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Difference between revisions of "Tibetan phrasebook"

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(Basics)
(Numbers)
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===Numbers===
 
===Numbers===
 +
'''One'''
 +
  Chig
 +
 +
'''Two'''
 +
  Nyi
 +
 +
'''Three'''
 +
  Sum
 +
 +
'''Four'''
 +
  Zhi
 +
 +
'''Five'''
 +
  Nga
 +
 +
'''Six'''
 +
  Dug
 +
 +
'''Seven'''
 +
  Dun
 +
 +
'''Eight'''
 +
  Gyed
 +
 
 +
'''Nine'''
 +
  Gu
 +
 +
'''Ten'''
 +
  Chu
 +
 +
'''Twenty'''
 +
  Nyi-shu
 +
 +
'''Thirty'''
 +
  Sum-chu
 +
 +
'''Forty'''
 +
  Zhi-chu
 +
 +
'''Fifty'''
 +
  Nga-chu
 +
 +
'''One Hundred'''
 +
  Gya tham-pa
  
 
===Time===
 
===Time===

Revision as of 07:02, 8 August 2008

The Om mani padme hum mantra in Tibetan

Tibetan is the main language of Tibet and among Tibetan communities around the world.

Contents

Pronunciation guide

Tibetan spelling and pronunciation diverged around the 11th century, and there is no widely agreed standard on how to spell phonetic Tibetan with the Latin alphabet.

Vowels

ཨ 
Like "a" in "alone" (a).
ཷ 
Like "aw" in "paw" (å).
ེ 
Like "e" in "bet" (e).
ི 
Like "i" in "in" (i).
ཱི 
Like "ee" in "seen" (í).
ོ 
Like "o" in "so" (ó).
ྲྀ 
Like "e" in "father" (ö).
ཱུ 
Like "ue" in "glue" (ú).
ུ 
Like "oo" in "soon" (ū).
ུ 
Like "ee" in "seen" but with rounded lips (ü).
ེ 
Like "ay" in "day" (ą).

Consonants

ཀ 
Like "k" in "skill" (k).
ག 
Like "g" in "garden" (g).
ང 
Like "ng" in "sing" (ng).
ཅ 
Like "ch" in "charge" (ç).
ཇ 
Like "j" in "jar" (j).
ཉ 
Like "ny" in "canyon" (ñ).
ཏ 
Like "t" in "stop" (t).
པ 
Like "p" in "spot" (p).
ཙ 
Like "ts" in "weights" (ţ).
ཛ 
Like "ds" in "adds" (ds).
ཟ 
Like "z" in "zoo" (z).
ཞ 
Like "s" in "treasure" (ž).
ར 
A throaty "r", not rolled (r).
ས 
Like "s" in "suck" (s).
ཤ 
Like "sh" in "shut" (š).

Common diphthongs

ཁ 
Like "k" in "kill" (kh).
ཆ 
Like "ch h" in "punch hard" (çh).
ཐ 
Like "t" in "time" (th).
ཕ 
Like "p" in "pit" (ph).
ཚ 
Like "ts h" in "fights hard" (ţh).

Phrase list

Basics

Common signs

OPEN 
Open
CLOSED 
Closed
ENTRANCE 
Entrance
EXIT 
Exit
PUSH 
Push
PULL 
Pull
TOILET 
Toilet
MEN 
Men
WOMEN 
Women
FORBIDDEN 
Forbidden


Hello. 
Tashi delek ()
Hello. (informal
Hello ()
How are you? 
Khye-rang ku-zug de-po yin-pe ()
Fine, thank you. 
De-po yin ()
What is your name? 
Khye-rang gi tshen-la ga-re zhu-gi yod? ()
My name is ______ . 
Nga-ee ming-la ______ zi-gi yod ()
Nice to meet you. 
Khye-rang jel-ney ga-po joong ()
Please. 
Thuk-je zig ()
Thank you. 
Thuk-je-che ()
You're welcome. 
You're welcome. ()
Yes. 
Rey (YESS)
No. 
Ma-rey (NOH)
Excuse me. (getting attention
Excuse me. (ehkz-KYOOZ mee)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Excuse me. (ehkz-KYOOZ mee)
I'm sorry. 
I'm sorry. (IGHM SAW-ree)
Goodbye 
Goodbye. (GUHD-bigh.)
Goodbye (informal
Bye. (BIGH)
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
I can't speak English [well]. (IGH cant speek ING-lush [wehl])
Do you speak English? 
Do you speak English? (doo YOO speek ING-lush?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Is there someone here who speaks English? (IZ thayr SUM-wun heer hoo speekz ING-lush?)
Help! 
Help! (HEHLP!)
Look out! 
Look out! (look OWT!)
Good morning. 
Good morning. (guhd MOAN-ing)
Good evening. 
Good evening. (guhd EEV-ning)
Good night. 
Good night. (guhd NIGHT)
Good night (to sleep
Good night. (good NIGHT)
I don't understand. 
I don't understand. (IGH doan UHN-dur-STAND)
Where is the toilet? 
Where is the toilet? (WAYR iz thuh TOY-leht?)

Problems

Numbers

One

  Chig

Two

  Nyi

Three

  Sum

Four

  Zhi

Five

  Nga

Six

  Dug

Seven

  Dun

Eight

  Gyed
 

Nine

  Gu

Ten

  Chu

Twenty

  Nyi-shu

Thirty

  Sum-chu

Forty

  Zhi-chu

Fifty

  Nga-chu

One Hundred

  Gya tham-pa

Time

Clock time

Duration

Days

Months

Writing time and date

Colors

Transportation

Bus and train

Directions

Taxi

Lodging

Money

Eating

Bars

Shopping

Driving

Authority

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