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Difference between revisions of "Tibetan phrasebook"

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(Pronunciation guide)
(Basics)
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===Basics===
 
===Basics===
; Hello. : ta-shi de-lek
+
{{infobox|Common signs|
; Hello. (''informal'') : . ('' '')
+
; OPEN : Open
; How are you? : ? ('' ?'')
+
; CLOSED : Closed
; Fine, thank you. : . ('' '')
+
; ENTRANCE : Entrance
; What is your name? : kay-râng-gi tsen-lâ kâ-ray-ray?
+
; EXIT : Exit
; My name is ______ . :   ngay-ming-la ______ ray.
+
; PUSH : Push
; Nice to meet you. : . ('' '')
+
; PULL : Pull
; Please. : . ('' '')
+
; TOILET : Toilet
; Thank you. : tu-jay-chay
+
; MEN : Men
; You're welcome. : . ('' '')
+
; WOMEN : Women
; Yes. : . ('' '')
+
; FORBIDDEN : Forbidden}}
; No. : . ('' '')
+
 
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') : . ('' '')
+
; Hello. : Hello. (''HEH-low'')
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') : . ('' '')
+
; Hello. (''informal'') : Hi. (''HIGH'')
; I'm sorry. : . ('' '')
+
; How are you? : How are you? (''HOW ah YOO?'')
; Goodbye : . ('' '')
+
; Fine, thank you. : Fine, thank you. (''FIGHN, then KYOO'')
; Goodbye (''informal'') : . ('' '')
+
; What is your name? : What is your name? (''WUT iz yer NAYM?'')
; I can't speak Tibetian [well]. : [ ]. ('' [ ]'')
+
; My name is ______ . : My name is ______ . (''Migh NAYM iz _____ .'')
; Do you speak English? : ? ('' ?'')
+
; Nice to meet you. : Nice to meet you. (''NIGHSS t' meet YOO'')
;  Is there someone here who speaks English? : ? ('' ?'')
+
; Please. : Please. (''pleez'')
; Help! : ! ('' !'')
+
; Thank you. : Thank you. (''THANK yoo'')
; Look out! : ! ('' !'')
+
; You're welcome. : You're welcome. (''yuhr WEL-kuhm'')
; Good morning. : nga-to de-lek
+
; Yes. : Yes. (''YESS'')
; Good evening. : gong-to de-lek
+
; No. : No. (''NOH'')
; Good night. : sim-ja nâng-go
+
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') : Excuse me. (''ehkz-KYOOZ mee'')
; Good night (''to sleep'') : . ('' '')
+
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') : Excuse me. (''ehkz-KYOOZ mee'')
; I don't understand. : . ('' '')
+
; I'm sorry. : I'm sorry. (''IGHM SAW-ree'')
; Where is the toilet? : ? ('' ?'')
+
; Goodbye : Goodbye. (''GUHD-bigh.'')
 +
; Goodbye (''informal'') : Bye. (''BIGH'')
 +
; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. : I can't speak English [well]. (''IGH cant speek ING-lush [wehl]'')
 +
; Do you speak English? : Do you speak English? (''doo YOO speek ING-lush?'')
 +
;  Is there someone here who speaks English? : Is there someone here who speaks English? (''IZ thayr SUM-wun heer hoo speekz ING-lush?'')
 +
; Help! : Help! (''HEHLP!'')
 +
; Look out! : Look out! (''look OWT!'')
 +
; Good morning. : Good morning. (''guhd MOAN-ing'')
 +
; Good evening. : Good evening. (''guhd EEV-ning'')
 +
; Good night. : Good night. (''guhd NIGHT'')
 +
; Good night (''to sleep'') : Good night. (''good NIGHT'')
 +
; I don't understand. : I don't understand. (''IGH doan UHN-dur-STAND'')
 +
; Where is the toilet? : Where is the toilet? (''WAYR iz thuh TOY-leht?'')
  
 
===Problems===
 
===Problems===

Revision as of 20:09, 7 April 2008

The Om mani padme hum mantra in Tibetan

Tibetan is the main language of Tibet and among Tibetan communities around the world.

Contents

Pronunciation guide

Tibetan spelling and pronunciation diverged around the 11th century, and there is no widely agreed standard on how to spell phonetic Tibetan with the Latin alphabet.

Vowels

ཨ 
Like "a" in "alone" (a).
ཷ 
Like "aw" in "paw" (å).
ེ 
Like "e" in "bet" (e).
ི 
Like "i" in "in" (i).
ཱི 
Like "ee" in "seen" (í).
ོ 
Like "o" in "so" (ó).
ྲྀ 
Like "e" in "father" (ö).
ཱུ 
Like "ue" in "glue" (ú).
ུ 
Like "oo" in "soon" (ū).
ུ 
Like "ee" in "seen" but with rounded lips (ü).
ེ 
Like "ay" in "day" (ą).

Consonants

ཀ 
Like "k" in "skill" (k).
ག 
Like "g" in "garden" (g).
ང 
Like "ng" in "sing" (ng).
ཅ 
Like "ch" in "charge" (ç).
ཇ 
Like "j" in "jar" (j).
ཉ 
Like "ny" in "canyon" (ñ).
ཏ 
Like "t" in "stop" (t).
པ 
Like "p" in "spot" (p).
ཙ 
Like "ts" in "weights" (ţ).
ཛ 
Like "ds" in "adds" (ds).
ཟ 
Like "z" in "zoo" (z).
ཞ 
Like "s" in "treasure" (ž).
ར 
A throaty "r", not rolled (r).
ས 
Like "s" in "suck" (s).
ཤ 
Like "sh" in "shut" (š).

Common diphthongs

ཁ 
Like "k" in "kill" (kh).
ཆ 
Like "ch h" in "punch hard" (çh).
ཐ 
Like "t" in "time" (th).
ཕ 
Like "p" in "pit" (ph).
ཚ 
Like "ts h" in "fights hard" (ţh).

Phrase list

Basics

Common signs

OPEN 
Open
CLOSED 
Closed
ENTRANCE 
Entrance
EXIT 
Exit
PUSH 
Push
PULL 
Pull
TOILET 
Toilet
MEN 
Men
WOMEN 
Women
FORBIDDEN 
Forbidden


Hello. 
Hello. (HEH-low)
Hello. (informal
Hi. (HIGH)
How are you? 
How are you? (HOW ah YOO?)
Fine, thank you. 
Fine, thank you. (FIGHN, then KYOO)
What is your name? 
What is your name? (WUT iz yer NAYM?)
My name is ______ . 
My name is ______ . (Migh NAYM iz _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
Nice to meet you. (NIGHSS t' meet YOO)
Please. 
Please. (pleez)
Thank you. 
Thank you. (THANK yoo)
You're welcome. 
You're welcome. (yuhr WEL-kuhm)
Yes. 
Yes. (YESS)
No. 
No. (NOH)
Excuse me. (getting attention
Excuse me. (ehkz-KYOOZ mee)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Excuse me. (ehkz-KYOOZ mee)
I'm sorry. 
I'm sorry. (IGHM SAW-ree)
Goodbye 
Goodbye. (GUHD-bigh.)
Goodbye (informal
Bye. (BIGH)
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
I can't speak English [well]. (IGH cant speek ING-lush [wehl])
Do you speak English? 
Do you speak English? (doo YOO speek ING-lush?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Is there someone here who speaks English? (IZ thayr SUM-wun heer hoo speekz ING-lush?)
Help! 
Help! (HEHLP!)
Look out! 
Look out! (look OWT!)
Good morning. 
Good morning. (guhd MOAN-ing)
Good evening. 
Good evening. (guhd EEV-ning)
Good night. 
Good night. (guhd NIGHT)
Good night (to sleep
Good night. (good NIGHT)
I don't understand. 
I don't understand. (IGH doan UHN-dur-STAND)
Where is the toilet? 
Where is the toilet? (WAYR iz thuh TOY-leht?)

Problems

Numbers

Time

Clock time

Duration

Days

Months

Writing time and date

Colors

Transportation

Bus and train

Directions

Taxi

Lodging

Money

Eating

Bars

Shopping

Driving

Authority

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Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages