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Difference between revisions of "Tibetan phrasebook"

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(Basics)
(Basics)
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===Basics===
 
===Basics===
 
{{infobox|Common signs|
 
{{infobox|Common signs|
; OPEN : Open
+
; OPEN  
; CLOSED : Closed
+
; CLOSED
; ENTRANCE : Entrance
+
; ENTRANCE
; EXIT : Exit
+
; EXIT  
; PUSH : Push
+
; PUSH  
; PULL : Pull
+
; PULL  
; TOILET : Toilet
+
; TOILET
; MEN : Men
+
; MEN  
; WOMEN : Women
+
; WOMEN  
; FORBIDDEN : Forbidden}}
+
; FORBIDDEN }}
  
; Hello. : Hello. (''HEH-low'')
+
; Hello.  
; Hello. (''informal'') : Hi. (''HIGH'')
+
; Hello.  
; How are you? : How are you? (''HOW ah YOO?'')
+
; How are you?  
; Fine, thank you. : Fine, thank you. (''FIGHN, then KYOO'')
+
; Fine, thank you.  
; What is your name? : What is your name? (''WUT iz yer NAYM?'')
+
; What is your name?
; My name is ______ . : My name is ______ . (''Migh NAYM iz _____ .'')
+
; My name is ______ .  
; Nice to meet you. : Nice to meet you. (''NIGHSS t' meet YOO'')
+
; Nice to meet you.
; Please. : Please. (''pleez'')
+
; Please.  
; Thank you. : Thank you. (''THANK yoo'')
+
; Thank you.  
; You're welcome. : You're welcome. (''yuhr WEL-kuhm'')
+
; You're welcome.  
; Yes. : Yes. (''YESS'')
+
; Yes.
; No. : No. (''NOH'')
+
; No.  
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') : Excuse me. (''ehkz-KYOOZ mee'')
+
; Excuse me.  
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') : Excuse me. (''ehkz-KYOOZ mee'')
+
; Excuse me.
; I'm sorry. : I'm sorry. (''IGHM SAW-ree'')
+
; I'm sorry.  
; Goodbye : Goodbye. (''GUHD-bigh.'')
+
; Goodbye  
; Goodbye (''informal'') : Bye. (''BIGH'')
+
; Goodbye (''informal'') :  
; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. : I can't speak English [well]. (''IGH cant speek ING-lush [wehl]'')
+
; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well].  
; Do you speak English? : Do you speak English? (''doo YOO speek ING-lush?'')
+
; Do you speak English?  
;  Is there someone here who speaks English? : Is there someone here who speaks English? (''IZ thayr SUM-wun heer hoo speekz ING-lush?'')
+
;  Is there someone here who speaks English?  
; Help! : Help! (''HEHLP!'')
+
; Help!  
; Look out! : Look out! (''look OWT!'')
+
; Look out!  
; Good morning. : Good morning. (''guhd MOAN-ing'')
+
; Good morning.  
; Good evening. : Good evening. (''guhd EEV-ning'')
+
; Good evening.  
; Good night. : Good night. (''guhd NIGHT'')
+
; Good night.  
; Good night (''to sleep'') : Good night. (''good NIGHT'')
+
; Good night (''to sleep'')  
; I don't understand. : I don't understand. (''IGH doan UHN-dur-STAND'')
+
; I don't understand.  
; Where is the toilet? : Where is the toilet? (''WAYR iz thuh TOY-leht?'')
+
; Where is the toilet?
  
 
===Problems===
 
===Problems===

Revision as of 22:50, 15 April 2008

The Om mani padme hum mantra in Tibetan

Tibetan is the main language of Tibet and among Tibetan communities around the world.

Contents

Pronunciation guide

Tibetan spelling and pronunciation diverged around the 11th century, and there is no widely agreed standard on how to spell phonetic Tibetan with the Latin alphabet.

Vowels

ཨ 
Like "a" in "alone" (a).
ཷ 
Like "aw" in "paw" (å).
ེ 
Like "e" in "bet" (e).
ི 
Like "i" in "in" (i).
ཱི 
Like "ee" in "seen" (í).
ོ 
Like "o" in "so" (ó).
ྲྀ 
Like "e" in "father" (ö).
ཱུ 
Like "ue" in "glue" (ú).
ུ 
Like "oo" in "soon" (ū).
ུ 
Like "ee" in "seen" but with rounded lips (ü).
ེ 
Like "ay" in "day" (ą).

Consonants

ཀ 
Like "k" in "skill" (k).
ག 
Like "g" in "garden" (g).
ང 
Like "ng" in "sing" (ng).
ཅ 
Like "ch" in "charge" (ç).
ཇ 
Like "j" in "jar" (j).
ཉ 
Like "ny" in "canyon" (ñ).
ཏ 
Like "t" in "stop" (t).
པ 
Like "p" in "spot" (p).
ཙ 
Like "ts" in "weights" (ţ).
ཛ 
Like "ds" in "adds" (ds).
ཟ 
Like "z" in "zoo" (z).
ཞ 
Like "s" in "treasure" (ž).
ར 
A throaty "r", not rolled (r).
ས 
Like "s" in "suck" (s).
ཤ 
Like "sh" in "shut" (š).

Common diphthongs

ཁ 
Like "k" in "kill" (kh).
ཆ 
Like "ch h" in "punch hard" (çh).
ཐ 
Like "t" in "time" (th).
ཕ 
Like "p" in "pit" (ph).
ཚ 
Like "ts h" in "fights hard" (ţh).

Phrase list

Basics

Common signs

OPEN
CLOSED
ENTRANCE
EXIT
PUSH
PULL
TOILET
MEN
WOMEN
FORBIDDEN


Hello.
Hello.
How are you?
Fine, thank you.
What is your name?
My name is ______ .
Nice to meet you.
Please.
Thank you.
You're welcome.
Yes.
No.
Excuse me.
Excuse me.
I'm sorry.
Goodbye
Goodbye (informal
I can't speak name of language [well].
Do you speak English?
Is there someone here who speaks English?
Help!
Look out!
Good morning.
Good evening.
Good night.
Good night (to sleep)
I don't understand.
Where is the toilet?

Problems

Numbers

Time

Clock time

Duration

Days

Months

Writing time and date

Colors

Transportation

Bus and train

Directions

Taxi

Lodging

Money

Eating

Bars

Shopping

Driving

Authority

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Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages