring you to South Station, which connects directly to MIT and Harvard on the Red Line subway. Arrival by plane will bring you to Logan Airport, from which Cambridge can be reached by car, or by train by taking the Blue Line to Government Center, the Green Line to Park Street, and the Red Line to Harvard or Kendall/MIT.
Yale University] is in New Haven, Connecticut. Travelers looking to avoid expensive Amtrak fares are in luck if they are traveling from New York City; New Haven is the last stop on the New Haven line of the Metro-North commuter railroad. A one-way ticket will cost up to $18, depending on time of travel. Travelers can walk to campus (about 20-30 minutes, somewhat conservatively speaking), take a taxi, which should be under $10, or call the Yale shuttle if they have friends who are Yale students. A recognizable destination for taxis should be "Phelps Gate," which is a gate that opens onto the east end, roughly speaking, of Old Campus, a major open space on campus.
Carnegie Mellon University is located in the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in the Oakland neighborhood. It is famous for its world renowned School of Computer Science, where many of today's computer technology was pioneered.
Columbia University is at 116th & Broadway in New York City. Founded in 1754 as King's College, it was originally situated next to Trinity Church in Lower Manhattan. From there, it moved to Park Place (near City Hall), then to E49th Street and Madison Avenue, and finally to its present Morningside Heights campus in 1897. The campus can be reached by the 1 train or by the M60, M104, M4, and M11 buses.
Cornell University is located in Ithaca, New York. Founded in 1865 by Ezra Cornell, the university is situated on a hill that overlooks the scenic Finger Lakes region of New York State.
Georgetown University, is in Washington, D.C. and is the oldest Jesuit university in America, founded in 1789. The university is located in the historic Georgetown neighborhood in northwest Washington. Georgetown's campus is a combination of Gothic revival and Georgian styles. The highlight of the campus is Healy Hall which contains Gaston Hall, a richly decorated auditorium where world leaders often come to speak.
The Johns Hopkins University, is in Baltimore, Maryland, and is one of a handful of elite schools to have been a part of the 'top ten' club of US News & World Report rankings. The park-like main campus of Johns Hopkins, Homewood, is set on 140 acres in northern Baltimore. The architecture was modeled after the Georgian-inspired Federalist style of historic Homewood House (now a museum). Hopkins was a model for most large research universities in the United States.
New York University (NYU)  is located in Greenwich Village in New York City, near Washington Square (easily accessible via the West 4th St. subway station, which is on a mainline of the subway in lower Manhattan ("blue lines").)
Princeton University is located in Princeton, New Jersey; the article on the town carries more detailed information about the school. The campus can be reached by car or train from nearby New York City in about an hour, depending on traffic or train frequency.
The University of Pennsylvania, informally known as Penn, is located in the western region of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Penn campus is accessible by Amtrak and very close Amtrak's 30th Street Station. Penn is integrated into Philadelphia's urban transport grid, making it easily accessible by bus, subway, and car. Penn spans from 40th St to 32nd St, with the core of the campus between Walnut and Spruce streets.
Nearly all of the East Coast universities are easily reachable by the Boston-Washington Amtrak Northeast Corridor rail line, although it is much faster to fly between far-flung cities on the Corridor (Boston to Washington is a 90-minute flight versus an eight-hour train ride. Acela Express is a fast railroad means of going between the two, but it is quite expensive. Amtrak trains are also much faster than the eight hour estimate, which is obviously based on commuter services such as SEPTA, NJ Transit, and Metro-North.) Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C. and cities between are also served by commercial bus lines, the cheapest of which are Chinatown bus services, which travel between the Chinatowns in the four major cities (as well as midtown in New York City; Chinatown in NYC is downtown, and so the buses serve both locations). Road travel, whether by bus or by car, may not be the best option for the farthest-flung points. Car travel can be a nightmare in tangled cities like Boston (home to the infamous Big Dig) and New York. Renting or driving, however, does afford one the most freedom of movement.
The California Institute of Technology, popularly known as Caltech, is located in Pasadena. By air, fly in to Burbank Airport and take one of several shuttle buses (about $15) to campus.
Stanford University is reachable from the San Francisco, California airport, either by airport shuttle bus (SuperShuttle) or by car, or by a transfer from BART (starting at the San Francisco Airport) to the rail line Caltrain at the Millbrae stop, then continuing on to Palo Alto on Caltrain. The "Marguerite" shuttle travels throughout Palo Alto serving the Stanford campus. An alternative is the smaller San Jose, California airport, which is closer to the Stanford campus than SFO.
University of California, Berkeley is reachable from the San Francisco, California airport as well as the Oakland, California airport. From San Francisco International Airport, take the BART train  to the Downtown Berkeley stop. From Oakland International Airport, drive or take a shuttle ($2 USD) to the Oakland Coliseum/Airport BART stop, which you can then take to the Downtown Berkeley stop.
Travel to the West Coast can occur through a variety of routes, but most will fly into San Francisco or Los Angeles. For cheaper rates, consider flying into Sacramento or Ontario (California), and renting a car for travel. The most famous universities on the West Coast are difficult to reach with Public Transportation and are in some of the heaviest auto traffic areas in the United States. Ask locals about "rush hour" times (the busiest traffic). The best highway to travel between San Francisco and Los Angeles is US Highway 101, but expect traffic bottlenecks south of San Jose and west of Thousand Oaks.
Northwestern University, in Evanston, Illinois (adjacent to Chicago) is renowned for its journalism and theater programs, both of which have produced countless nationally known figures. It is currently ranked #30 in the Academic Ranking of World Universities.
The University of Chicago is a private university located principally in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago. Founded in 1890 by oil magnate John D. Rockefeller, the University of Chicago is widely recognized as one of the world's foremost research institutions, currently ranked #9 in the Academic Ranking of World Universities. The university is noted for its unique undergraduate core curriculum, the largest university press in the United States, and for influential academic movements such as the "Chicago School of Economics", the "Chicago School of Sociology," the "Chicago School of Literary Criticism," and the law and economics movement in legal analysis.
The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is located on the border between Champaign and Urbana, Illinois, and is one of the United States' premier public research institutions, currently ranked #26 in the Academic Ranking of World Universities.
The University of Michigan is considered one of the top public Universities in the U.S. Its main campus is in Ann Arbor, Michigan, near Metro Detroit. It is currently ranked #21 in the Academic Ranking of World Universities.
The University of Minnesota is one of the largest universities (in terms of student population and landmass) in the U.S. Its main campus is in Minneapolis, Minnesota, with the agricultural buildings located in St. Paul. There is a free bus that travels to each section of the university. It is routinely ranks in the top 50 of university rankings, with programs in Geography, Economics, Business and Psychology regularily being ranked in the top 5.
The University of Notre Dame is a Catholic university located in South Bend, Indiana. The university, founded in 1842 by the French priest, Fr. Edward Sorin, is renowned for a picturesque campus. Popular attractions include the Oxford-inspired South Dining Hall, the Basilica of the Sacred Heart, the Lakes of St. Mary and St. Joseph, University of Notre Dame Stadium (the House that Rock Built), the Grotto, the Main Building with its namesake Golden Dome, and the Hesburgh Library, famous for its colossal "Word of Life" mosaic commonly referred to as "Touchdown Jesus".
The University of Wisconsin-Madison is located between the shores of Lake Mendota and the Wisconsin Capital Building in the downtown isthmus of Madison, Wisconsin. It is one of the world's premier public research institutions, currently ranked #17 in the Academic Rankings of World Universities. It is noted for its picturesque campus, Big Ten athletics, and vibrant downtown.
Washington University in Saint Louis is one of the top private universities in the country, located in St. Louis, Missouri. It is currently ranked #29 in the Academic Rankings of World Universities.
The College of William & Mary, one of the oldest universities in the country, is located in historic Williamsburg, Virginia.
Duke University, the South's most prestigious university, is located in Durham, North Carolina. The Gothic-inspired Duke Chapel is the tallest building on campus and is the University's most notable landmark. Just south of the Chapel on Chapel Drive is the Undergraduate Admissions Office, where tours of the university are offered on a daily basis. Duke maintains for visitors that provides more detailed information. Duke's campus can be reached off exits from the 15-501 freeway.
Rice University located in Houston, is one of the most noted schools in Texas.
Texas A&M University located in College Station, is a large (45,000 student) land-grant University in the state Texas. Notable for its Corps of Cadets, a 2000 member strong uniformed student military contingent and sprawling campus, Texas A&M is best visited by car. This conservative school is obviously proud of its Texan heritage and the area has many fine Country-Western dance halls.
The University of Texas is located in Austin in the state of Texas. If Texas A&M in College Station is Sparta, UT and Austin are Athens. Diverse and liberally tolerant, the campus of the Univeristy of Texas in Austin sports spanish revival architecture. With more than 50,000 students, UT is both of one of the largest and most well regarded public university in the US. Austin, a large liberal metropolitan city, is an island of liberalism in Texas and is located along I-35.
The University of Virginia is located in Charlottesville, Virginia. One of the most prestigious public universities in the country, "UVa" was founded by Thomas Jefferson, author of the U.S. Declaration of Independence and two-term U.S. President. Much of Jefferson's original design for the central Grounds (what would be called a "campus" at most other schools) survives, and UVa is the only university in the U.S. designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. He considered the University so important a legacy that he directed that his gravestone include his status as founder of the University, to the exclusion of his U.S. Presidency.
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is located in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. It was the first state-supported university in the U.S. to admit and graduate students, though not the first such school to be chartered (the University of Georgia has the latter distinction). The Duke and UNC campuses can easily be visited in a single trip, or even a single day, as they are only 8 miles/13 km apart.
Vanderbilt University is a private research university located in Nashville, Tennessee, founded by shipping and railroad tycoon "Commodore" Cornelius Vanderbilt in 1873. Vanderbilt's campus is approximately 1.5 miles from downtown Nashville, and despite its urban surrounding, the campus itself has few internal roads, is a national arboretum and features over 300 different species of trees and shrubs. Vanderbilt was home to the fugitive and agrarian scholar movements of the 1920s and 1930s, and was a hotbed of civil rights activity in the 1950s and 1960s. Today, Vanderbilt's park-like 330 acre campus is cited as an example of romantic architecture, whereas its Peabody College is has a classical design patterned on the University of Virignia's central grounds. Vanderbilt's Memorial Gymnasium is also a unique setting among college basketball stadiums. Vanderbilt is located on West End Avenue, which maybe be accessed by I-40 or I-440.
The southern United States is a large geographic area with an excellent network of interstate highways connecting major metropolitan areas. Nashville, Tennessee is a centrally located city in the south and may be accessed by Nashville International Airport. In some cases, however, driving in between southern cities may take a prohibitive amount of time and flying to certain locations (e.g., Texas) from other parts of the south may be more efficient.