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Difference between revisions of "Tonle Sap Lake"

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Cambodia : North-western Cambodia : Tonle Sap Lake
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'''Tonle Sap Lake''' is in [[Cambodia]].
 
'''Tonle Sap Lake''' is in [[Cambodia]].
  
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
This is the largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia.
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This lake is one of the most unique ecological water wonders in the world. It is the largest lake in South East Asia and changes in size and dimension every wet season. With a minimum size of 2,800 km²  and about 1 m depth during the dry season, the lake is fairly small. During the wet season the water of the Mekong river becomes so powerful, that it reverses the flow of the Tonle Sap river and pushes the surplus of rain water back into the Tonle Sap lake. This  transforms the lake into a huge natural water reservoir and the lake's size increases to approximately 15,000  km² with a depth of 8 m.
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The Tonle Sap River connects the lake with the River Mekong at Phnom Penh, in the south east.
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With the continuous change of the water level, the people who live on the lake have to move their houses away when the water level goes down. Whole villages including schools, shops, churches and pig farms are getting pulled away to a place where the water is still high enough to float.
 
    
 
    
 
===History===
 
===History===
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===Flora and fauna===
 
===Flora and fauna===
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The unique embankment creates a rich biodiversity of fish, birds, reptiles and other mammals around the lake. The aquatic habitat provides 75% of the inland fishing catch and supports over 3 million people with food. The lake houses over 300 species of fresh water fish, 20 variety of snakes, 10 variety of turtles a crocodile species and a leopard cat species.
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There is a bird sanctuary at Prek Toal not too far from [[Battambang]].
 
There is a bird sanctuary at Prek Toal not too far from [[Battambang]].
  
There are huge giant catfish here with record of specimens up to 300 kilogrammes. This endangered speices is confined the Mekong and surrounding rivers and lakes.
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There are huge giant catfish here, with record of specimens up to 300 kilogrammes. This endangered speices is confined the Mekong and surrounding rivers and lakes.
  
 
A large crocodile farming industry thrives on and around Tonle Sap. The main species is the Siamese crocodile, critically endangered in the wild. The lake also provides a habitat for 13 different species of turtle.
 
A large crocodile farming industry thrives on and around Tonle Sap. The main species is the Siamese crocodile, critically endangered in the wild. The lake also provides a habitat for 13 different species of turtle.
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==Get in==
 
==Get in==
This lake is one of the most unique ecological water wonders in the world. It is the biggest lake of South East Asia that changes every monsoon and dry season of dimension.
 
With a minimum size of 2.800 km²  and about 1 m depth at the end  of the monsoon season the lake is fairly small. During the rainy season the water of the Mekong river reverses its flow and pushes back the surplus of  rain water into the Tonle Sap lake. This  transforms the lake into a big natural water reservoir and the lake increases its dimension until 15.000  km² with a depth 0f 8 m.
 
 
This unique embankment creates a rich biodiversity of fish, birds, reptiles and other mammals around the lake. The aquatic habitat provides 75% of the inland fishing catch and supports over 3 million people with food.
 
The lake houses over 300 species of fresh water fish, 20 variety of snakes, 10 variety of turtles a crocodile species and a leopard cat species.
 
  
The Tonle Sap lake is connected with the Mekong river at the south part of the lake, there is a transport boat that goes over the lake from Siem Reap to Phnom Penh that takes 4 till 5 hours with a speed of 50 km per hour. In this way you can see all the water activities close by.
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The passenger ferry from [[Phnom Penh]] to [[Siem Reap]] (6 hours) travels up the Tonle Sap River, stopping at [[Kampong Chhnang]], and travels straight across the lake. It is a good way of viewing the Tonle Sap and all activities on it, if a little speedy.
  
With the continuous change of the water level the people who live on the lake have to move their houses away when the water level goes down. Whole villages including schools, shops, churches and pig farms  are getting pulled away to a place where the water is still high enough to float.
+
The passenger ferry between [[Battambang]] and [[Siem Reap]] (5 - 8 hours) crosses the north western corner of the Tonle Sap, but spends the majority of the journey on the Sangke River. It is considered by many as the best boat trip in Cambodia.
You can rent a boat to go along the Tonle Sap river and watch the fisherman working. It will cost you about US $20,- for a few hours, and brings you all the way until you reach the Tonle Sap lake.
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The boat from [[Phnom Penh]] to [[Siem Reap]] goes through the lake and the express service takes around five hours.
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The Tonle Sap and its many floating villages can be accessed from [[Siem Reap]], Kompong Phluk, Kompong Khleang, Phnom Penh, [[Kampong Chhnang]], Kompong Luong, and [[Battambang]]. At all these locations on the lake, tourists are able to rent a boat and driver. Price varies, and is per person, or per boat.
  
 
==Fees/Permits==
 
==Fees/Permits==

Revision as of 02:53, 15 July 2012

Tonle Sap Lake is in Cambodia.


Contents

Understand

This lake is one of the most unique ecological water wonders in the world. It is the largest lake in South East Asia and changes in size and dimension every wet season. With a minimum size of 2,800 km² and about 1 m depth during the dry season, the lake is fairly small. During the wet season the water of the Mekong river becomes so powerful, that it reverses the flow of the Tonle Sap river and pushes the surplus of rain water back into the Tonle Sap lake. This transforms the lake into a huge natural water reservoir and the lake's size increases to approximately 15,000 km² with a depth of 8 m.

The Tonle Sap River connects the lake with the River Mekong at Phnom Penh, in the south east.

With the continuous change of the water level, the people who live on the lake have to move their houses away when the water level goes down. Whole villages including schools, shops, churches and pig farms are getting pulled away to a place where the water is still high enough to float.

History

In 1997 the lake was designated as a protected area under UNESCO's Man and Biosphere programme.

Landscape

Flora and fauna

The unique embankment creates a rich biodiversity of fish, birds, reptiles and other mammals around the lake. The aquatic habitat provides 75% of the inland fishing catch and supports over 3 million people with food. The lake houses over 300 species of fresh water fish, 20 variety of snakes, 10 variety of turtles a crocodile species and a leopard cat species.

There is a bird sanctuary at Prek Toal not too far from Battambang.

There are huge giant catfish here, with record of specimens up to 300 kilogrammes. This endangered speices is confined the Mekong and surrounding rivers and lakes.

A large crocodile farming industry thrives on and around Tonle Sap. The main species is the Siamese crocodile, critically endangered in the wild. The lake also provides a habitat for 13 different species of turtle.

Climate

The best time to visit is the dry season, when the water level falls and the birds are concentrated in a comparatively small area.

Get in

The passenger ferry from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap (6 hours) travels up the Tonle Sap River, stopping at Kampong Chhnang, and travels straight across the lake. It is a good way of viewing the Tonle Sap and all activities on it, if a little speedy.

The passenger ferry between Battambang and Siem Reap (5 - 8 hours) crosses the north western corner of the Tonle Sap, but spends the majority of the journey on the Sangke River. It is considered by many as the best boat trip in Cambodia.

The Tonle Sap and its many floating villages can be accessed from Siem Reap, Kompong Phluk, Kompong Khleang, Phnom Penh, Kampong Chhnang, Kompong Luong, and Battambang. At all these locations on the lake, tourists are able to rent a boat and driver. Price varies, and is per person, or per boat.

Fees/Permits

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